For centuries people have built bridges to connect islands, cross rivers and gorges. These facilities markedly improved transport links, shortening the way. Today bridges have become an integral part of the infrastructure of the regions. And some of these buildings became also cult, turning into a business card of their city. These bridges do not go to shorten the path, but to stand on them, admire the views and breathe their rich history. We will tell below about the most famous bridges on the planet.
Bridge Great Belt (Denmark).
In fact, this bridge actually consists of two parts – Western and Eastern. Between them is a small bulk island of Sprogo. The length of the East Bridge is 1624 meters, it is the third largest suspension bridge in the world. It comes from the island of Zyland. This structure rises to 254 meters above sea level. The length of the western part is 6611 m. It is a long combination of road and bridge between the islands of Sprogo and Funen. There is also a railway tunnel in the Big Belt. The total length of the entire route is 13.5 kilometers. The bridge is quite wide, so that driving through it simply does not feel the whole scale of the construction. Many drivers try to photograph Belt, so it’s worth to be careful on the bridge. Travel on it will cost 29 euros.
Chapel Bridge (Switzerland).
The length of this bridge is only 204 meters. It is executed from a tree and on a diagonal extends over the river Royce in Lucerne. It is the oldest wooden bridge in Europe and one of the most famous tourist attractions in the country. The bridge was created in 1333 to protect the city from attacks. Inside the bridge there are unique paintings dating back to the 17th century, describing events in the history of Lucerne. Many of the paintings and part of the bridge were destroyed during the fire in 1993, but were then partially restored. In total, today you can see 147 paintings. Within the bridge there is a 43-meter tower. Although its name is translated as water head, it is due only to the fact that it is located in the water. Throughout history, it has been a prison, a torture chamber, an archive.
Bridge of Rain and Wind Chenyang (China).
This bridge was built in 1916. It was located 10 meters above the Sanjiang River. The length of the bridge is 64 meters, and the width is 3.4. Until now, this structure is actively used. The bridge is supported by three pillars, which enter the water by narrowed edges. The architecture of the composition is created in the traditional Chinese style. It is noteworthy that the bridge was made without a single nail. Used here is wood and stone, and the construction has become a team. On the roofs is a gray tile, which protects travelers from bad weather. There is a rail on either side of the bridge. On the bridge, not only locals, but also tourists go. In addition, it is equipped with stools from which you can observe the scenic nature.
Brooklyn Bridge (United States).
It is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. It stretches over the East River Strait, connecting Brooklyn and Manhattan in New York. At the end of the XIX century, engineers struggled to connect two regions. As a result, it was decided to build a bridge of steel, it was the first in the world, created from such material. Construction lasted 13 years and was completed in 1883. The bridge cost America 15 million and 27 human lives. This is the oldest bridge in the country. Three flights of it are connected by two Gothic towers. The total length of the bridge was 1825 meters, and the width – 26 meters. For a while, the Brooklyn Bridge became the longest in the world, quickly becoming a symbol of New York. On this structure a wide path for pedestrians and cyclists is highlighted.
Bridge of Alcántara (Spain).
This bridge is thrown across the deep Tagus gorge. Originally the building was erected here by the Romans in the II century by the order of Emperor Trajan. In the center of the bridge was built a triumphal arch, and at the end of it a small church. Then the bridge was completely remade by the Moors in 866, and in the XIII-XIV centuries it got a modern look.For all this time, the bridge was more harmed not by time, but by human wars. In ancient times on this bridge all the pilgrims who visited Toledo marched. The total length of the bridge today is 194 meters, width is 6 meters, and the height is 71 meters. Since 1921 the bridge is a state monument. Sydney Harbor Bridge (Australia).
This building is one of the most famous and photographed in Australia. This is the largest (but not the longest) steel arch bridge, rising to 139 meters. The bridge was opened in 1932, cars, trains, there is a path for pedestrians. The total length of the entire building is 1149 meters, width 49 meters. The bridge weighs almost 53 thousand tons. It is interesting that the height of the arch itself in the heat can increase by 18 centimeters due to the expansion of the metal. You can climb along the side arch along with the excursion, you just need to stock up on shoes with a rubber sole and a suit with insurance. From the top offers an excellent view of the panorama of Sydney.
Old Bridge (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
In Mostar there is a bridge that stands over the Neretva River. The bridge is 29 meters long and 4 meters wide. It itself is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The bridge was built in 1566 by Ottoman Turks and stood for 427 years. But the Yugoslav war led to the destruction of the bridge in 1993. But people could not reconcile with the disappearance of such an object, and in 2004 the Old Bridge was again opened. He became a symbol of reconciliation between people of different nationalities and religion. Young people created a tradition to dive from the bridge to Neretva. But since the water there is cold, and the height is about 20 meters, the event is only by the most courageous.
This structure is also called “Bridge of 33 arches”. It is located in Isfahan. The bridge was built in 1602 by Shah Abass I the Great, linking the city with the Armenian colony of Julfa. The material was made of bricks and stones. The bridge is 295 meters long and 14 meters wide. It is the longest of 11 bridges in the city. It is said that originally the bridge was created from 40 arches, but their number has been specially reduced to 33. In the middle of the building there is a traditional chaikhana. The bridge is a traditional place for visiting lovers and conversations of wise old men.
