To the players, the attitude in society is always biased. However, historically, it so happened that they were not always murderers and criminals. Not gambling people are outcasts today.
Today, more and more people who perceive the game and as a way of entertainment, and as an opportunity to quickly make some cash. Today gambling is popular in many of its forms. So, business people play on stock exchanges. Now there are whole poker networks that work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
But the game would not be so attractive if there were no bright and authoritative players in its history. They made their name in history textbooks, at one time they were revered as important members of their society. At that time, they were known about them from a completely different angle, rather than as gamblers.
This famous Englishman lived from 1718 to 1792 years. Montague was a prominent statesman who held many important military and political positions. In his bad reputation, the politician himself accused his political opponents and envious persons. Montague, who was the fourth Earl of Sandwich, asked his servants to bring him slices of the ball between two slices of bread. At that time John himself sat for hours at the card table. This habit has become popular with other players, so that “sandwich” appeared. Montague was well educated, graduated from Cambridge and held a number of prominent posts. But in the memory of many he remained just a sandwich maker, which gave him a place on our list. After all, the sandwich appeared thanks to the game! Yes, and the Sandwich Islands are named after this player, because it was he who once supported the expedition of Captain Cook.
After the divorce of his parents, John was sent to study in Oxford. It was there that he became addicted to gambling. It was so pleasing to him that he preferred to miss his final exams, instead heading to the final race at the racetrack. In those days in England (mid-twentieth century), the only opportunity to legally engage in gambling was bookmaking. On his winnings in 1956, Aspinall acquired a dilapidated country house near Canterbury. There were 9 hectares of gardens and parks, which eventually were given to the zoo. Aspinall founded his elite gaming club, which initially included dukes, marquises, counts and even two ministers. Then there was a whole network of gambling establishments. Funds from their gambling and casinos allowed Aspinala to create his own zoological private collection. There were rhinoceroses, antelopes, leopards and rare horses. He even developed a special philosophy of careful treatment of his pets. Around Aspinalla was formed a whole team of like-minded people and collectors. He himself, for the sake of feeding his animals in the period of financial difficulties, even sold some jewelry. Aspinall remained in memory not only as an avid player who changed the whole of the British entertainment industry, but also as an authoritative philanthropist. His love and protection of endangered species of animals entered the story.
Michel de Montaigne.
Another famous historical character who was a player was Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592). Today we know him as a writer and philosopher, and during his lifetime he was better known as a politician. It is Montaigne who is the father of what we today call modern skepticism. The influence of the philosopher was very great, his views formed the basis of the works of René Descartes, Pascal Blaine, Ralph Emerson, and perhaps even William Shakespeare. The main work of the writer is his book “Experiments”, which laid the foundation for the genre of “essays”. There, in particular in one of the essays tells of the writer’s passion for gambling – to cards and bones.
This Italian scholar lived during the Renaissance in the years 1501-1576. Cardan is known as a mathematician, physician and an avid player.His achievements in the field of algebra brought him fame. However, he also adored chess. Cardan even wrote a whole work “The book about gambling.” There, for the first time, the question of the probabilities of events is considered, in addition there is a whole section on effective methods of deception. Cardan is credited with the invention of many other things – a code lock, a cardan shaft, used so far in transport. Other researches of the scientist allowed to develop hydrodynamics, he also published two encyclopedias of natural science. Cardan piously believed in astrology, thundering hapless competitors. According to the legend, the scientist calculated his term of death and, in order to confirm the correctness of the forecast, consciously starved himself to death.
Rene Descartes was another respected scholar and philosopher, a character from history textbooks and at the same time a gambler. He lived from 1596 to 1650 years. Initially, Descartes even wanted to pursue a player’s career, rather than being a lawyer or a military man. However, this choice was short-lived, but throughout his life the scientist continued to gamble. Today Descartes is called the father of modern philosophy. In particular, he owns the saying: “I think, therefore, I exist.” Descartes is not only the forerunner of philosophy, it is also considered the progenitor of modern science. At that time, there were already the first stock exchanges, the game was very interested in the scientist. He also often visited Paris, where he drained the pockets of the simpletons. In this he was helped by psychology and mathematical calculation. From such trips, Descartes always returned rich, and eventually even conducted a scientific study of gambling.
In 1660, this monarch returned to the throne during the restoration, thus the monarchy in the country again revived. The king himself lived, constantly playing something. For his character Karla was nicknamed “gay king.” Under his rule, gambling became the basis of the life of the entire court. As a result, the love of gambling spread not only throughout England, but spread with the help of the colonists to North America. There Europeans later learned that indigenous peoples also have their gambling.
Casanova, Chevalier de Sengalt.
At the mention of this name, a wild and reckless, irresponsible womanizer and lover immediately comes to mind. Meanwhile, Casanova was an outstanding member of the European society of his time (the end of the XVIII century). Chevalier de Sengalts was also an avid player, lawyer, writer and adventurer. At the age of 21, Casanova set out to become a professional player. However, later decided to tackle other matters, arguing that he simply lacks prudence to “stop in an unfavorable situation and control himself in case of a win.” Casanova played in the lottery, Faro, Basset, Bribi, Queens and Whist along with the nobility and the higher clergy. This adventurer was also a religious and devout Catholic who believed in the power of his prayers. Contemporaries Casanova considered him an extraordinary man, one of the most outstanding people of his time. Prince Charles de Lin once said that Casanova was the most interesting person he had ever met. About this player said: “For him, nothing is impossible in this world.”
Wild Bill Hickok.
The nickname itself implies that this person had a wild and reckless nature. In some ways, so it was, it was, not for nothing that Hickock received such a nickname. He had the reputation of an honest man, being a war hero, scout and bailiff. Hikok spent most of his life fighting against crime and injustice. But at the same time it was an avid player, he was literally a card fanatic, a special preference given to poker. When he saw that he was being deceived, Bill pulled out his knife and Colt and summoned the swindler to a duel, saying: “Take the same bank.” Unfortunately, Hickock was killed during one of the game of poker.He, contrary to his habits, sat with his back to the entrance, and a group of conspirators killed him with a direct shot to the head, crept imperceptibly. Death came instantly. At the hands of Bill at that time was a combination of two aces and two eights, which entered the dictionary of poker as “the hand of a dead man.” It is said that Hickok had many enemies, including General James Lane. Against him, Bill struggled, demanding the abolition of slavery in the south of the country.
Of all the players who went down in history, Fyodor Dostoyevsky was one of the greatest. This writer has become one of the most influential in the history not only of Russia, but of all world literature. An avid fan of maps and roulette created among other things two famous novels – “Crime and Punishment” and “The Player”. According to the legend, Dostoevsky completed his most famous book on the go in Wiesbaden. The book has already been published, and the writer has already lost the fee for it in the casino. As a result, Dostoevsky managed to settle his card debts. He in general was so fond of gambling, that in many respects he drew from them plots for his novels and novels. After all, psychology and risk is a very important part of the game. The success of the novel and the second wife dared Dostoevsky from pernicious predilection. But he will write about it the novel “The Player”, while in Baden-Baden.
Claude Monet used his winnings to abandon the disgusted work of messengers and concentrate on painting. As a result, he became the founder of French impressionism. In 1891, the artist won about one hundred thousand francs. This win was successful not only for himself, but for the whole world. If Claude Monet would not have made a bet then, there were not a few of the greatest works of art in the world.