Human society is constantly changing. We are influenced by historical events and various cultural phenomena. Even a well-established society with its own culture can not resist the powerful influence from outside. It is possible to mention at least what the Europeans did with the American original civilization.
But today, among the solid cultures there are small islets, subcultures. They oppose all generally accepted norms. Some people try to create their own cultural layer and so self-express. And how can you condemn those who defend the right to self-determination?
Some wear strange garments, others fancy decorate their cars. Someone has an unusual hobby or engaged in a strange kind of art. Sometimes people for the sake of their principles are even ready to cross the law. But it can not be denied that it is culture, even in the form of its sub-parts, that creates man. This article is about the most unusual subcultures.
Sometimes it seems surprising that some subcultures from the past seemed to have dissolved in years and simply disappeared without a trace. This applies to grisers and rockabilly, who showed themselves in the 1950s. But over time this American subculture disappeared. But is it really without a trace? In fact, some subcultures sometimes experience a rebirth. This is exactly what happened with rockabilly, which still exist in faraway Japan. In Tokyo, there is Yoyogi Park, where all the local representatives of this genre gather and hang. These Japanese are dressed unusually – they wear biker jackets, vertically flying bangs, high hairstyles with a roller. They listen, of course, only rock’n’roll. And they accompany these modern rebels who still live in the 50’s, lady-grisers. They wear colorful dresses and rolled-up jeans, as it was fashionable half a century ago. Representatives of this subculture prove their existence – rock’n’roll is alive!
Among Mexicans, there is an unusual fashion – wearing special shoes with long narrow noses. Such shoes are associated with jokes and medieval times. But in the city of Mateuala there is a subculture, the Guacier. Her followers wear boots with long narrow socks. And there was a subculture due to the popular tribal music. It is a mixture of pre-Hispanic still motifs and African, with impregnated basses of cumbia. At first people came to dance in shoes with usual socks, but gradually the inhabitants began to compete with each other and try to outdo each other at least in the length of the sock. For this, the shoes were making it longer and longer, until it finally lost its common sense. They say that now there are unique people who wear shoes almost a half meter in length. Today, similar dance groups have appeared throughout this Mexican region. Each of them has its own records and occasions for pride, and the shoes here are unique, tailored to order. It should be noted that this is not the first subculture, which was born due to the musical influence. And certainly the Guacier will not be the last in this series.
Globalization has become a phenomenon that dramatically changed the culture of many peoples around the world and their values. It happens that new trends are useful, but more often than not they lead to the loss of identity and cultural diversity by peoples. A classic example is Japan. There is a real subculture of young women who are striving to achieve a certain ideal of beauty. But this image, like in most other countries, is imposed on girls from outside, through the media. But why is there a whole subculture here, if beautiful women seek to be beautiful all over the world? In Japan, this direction received the name of Gyara, the basis is the word “gal”, a converted “girl”, (girl). And those who belong to this subculture, go to the most real madness to achieve their ideal of beauty.It is believed that gyara must adhere to a certain style in fashion, hairstyles and makeup. But some characteristics still remain unchanged – these are very high heels, short skirts and big eyes. It is interesting that in this subculture there are their own, smaller directions. The most unusual current in gyara is Yamamba, a subspecies of ganguro. The name of this shallow subculture literally translates as “black face”. These Japanese women as much as possible rub their sunblock into their faces, paint their hair in white, and then impose large circles of white shadows around their eyes. The image is complemented by flashy neon bright clothes and hair extensions. But recently the subculture of girls with swarthy skin is becoming less popular. Gyara tries to have fair skin and make his eyes multicolored with the help of contact lenses. And in general, the female image of a schoolgirl is increasingly being exploited. In the end, regardless of the fashion that is present in Japan, the Gyaru subculture, even for this unusual country, is strange.
Media subcultures are often grouped around a specific area. But thanks to the Internet, fans today can spread their passion quickly around the world, like an epidemic. It happened with the subculture of bicycle modifiers. It became popular after the video clip “Scraper Biker” of the band “Trunk Boiz”. This video on YouTube has become very popular, because he perfectly demonstrated the new term. In the world there are many subcultures that devote themselves to changing and improving both cars and trucks. In this sense, it’s about personalizing and modding bicycles. Improved devices are usually manufactured in Oakland, the San Francisco Bay area. These bikes immediately catch your eye, being painted paints from a can and plastered with a bunch of foil. The idea of such a subculture is to try with a small budget to repeat the infamous scraper cars. In fact, they were modified American family cars, which immediately after the purchase fans loved to equip with wheel disks. Bicycles, of course, are noticeably inferior in entertainment to modified cars. But this transport attracts attention to itself, being a bright spectacle.
