Volleyball

Volleyball

(volleyball volleyball from volley – “flying”, “blow on the ball from the summer”, “feed to the grid” and ball – “ball”) – team non-contact sport. The game takes place on an area of ​​18×9 meters, divided in the middle by a grid, which is fixed at an altitude of 2.43 m (for women – 2.24 m).

The goal of the game is to throw the ball (the length of the circle is 65-67 cm, weight – 260-280 g) through the grid so that it touches the ground on the opponent’s ground, and at the same time not allow the rivals to do the same. Games of this kind have long been known in many countries of the world (in ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, medieval Japan). Modern volleyball originated in America in 1895.

Volleyball

In 1913 volleyball was included in the program of the first Games of Southeast Asian countries, held in Manila (Philippines). In Europe, this sport appeared in the 20s of the last century, and quickly gained considerable popularity. The first European volleyball championship among men’s teams was held in 1948, a year later a match of this kind was held among women’s teams.

In 1949 in Prague, the first world championship was held among men’s teams, and in 1952 for the champion’s title fought women. To the Olympic sports volleyball has been counted since 1964. In 1990, the World League of Volleyball (World League) was established.

Volleyball is a Russian folk game.

This misconception took place in the 1930s (at that time the rules of competition, called “Volleyball – the national Russian game”) were published in Germany, because in Russia, where this sport appeared in 1923, volleyball was very popular. But in fact, the inventor of this game is a resident of the city of Holyoke (Massachusetts (USA)), William J. Morgan, who worked as a teacher of physical education in the college of the Association of Young Christians. It was on February 9, 1895, that he came up with the idea of ​​hanging a net (some sources claim that tennis, others – that ordinary fishing) at an altitude of 198 cm and throw a basketball through it (some researchers believe that at first for this game a camera from a basketball a ball or a bullish bubble). Initially, the game was called “Mintonet” (English mintonette), and its current name was in 1896 – it was proposed by Professor Alfred T. Halstead.

The first volleyball federation was created in America.

No, the world’s first organization of this kind was established in 1922 (at the same time the first US championship in this sport was held) in Czechoslovakia. And only a few years later there were federations of volleyball in the USA, Bulgaria, the USSR and Japan.

The first international volleyball organization was founded in 1947.

Yes, the International Volleyball Federation, or abbreviated as FIVB (FIDB) was founded in mid-April 1947 in Paris. The first official members were Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, France, Italy, Brazil, Egypt, USA, Uruguay. Nowadays this organization is the most numerous in the world, and it unites 220 national federations of volleyball. However, as early as 1936, a congress of the international federation of handball took place in Stockholm, during which the delegation of Poland proposed the organization of a technical committee for volleyball within the federation. As a result, the first international commission for this sport was created, which included five countries of America, 13 countries in Europe and 4 countries in Asia.

Experienced athletes become FIVB presidents.

Absolutely mistaken opinion. The first president of the international federation of volleyball Paul Libo (France) was the architect, who replaced him in 1984 Ruben Acosta (Mexico) – an attorney.

At the Olympic Games volleyball was first introduced in 1964.

In the list of Olympic sports volleyball was really included only in 1964, at the XVIII Olympic Games (Tokyo (Japan)), but the show matches of volleyball players were held in 1924 at the VIII Olympic Games in Paris (France). It was then that the delegation of America proposed to consider this sport as Olympic.

The rules of volleyball appeared in 1897.

This is indeed so. However, many significant changes were subsequently made in them. For example, since 1917 the rally is limited to 15 points, and the grid is fixed at an altitude of 243 cm (versus 198 cm, stipulated by the first rules), since 1918 a restriction on the number of players (six) has been introduced, the three-touch rule was introduced in 1922. The modern dimensions of the site were approved in 1925 (at first the game was conducted on the site 7.6 x 15.1 m), tactics of command actions (group block, insurance, etc.) took shape in the 30s of the last century, and the filing in jump was included in the list of favorite (and extremely effective) methods of volleyball since 1984 – just then at the XXIII Olympic Games in Los Angeles (USA) it was first performed by the players of the Brazilian team. The “tie-break” system for scoring was introduced in 1988 (first only for 5 games, and later for other games).

Since 1925, volleyball matches around the world have been conducted under the same rules.

This is not true. Until the 60s of the last century in Asian countries, the game was conducted according to the rules, according to which on the site there were not six, but 12 players and there was no practice of changing positions. And the site itself was of a non-standard size – 11×22 meters.

Volleyball

The best results in volleyball competitions are won by athletes from the United States.