Akasi Kaikyo Bridge (Japan).
This structure is also called Pearl bridges. It has the longest central span among all hinged bridges, its length is 1991 meters. The construction of the structure was completed in 1998, lasting 10 years. The bridge connected the cities of Kobe and Ivaya, crossing the Akashi Strait. In total there are three spans, and the total length of the structure is 3911 meters. It is interesting that initially the length of the main span should be 1990 meters. But the earthquake in Kobe in 1995 displaced the tower, which led to the lengthening of the bridge per meter. The structure was erected with the use of special hardness beams. The bridge withstands wind up to 280 km / h, earthquake up to 8.5 points and strong currents. There are 1737 lights on the bridge. During the holidays, they can catch up with 28 different combinations.
Rialto Bridge (Italy).
Venice is famous not only for canals, but also for its bridges. This is the very first, and therefore the oldest, bridge across the Grand Canal. At first Rialto was created from a tree. But in 1444 he fell down, and was rebuilt again. Only now there was a sliding mechanism allowing the passage of ships. But at the end of the XVI century these parts again collapsed. Then the Doge decided to erect a stone bridge. The architect was Antonio de Ponte. Construction was completed in 1591, and the bridge in this form has survived to the present day. The bridge consists of only one arch with a length of 28 meters. The maximum height above the channel is 7.5 meters. For the construction of the structure, 12 thousand piles were slaughtered in the bottom. Today, the Rialto Bridge is a true architectural icon of Venice. Charles Bridge (Czech Republic).
This famous stone bridge crosses the Vltava River in Prague.It connects the Old Town and the Lesser Town. The construction of the bridge began in 1357 by Charles IV. However, it lasted until the beginning of the XV century. But Charles Bridge immediately became an important link in the trade routes of Europe. Through it were goods from the West to the East and back. The bridge was first called simply Prague, but in 1870 it was renamed in honor of its founder. The length of the structure is 520 meters, and the width is 9.5 meters. On the Charles Bridge today you can meet artists and traders, there are many tourists and just lovers. There is here a whole gallery of sculptures, established in the XVII-XVIII centuries. According to legend, it was from this bridge that St. John of Nepomuk, famous in the Czech Republic, was thrown into the river. This place is even marked with a cross.
Tower Bridge (England).
This bridge is a combination of a lifting and hanging structure. It stands over the Thames not far from the Tower of London, which is what determined its name. The bridge is also one of the symbols of your city. Its construction began in 1886 and lasted 8 years. The bridge consists of two towers, which are connected at the top by horizontal aisles. This is made specifically for structural stability, and pedestrians can cross the river and with a diluted bridge. To get to the galleries, located at a height of 44 meters can be through the stairs in the towers. The total length of the bridge is 244 meters, and the main span is 61 meters. The construction of the bridge was a response to the increased movement in the area. The total cost of construction amounted to more than a million pounds.
Viaduct Millau (France).
This bridge structure of the cable system spreads over the valley of the Tarn River near the town of Millau. This is the highest automobile bridge in the world, because the highest point of the bridge is at an altitude of 343 meters from the ground. But this is even higher than the Eiffel Tower. The bridge has a speed limit of 68 km / h. Traffic arises here and because of tourists who begin to photograph the bridge directly from the windows of their vehicles. The total length of the bridge is 2460 meters, and the width is 32 meters. It was opened in 2004. The cost of traveling through the viaduct for cars is 6 euros. The bridge was the last part of the high-speed A75, which connects Paris and the city of Beziers. The whole project cost 400 million euros, and the construction itself took only 3 years.
The Golden Gate (USA).
This suspension bridge passes over the bay of the same name. It connects San Francisco and the south of Marin County. The bridge was the best creation of the architect Joseph B. Strauss. Today, the statue of this man adorns the southern viewing platform. Total was spent on construction for 4 years, it was completed in 1937. 27 years The Golden Gate was the largest suspension bridge in the world. Its total length is 1970 meters, the main span is 1280 meters, and the width is 27 meters. From the roadway to the water here is 67 meters. The bridge became a true symbol of California and San Francisco. To be seen through the fog, the structure was specially painted in the famous red-orange color. Today, the bridge is free for pedestrians. But cars must pay $ 6 per travel to the south. The reverse movement is also free. The Golden Gate also has a sad glory – this is one of the most favorite places for suicides. On average, life ends here some time in 2 weeks. The fall lasts 4 seconds and the impact of water at a speed of 140 km / h is almost always fatal.
Ponte Vecchio (Italy).
In literature, there is often another name – the Old Bridge. This bridge is located in Florence, spread over the Arno River. This is the oldest such structure in the city, while it was able to maintain its original appearance. The bridge is known for its houses and shops, erected directly on it in the time of the Medici. Now these premises are given to jewelers, art dealers and sellers of souvenirs. In the middle of the bridge, the line of buildings is disturbed by transformations.Now here is an open area with which you can admire the views of the city and the river. They say that it was on this bridge that the economic concept of bankruptcy appeared. If the merchant could not pay off his debts, the table (“banco”) on which he traded physically destroyed (“rotto”) soldiers. Since then, the term “bankruptcy” has appeared. Above the buildings is the Vasari Corridor. It was named in honor of the architect who created this way for Cosimo I, so that he could calmly move from one palace to another. .