Elvis Presley’s rebels.
At the mention of Switzerland, banks, chocolate, watches and excellent army knives immediately come to mind. But very few people know that it is here that there is a whole rebellious subculture of youth, which is obsessed with the stars of the cinema of the past – James Dean, Marlon Brando … One of them is called the Rebels of Elvis Presley. In the 1950s, the postwar world was experiencing a cultural flourishing. There was a new age group, exactly between children and adults – adolescents. They around the world began to rebel against social norms. But the rebels Elvis Presley in their convictions went even further. This subculture was found by the photographer Karlheinz Weinberger. He lived in Zurich and did erotic photographs for homosexual magazines. Having seen unusual teenagers, the photographer began to observe them at first, and later managed to earn trust and possibly document their way of life. The subculture he found was a rare mixture of American rock’n’roll and individualism. And the young people showed themselves as best they could. They wore jeans outfits, and on their unusual jackets and trousers were attached nails, horseshoes and bolts. On the belts of such young people there were huge plaques with portraits of their idol – Elvis. In general, Swiss rebels wore any clothes that seemed appropriate to their style. And the purpose of the existence of this subculture becomes clear after viewing photographs of its representatives. Young people aspired to identity, rebelling against classical traditional norms and ideas, which they imposed on both parents and the government of the country. To express their disobedience and was chosen a kind of fashion.So the Elvis Presley’s Rioters were among the first to use this technique. And the practice of this form of protest is still widespread today.
This rebellious subculture is usually known as Ted. In the 1950s, its representatives appeared on the English streets, seeking trouble on their own. And this direction appeared due to the era of King Edward, whose influence was also mixed with American rock and roll. Representatives of this subculture wore custom-made jackets, boots-shoes with a thick and soft sole. And their bangs were very pomaded. In a free from the riots, these young people, looking stylish, like real gentlemen, led a decent life. Ted listened to vinyl records and collected magazines, went to concerts, dances and movies. But even among the Ted there was his own small subculture – Teddy-gerly. Today, it recalls only a few photos made in 1955 by the beginning photographer Ken Russell, the future famous film director. At that time, the media focused on Teddy-battles, so photos of girls of the same subculture appeared in a small edition. And they were forgotten for half a century, until in 2005 the images of the teddy-gerl were found. So people learned about the feeling of the Teddy-gerl. At that time Teddy-boi attracted the undivided attention of information tools, so Russell was able to publish these photos only in a small magazine. After that, his work remained unclaimed for almost half a century, before it was rediscovered in 2005. Thus, the present has learned about the Teddy-gerlas, as well as the existence of photographs taken by Russell. And in order to understand what this sub-culture of the Teddy-gerl was, we must first understand the social situation in which it appeared. Shortly after the end of World War II, Europe began to gradually return to normal life. Like his age-mates, the girls Ted had to be hardy. The matter is that then the card system of distribution of products still operated, which was canceled only in 1954. Then the teenagers, who came from the working class, turned to fashion. Only in this way they were able to convey to their parents their shocking adult views of the world. Although the Tedes deliberately demonstrated their dandy look, the media immediately created a negative image for them. Representatives of the subculture were accused of being associated with racism, vandalism, hooliganism and are almost revolutionaries. True, English newspapers exaggerated the evil nature of the subculture, because not all of its representatives were eager for destructive activity. Modern youth could have learned from Ted something. After all, they dressed much more stylishly than modern teenagers.
Everyone has known for a long time about the Japanese’s special passion for cars. It appears in different manifestations – from drift to sports car tuning. The fascinating Japanese are exploiting the possibilities of their transport with might and main. But in this country there is a group of fans of cars that easily eclipse all the exploits of other modifiers. The name of the Decoder translates as trucks decorated with lighting. These Japanese convert whole trucks into works of art. And for this, dazzling neon lighting is used, which creates a special effect. So there are light trucks that look like Transformers from Las Vegas. They just go on high-speed highways of Japan. And the reason for the emergence of subculture was the cult series of the 1970s “Trucker”. It is not known how the sprouts of the phenomenon were stored, but it quickly began to develop in the last decade. The fact is that in the country from America began to be mass imported chrome and neon decorations for cars. Why the Japanese suddenly rushed to decorate their trucks – to say exactly no one can. Perhaps, nostalgia for the cult series played a role.It is believed that the subculture was given a push by truckers who were just sad on the road. That’s the idea of harsh truck drivers hobbies themselves to make the journey more fun. Today, truck drivers are involved in a kind of dispute, trying to outdo each other in the number of light decorations and the depth of modifications of their cars. As a result, trucks are becoming more ridiculous and pompous, turning almost into alien transport. However, there is such a blind decoration and a nuance – such machines should be still allowed to use on normal roads, and also undergo scheduled inspection.
