The Titanic is one of the most famous ships. But his story is extremely tragic. At the time of commissioning, it was the largest vessel in the world, with a displacement of 52,000 tons. But on the first flight, on the night of April 14 to April 15, 1912, the Titanic crashed. The reason was a collision with an iceberg in the northern waters of the Atlantic.
The ship received large holes and quickly sank, breaking in half. During the disaster, 1496 people died, only 712 passengers managed to escape. They were picked up by the steamer “Carpathia”, which was nearby. The wreckage of the ship sank to a depth of 3750 meters. They were discovered only in 1985. Subsequent expeditions raised a lot of items from the famous ship.
About the tragedy of “Titanic” was written and a lot, and filmed several films. The first, documentary, came out in May 1912. And the most famous tape about the “Titanic”, shot by James Cameron in 1997, 13 years remained the highest-grossing in the history of cinematography. The tragedy turned out to be not the biggest on the sea, but the most impressive one.
It seemed that man with the help of a modern vessel conquered the oceans, and a new era is coming. But nature and did not think to give up. Today the history of the Titanic, including thanks to the cinema, has acquired many myths. We will try to debunk them.
Titanic was considered an unsinkable ship.
This myth has appeared already in our time. In the film, Cameron mother of the heroine, admiring the liner in Southampton, calls it unsinkable. Historians say that the appearance of such a myth is justified, because it allows you to have a great story about the collapse of an unsinkable ship. Something happened that no one believed. It seems logical that God decided to punish an arrogant man. The company White Star Line, owning the ship, never publicly made such statements. There are three industry publications in which the ship was called “practically unsinkable” even before his death, but there is no evidence that this opinion was at that time public opinion. In the company’s advertising products, special emphasis was placed on the security of the Titanic and Olimpic, and was assured that they were designed to reduce the risks of flooding. However, similar qualities were with other aircraft of the same class. The first statements that the Titanic was considered unsinkable appeared in the newspaper The New York Times on April 16, 1912. It happened the day after the tragedy. Experts said that previously considered the ship unsinkable, this comment was immediately replicated, allowing this myth to be born.
The Titanic was the most famous ship of its time.
At the time of the catastrophe, the cinema has existed for 15 years. About the tragedy a lot was said in the news rolls, which were demonstrated in the cinemas, but only the shots of the ship remained a little. The fact is that until the crash, the Titanic itself was of little interest to journalists. The glory went to the complete analogue of this ship, “Olympique”. It was created earlier and the first flight from Southampton to New York was made back in 1911. Then the liner was commanded by the same captain, and later by the Titanic. And the route was exactly the same. The ship did not differ and the number of lifeboats. And in order to show how the Titanic was, the news simply showed the views of his twin brother, Olimpica.
The orchestra on the Titanic played music even when the ship sank.
Many films about the Titanic show an interesting situation – the orchestra continues to play even at a time when all around are panicking and are looking for ways to save. Such a scene is designed to show that the musicians worked for the cheerfulness of passengers. The last full performance, allegedly, was the church hymn “Closer, Lord, to you.” But the musicians themselves can not confirm this myth – they all perished. But thanks to this myth of them made heroes. Eyewitnesses of the catastrophe did hear that music was playing on the deck, but there are doubts about the last performed composition.Someone heard ragtime, and others – the usual popular music. And that passenger, who told about the last melody of the orchestra, was in the lifeboat long before the ship died. So he just could not know the truth. But the church hymn turned out to be such an emotional option that it perfectly suited as a basis for a romantic story. When James Cameron consulted with specialists on the set of his film, he drew attention to the scene with the musicians in the film “Unforgettable Night” (“The Titanic’s Death”) back in 1958. She liked the director so much that he simply copied the scene into his film, making it part of the story.
Captain Smith was a hero.
How the captain of the Titanic spent his last hours is practically unknown. Today he is considered a hero who refused to leave his distressed ship. But they say that the captain did not heed the warning about icebergs on the way of the ship, did not reduce the speed of the ship. He did not give the order on evacuation in time, because of what many passengers did not understand the true picture of what was happening. Yes, and the plan of salvation Smith did not create, not engaged in and the descent of lifeboats. Nobody knew him better than how many people were on board and how many places were in boats. But Smith admitted that the boats were not fully loaded. So there was nothing heroic in his behavior. The first boat sailed into a calm, windless weather with 27 passengers at a capacity of 65. Many boats left half empty, never returning to save the rest. But Smith even erected monuments. It is the captain who is responsible for all the low-quality work of rescue services on the ship. In the fateful night, Smith’s presence on the ship was not felt at all. It is likely he got a psychological trauma, realizing that few will be saved. Smith’s confusion at a critical moment manifests itself at least in the fact that he confused the design of the “Titanic” and “Olympique.” Capital ordered to lower the boats from that deck, which was located on the ship-twin.
