Mankind can not take care of its heritage, and in the history of fine arts, there are many cases when the works of creators suffered noticeably because of inattention to them. Let’s talk about the most significant losses and damages in the art world.
Sculpture of Venus de Milo.
Today, this sculpture is kept in the Louvre. Humanity discovered Venus in 1820, when it was found on the island of Milos. French sailors quickly realized the cultural value of the find, but when it was transported a fight broke free and both hands broke away. Tired sailors refused to return and look for breakaway parts. As a result, the sculpture broke off the right hand at the chest level, and the left one – at the shoulder itself. Until now, there are disputes about what was in the hands of Venus. Many people are inclined to think that there was an apple in her left hand. But in this form, Venus de Milo remains the cultural heritage of mankind.
Sketch for “Surrounded Islands”, Christo and Jeanne-Claude.
Bulgarin Cristo and his wife Jeanne-Claude, co-author, became known for their installation, during which 11 artificial islands near Miami were surrounded by pink polypropylene. The project was prepared for three years, during which many collages, drawings and preliminary drawings were made. However, during preparation, one of the sketches suffered – during transportation the forklift truck passed through the work. Now the damaged work is stored in London, in the office of the insurance company Axa Art. The sketch is not for sale, as Cristo himself prefers not to sell his damaged work.
Picture “Dream”, Pablo Picasso.
The owner of one of Las Vegas casinos, Steve Winn, who owns a significant collection of works of art, owned the picture for a long time. And in 2006, he agreed to sell the “Dream” for $ 139 million. However, the billionaire demonstrating the canvas to the guests actively gesticulated, accidentally stumbled and elbow broke in the picture hole. The incident was explained by the fact that Wynne had impaired vision, and he can not accurately calculate the distance to the objects. As a consequence, Winn refused to sell the canvas, and after the restoration was decided to leave a masterpiece of Picasso in his home. The billionaire decided that what happened was a sign of fate. So “Dream” did not become the most expensive painting in history, remaining in the office of its old owner.
Chinese vases of the Qing era.
In 2006, one of the visitors to the Cambridge Fitzwilliam Museum in England unfastened a lace, a man stepped on it and rolled down the stairs. But the unfortunate carried away and three 300-year-old vases of the Qing era. But it was the Chinese porcelain of the 17th century that was the main attraction of the museum! For two and a half days the museum staff collected pieces of vases scattered into pieces, the largest of which weighed 45 kg. Restoration of exquisite masterpieces lasted six months. The man who smashed the vases was naturally detained, but quickly found out that in his actions there was no malicious intent. As a result, he was released, and vases are still shown in the Fitzwilliam Museum.
Recreating the first public declaration of self-destructive art, Gustav Metzger.
This term was introduced into the everyday life of artists by Gustav Metzger. In 1960 he presented to the public a transparent plastic bag full of rubbish, and declared that this is the symbol of the finiteness of art. The package was part of the installation, which also included a nylon picture, corroded by acid. The author of his work expressed a look at works of art in the finished stage and what awaits them afterwards. The work of Metzger was recreated in 2004 for a demonstration in one of the London galleries. However, the history of art turned out to be unfamiliar to one of the cleaners, who simply took and threw out this bag.The object of art is quickly removed from the container, but the author stated that his garbage is so damaged that a copy is required. And Metzger quickly gave the museum a similar work. In the gallery explained that what happened around the fact that around the art-work with garbage there was no special fencing, like other exhibits.
Sculpture “The House”, Rachel Whitred.
In the fall of 1993, British artist Rachel Whitred was created a giant sculpture of a house in a Victorian style. She received a short and capacious name “House”. At one time, in the 19th century, there were many such buildings in the London East End, but after the war they were practically all demolished. The sculpture was a concrete cast of just such a house. The work of Whitered was appreciated, the author received the prestigious Turner Prize. However, this sculpture is not very much like the local residents themselves and when the streets were redeveloped the building was simply demolished.
Exhibition Painting-By-Numbers, Damien Hirst.
In 2001, Hurst decided to make an original exhibition. For this, empty beer bottles, cans of paint and overcrowded ashtrays were scattered throughout the gallery spaces. All of them imitated the creative mess in the studio. However, this creative was not appreciated by the cleaners who cleaned all the garbage. As a result, I had to “decorate” the gallery anew, but it did not upset the artist, who found the incident a ridiculous misunderstanding.
Painting “Pulp Fiction”, Banksy.
Street artists can make good money, so, one of the works of the master, nicknamed Banksy, was recently sold at Sotheby’s auction for an amount of 102 thousand pounds sterling. But the most famous work of the artist was a huge painting “Pulp Fiction”, located in the London East End on the wall of the power plant. The picture depicted the characters of the film Quentin Tarantino, played by John Travolta and Samuel L. Jackson. Men aim at their enemies, but they do not have guns in their hands, but “Warhol” bananas. This work of art became one of the most famous creations of the artist, it was very popular both among tourists and among residents of London. However, the authorities of the capital considered the work to be vandalism and ordered the workers to paint over it, despite the fact that it was estimated at 500 thousand dollars. The fresco lasted about 5 years, and its destruction led to a sharp rise in prices for the artist’s works.
The relief of the work of Craig Kaufman.
