Tug of war

Tug-of-war

is one of the sports in which two teams (for 8 people of a certain weight category) are measured by force on the site with a length of at least 36 meters, pulling the rope (length – 33.5 m, circle – 10-12.5 cm) with several marks: central and two lateral, located 4 meters from it. Before the start of the competition, the central mark is placed above the line drawn on the ground, and after the referee’s signal, each team begins to pull the rope to its side.

This sport appeared in ancient times, and at first it was part of religious ceremonies of various cults. Information on the conduct of such actions has been found in many countries of the world: in India, Korea, Burma, New Guinea, Africa and America, Hawaii and New Zealand.

Over time, tug of war has lost its mystical meaning, and has become one of the types of team sports. On the walls of one of the tombs found in the Sahara, an image of this kind of competition is found. In Europe, there are also many references to competitions of this kind, the oldest of which dates back to 1000 AD. As the legends say, it was then that the “Power Games” were held – sports competitions, in which athletes from Germany and Scandinavia could demonstrate their deletion in many disciplines, among which was the tug of war. In the 15th century, the above-mentioned kind of competition was very popular in Great Britain and France, where it was called “tug-of-war” or “tir-la corde”, and in the 19th century – in Russia (especially among the sailors).

From 1900 to 1920, rope pulling was listed in the list of Olympic sports in the beginning as one of the athletic disciplines, and since 1912 – as a separate sport. Later, due to the decrease in the number of participants, tug of war was excluded from the Olympic register, which, however, did not lead to the loss of the position of this sport.

Tug of war

Initially, tug-of-war was part of the association of track and field sports, but later there was a need to establish independent organizations, since athletic associations paid too little attention to the development of this sport. In 1933, an independent rope tug association appeared in Sweden, in 1958 an organization of this kind was established in England, in 1959 in the Netherlands, and a year later, on the initiative of George Chiton (chairman of the Association of Great Britain), the International Tug of War Federation Tug of War International Federation, TWIF).

The first international competitions in this sport (“The Baltic Games”) took place in 1964 in Malm (Sweden), and a year later in London, the first European Championship was organized, held regularly until 1975, when after joining TWIF Non-European countries held the first world tug of war tug-of-war. Since 1981, this sport is included in the program of the World Games.

Our ancestors considered the tug of war as a symbol of the struggle of mystical forces.

This is indeed so. For example, in Burma, before the onset of the rainy season, a tug-of-war competition was held, with one team symbolizing a drought, the other a saving shower. Competitions of this kind could also be a symbolic representation of the struggle between good and evil (conducted during funeral ceremonies), bad weather and good weather, fruitfulness and sterility of the land, etc. Nowadays this kind of sport has practically lost its mystical meaning, but echoes of traditional rituals still exist in some places. For example, the Eskimos at spring festivals during the tug of war are divided into groups at the time of birth: people born in autumn and winter compete with those who saw the light in the spring or summer.

In ancient times, there were many varieties of tug-of-war.

This is really so, there was a huge variety of both styles of tug-of-war and the equipment used in doing this.For example, the inhabitants of Afghanistan used the board during the competition, and in Korea they kept their hands on the belt of the person ahead of them (as a result, the captains of the teams were the people with the strongest grip – after all, they served as a link with the opposing team). And the Eskimos of Canada competed in tug of war sitting, and one on one. Nowadays, in some countries, competitions of this kind also go by the rules, somewhat different from the generally accepted ones. For example, in Russia during the celebration of Maslenitsa, competing teams are located not with their faces, but with their backs to each other. In Gyeongsangnam-do (South Korea), traditional rope festivals use a rope whose diameter is 1.4 m, weight 54.5 kg, length 251 m. The weight of the inventory used during the All-Russian summer rural sports games is 720 kg. And in the city of Naha (Okinawa Prefecture, Japan) for 400 consecutive years a lot of people are happy to participate in the “big holidays” of the city, one of which is accompanied by a tug of a giant rope, consisting of two parts, called “male” and “female” , connected with each other. In 2004, thousands of residents and tourists participated in the tug of this 200-meter rope weighing 40 tons, divided into “eastern” and “western” sides. In total, this event, recorded in the Guinness Book of Records, gathered about 400 thousand participants and spectators. A lighter rope (3 tons), but having a length of one kilometer, was created in 2008 for a symbolic competition dedicated to the Beijing Olympics. In the competition, held on January 9 in Changsha (Huan province, China), 2008 people (students, television announcers and pop stars) took part.

Rules for tug-of-war competitions were developed at the beginning of the last century.

No, the ordering of competitions of this kind began much earlier. For example, back in the 15th century, teams were composed of the same number of people of equal weight.

The victory in the match will be given to the team that will drag the central mark to its side, at least a meter.

This is not so – in order to win the competition, the stronger team needs to pull the rope until the drawn line on the ground is crossed by a side mark located on the opponent’s side (ie, the rope will have to be pulled by at least 4 meter). Also, the victory is awarded to the team in the event that one of the rivals falls or sits (this state of things is called “foul”).