Captain Smith saved the child.
There is a myth about how Captain Smith with the child swam to the boat and passed the baby. Then he wished the survivors luck and went back to the sinking ship. But this is a beautiful myth. The captain was last seen on the bridge. To be with him further – no one knows.
At the time of the disaster, the captain was drunk.
On the eve of the disaster, the captain did participate in a dinner in his honor, arranged by the Wydner family. But Smith never drank in the sea, this case was no exception. The participants of that dinner confirm that the captain did not touch the alcohol. He smoked a couple of cigars and left the restaurant at 10 pm.
Captain Smith had to slow down in dangerous waters.
He had to do this if there was an obvious threat to the ship, in the form of large and dangerous pieces of ice in the water. Prior to this accident, the captains of passenger ships in clear weather did not reduce the speed until close to the ice floes. This was confirmed by other managers of passenger transatlantic liners during the investigation. Captain Smith after receiving a warning about the icebergs changed course and went south, seeking to reduce the risk. His decision looks professional.
Captain Smith ignored the reports of the icebergs.
The captain’s response to warnings was extremely professional. He changed course and gave the order to look for ice. Smith chose a safer South route. But the information came that the icebergs were here. Then he chose an even longer way, even further to the south. There were no icebergs ever seen before. But even in this situation, the captain ordered to look for ice ahead of the course.
The team behaved unprofessionally.
This myth proves the fact of incomplete filling of the first boats. In fact, passengers felt that they were on the most reliable ship in the world. They believed that there were teachings.Who wants to trade a huge, warm and light liner on a tight wooden boat? The team did not know how much time was allocated to the ship, that’s sent, who could. When the danger became obvious, the boats had to be sent crowded. And in a critical situation, no one was immune from errors. Such liners have never been drowned before. Sailors, for fear of a huge crater, tried not to return on boats. And they can be understood, given the crowd of people in the water and jumping from above, which could turn the boat around.
President of the company that built the Titanic, cowardly fled from it.
If there are heroes, then there must be scoundrels. So represent Bruce Ismay. It is believed that he was in a hurry in the first boat left the sinking ship, while women and children were drowning around. There are stories about exactly how Ismay made the captain go at maximum speed. But in 1912 an investigation was carried out, from the United Kingdom he was led by Lord Mersey. He concluded that Ismay, on the contrary, helped many passengers to take places in the boat. He himself went in the last boat. But the topic of betrayal was too cinematic to be ignored. And the origins of this story originate from the big media tycoon William Randolph Hearst. He quarreled with Isme long before the crash of the Titanic. The industrialist did not want to talk to the press about the collapse of one of his ships. And the journalists of Hirst have declared against him the real war. When published a list of surviving passengers, especially distinguished the name of the owner of the company. Newspapers brought memories of people who had seen Ismay in the first rescue service, other witnesses told him that he demanded from the team to take him to a safe place.
In 1943, a version of the “Titanic” appeared in fascist Germany.
This film was personally overseen by the propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. Ismay was shown as an authoritarian Jewish businessman, he forced the brave Teutonic capital to disperse the liner in the danger zone, defying warnings. And in the 1958 film “Unforgettable Night” Ismay is also portrayed as a villain. When filming the film, Cameron told the director the truth, but he decided not to alter the script to not deceive the expectations of the audience. Again, Ismay is shown by the villain who drove the ship forward, forcing him to arrive early in New York for promotional purposes. In any case, the businessman could not tolerate the persecution and left the company White Star in 1913. On the tragedy of Ismayas, a book was even written, in which it is shown by a simple man who was in a difficult situation. The businessman was emotionally not ready for what had happened. At the time of the disaster, he was confused, which made others hesitate. Ismay did not appear to be the “super captain” and did not give orders, he himself did not suspect that he had any special status on the ship and did not think to use it.
Passengers of the third class were not allowed to go up to the last moment.
