In order for the country to enter a state of extreme poverty, it is necessary that many factors immediately form together. The state may have few natural resources, it can be hit by hunger, wars, natural disasters. Experts analyzed the indicators of the poorest countries in key areas, such as economic stability, education and health. Based on such a study, a dozen of the world’s poorest countries were identified.
In a country with a population of 10.1 million people, the poverty rate is 77%. The per capita GDP in Haiti is $ 726. According to the World Bank, more than half the population lives on less than $ 1 a day. Only 20% of residents receive more than 2 dollars per day. In 2010, unemployment in Haiti was 40%. A major blow to the country was caused by the earthquake in 2010, from which the already poor state could not recover. The World Bank estimated that the cataclysm inflicted a loss of 8 billion dollars, which is 1.2 times the annual gross domestic product.
The poverty level in the country is also about 77%, although only 720 thousand people live here. The per capita has a rather high GDP of $ 27,478. It would seem, how is this possible? After all, GDP is much higher than the world average of 10 thousand dollars. The country’s economy is growing mainly due to oil and gas production. But most of the inhabitants of Equatorial Guinea do not feel this, leading a subsistence economy. The government’s policy is that revenues from the sale of energy resources are wasted. And the criticism is justified, given the poor level of health and well-being of the inhabitants as a whole. Oil deposits do not help Equatorial Guinea get out of the worst and in terms of life expectancy. This indicator here is one of the lowest in the world and is 50.8 years. In addition, only 56% of the population has primary education.
There are about 12.7 million people in this country, while the poverty level is 72%. The per capita GDP is 776 dollars. His independent history Zimbabwe has been leading since 1980. Since then, there has actually been running one leader – Robert Mugabe. His rule was marked by a program of forcible redistribution of land. This eventually hit hard on agriculture – an industry that gave people jobs and profits from exports. Until 2009, hyperinflation reigned in the country. If in 2007 the American dollar cost 9686 local, then already in a year for a hard currency already 430972 local units were given. In 1993, only 35% of the population lived below the poverty line, but since then the situation has significantly worsened – the number of beggars has doubled.
Congo (Democratic Republic).
In the African country of DR Congo, 67.7 million people live. GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world with an indicator of 231 dollars. 71% of the population live below the poverty line. Analysts of the CIA note that corruption and internal conflicts have flourished in the country over the past 15 years. All this significantly undermined production, the state’s revenues fell. The external debt of the Congo has grown rapidly. As a result, up to 5 million people died from diseases, famine and violence. Here, too, the economy is growing due to mining, but most of it is hidden in the shadows, which is not reflected in the statistics. In the Congo, at a very primitive level, there is health and education. Statistics say that out of thousands of babies, 111 is already dying in the first year of his life. Worse situation is only in Sierra Leone. Only one third of children go to primary school, which is also the second worst result in the world.
In a country with a million population, 70% of people live below the poverty line. The country’s GDP per capita in Swaziland is $ 3,725. The economic growth of a state is limited by a combination of series of factors.Among them – a strong dependence of exports from South Africa. Also, the main workforce of Swaziland is concentrated in subsistence agriculture. But here, because of excessive grazing and irrational use, the soil is quite depleted. All this harms the economy of the country, but the most serious factor is poor health. It is this barrier that prevents the population from escaping the bonds of poverty. Few countries have a life expectancy lower than in Swaziland. Here, citizens live on average 48 years. One of the main reasons for this low rate is the high prevalence of HIV infection among people aged 15-49. This indicator here is one of the highest in the world.
Below the poverty line, 69% of citizens live here. In Eritrea, there are more than 5.4 million inhabitants, each with 482 dollars of GDP. Only 7 countries have worse indicators. Now several international projects in the field of mining industry have appeared in the country. This gives hope for a rapid economic growth. Meanwhile, 80% of the population is still employed in agriculture. And it gives only 11% of Eritrea’s GDP. The remaining volume falls on industry (34%) and services (55%). In the country there is a single political party – the Popular Front for Democracy and Justice. It strictly controls the use of foreign exchange and in every way lobbies the enterprises belonging to its members. Cases in Eritrea are also bad because in 2009 the UN imposed sanctions against it. The international community has accused the government of Eritrea of supporting insurgents in Somalia. In primary schools of a poor country, only 33.5% of children study, this is the third lowest indicator on the planet.
This island state looks like a paradise except in the eponymous cartoon. In fact, 21.3 million people live here, 68.7% of whom are begging for poverty. Per capita accounts for only 467 dollars of GDP. But the area of Madagascar is rather big. The island is located in the Indian Ocean east of Africa. Its area is about 350 thousand square miles. Up until the mid-1990s, this country was following a socialist course. But when Madagascar changed its state and economic policy, he was taken under the trusteeship of the IMF. The Fund approved the forthcoming privatization and new programs. However, it was difficult to comply with international standards in Madagascar. As a result, the country’s economy remains dependent on agriculture. In this sector, 4 out of 5 able-bodied citizens are employed. Per capita income in 2011 introduced Madagascar among the 11 countries with less than $ 500.
In a country with a population of 8.5 million people, the poverty rate is 67%. For each person there is only 271 dollars, which is the second low index. In 1993, political disagreements between the largest ethnic groups of Tutsis and Hutus led to an explosion of violence. The civil war in Burundi lasted about 10 years. Although it officially ended in a truce, nevertheless ethnic clashes continue. But this protracted conflict is only one of the factors of the people’s stay in poverty. In Burundi, a fairly limited supply of natural resources. About 90% of the population is engaged in agriculture, which accounts for 31% of the total GDP. The World Bank shows that Burundi is almost the poorest country in the world in calculating per capita income. Below figures are only in DR Congo. And infant mortality in Burundi remains quite high, exceeding the world average by 2 times – for 88 newborns there are 88 deaths.
Of the 6 million people, two-thirds of this country lives in poverty. The level of GDP per capita here is 374 dollars. Surprisingly, Sierra Leone is rich in natural resources, fish, fertile soils. But this does not help economic growth.From 1991 to 2002, civil war raged here, the political and economic situation is just beginning to stabilize. Moreover, power in the country for a long time belonged to the military junta, which led to an increase in unprecedented corruption. The country has high hopes for international organizations, such as the International Monetary Fund. It’s the only way to support the economy of Sierra Leone. A big problem lies in inflation, for the year prices are rising by 18%. It is in this country that the highest level of child mortality in the world is 113.7 deaths per 1000 people. And the life expectancy in Sierra Leone is only 47.4 years, which is the second lowest in the world.
Sao Tome and Principe.
There are 168,000 people in this country, with a poverty rate of 66.2%. But GDP will suffocate the population here is quite high – 1473 dollars, which exceeds the figures of fifty countries. It is located on the west coast of Africa. She gained her independence in 1975, and the state’s economy relies heavily on the production of cocoa. However, periods of drought and poor management have severely affected production. Now in Sao Tome rely on promising oil deposits, open in the Gulf of Guinea. However, the extraction of black gold, if it does, is only a few years away. And there are urgent problems in a small African country right now. Interestingly, with education, the situation in Sao Tome and Principe is quite favorable. Here 98.3% of children go to primary school, which is even higher than the world average of 88.8%.