According to statistics, athletes from the USSR and Russia (a total of 17 medals, including 7 gold medals), Japan (8 medals, 3 of them gold) and Brazil (7 medals) have achieved the highest results, for example, in volleyball competitions at the Olympic Games. , of which 3 gold). Achievement of athletes from the United States, the homeland of volleyball, somewhat more modestly – 6 medals (3 of them gold). The team from the USSR and Russia firmly held the first place in the championships of Europe and the world in this sport. And according to the FIVB, published in 2000, the best national teams of the last century were the women’s team of Japan and the men’s team of Italy.

There is a limit on the volleyball court.

Yes, in each game no more than 6 substitutions and 6 other so-called reverse substitutions are allowed (when the player returns to the site once for the place of the athlete who replaced him). However, if one of the volleyball players is injured – an “exceptional substitution” is allowed, when instead of a disabled athlete, any player (with the exception of the libero – free defender playing on the back line) can enter the court.

Volleyball players are universal players, therefore, if necessary, they can replace any member of their team.

This is not true. In a volleyball team, each player has his own specialization:
– play-drivers (or attackers of the second tempo), attacking with the edge of the net;
– diagonal (universal attackers, characterized by high growth, great strength and jumping) – do not participate in the ball reception, conduct an attack from the back line of the site;
– central blocking (or attacking the first tempo) – most often the highest players in the team, their task is to block enemy strikes, attack from the third zone;
– binders – leaders of the team, players are not only strong and mobile, but also possessing knowledge of strategy and tactics of the game, as well as remarkable intellect. Their task is to analyze the situation on the site and, in accordance with the conclusions drawn, to choose the attack options;
– libero (free defenders or defenders on the back line) – as a rule, not very high growth players, whose duties include the reception of balls.

The best defenders must be on the front line, and the best blockers are on the back.

This is indeed so. However, after the transition of players, the state of things may change, therefore, before the match, athletes and the coach spend a lot of time choosing the initial location of volleyball players, which will allow using the substitutions to achieve the most advantageous combinations. In addition, each team has in its arsenal of favorite tricks and schemes of the game, proved to be effective in practice.

A match in volleyball may end in a draw.

Wrong opinion. Usually the game is played up to 25 points (the winnings are counted only if the difference is 2 points), but if the score is 24:24 – the game continues until the moment when one of the teams achieves an advantage in 2 points. If after the 4 games were played, the score is 2: 2 – a deciding game is assigned, in which the game is played up to 15 points.

Only very high athletes participate in international volleyball competitions.

Indeed, today the growth of volleyball players often exceeds 190 cm. However, the possibility of conducting (for the purpose of experiment) international competitions, which will be allowed only to players with a height of not more than 185 cm (for women the limit will be 175 cm) is considered.

In volleyball, only a serving team can earn a point.

Yes, for a long time in the first 4 games a point could only be earned by the players, and the opponent team only played out the serve. As a result, matches sometimes lasted 2-3 hours. However, at the end of the last century, the rules were amended, according to which at first only 5 parties, and since 2000 – and the remaining 4 games are conducted in the “tie-break” system (from English tie – “break” .) or “rally-point” (“rally-point”), used in tennis. According to the mentioned system, any team can earn a point, regardless of who it is. All athletes of the volleyball team wear the same uniform.

This is not true. The form of two (until 2009 – one) of volleyball players differs in color from the equipment of the rest of the team – so libero, that is, player defenders, which can replace any of the athletes on the back line.

The best results are achieved by volleyball players with powerful muscles.

Wrong opinion. Too much muscle mass has a negative effect on the player’s mobility. Because volleyball players scrupulously follow their weight, and in training with weighting, although they work with considerable loads, but make the minimum number of repetitions at high intensity – this allows you to increase stamina and strength without increasing muscle mass.

Volleyball players need to train all muscle groups, therefore, doing weight exercises, they perform many different exercises.

This is not true. Fitness training volleyball players include only basic exercises, and are not very diverse, in contrast, for example, from training bodybuilders.

Strength training for women volleyball players is contraindicated.

Women, as well as men who prefer this sport, not only can, but also need to do various kinds of strength exercises. It is work with weighting that will help to increase the strength necessary for playing volleyball. Moreover – muscle mass in women is growing much more slowly than men. Therefore, weight gain, especially with properly constructed training, should not be afraid.

Strength training can not help reduce the weight of an athlete.