In the film, Cameron shows how passengers with the cheapest tickets were not let out, so that they do not interfere with more wealthy people to dive into boats. Here are just no documentary evidence of this emotional myth. Passengers of the third class were really separated from the rest by fences. But this was not required for the sake of a special evacuation order in a shipwreck, but solely for the immigration laws of America. This measure prevented the spread of viral infections. Before arriving in Manhattan, the Titanic was supposed to stop at Ellis Island, where all regular passengers would undergo medical check-up and paperwork. And those poor people who wanted to start a new life in America were traveling in the third grade. Basically it was Italians, Dutch, Russian, Armenians, Chinese and Scandinavians. Passengers of each class had their own exit to separate decks to the boats that were there. That’s just on the deck of the third class of such boats just was not.So poor passengers had to make their way through the labyrinths of stairs and corridors to climb up. So the people on the first two decks had an advantage initially. Investigations have shown that the stewards first blocked some passages, waiting for instructions from their superiors. But after the descent of most boats the aisles were opened. In this case, the passengers themselves of the third class reluctantly left the Titanic, not wanting to part with their luggage. After all, it was, in fact, all of their property. The deliberate restriction and speech was not conducted, most likely, there was some oversight caused by blind obedience to instructions. That’s just the result was tragic. During the investigation, none of the passengers of the third class gave evidence, these people were represented by Harbinson’s lawyer. He also announced the restriction of the movement of his charges, giving rise to this myth. Unfortunately, the class of passengers played a role. Of the owners of the cheapest places, only one third survived.
The Titanic carried a treasure of gold.
Often talk about the treasures of the Titanic, but in this case it is still not about gold. On board were many rich passengers, millionaires and collectors. The cost of antiques, diamonds, expensive paintings and gold is at current prices of about $ 250 million. They stayed in the safes and cabins of the ship. Since then, the Titanic has been visited by automatic expeditions that have raised parts of objects. But to get to the safes robots failed – too thick layer of silt prevented to open. In addition, there are rumors that before the dive, using panic, some passengers and crew members openly engaged in robbery. So on board the treasure, in the form of numerous ingots of gold, no, it’s worth talking about valuable things. But to raise them from such a depth is either unprofitable, or even technically impossible. It remains for us to look at the treasures of the Titanic with photos and video.
The Titanic was cursed because of the Egyptian mummy on board.
Some eyewitnesses remember that a few minutes before the disaster the captain was seen next to the box carrying the mummy of an ancient Egyptian prophetess. And Smith immediately afterwards began to behave very oddly. The mummy was taken to America by Lord Canterville, in view of the special value this cargo lay not in the hold, but on the captain’s bridge. In favor of the version about the turbulence of the captain’s consciousness at a critical moment, there are rumors about the curse of the pharaohs and the series of mysterious deaths of those who dared to invade ancient burials. In fact, during the voyage, the famous spiritualist William Steed at a dinner party told the story of the priestess Amon-Ra, who was on display at the British Museum in London. This story impressed the passengers. And later her journalists from the yellow press inflated, the curses and the death of the ship were painfully well combined. So there was a myth about finding a mummy on the Titanic. In fact, it is kept all in the same place in London.
Titanic drowned because of the damned diamond.
According to the legends, along with the mummy on the ship was a rare blue diamond Hope. The history of this stone originates from the XVII century, when he came from India to the court of the French ship. Under Louis XV, the diamond was on the royal pendant of the Order of the Golden Fleece, then he moved to Marie Antoinette. In 1792, the stone was abducted, and in 1839 it was acquired by Henry Hope. The diamond is considered damned, since with its appearance in Europe, the plague began. The former owner, Marie Antoinette, ended her life on the scaffold, her friend, who owned a stone after the death of the queen, was also killed. Hope’s son was poisoned, and the grandson went bankrupt. Supporters of this legend say that the diamond was on board the ship, it was transported by a certain married couple. And the stone killed them, as well as other passengers. That’s just this myth is easy to debunk – the diamond is stored in the Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian University since 1958. At that time, nothing was raised from the Titanic, so there was simply no “damned” stone.
It does not make sense to raise valuables from the Titanic.
Since the discovery of the Titanic, more than six expeditions have been sent to it. At first, the researchers had no rights to raise valuable items, but then the French and Americans got legal permission to do it. In total, RMS Titanic spent more than $ 11 million on research, with more than six thousand items taken from the ship. Their total value was more than 110 million. True, the collection of diamonds, the Egyptian mummy and the valuable binding of the manuscript of Omar Khayyam were never found. In any case, the expedition financially paid off, and we got the opportunity to admire objects from the legendary ship a century after his death.
The rescued passengers from the Titanic were recently found on an iceberg.