In 2006, the exhibition “Los Angeles 1955-1985: The Birth of the Capital of the World of Art” was held, the Paris Pompidou Center was chosen as its venue. For the exhibition, the works were presented by leading American collectors and art dealers. They naturally hoped that their work would return home intact. However, the bas-relief of Craig Kaufman collapsed from the wall. Surprisingly, the product survived up to three whole earthquakes in Los Angeles. And the art works began to crumble before the very opening of the exhibition – a black bar measuring 2.44 m by 12.7 cm, the work of the minimalist Peter Alexander, fell from the wall.
Picture “Actor”, Pablo Picasso.
In January 2010, the New York Times reported the damage to this painting exhibited at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. The incident occurred on January 22, when one of the visitors of the additional education group suddenly lost consciousness and fell on the picture. As a result – formed on the canvas a tear length of 15 centimeters. The injured picture was immediately carried away to the office, where experts estimated the amount of damage caused. Museum staff argue that the central part of the composition was not damaged and the restoration will be simple and short-lived.
Bas-relief with the image of St. Michael the Archangel, Andrea della Robie.
In the same museum on July 2, 2008, there was another incident, this time a medieval bas-relief depicted depicting St. Michael the Archangel in full ammunition. Terracotta bas-relief, dated 1475, was located under the ceiling of the museum. Andrea Case, Robier created his masterpiece for the Catholic church in the town of Faenza, which is in Italy. Until 1960, the bas-relief was in a private collection, but then it was acquired by the museum to decorate the hall of European culture. Since 1996, St. Michael was hoisted under the ceiling just above the aisle. Fortunately, during the fall of the sculpture, no one was hurt, the incident happened before the opening of the composition.
Painting “Allegory of lies”, Salvator Rosa.
In the famous Florentine Uffizi Gallery in June 2007, there was an unpleasant event – one of the tourists accidentally damaged the picture of the 17th century. There was an exhibition “Philosophical Love” and the affected painting of Rosa “Allegory of Lies” was just one of the pearls of the composition. The visitor climbed the staircase to get a better look at the masterpiece, but lost balance and had to grab onto the picture, thus breaking it. The culprit was quickly identified with the help of CCTV cameras, but the damage was not great, and a few hours after the incident the picture again took its place.
Statue of Adam, Tullio Lombardo.
This work was created around 1490-1495, she decorated the tomb of the Venetian doge Andrea Vendramina. The growth of Adam from marble is 85 cm, he rests his hand on a tree, twined by a grapevine. Around the plant snakes snake, the other hand of Adam squeezed the apple. At one time the composition of the composition was included and Eve. This statue is considered the first monumental image of a nude male body in the Renaissance, and it was located in the New York Metropolitan Museum. But, in October 2002, a 10 centimeter plywood pedestal on which the statue was located was suddenly deformed and it fell. Adam scattered into dozens of debris, only by a lucky chance left his head and torso whole. Mural “The Last Supper”, Leonardo da Vinci.
The great artist painted his work in the 15th century on raw plaster, then a mixture of egg yolks and vinegar was used to dilute the paint. A few years later the fresco began to crumble, and only half a century later it was considered spoiled. The picture was curtained in the 18th century with drapery, which, as it turned out, accumulated moisture. When removing the same fabric, she also scratched the canvas. The most recent attempt to restore the famous fresco lasted a long 21 years.
Pieta “Lamentation of Christ”, Michelangelo.
This is the only work signed by the master, the figures of Christ and the lamenting Mary were carved from marble. Pieta was to decorate the tomb of Cardinal Bilard, but in the 18th century she was taken to the Vatican, to decorate one of the basilicas of St. Peter’s. Already during transportation, the fingers of the Madonna’s left hand were damaged, and in 1972 a Hungarian geologist attacked the statue, shouting about its divine origin. After the restoration, the statue was placed under bulletproof glass.
Painting “Mona Lisa”, Leonardo da Vinci.
This picture is perhaps the most famous in the world. It is no wonder, that to it the attention of all, including vandals is riveted. Portrait of Mrs. Gioconda was written approximately in 1503-1505 and is now kept in the Louvre. In 1956, one of the visitors doused the masterpiece with acid, damaging the lower part. In the same year the Bolivian Villegas threw a stone into the painting and damaged the layer of paint near the elbow of the woman. This caused the museum administration to protect the creation with bullet-proof glass, but this did not stop the vandals. In 1974, one woman, as a sign of the struggle for the rights of people with disabilities, tried to paint the canvas with red paint, while Mona Lisa was at an exhibition in Tokyo. And in April 2009, the Russian woman launched a cup in the glass, only slightly injuring him.
Statue of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo.
The whole history of the relationship between the Pope and the great creator is imbued with outbursts of anger, conflict and disagreement. As a result, Michelangelo created a bronze statue of the high priest, which was placed in Bologna, on the facade of the church. However, soon the locals under the leadership of their duke rebelled against the papal authority, the bronze statue was dropped and defeated. The diligent Duke of Alfonso d’Este, a great admirer of artillery, melted the remnants of the masterpiece into a cannon, calling it “Julia.” Today, even a copy of this statue has not survived, only it is known that the Pope blessed with his right hand, and in the left held a sword.