Better to prefer aerobic exercise. Wrong opinion. First, during weight training, a lot of calories are burned, which helps to reduce body weight. Secondly, exercises with weighting accelerate metabolism, which again contributes to weight loss. Therefore, volleyball players, determined to reduce their weight and increase strength, classes in the fitness center are simply necessary.

Beach volleyball is not considered a sport – it’s just a kind of outdoor activity.

No, beach volleyball or beach volition (from the English beach – “beach” and volley – “flying”, “hitting the ball from the summer”) has been officially recognized as a sport for many years. Back in 1947, California hosted the first official beach volleyball tournament, in 1965 – the Association of this sport was established, and unified rules for the competition were developed. The first unofficial World Beach Volleyball Championship was held in the USA in 1976, in 1986 it was officially recognized by the International Volleyball Federation. In the program of the Olympic Games, this sport appeared in 1996, at the XXVI Olympiad (Atlanta (USA)), the first official world beach volleyball championship was held the year after. (Nowadays these competitions are held regularly, every 2 years).

Volleyball

Beach volleyball originated in California, in the 20-ies of the last century.

Indeed, it is believed that it was there that first appeared platforms for this game. However, it is believed that as early as 1910 in Hawaii beach surfing was played by surfers in anticipation of a good wave.

Beach volleyball tournaments are held on the beaches.

Not always. Official world championships are held most often in the most famous and visited places in big cities. For example, in 2005, the World Beach Volleyball Championship was held on the Schlossplatz in Berlin (Germany), and the stages of the world tour “Grand Slam” – near the Eiffel Tower (Paris (France)) and Poklonnaya Gora (Moscow (Russia)).

For the first time beach volleyball appeared at the Olympic Games in 1996.

This is not quite true. Demonstration performance of players in beach volleyball was held in 1992 at the XXV Olympiad in Barcelona (Spain), and on September 24, 1993, at the 101st IOC session in Monte Carlo, it was officially ranked among the Olympic sports.

Beach volleyball needs the same qualities of players as in classic volleyball.

Yes, however, in addition to good reaction, agility, jumping, the player will need a lot of power (walking through the sand, full of jumps and jerks, requires considerable effort) and endurance (in beach volleyball competitions, under the scorching sun, and sometimes in the rain at strong wind, there are no replacements). Also universalism is very important (since the team consists of only 2 people).

If the player is injured in beach volleyball – replacement is allowed.

Wrong opinion. In the event of disqualification, injury or failure of one of the players to continue the match, the team simply count the defeat.

Points for beach volleyball can not be broken.

This piece of equipment really is extremely durable – the glasses do not break even when the ball hits the volleyball player’s face.

From the cold of beach volleyball players protects a special insulated form of swan’s down or wool.

No, in cool weather, athletes simply put on a T-shirt over their usual shirts. It should be noted that there are no temperature restrictions in this sport, unlike classical volleyball, the rules of which strictly regulate the temperature in the hall – from +16 to +25ºC, no more and no less.

People involved in beach volleyball often find in the sand various lost things – mobile phones, watches, etc.

Rather, on the contrary, beach volleyball players often lose various objects (for example, jewelery). And the finds that they constantly come across during the game (sharp shells, stones) are more likely to deliver unpleasant sensations than to increase the budget.

Beach volleyball players during the match exchange information through special gestures.

Yes, the signals that the player closest to the grid are giving behind the back (to hide from the opponent’s eyes) play an important role in this sport.Hands correspond to the sides of the attack (for example, the squeezing and unclenching of the left hand – the willingness to serve from the left), and the different positions of the fingers respond to one or another action of the athlete (one finger – the player is ready to block the blow into the line, two – the block into the diagonal, the clenched fist – refusal to block, etc.) The judge during the beach volleyball matches informs the players of various kinds of events on the court also through gestures. So a double touch indicates a raised two fingers (4 touches – 4 fingers), a wave of the hand signals a feed resolution, a raising of the hand followed by a bend in the elbow – an error in the execution of the attacking blow, a raised hand of one hand, covered with a brush of the other hand – a break and if the right hand is raised, the break is announced at the request of the team on the right, if the left is on the contrary), etc.

Nowadays, volleyball is played on a court of 18×9 meters using standard equipment.

This is true if it is a question of classic or beach volleyball, or about pioneerball. However, there are varieties of this sport, where the game is played on the court with different parameters. For example, in mini-volleyball, the size of the site is 6×6 meters, the height of the net is 2.05 meters, the weight of the ball is 210 to 230 degrees, the diameter is 61-63 cm (ie, slightly less than usual). And in giant volleyball the game is played on the court, twice as big as the standard one. Yes, and the number of players is more (sometimes in one team can be about 100 people), and the ball is larger – its diameter can reach 80 cm. Saddle Volleyball competitions (competitions for disabled athletes) are held on the site 10×6 meters, the net size is 6, 5×0.8, it is fixed at an altitude of 1.15 m (for women – 1.05 m).