In September 1990, there was interesting news. Trawler in the North Atlantic took off a young girl from an iceberg. She called herself Winnie Coates, a passenger of the Titanic. It is known that the icebergs are drifting to the south, thanks to the Labrador Current. However, the ice block that collided with the Titanic had to melt after 3-5 days. It is doubtful that such an iceberg would sail for more than a hundred years. The supporters of the myth speak of temporary failures, but this is already from the realm of fantasy and can not be proved in any way. Yes, and Vinnie Coates itself is among the survivors of passengers. Her later life was not a mystery – a woman spent her whole life in New Jersey, preferring not to remember that tragedy. She died in 1960, there is evidence of her death.
In the construction of the Titanic, a worker was immured in it.
It is said that the ship was built so quickly that one, or even several, workers were walled in between the buildings. And they periodically taped from there, signaling. But this story does not confirm anything, it remains a legend without factual material. Knocks could have been manifested because of the checks. Experts inside the case, checking the reliability of rivets, beat them. Workers standing outside, heard these sounds, using to create horror stories for young and gullible students.
In the Titanic, the code of the Antichrist was laid down.
It is said that the serial number of the ship was 390,904. There is a legend that some ship builders invested in this number a secret message, anti-church. The figures written on paper, reflected in the mirror, will be added to the words “No Pope” or “No Pope”. So the Irish Protestants could protest against the Catholic Church. God decided to punish such a vessel by sinking it on the first voyage. Here are just no proofs of the binding of this number to the ship. Its onboard number was 401, and the registration number of the council for trade – 131428. Documentary confirmation of the mysterious number does not exist.
Ship owners instead of “Titanic” let “Olympic”, having arranged a wreck.
This myth is another conspiracy theory. It’s no secret that the White Star Line had an unenviable financial position. As early as 1911, the “Olympic” collided with an English cruiser. However, the damage was so insignificant that they did not pay for the refund. It was required that the ship got into a big accident. The hosts decided to subject him to a collision with an iceberg, believing that a reliable ship would not sink. Fodder sheets with the name of the ship, interior items were replaced so that no one saw the substitution. However, this theory is easily debunked. Many passengers of the “Titanic” had already swam at the “Olympic” and could understand where they are. The ships had significant differences, and the alteration would take a long time, leaving many witnesses. Eyewitnesses recall how much the new ship smelled of paint. And a simple damaged ship would be simply unprofitable for the owners. And when the details were lifted from the steamer, the building number 401 belonging to the Titanic was on them. The “Olympic” was number 400. So there is no doubt what the ship was in an accident.
Even before the collision with the iceberg, a fire broke out on the Titanic.
Some experts advocate such a theory. In their view, the fire arose on April 2 in the sixth hold. He could not extinguish it. Then the captain decided to sail as quickly as possible to New York, there without panic to disembark passengers and then begin to extinguish the fire. This is what can explain the high speed of the ship at night, when the risk of encountering an iceberg was great. The captain simply understood that the ship could explode without getting to America. Under these conditions, warnings about ice floes in these waters no longer mattered. But the fire could deform the septum, which missed the water from the damaged 6th compartment. The stokers spoke about this in their testimony. However, in this case it is possible to talk about the conspiracy theory, which is little-than-proven. In any case, a fire did not cause the ship to crash.
“Titanic” sank not from an iceberg, but from a torpedo from a German submarine.
And in this case, the purpose of such an attack could be to obtain insurance. If the torpedo damaged the hull, it would be noticed, as the crew members, and passengers. Moreover, at that time the submarines did not yet have such autonomy to enter the ocean. Yes, and the power of the torpedoes was not large, they clearly would need several. A series of explosions would clearly differ from the sounds of a collision with a slow-moving obstacle. And to get into the night at a high-speed target for submariners is akin to aerobatics, and in fact in 1912 they simply did not have this experience.
“Titanic” did not slow down, because he chased the record in time.
In 1907 the ship Mauritania received a prestigious prize – the Blue Ribbon of the Atlantic for the fastest crossing of the ocean. Kunard Line, the main competitor of the White Star Line, founded the award, and she also owned the record ship. It is believed that Bruce Ismay pushed the captain “to sweep in all pairs”, to arrive a day ahead of schedule and get an honorable prize. This explains the high speed of the vessel in a dangerous area. However, the myth is easy to refute – “Titanic” physically could not reach that speed of 26 knots, which showed “Mauritania”. By the way, the record lasted until 1929.
