Weightlifting is a power sport that is based on the performance of weight lifting exercises. Competitions in weightlifting today include two exercises – a jerk and a push.
In weightlifting, two types of sporting equipment are most often used:
bar (German stange – “rod, rod”), which is a collapsible structure consisting of a neck, at the ends of which there are special bushings for securing the load, representing disks of various masses, and a lock securing the load;
kettlebell (sports), which is most often spherical in shape and a special grip handle (if the weight is used in the structure of the simulators, it may have a different shape and be provided with hooks, gripping holes, etc.). Distinguish the weight of solid and collapsible. Weight of these sports shells varies from 4 to 56 kg. In weight-lifting we use mainly cast-iron cast-iron weights, the weight of which is 16, 24 or 32 kg.
At all times, people with developed muscles, demonstrating the wonders of physical strength, enjoyed the respect and love of fellow tribesmen. After all, a strong man and any work on the shoulder, and the fight is not terrible, and in battle, power and foresight are simply necessary. Perhaps, that is why exercises with weights, allowing you to gain strength and endurance, are known since ancient times.
For example, in Ancient Greece, informal competitions in weightlifting were often organized. The competitors had to throw a rough-hewn cone-shaped stone through their heads with both hands. The weight of such stones was more than 100 kg, on one of them, weighing 143.5 kg, there was an inscription that the athlete Bibon (4th century BC) threw him over the head with one hand. Today, the exercise, once used only for training, has turned into one of the most famous and spectacular sports.
For the first time official weightlifting competitions were held in the USA in 1860, and already in 1896 this sport was included in the program of the Olympic Games. However, despite the fact that weightlifting is ubiquitous, many questions arise: is it not dangerous for health? Where to begin? How to build a workout? Can women be engaged in weightlifting? We will try to provide answers to these questions, incidentally debunking the most famous myths about this sport.
People who decide to do weight lifting should immediately master the work with the bar.
Following this rule, many newcomers who do not consider it necessary to seek advice from an experienced coach harm their health. It should be remembered that during the first two to three months it is best to focus on general physical development, alternating a variety of exercises with dumbbells, various simulators and a light bar. At the same time, you should try not to overwork yourself, to explore the possibilities of your own organism, to strengthen the muscles of your back, ligaments, gain strength. Only after this, you can proceed to the basic power training, best under the guidance of a specialist.
All bars are the same.
It is not so – both the shape, size, and weight of the components of this sporting projectile are different. For example, the bar of a standard rod with a diameter of 25 mm weighs 10 kg and is the same over the entire length. And the diameter of the neck of the Olympic bar, designed for male athletes, is 28 mm (the ends on which the disks are worn have a diameter of 50 mm) and weighs 20 kg at a length of 220 cm. The Olympic bar designed for women is lighter than the male (15 kg ), differs by a smaller diameter (25 mm along its entire length) of a shorter (205 cm) neck. There are bars with a stamp in the form of the letter T, the bottom end of which is fixed with a load, and with a curved, so-called EZ-neck. Such sports shells are most often used for exercises, whose action is aimed at strengthening the biceps.
Boxers training with weights are useless.
In fact, exercises with the barbell can increase the strength of the athlete, and as a result, his stroke will become more powerful. The main thing is not to overdo it. After all, the development of strength is directly related to the increase in muscle mass, which can lead to the occurrence of problems with breathing. And if the boxer gets too carried away, for example, by “pumping” the hands – excessive growth of the muscle volume can lead to the fact that the hand can not fully unbend. In addition, it should be remembered that too frequent training with weights, conducted in parallel with the main boxing, can lead to overtraining. Therefore, it is best to conduct such activities under the guidance of an experienced trainer.
Athletes, who have been involved in weightlifting since childhood, do not grow tall.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. Classes with weights not only do not interfere, but even contribute to growth. It should be noted that the average growth of athletes, weightlifters is 170-190 cm, and this is not so little.
People involved in weightlifting are not very full.
Wrong opinion. Although much depends on the predisposition to fullness, it is unlikely that the athlete will be able to find excessively large forms with the correct load.
Barbell training provides for the mandatory use of special drugs.
This is partly true for big sport, but in amateur sports, chemistry is completely absent. And the use of dietary supplements, offered by the coach, does not harm the body. In addition, much depends on the athlete himself – if you refuse to use any medication, no one will condemn you or punish you, much less force you to do it.
Exercises with the bar are harmful to the spine and joints.
In this issue, much depends on the coach. An experienced specialist first of all will focus on the development of the muscles of the back, creating a powerful corset, preventing a negative impact on the spine. Only after this go to more serious training, and gradually – because the force does not come suddenly and not immediately, but for quite some time. The mentioned problems with joints can also be avoided – it is only necessary to properly dose the load. Moreover, working with weights can help get rid of some diseases – we recall at least a well-known system of treatment Pikul, based on lifting weights.
People involved in weightlifting will win in any fight.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. Classes with weights develop static strength, endurance, coordination, but the speed of reaction, the speed of movement, necessary in a street fight, they can not increase.
Training in weightlifting for women is no different from men’s.
In fact, when constructing a scheme of training with weights for athletes, the coach must take into account the characteristics of the female body. It should be remembered that by nature the woman is weaker, as her body produces three times less testosterone hormone, and is less prone to build muscle mass (although when exercising weight gain muscle mass is growing faster than, for example, when doing fitness).
The body of women involved in weightlifting is changing and increasingly resembles the male.
Such changes are possible only with excessive use of anabolic drugs. In other cases, if the workouts are correctly constructed, the body will not change, although it will become stronger.
Athletes engaged in weightlifting, can not give birth.
According to studies, just the weightlifters, who have well developed abdominal muscles, do not experience difficulties during childbirth. Moreover, many women-weightlifters after successful births returned to the big sport and achieved good results.
After laser correction of vision, weightlifting can not be done.
Much depends on the condition of the eye day (the retina).For example, a high degree of myopia itself is a contraindication to weightlifting, regardless of whether the operation was performed or not. If there were no contraindications prior to the surgery, within a month and a half or two months after the correction of vision, it will be possible to return to force training.