is a state in the south-western part of Asia and partly located in southern Europe. It was formed in the early 20-ies of the 20th century due to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Territory with the predominance of the Turkish ethnos has become a national state.


The population of the country is more than 72 million people, and in terms of GDP, Turkey ranks 16th in the world. This country with the richest history, today it is the most dynamically developing state in the region, the largest tourist center. However, for most of us, thanks to numerous myths, Turkey is not at all what it really is.

Istanbul is the capital of Turkey.

Although it is Istanbul that is most often heard by people, the capital of Turkey since 1923 is Ankara, the second most populous city in the country. The capital was moved there by the legendary Kemal Ataturk, although by that time the city was already a bet for the government of the national liberation movement. Initially, the city’s population was only 60 thousand people, today Ankara has grown to 3.5 million, becoming a major industrial and economic center. Although the capital and removed from the sea, its position is quite profitable. After all, the land trade routes cross here, even in Roman times there was a shopping center at this place.

Turkey is washed by the Black Sea.

You just need to open the atlas and see that the country is washed by 4 seas. In addition to the Black Sea, it is the Mediterranean, Aegean and Marble.

Turkey is an underdeveloped Asian country, living at the expense of small bazaars.

Do not forget that part of the country is still located in Europe. This explains that in Turkey so intertwined cultures of the East and the West. In the country, not only the tourist business, but also all branches of the economy develops by leaps and bounds. It is no coincidence that Turkey is a candidate for joining the European Union.

The name Istanbul has always had a city, since its foundation.

Another part of this myth is that Istanbul and Constantinople are different cities. In fact, the Turkish toponym İstanbul appears in Arabic and Turkic sources in the 10th century and means “to the city” or “to the city”. Thus indirectly called Constantinople. That’s right, in Greek, and was officially called the city until 1930. Itself Constantinople received its name in 330, when the Emperor Constantine moved there the capital of the Roman Empire, proclaiming the city of New Rome.

In Turkey it’s always warm.

In fact, the country has a predominantly mountainous terrain. Therefore, the climate has its own character, including features of continental weather. Summer in Turkey is usually hot and arid, but winters are cold and snowy.

Origin of the word Turkey.

Turkmen people believe that this term is borrowed from the Rukhnama the Great Turkmenbashi, but in the United States there is a version that the word Turkey is derived from turkey, meaning a turkey. However, it is obvious that the country received the name because of a group of Turkic peoples who once lived on its territory.

The national drink for Turks is aniseed vodka, rakia.

Raki (from the tour Rakı) is a strong alcoholic drink, like brandy. It is formed by distilling the fermented fruit. However, rakia is very popular in general in the Balkans, among the people there is still debate about who first came up with her recipe. Fortress of the drink is usually 40%, but at home they often prepare rakia and with 50-50% strength. Usually it is drunk with diluted water in a ratio of 1 to 3 or with the addition of ice. They drink rakia in small sips, sometimes seasoning with anise. By the way, Islam, the national religion of Turkey, generally prohibits the use of alcohol, but most residents have long been leading a modern lifestyle.

Turkish sweets are made from honey.

Many will be surprised, but Turks do not use honey at all for making sweets. Therefore, they can be offended by the very question of what kind of honey is used, because even a recipe for sweets from honey in Turkey is practically nonexistent.There is an explanation – honey was originally a rather expensive treat, its use would significantly raise the price of sweets. Later, the rejection of honey became a trademark of the Turks.

Resorts of Turkey, Greece, Antalya.

This phrase is often found in tourist booklets and advertisements. In fact, Antalya is a city in Turkey, founded as far back as 159 BC. king of Pergamum by Attalus II. Originally the city was called Attalia, for a long time was the possession of Rome first, and then Byzantium. Usually for tourists, Turkish resorts are associated with the Black Sea, Antalya is located in the south of the country, on the Mediterranean coast.

Arabic is used in Turkey.

Modern Turkish language originated from Oguz, where tribes of the eastern part of the country communicated. When these peoples inhabited Central Asia, they were displaced from there in the 8th-10th centuries to the west by the Uighur and Turkic tribes. The last few centuries have postponed a significant imprint on the Turkish language from the Arabian and Persian languages, at times in the Turkish vocabulary up to 80% of words borrowed from them were used.

Belly dance and hookah smoking – Turkish inventions.

Belly dance is a dance technique that is common in the Middle East and in Arab countries, it was given to him in the West. In Arabic, this dance is called Raqs Sharqi, in Turkish – as Oryantal dansı, which means “oriental dance”. However, this dance was brought to the eastern countries presumably by the gypsies back in the 10th century, so it would be mistaken to believe that he was born here. Hookah was invented not in Turkey, but in India, spreading quite quickly throughout the Muslim world, from Morocco and to Indochina. In Europe, the hookah came in the nineteenth century with fashion to the east.

In Turkey, very cheap gold.