The captain could open the watertight partitions and flood the Titanic more evenly.
There is still a lot of controversy about whether it was possible to save the Titanic or how to actually extend its life. The captain is accused that he did not open the partitions. As a result, the ship went under the nose under the water. Was it possible to create a respite and save the lives of hundreds of people? With the help of the marine designer, the researchers made an accurate model of the Titanic in scale 1 to 100. The size of the vessel, its displacement was proportional to the reduced copy. And the waterproof partitions were made transparent. The volume of water poured through the hole was also proportionally reduced. First, a real scenario was created, which happened in 1912. Water got into the bow holds, breaking the flood protection system. The nose, like the real ship, was flooded, dragging the ship to the bottom in two and a half hours. The model went nosed down, like the real Titanic. If the captain had opened airtight partitions, the water would have rushed into the stern. Consequently, the nose would not go down, and the ship, it would seem, should have been sinking evenly. This experiment was done with the model. Water poured the last steam boiler, and the Titanic was completely de-energized. People on the lower deck would be in pitch darkness. Chaos would have started an hour and a half earlier than in reality. Because of the displacement of tons of water, the ship would begin to heel aboard, losing stability. From such an angle the boat could not be lowered. As a result, the model sank half an hour earlier than in the first case. So it became clear that the captain had made the right decision, which saved dozens of people.
The Titanic’s death is the biggest catastrophe on the sea.
In the list of the largest marine disasters, the death of the Titanic is not included even in the top ten. In 1912, 1496 people died.The record is the death of the German ship “Goya” in 1945, it sank a Soviet submarine. Then about 7 thousand people died. And in peacetime, even more tragic than the Titanic, was the tragedy of the passenger ferry “Doña Paz” in 1987. The victims were 4375 passengers.
The “Titanic” killed mainly passengers of the third class.
Both quantitatively and in percentage terms the greatest victims fell not even on passengers, but on team members. Some before the last helped evacuation, others maintained the pressure of steam for the operation of pumps and the generation of electricity. Of the 1,496 victims, almost half, 686 people – the team “Titanic”. Third-class passengers drowned 527 people. Even in the first and second grade, a good percentage – 36% and 57%, respectively – perished.
All the engineers of the Titanic were killed while in the engine room.
The engineers were there until they were released from their duties by order of the leadership. Part still remained at his post. Having risen on the upper deck, the engineers saw that the boats were almost all lowered, while the rest were loaded with passengers of the third class, mostly women and children. Specialists saw on the boat deck witnesses. But out of 36 engineers no one could be saved.
All the victims of the Titanic were drowned.
Many of the passengers, unable to take a place in the boat, jumped into the water. After immersing the Titanic, they managed to stay on the surface, but it was very cold. Hundreds of people became victims of hypothermia.
The tragedy happened because of the error of the helmsman who twisted the steering wheel in the opposite direction.
In the 1990s, the book of Louise Patten, who allegedly was the granddaughter of the second captain’s aide, Charles Litoller, was published. She says that the iceberg was seen by the lookout. The officer was given the command “Right on board!”. On steam ships, the steering wheel command is executed in the direction that is announced. But in the North Atlantic at that time the teams were referring to the tiller, it had to be turned in the opposite direction. This is what the senior officers who started to serve on sailboats had in mind. Panicked helmsman Hitchens twisted the steering wheel to the right, and the Titanic flew onto the iceberg. But if the ship really piled on a block, there would be a big hole, and not a hole in the hull part. And the passengers practically did not feel the collision. Forward observers also claimed that the liner turned two rumba to the left. So this story is just an excuse for releasing a sensational book.
Vessel could avoid a collision with the maneuver.
The iceberg was detected 37 seconds before the collision, at this point the speed of the Titanic was 21 knots. It was no longer possible to avoid a fatal meeting.
The vessel should have maneuvered to avoid collision.
The ship’s designer, Edward Wilding, is convinced that if the Titanic had bumped his nose into an iceberg, he would have stayed afloat. A terrible blow would have taken the first 30 meters of the ship, everyone who was there, was waiting for death. A crushing nose would serve as a shock absorber, a blow would have felt everything on the Titanic. Something similar happened to Arizona. But it’s impossible to blame for the wrong maneuver of the officers, no one could know what will happen next. Yes, and a head-on collision might not be as ideal as the designer calculated. Nobody knows what was the underwater part of the iceberg. After all, his form is not at all correct. If the upper part of the ship were damaged in two compartments, the underwater ice could have carried far more.
