(French tourisme, from tour – walk, trip) – travel (trip, trekking) in your spare time, one of the kinds of outdoor activities. Tourism – the most effective means of satisfying recreational needs, as it combines various types of recreational activities – healing, cognition, restoration of man’s productive forces, etc. Tourism is an integral part of public health, physical culture, a means of spiritual, cultural and social development of the individual. (According to the world-wide assessment of the scale of the tourist movement, tourists are referred to all persons who temporarily and voluntarily changed their residence for any purpose, except for activities rewarded at the place of temporary residence.) Persons who are in their spare time in some locality are less 24 hours, considered to be excursionists. Travel within their country is united by the concept of “domestic (national) tourism”, and outside it – “foreign tourism”.
International and national tourism are closely interconnected and interdependent, because by their nature they are homogeneous, are generated by the same reasons, form demand mainly for the same goods and services; in many countries they have a common material and technical base and a single sphere of employment.
It is customary to distinguish between organized tourism and travel according to a program planned by a tourist institution, with the provision of a package of services, and an unorganized, so-called amateur, trip on a plan developed by the tourist himself, with a more or less significant share of self-service.
Our ancestors considered traveling a rather dangerous business, but times change: with the advent of television and the Internet, travelers have access to information that can help them to properly prepare for travel and not be trapped. However, some stereotypes of thinking gave rise to fairly stable myths about cruises to distant countries.

Money should be exchanged at home.

Carrying a large sum of cash with you is not always justified, and sometimes it’s just risky, because in this case the traveler risks to say goodbye all the way if they are interested in a thief-pickpocket. Yes, and the rate may not be the most profitable, and sometimes vice versa. It is better to prefer plastic cards – and they are better protected than your wallet, and the exchange rate is offered the most profitable.

You should book a tour a day or two before the journey begins.

A few years ago it was possible to save a lot by ordering a trip in the last few days. But nowadays, when the demand for travel abroad increases, the number of flights serviced by small planes decreases, and it is more difficult to find a free place in the hotel, it is best to take care of everything in advance. The optimal period is 4-8 weeks.

The best guides are local people.

This is not true – the local people are mostly little aware of the historical sights in their city. Guides whose work does not belong to the category of the most highly paid, most likely, will guide you through a standard range of museums and souvenir shops, which receive a percentage of sales. Therefore, you should consider the route and take guidebooks with you.

For what I cry, I’ll get.

Sometimes the quality of service does not match the amount that was requested for it. Some tour operators, hotels and cruise liners only promise to provide luxury services to tourists and deliberately inflate prices to match the positioning level. However, in fact, it often turns out that a less expensive operator will offer you a much higher level of comfort. First of all, you should pay attention to the product or service itself, and not to their price.

экскур Tours and other extras must be paid in advance.

Most likely, cruise operators will offer you to pay all excursions before the start of the trip.But it is best to pay for this kind of services by going ashore and determining the list of attractions that you would like to see. There are many local travel agents or local residents in the port offering the same tours at lower prices.

The tour operator will provide more acceptable travel conditions than the travel agency.

This is not quite true. Perhaps, the tour operator is more aware of the small nuances of a single trip, but more often it is quite narrowly specialized, which sometimes negatively affects the ability to fully satisfy the client’s requirements (especially regarding the date of departure and the duration of the tour). Travel agency, while working with many tour operators, is able to offer more accommodation options, to provide the customer with the opportunity to determine the most suitable starting date for travel, etc.

The charter flight is most inconvenient.

Not exactly the right opinion. Indeed, the time of departure of a charter flight is sometimes not quite convenient, but, firstly, tour operators can sometimes agree with airlines about a more convenient time for flight, and secondly, a charter flight is much cheaper than a regular flight, so if you want to save – such a flight to you is suitable.

Tours provided by the tour operator are cheaper than in the travel agency.

This is not true. It should be noted that the travel agency purchases vouchers from tour operators at retail prices, and sells on retail, which differs little from the prices offered by tour operators. In addition, travel agencies can make customers discount at the expense of their commission, respectively, the price of the tour is reduced.

It is best to pick up tickets and passports in advance.

Unfortunately, this is hardly possible. The fact is that in consulates it is customary to take out tickets of those leaving one day, and foreign officials, given the date of departure, issue documents the day before the departure. If you plan to fly a charter flight, then air tickets are issued literally at the last minute. The reason is simple – if changes occur in the list of tourists, the tour operator who ordered the flight will pay a large fine. Accordingly, travel agencies try to insure themselves against all such incidents.

Tourists from the CIS countries abroad do not like: and the service is poorly provided, and the numbers are the worst, and even the quotas are announced.

This is not true. Most often in European countries they do not like their nearest neighbors (for example, the Italians do not like the French, the French do not like the Spaniards, etc.). Quotas – a normal business practice, often used in hotels around the world, so do not give them too much attention. In addition, it should be remembered that generous tips can provide comfort and respect shown by the hotel staff, a citizen of any state.

During the cruise, you are rocked.

Wrong opinion. Modern cruise ships are equipped with specially designed devices, allowing even with a six-ball storm to provide passengers comfort and prevent swinging.

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