If you ask the mod, what world centers of glamor he knows, then it will be about Paris, Milan, New York, Tokyo, Los Angeles. And only the most sophisticated will be called Kinshasa and Brazzaville. And although these two cities are located in exotic Congo, an unusual fashionable subculture flourishes here. Sappers are not specialists in explosives, but local dandies. Some even believe that these men are dressed almost the best in the world. But Congo is one of the poorest countries on Earth, torn apart by the same war and poverty. But it is here in the streets you can meet stylish men in designer double-breasted suits that wear excellent shoes, use silk handkerchiefs and smoke expensive cigars. Are there so many oil tycoons in the Congo? In fact, sappers are not rich at all, they are ordinary people working as teachers, drivers, postmen and sellers. And such fanatical adherence to fashion is for them a kind of religion. And there are reasons why the most ordinary representatives of the working class spend all their savings not on a new home or car, but on expensive clothes. This behavior is due to the history itself. Mention of the appearance of fashionable men here dates back to the 18th century. Then the slaves were forced to wear an elegant uniform to enjoy the look of their masters. The slave trade was canceled, and now free Africans decided to create their own style in fashion. According to others, the theory of sappers appears in the Congo only in peacetime, and in fact it is a very unstable by political features country. Therefore, the appearance on the streets of fashionably dressed men says that things are going uphill in the country and there is now stability and peace. Lovers of elevators.
We do not particularly think about what elevators in our life are like. It’s just a transport that takes us from one floor to another. A few seconds of travel and the head is busy with other things. However, it turns out that this practical attitude to elevators is not at all. There is a special subculture, which is literally obsessed with the love of elevators. Fans of such transport constantly go up and down, recording their trips to share their experiences. It turns out that like-minded people gather on the Internet and communicate with the same fanatics from around the world. These people even manage to share their experiences and discuss their trips. And this subculture has received worldwide distribution due to modern information systems. On the same YouTube posted a few thousand videos about trips in different elevators. It is logical to find out – why did people like so elevators, and did not choose another, natural, hobby? Most likely, representatives of this subculture fell in love with all those small details of these machines that we do not notice. This is the lighting, the location of the buttons, the views that open from the window. And although many people will not understand this hobby, the question of addiction is subjective. After all, people enjoy the same society as they do without disturbing the rest.
Herero is a kind of female analogue of sapper. There is a tribe in Namibia, which is entirely a subculture, untouched by the time and “blessings” of civilization. Here, women traditionally wear dresses and garments that are commonly associated with the Victorian era.Representatives of this culture wear long colored dresses with a multitude of skirts. On their heads, African women have horny hats, popular in the century before last. And introduced here a fashion of the wife of German planters, who appeared in Namibia at the end of the XIX century. They gave the work of the Herero tribe, but in return they were asked to dress according to the fashion practiced by the Germans. And at first everything was civilized, but over time the African tribe turned into slaves. Their lands were given to German settlers in general. All this eventually led to the Herero-German War, which occurred in 1904. Its winner was clear in advance. All the surviving representatives of the black people found themselves in concentration camps, where Europeans did not hesitate to put experiments on slaves. Prisoners were forced to work to death, they were raped, and some even were specifically infected with tuberculosis or chickenpox. It is rather strange that after all this representatives of the people prefer to wear those clothes that are so connected with the oppression and atrocities that their people had to endure. However, among the Herero there are optimists who perceive their clothes as a sign of victory over history. After all, despite all the troubles that the ancestors experienced from the colonialists, these Africans continue to wear Victorian clothes. Many cultures adhere to a certain style in clothes, simply considering it fashionable. However, in this case, one can not help but wonder what a terrible story lies behind such specific for Africa outfits. After all, at one time the Herero people were, thanks to Europeans in general, on the verge of destruction, and now clothing became a symbol of the tribe’s determination to fight for its bright future.