Volleyball and volleyball are one and the same.

Despite the consonance, these words are used to name different varieties of volleyball. Volleyball (English wallyball, from wall – “wall” and ball – “ball”) – a game during which athletes can to send the ball into the side walls of the room, created by Joe Garcia (USA) in 1979. Nowadays, there are associations of volleyball, international tournaments are held, and Garcia himself plans to achieve recognition of this game as an Olympic sport.

Faustball originated from volleyball.

No, faustball (from it’s faust – “fist”) or fistball (from the English fist – “kulak”) appeared much earlier than volleyball. Similar games were known even in the Roman Empire. The rules of this game were developed in Italy in 1555, the center of the same world faustbola was Germany, where the game was brought in at the end of the XIX century. Between the mentioned games there are a lot of significant differences. For example, instead of a grid across the court at a height of 2 m stretches a rope, through which you should throw the ball using a fist or forearm (according to the researchers, first the ball was thrown across a stone wall).

Volleyball

The game of volleyball is conducted solely by hands.

Indeed, earlier during this game, athletes could hit the ball only with their hands or with any part of the body above the waist. However, according to the changes made to the rules after 2000, the defense is allowed to play with the feet and any other part of the body. And in takro (full name – sepak takro – “volleyball with feet”, extremely popular in Asian countries, especially in Thailand), hands touch the ball woven from rattan, it is possible only at the filing, at the rest of the time the blows on it are applied exclusively with the feet or with the head .

Volleyball players hit the ball with each other.

This is indeed so. However, there is a kind of volleyball, called perekidbol. In the process of this game, the ball is not beaten, but thrown. Matches for this sport consist of 3 games, the team must score 15 points to win. In some countries, the perekidbol is included in the school curriculum, and it serves as a great help in mastering at once two kinds of sports – volleyball and basketball.

Only strong and hardy people who have invincible health can play volleyball.

Not necessary. There is volleyball (two kinds – standing and sitting) for the disabled, included in the program of the Paralympic Games since 1976. There was such a volleyball in the Netherlands back in 1956.

The site in all kinds of volleyball is divided in half by a grid.

Most often it is really so. However, in faustbole, the network is replaced with an ordinary rope, and in kartbole instead of a grid, an opaque cloth is used.

Volleyball competitions take place on platforms with different kinds of coverings.

Yes, the composition of the coatings can vary significantly. If the competitions are held in the hall, the flooring is most often made of wood or of various kinds of synthetic materials, if outdoors the area can be covered with ceramic or rubber chips, artificial grass, sand (in beach volleyball). There are also some varieties of volleyball, where the game is played in an open area flooded with water – about knee-deeping players (“swamp ball”, swamp ball, “ball”, “ball”), or in a shallow basin (“water volleyball”, English water volleyball).

Volleyball – the game is dreary.

Absolutely mistaken opinion! According to experienced athletes this is one of the most emotional sports. In some cases it is volleyball (especially some of its varieties, for example, beach), even helps to get rid of depression.

The volleyball is soft, light and slow.

Yes, this type of sports equipment, specially created for playing volleyball in 1900 and consisting of a frame around which 6 leather panels (natural or artificial) stretched, really possesses both lightness and relative softness (due to low internal pressure-0, 30 – 0.325 kg / cm2, and in balls for beach volleyball – and even less). But the judgment about its slowness is erroneous – sometimes the ball, launched with great force, can reach a speed of 130 km / h. It is these “hard” balls, some strong volleyball players can even for a while withdraw from the game one of the rivals.

Volleyball

Volleyball is an activity for young people.

No, the age in this sport (especially amateur) is not a hindrance. For example, in the city of Ivanovo there is a whole team of volleyball players, whose age ranges from 70 to 91 years. At first, there were men in the team, but at the moment the representative of the strong half of humanity in the composition was only one. And the oldest athlete of Ekaterinburg Sofya Ivanovna Komarevich turned 100 years old, 40 of which she devoted with her friends to regular volleyball. According to the long-livers, it is this kind of sport that helps her to keep herself in shape and get rid of many diseases. Moreover – according to studies, people of the second adult age (40-60 years) regular classes in game sports (in particular volleyball) are simply necessary, as they impede the development of hypodynamia, have a positive effect on health, and slow the aging process.

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