In this matter, you should be careful. Yes, in Turkey you can really offer a cheap gold product. However, most often this is not gold, but a fake, at best this gold will be of poor quality, and not Turkish production. In general, recently the price of gold has risen, but the quality as a whole has remained unimportantly unimportant.

In Turkey everything is very cheap.

In the country, since the time of Ataturk, an additional tax of 18% has been imposed on all imported products. In fact, most Turkish goods are imported at the expense of imported raw materials, so it simply can not be cheap. A low price is achieved by reducing the quality. So, getting a cheap thing from a smiling seller, know what you are paying for.

In Turkey, men only do that they smoke hookah, and local women work late.

In practice, the opposite is true. In addition, Turkish women are extremely clean. This is due to climatic conditions, because with such heat cockroaches and parasites grow and multiply very quickly.

In Turkish hotels, tourists are rarely fed with meat.

Usually hotels offer a good selection of meat, in some places even up to 5 types. But coffee for breakfast is likely to be unimportant, and the juice is more on a powder basis.

In Turkey, everywhere in the course of dollars. The national currency of the country is still the lira.

However, the country aspires to the European Union, and most of the tourists are from Europe, so it is not surprising that the euro is already much more popular. At most gas stations, the currency will not be accepted at all, only lira is accepted as payment.

Turkish men like to molest blonde girls.

You can hear terrible stories about how girls are not recommended to walk alone, especially if they are blondes. In fact, no one will solicit a woman until she gives herself to that matter. Of course, one can expect from the Turks’ flirting, but they will quickly fall behind when they see that a woman is not inclined to get closer acquaintance.

In Turkey, you have to bargain with everyone, literally for any product.

It turns out that the Turks will not be traded anywhere.There are stores with fixed prices, where they will not be reduced. Although, of course, bargaining is an element of national culture. But many tourists so spoiled the Turks that they are not always ready to reduce the price, knowing that the next tourist will certainly buy the goods and for this money.

In Turkey, people of a different culture.

It seems to us that Turkey, as a country with Islam, is difficult to cognize. We imagine images from fairy tales, like Aladdin. Therefore, our tourists expect to see women in burqa, men in veils, janissaries, camels in Turkey … You can really see this exotic, or rather organize it, for good money. In fact, Turkey is a mixture of the Eastern European country and an advanced Central Asian, like Kazakhstan. In the cultural image of the country there are many features similar to the Soviet ones.

In Turkey, always hostile to the Russians, this attitude has survived until now.

This myth is generated by the fact that Russia and Turkey have long fought, and during World War II, Turkey was generally concerned with the idea of ​​uniting all the Turks from the Adriatic and to the Pacific through the division of the USSR. However, in those years the country’s leadership tried in every possible way to avoid a military conflict, maintaining neutrality, at the end of the war Ankara generally joined the anti-Hitler coalition. Since the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey, mindful of the lessons of the Russian-Turkish wars, has not fought against the USSR. Yes, and in the conflict in the Caucasus, Turkey supports Russia, understanding that Islamic terrorism tomorrow can come to them. Do not forget that it is Russian tourists that are an important part of the local leisure and entertainment industry.

Turks claim to rule the entire Turkic world.

In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of conversations that an important sultanate, under its own rule, wants to create in Ankara. Something in this myth is true – Turkey is increasing its influence in Central Asia. However, this is not done because of the Pan-Turkic ideas, but because of the desire to gain additional weight in the big political game that is being conducted in the expanses of the former USSR. Ankara seeks to influence its neighbors, being the third force after the US and Russia. Yes, and the main foreign policy idea of ​​Ataturk implies a rejection of territorial expansion. Kazakhstan is much more dangerous and cunning in this region.

Turks are by nature very bellicose and cruel.

It seems to us that the ancestors of the Turks were janissaries, that’s why today these people are so fond of using hard power, screaming and fighting. However, we should not confuse the Turks with the Caucasians. Atatürk saw that in the depths of the soul the Turks do not have a taste for war. Turkish society is much closer to trade and diplomacy. These directions were perceived and introduced into society. Today no one will clutch at the knife, you are simply elegant and with a smile cheated, and you will not notice how it happened. “Militant” Turks could not really organize the resistance of the Russian army in 1915, and the invasion of North Cyprus in 1974 created a colossal problem for the country. It is no coincidence that Ataturk forbade external expansion.

The Turks are mostly stupid.

This myth can be seen along with the myths of stupid Americans. The average Turk is no more stupid than our average citizen. The country has a system of universal secondary education. Turks in general are very capable people, easily assimilating practical things and skills. There are many engineers, technicians and builders in the country. It is no coincidence that many objects in Russia and Ukraine are trusted to be erected by Turkish masters. But with abstract thinking it is much harder – few have heard of Turkish scholars or philosophers.

Turkey is a pro-American country.

Many consider Turkey an outpost of US policy in the Middle East. However, the Turks pursue an independent policy, not even afraid of exacerbations with Washington. Turkey puts its national interests above America’s geopolitical interests. And the proximity with the European Union leaves an imprint on the relationship with the United States.

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