The catastrophe happened because there were no binoculars on the Titanic.
It is believed that with the help of such optical instruments, the front viewers might have noticed the iceberg earlier. In fact, binoculars are needed for a more detailed examination of what is already visible to the naked eye. Iceberg with their help would be more difficult to detect due to the limitation of the viewing angle.People can not stand all night with binoculars in their hands and turn their heads! And in those days the use of binoculars was not supposed to be forward looking; they were from naval officers who identified the object seen.
At the sight of the iceberg, the first assistant gave the command “Full back”.
This myth claims that the order was executed, which worsened the maneuverability of the ship. More likely, William Murdoch gave the order “Stop the car.” This testifies to the testimony of a senior stoker. In any case, the order was given late, and its implementation had no effect on the maneuverability of the Titanic. Yes, and the command “Full Back” after “Full Forward” would lead to a strong shivering of the ship, which would have woken everyone up.
The steering wheel of the Titanic was small for a ship of this size.
In Cameron’s film, this is one of the reasons for the slow turn of the ship. In fact, he did not have to complain about maneuverability. This is proved by the fact that immediately after the collision, while the iceberg floated along the hull, the fodder was able to turn absolutely in the opposite direction. This allowed to avoid another blow to the body. And the steering wheel on the ship was exactly the same as on the “Olympic”. The captain of this ship during the First World War considered him the most maneuverable of all, which he ruled. Thanks to this “Olympic” managed to become the only passenger ship that sank in that war submarine.
The Titanic collided with a “dark” iceberg.
The commission investigating the catastrophe suggested that the iceberg could be “black” because of its recent coup. This did not allow him to see him at night. A forward looking man said that a dark mass suddenly appeared from the haze, the white top of which became visible only close. But near the iceberg it seemed to be white, the helmsman announced this. In the afternoon, he really would have looked bright. But on a moonless night there was nothing to be reflected from the surface, so the icebergs looked dark. In fact, they were quite ordinary.
The Titanic died because of the human factor.
Researchers are trying to find some cause of the disaster, blaming either designers or the captain. In fact, fatal way, there were many facts. That year was an extremely cold winter, because of which the icebergs began to climb beyond the southern shipping routes. A moonless night was full of calm, which prevented the discovery of ice. In addition, due to optical illusions, the iceberg managed to get close to the ship. And as a result of the collision, it was damaged exactly one more compartment than the designers planned to reserve. Alone, all these factors are not fatal, but, having formed together, signed the “Titanic” death sentence.
The Titanic at the bottom is well preserved.
The researchers found the wreck and carefully studied it. Over a hundred years, his condition worsened. Decks And generally there is no more. It has developed along with B and C. Consequently, the rest are about to collapse to the very boiler houses. Many rooms can not be found, or they are badly damaged. So, the personal promenade deck for the richest passengers disappeared under the wreckage of deck A. In the area of the Main staircase, all the decks had to suffer badly, the Hall for receptions and the Salon in the former form no longer exist.
There were not enough boats on the Titanic.
In fact, you just need to remember the norms of that time. The inspectors had no claims to the ship regarding its safety. The Ministry of Trade, which gave permission for navigation, required 16 boats from a ship of this class, there were also 20. And the laws were not obsolete – at that time it seemed that lifeboats were not needed on perfect liners. A sufficient number of boats was not only on the Titanic, but also on Olympique, Lusitania, Mauritania, German and American similar ships. And all this was in accordance with the norms.
If the bulkheads were higher, the Titanic could keep afloat.
This statement is repeated from time to time in documentary films.But researchers forget the simple fact that not even 5, but 6 compartments were flooded. Water entered the fourth boiler room from the bottom, and not from above. Designer of the ship, Edward Wilding confirmed that in case of flooding of the fourth boiler house, the vessel would not have been rescued by any increase of the partitions.
The fourth trumpet of the Titanic was false.
The fourth pipe was not really as functional as the others. It was built to maintain a common balance and design. It was not used to remove smoke or gases from boiler furnaces. Nevertheless, it should not be considered useless. With the help of such a pipe, the engine room was ventilated. Steam engines and turbines worked there. Through this pipe smoke from the first-class smoking room emerged, and the kitchen was ventilated. So some smoke came out of it, but it was clearly less noticeable than from the other three pipes. And to see that it was really so, you can see real photos of the “Olympic”, where the fourth pipe is clearly smoky. And to refute the myths that it transported secret cargo or pets and it makes no sense, in view of the complete meaninglessness of such a statement.