(from Latin vegetabilis – vegetative) – a way of life characterized primarily by eating, excluding the use of flesh of any animals (ie meat, poultry, fish, etc.). Also vegetarians often refuse to use other products of animal origin in food (milk of mammals, eggs), and in everyday life (fur, leather, glycerin, etc.)
Vegetarianism has always been in vogue. And, according to the adherents of vegetarianism, it is also very useful for health. Doctors believe the opposite. We consider the most famous myths and facts about vegetarianism.
Vegetarianism increases intelligence.
English scientists have proved that it is often children with a high level of IQ, growing up, opting for vegetarianism. However, here the reverse relationship: not vegetarianism enhances the intellect, and people with a high level of education more often become vegetarians. By the way, vegetarians use soy as a substitute for meat. And the same English scientists have proved that soy products reduce brain activity by 20%.
It is believed that vegetarians are healthier and live longer. Indeed, according to recent studies, vegetarianism often eliminates problems with elevated cholesterol and obesity. However, up to now there is not one weighty proof that vegetarianism provides longevity. Most likely, the number of long-livers among vegetarians is explained by the fact that in their environment it is unfashionable smoking, alcoholism, and among the vegetarians there are many well-off people who care about their health.
Human physiology is not designed to digest meat.
This view was expressed by the supporter of vegetarianism Alain Carr. He believes that the human intestine is very long. And since the meat decomposes quickly, it turns into a poison already inside our body, poisoning it and shortening our life. However, paleo-anthropology is on the side of opponents of vegetarianism. It is enough to look at the structure of the human skull. Or rather, our teeth. In humans, in addition to teeth for grinding food (as in herbivores), there are also incisors and fangs (teeth to hold and tear food). This indicates that nature has created people as omnivores.
Vegetarianism does not provide the body with a balanced diet.
It’s true. By refusing meat, we deprive ourselves of protein, calcium, iodine, iron and other vitamins and trace elements that the body needs. You can replenish some of them with other products, but then you will need to eat them much more, whereas in meat they are contained, so to speak, in a concentrated form. That’s why doctors categorically forbid introducing minor children to vegetarianism. their growing body just need meat and milk, as a building material. And the lack of vitamins and trace elements, lost in childhood, is very difficult to replenish in adulthood, which can lead to health problems. In addition, it is proved that if the expectant mother during pregnancy was an adherent of vegetarian cuisine, the born baby shows a shortage of protein and a low level of iron in the blood. So, both pregnant and lactating mothers do not recommend vegetarianism.
Vegetarianism is economical.
New York scientists calculated that if the people of New York State became vegetarians, the agricultural complex could contain twice as many consumers. They were objected to by a local newspaper. It says that in order to grow vegetables, fruits and grains, the quality of the land is important, and for the production of meat and milk – this is not a paramount requirement. Be that as it may, vegetarianism is a costly thing. Being a vegetarian in Russia, a country where the summer lasts only 3 months is a privilege of wealthy people.To ensure that vegetarianism does not go to the detriment of the body, it is necessary to compensate for the deficiency of vitamins and microelements with a balanced diet. Which, of course, requires a lot of money.