The phobia is called the irrational, intense and persistent fear of certain situations, actions, people or things. Usually the reason for this is a certain irritant, or an aggravating situation, the very same fear does not lend itself to a logical explanation.
The American Psychological Association claims that phobias are one of the most common mental disorders affecting 11% of all people on the planet.
Strange and unusual disorders of such a plan in the world are thousands and thousands, we will tell about the 10 most massive and surprising ones, but nevertheless quite serious.
Ablutofobia – fear of bathing, swimming, washing or cleaning.
Such a phobia is most often observed in women and children. Most of them agree to take a bath only in the most extreme cases, when you need to take a clean look. It is important to note that ablutofobia is difficult to diagnose in children, since many of them do not like taking baths. Like all other phobias, this is usually associated with traumatic events from the past. Such fear as a result can become quite serious, as violations in hygiene can lead to social problems and illnesses. To get rid of this situational phobia, choose both general methods of treatment and the effect of various methods of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Caliginephobia is the fear of beautiful women.
This is one form of gynaecobia, a common fear of women. The same variety makes a man frightened by the best representatives of the weaker sex. Such a phobia can be socially extremely destructive for a person, depending on the level of his damage. Symptoms include rapid breathing and shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats, nausea, sweating, panic attacks and a sense of fear. Caliginephobia, although observed most often in men, but can occur in adolescent children, as well as in women. Common approaches to solving this phobia are systematic desensitization and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Anglophobia is the fear of England and its culture.
As it turned out, people are afraid not only of phenomena and other people, but of entire countries. This phobia includes fear of all English speakers. The term is even used in an attempt to discriminate against the English people, but this is not right. Anglophobia is a very real disorder, which also has historical roots. In 2005, researchers at the University of Glasgow found that the patient’s condition improved significantly with any contact with the frightening country. Thus, an English friend and communication with him significantly reduces the chances of anglophobia. Regarding the discrimination of the British, it is enough to note the following case: one of the engineers of pipelines from the Irish Dublin in 2008 received 20,000 pounds as compensation for ill-treatment and discrimination, since he was an Englishman.
Spectrophobia – fear of ghosts and mirrors.
People with such a disease are afraid of panic all kinds of reflections and ghosts. Indeed, ghosts to most of us are also unpleasant, but people with such a disease can believe that these are creations of powerful black magic, which are looking for an opportunity to steal a soul or life. Like most people with a particular phobia, here the cause should be sought in the presence of a mental or physical trauma in life. Usually this experience can be connected with ghosts or inexplicable phenomena. Symptoms can range from mild and unpleasant feelings, to full-blown anxiety and even panic. This rare disease, however, can usually be diagnosed as well, as any person can feel how this fear prevents him from functioning normally. Some types of treatment include traditional colloquial therapy, there are methods of auto-suggestion, support groups and ways of relaxation.
Dendrophobia – fear of trees.
This fear of the surrounding trees or forest is quite common.One of the problems with working with this phobia is that patients hide this disorder, fearing to receive ridicule and insult in return. The people with such fears are literally seized by fear, being among the dense forest. They begin to feel trapped, to feel suffocated. There is a fear of attack, anxiety, panic rises. Avoiding trees can be quite a difficult task. Other symptoms of the disorder may be rapid breathing, sweating shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats, nausea and a strong sense of fear. Many cases have been documented, when patients perceive forest trees as creatures of darkness and evil. To get rid of phobia, several programs, in particular therapy, medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy, are needed.
Horophobia – fear of dancing.
This phobia is defined as an irrational fear of dance movements. Often a person is afraid that he will be called to dance or he will start dancing. This phobia is associated with social problems – shyness, fear of large concentrations of people. Symptoms are difficulty or rapid breathing, malfunctions in the heartbeat, all the same nausea, sweating and panic. A person at the same time either “petrifies”, can not move or wants to leave the dance venue. The problem can seriously manifest itself when a person is forced to dance. A good method of treatment is personal therapy, hypnosis is possible. Many people suffering from this phobia hire a personal trainer, who can completely entrust their fear. He will help and get rid of uncertainty and improve dance skills.
Homichlophobia – fear of fogs.
This fear is an exaggerated fear of an innocuous, seemingly natural phenomenon. Such a disorder can cause extreme panic in patients. Some people are even so carried away by the shoots from the fog that they deliberately move to those geographical places where there is little precipitation and low humidity. People with such a phobia are extremely imaginative, they see terrible visions in the surrounding fog. Some can see there even deep tunnels, experiencing a crazy sense of fear. This phobia is widespread enough, people with it are registered in 67 countries of the world. For treatment treated with a variety of cognitive methods. The proven direct effect helps to cope well with the problem. Also great benefit for people with hamihlobobiey from behavioral therapy.
Cypridophobia is the fear of prostitutes or infection with sexually transmitted diseases.
This fear is also irrational. The phobia has existed for several generations, it got its name from the name of the island state of Cyprus, also the syndrome is also called venereophobia, by the name of the Roman goddess of love. People with this phobia have a deadly fear of sexually transmitted diseases. Such a disease is quite serious, patients with it experience a feeling of horror and fear, panic, they are covered with trembling and anxiety, people quickly weaken and lose consciousness. Patients often lose sleep and are depressed, which damages their social behavior. Kipridofobiya can lead to a complete rejection of any sexual relations and maximum isolation from people of the opposite sex. People with such a serious illness live around the world.
Nobophobia – fear of the dark.
This disease is characterized by a frenzied fear of darkness. It is usually associated with children, but there are adults with such a phobia. Many of them simply hide their fear both from others and from themselves. Such a phobia is so destructive that it can lead to loss of ability to work and hospitalization in adults. Patients experience uncontrolled fear, in the head constantly spinning terrible images of what awaits them and can happen in the dark.Today, little is known about the emotional aspects of phobia, but it is believed that television shows, horror films and strange stories can cause such fears in children. Patients react to this phobia both emotionally and psychologically. There may be chest pains, choking and discomfort, dizziness and loss of reality, as well as trembling and sweating. Persons suffering from no-one’s fear are very difficult to fall asleep. One of the ways to treat the disorder is psychotherapy, while other methods include desensitization and stimulants. To solve the problem, psychologists often try to return a person to his past and understand – what caused fear? When did it first appear, and what feelings did they have? You can adjust your memories and imagine a happy ending – the inclusion of light, the appearance of relatives. Fear of darkness is often associated with loneliness, in such cases it is recommended to leave the TV on or to start a pet. Some doctors also believe that the fear of darkness develops due to a lack of mineral substances in the body that maintain a normal emotional state. Doctors recommend normalizing food, taking walks in the fresh air.
Metaphobia – fear of alcohol.
In this case, a person experiences a rather intense and irrational fear of alcohol. People suffering from this phobia not only avoid any options themselves with alcohol consumption, but also shun all who drink. For such patients, absolutely any situation where alcohol is present – weddings, family celebrations, other holidays are absolutely unacceptable. Usually people with meteophobia at least once, but in real life have received some kind of injury associated with the consumption of alcohol. Perhaps, these were abusive parents or personal unpleasant memories. When it comes to metaphobia, there are a wide variety of broad symptoms. Some people sweat quickly and often, feeling uncomfortable with regard to alcohol, while others are experiencing serious anxiety and panic attacks. Someone experiences dry mouth, numbness, dizziness, trembling and heart palpitations, a sense of loss of control and the approach of death. The disorder, as a rule, is diagnosed independently, and it can be treated with the help of behavioral and cognitive methods of therapy. Basically, the treatment is done by suggesting that patients can themselves and not consume alcohol, but other people may well.