In order to successfully compete in tug-of-war competitions, you should develop tenacious and strong hands.

Strong upper limbs are important, but not the only factor. People who want to achieve victory in this sport must be harmoniously developed – the strength and endurance of the muscles of the feet, hips, back and especially the forearms is important. It also requires good coordination of movements and the ability to repeatedly transfer the maximum power load (after all, the duration of one round (pool) is 10 minutes, the match consists of 3 pools, and during a match usually lasting only one day, such matches can be from 16 to 20 ). Equally important is the athlete’s stress resistance. Therefore, the training in this sport is very diverse, and is a combination of strength exercises, cross training, endurance exercises and the development of reaction speed with tactical and psychological training.

Tug of war

In a tug of war, only athletes of a certain height and composition can participate.

No, growth in this sport is of no decisive importance. And the weight of an athlete in a given team can be almost any. The fact is that when determining the weight category, the weight of all team members is taken into account, and not every single player. Because in the composition of one team can act people of different complexions.But if the team is formed, and at some point you have to look for a substitute for one of the players – the newbie’s weight really will be paid close attention.

The best system for tug-of-war competitions is with drop-out.

It is used during the season of international championships. At competitions for this sport two systems are used: circular and with elimination. Advantages of the system with drop-out – it allows a large number of teams to participate in competitions. However, a serious disadvantage of this system is the dropping of inexperienced teams at the very beginning of the competition, as a result of which juniors have almost no experience, and may lose interest in this sport. The circular system assumes the struggle of each team with all other participants, but in case of constructing competitions on this system, no more than 10 teams can take part in them. However, it is the circular system that is gaining popularity in competitions of various kinds, as it allows to more objectively assess the capabilities of athletes, and also allows inexperienced athletes to gain experience. Both national and world rope tug-of-war championships are held in a circular system, and only in the final of national competitions is a system with dropouts.

Athletes participating in a tug-of-war contest do not wear any protective devices.

This is not quite true. In addition to the usual sports form (sports shirt, shorts and socks), athletes can wear safety belts (“athlete-anchor” – special protective equipment, the thickness of which does not exceed 5 cm), with the condition that these devices will be hidden under the clothes of the competitors. Hooks, gloves, or any other device that reduces hand slip is prohibited.

There are no metal parts on shoes in which athletes perform.

Yes, in the case of contests held indoors. In this case, the sole of the athlete’s shoes must be either rubber or other material that provides adhesion to the floor surface, but does not lead to its destruction. If competitions are held outdoors, shoes with metal heels can be used with heels, provided that the metal thickness does not exceed 6.5 mm, and it does not protrude beyond the lower part of the heel and the sole as a whole. But the equipment of shoes with a metal toe or thorns, reinforced on the sole, is prohibited.

In order to tighten the grip on the rope, athletes use a variety of substances to prevent palm glide.

During the tug-of-war competition, athletes can only put rosin on their palms (a vitreous substance derived from resin-resin of coniferous trees). The use of any other substances that facilitate capture is prohibited.

The marking of the rope must be as static as possible.

Wrong opinion. Markings (most often – colored tape) are fixed so that in the case of pulling or cutting the rope, they can easily be moved to the desired place.

Tug of war is a team sport.

Most often this is true, the standard number of athletes in the team – 8 people. However, sometimes competitions are held between teams of 4 people, and among people engaged in bodybuilding and arm wrestling, one-on-one contests are increasingly popular.

Tug-of-war is an easy-to-learn sport.

And you can not always work at full strength – nobody will notice. Absolutely wrong opinion. Experienced athletes claim that only after several months of regular training a person begins to understand how to pull the rope correctly, which muscles should be used as much as possible, how to count their efforts, so as not to “exhaust” after the first round of the competition.And it is simply impossible to slip an unseen grip during the competition – it will not be possible to hide from the team members.

If the competitor falls – his team loses.

Yes, however, in the event that an athlete who has fallen or touched the knee of the ground immediately jumps to his feet, the violation (foul) will not be counted.

Tug of war

In Russia, tug-of-war is a very popular sport, it was included in the official register at the beginning of the last century.

This is not quite true. In Russia competitions of this kind often accompanied various holidays and folk festivals, enjoyed special popularity among sailors. In the USSR, tug-of-war competitions were included in the program of the sports events (regional and all-Union). However, neither at the Olympic Games held at the beginning of the last century, athletes from the Soviet Union in this discipline did not act, nor in the international competitions in tug-of-war for a long time did not participate. Yes, and official recognition in the USSR, and after – and in Russia, the said sport had to wait a long time. The first regional Federation of tug-of-war was established in Leningrad only in 1992, at the same time the Cup of Russia was held, and a year later the first Russian championship in this city was held in the city on the Neva. The All-Russia Federation of tug-of-war appeared in 2004, in May 2005 it was admitted to the TWIF, from 2006 athletes started participating in the World Championships in this sport. But only March 28, 2006 tug of war was officially recognized in Russia as one of the sports.

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