The third month of pregnancy

Future child.

Height – 6-8 cm, weight – 14-19 gr.

By the middle of the month the child will be called not an embryo, but a fruit. This means that all the main parts of the body and organs are already laid and are in their places. In the future they will only grow.

In the third month the placenta is finally formed, which will take on all the functions of life support for the baby. From 12 weeks you can hear the heartbeat of the baby with the help of special instruments.

The brain of the child is developing most rapidly. Every minute there are 250 thousand new neurons. The cerebellum forms, the brain part of the adrenal glands is laid. The backbone is completely formed, the spinal cord, bone substance is formed.

Your baby becomes more and more like a person. The face of the child continues to form: the eyes, nose, ears and mouth occupy their proper place, and the eyes even form a “iris”.

The skeleton of the child continues to grow, the bones acquire joints. By the end of the third month, the baby will be able to bend and unbend the handles and legs, squeeze the fingers into the cam and connect the handles to each other, stretch, turn and change the position of the body, bend-unbend the back, wiggle, kick. But my mother still does not feel these movements.

Muscles of the child are not developed, subcutaneous fat is not formed, which performs the function of the thermoregulator in addition. But the kid is already starting to move and actively train. In addition, scientists argue that he has a reaction in the form of a primitive facial expression on what is happening around: the movement of the umbilical cord, the oscillation of the amniotic fluid, the movement of its own hands and legs.

The central organ of the endocrine system, the pituitary gland, begins to work. The intestine learns to make cuts, and also to digest glucose and sugar. Due to cuts from the intestine, amniotic fluid and dead cells that the baby swallows will be excreted.

The respiratory system continues to form: by the end of the month, the lungs and the sternum are formed so that the baby can make his first breath, although it does not breathe in the air, but in the amniotic fluid. Kidneys are sufficiently developed to begin to actively filter blood and remove from the body of the child unnecessary substances.

The sex of the baby is laid down at birth, but only by the end of the 12th week it is possible to make a mistake with an eye on the ultrasound who is sitting at the mother’s abdomen: a boy or a girl.

Unfortunately, modern technology can not provide an absolutely accurate diagnosis of a child’s sex before the 20th week of pregnancy. True, many doctors can establish the sex of the child by indirect signs, for example, the length of the thigh in boys is usually less than that of girls.

Future Mom.

By the end of the month you will gain about 2 kg in weight, this is considered the norm. But do not worry if there is no increase at all or it is more than normal. Any pregnancy is individual and weight on such a period can become a problem only if other adverse symptoms (swelling, too strong toxicosis, abnormal pressure, etc.) are observed in the mother’s condition.

If you did not visit a doctor last month, be sure to do this in the third and register in the LCD. About what tests you will need to take, see the article for the second month of pregnancy.

The uterus has increased noticeably and it can even be felt if you gently feel your abdomen above the pubic bones. Nabuhla and sometimes aching breasts, increased waist. It’s time to go buy special clothes for pregnant women.

You have increased fatigue, drowsiness, irritability, toxicosis. Consolation is that by the 12th week the toxicosis must end, so it remains to suffer quite a bit.

Among other troubles that a pregnant woman may encounter in the third month, you can name:
– increased heart rate, drop or increase in pressure;
– anemia;
– constipation, hemorrhoids and irritation of the sciatic nerve;
– problems with hair and teeth;
– varicose veins.

Therefore, we recommend that you closely monitor your condition and consult with your doctor on time. We remind you that you must take vitamins for pregnant women. They contribute to the formation of the placenta, without which the child can not develop, and in addition, support the mother’s body.

At 11-12 weeks, you should take additional tests (clinical blood, general urine and dual test screening). A double test is a blood screening for the detection of Down’s syndrome (dementia), Edwards syndrome (oligophrenia), Patau syndrome and some others. All of them arise as a result of changes in chromosomes, unfortunately, incurable.

For the detection of syndromes, a blood test from a vein of 2 markers is taken: a free beta-hCG subunit and a PAPR-A protein (plasma protein A). This test, combined with an ultrasound of the collar zone of the fetus, gives an accuracy of 85%.

The chance that your child has chromosomal defects is small. Even if the screening shows results that do not coincide with the norm, you must retake the blood and do a second ultrasound. The result of the analysis is also very influenced by smoking, a large mass of the mother’s body, pregnancy as a result of IVF, multiple pregnancies or erroneous terms.

Up to 12 weeks it is desirable to carry out a bureaucratic formality and register in your LC at the place of residence, even if you are observed and are going to give birth to a fee.

To appear in your LCD is necessary to obtain a generic certificate, which not only entitles you to free delivery, but is also required when registering a newborn child in a children’s polyclinic.

за In case of disagreements with health workers, write down the hotline phone numbers of the Federal Service for Supervision of Health and Social Development.

2 months – 3 months – 4 months

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