There is a stereotype that social life is the lot of men, and women should stay at home, farming and children. However, not everyone agrees with this position. Sometimes women show such activity in the affairs of the country that change its fate. A real rebellion settles in their souls – against injustice, social order, violation of human rights.
In this case, women vote even in Muslim countries, where it is much more difficult to do. Justice calls for the activity of large families of women occupying different social positions. About the most rebellious women in history and our story will go.
Tawakkul Karman, Yemen.
This woman is only 32 years old, she is the mother of three children. Tavakkul heads the organizations of Yemeni women journalists. This group is engaged in protecting human freedom and its rights. With renewed vigor, women intensified after a wave of protests in Libya and Egypt. Karman’s activities are putting pressure on President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has headed Yemen since 1978. The fight with him started back in 2007 – every Tuesday a brave woman held protest actions in front of Sana’a University. Although Tavakkul insists on a peaceful solution to the problem of the transfer of power, she was arrested several times. Thanks to its activities in early 2013, a wave of protests spread across the country, as 40% of the population of Yemen live on less than $ 2 a day. Saleh now rejects all democratic plans for the transfer of power. Karman, in an interview with TIME magazine, said that thanks to the Tunisian revolution, people realized that even the most invincible regimes could fall.
Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma.
In November 2010, this woman, a Nobel laureate, was finally released after 15 years of being under house arrest. For millions of Burmese citizens, she is known as a Lady, she is more respected as a goddess, and not as a rebel. Suu Kyi was the leader of democratic processes throughout Southeast Asia, she defended rights and agitated for peaceful changes. The woman is the daughter of the murdered national hero, she was forced to spend most of her life away from the motherland. Birmanka lived in the USA, India, Japan and England. In the last country she married and gave birth to two sons. And in 1988 the woman came back to care for her sick mother. At that time, the protesters were openly protesting against the authorities, who opened fire on demonstrators. Then the Lady first spoke to the people. In 1989, Suu Kyi founded the National League for Democracy. This party won the elections, which was supposed to make its leader a prime minister. However, the current government refused to transfer the reins of government by changing the constitution in such a way that Suu Kyi never came to power. Despite this, Suu Kyi is not going to give up. Since her release, she has been striving for friendly negotiations with the hostile junta that imprisoned her. The lady says she is ready to drink tea or coffee with her opponents and discuss Burma’s problems calmly. A brave woman tries to make her country more democratic.
Corazon Aquino, Philippines.
This woman calls herself “a simple housewife.” However, this did not prevent the Philippine in 1986 to call his people to revolution and overthrow the dictator Ferdinand Marcos. But he headed the country for 20 years. Akino has traveled from the wife of the senator to the president of the country. And it all began with the murder in 1983 of her husband, who returned from exile, to fight the Marcos regime. When the dictator appointed early elections, the woman decided to continue her husband’s business. Despite the fact that Marcos proclaimed his victory, the opposition did not recognize this. As a result, a wave of peaceful speeches swept the country, which forced the dictator to resign. Emotional performances of the whole people forced the military to go over to his side.After the resignation of Marcos, it was Aquino who became the new president of the country. Despite allegations of corruption and coup attempts, the brave woman moved the country to democratic lines. After leaving her post, Aquino remained in politics, defending her ideals.
Fulan Devi, India.
And the nickname of this woman is the “queen of bandits”. On the one hand, she is considered the defender of the poorest sections of the country’s population, and on the other, she was one of the most famous modern brigands. After an early marriage and sexual abuse, Devi began a series of high-caste robberies in northern and central India. In 1981, her gang of bandits killed more than 20 noble men in the village where her former lover was killed. As a result, the robber surrendered to the authorities, agreeing to serve prison for 11 years. Already two years after the release of Fulan Devi was elected to parliament. Although spiteful people argue that the woman did not do anything during her two-day meeting, Deva’s attitude to the caste system made her a true symbol of the struggle for the rights of the poor and oppressed. Angela Davis, USA.
To her 26 years, Angela has already become a prominent scientist, politician, to become a FBI wanted figure. Davis was born in Birmingham, Alabama. After a year at the Sorbonne, a black activist dived into the ocean of America’s racial intolerance. In the late 1960s, Angela visited the Student Coordinating Committee for Non-Violent Resistance, and then acted actively in the Communist Party of the United States and the Black Panther grouping. Soon the authorities accused the woman of murder, arms supplies and hostage-taking. In 1970, Davis tried to free her loved one right in the courtroom, which led to the death of people, including the judge. After the capture, the woman was detained in jail for 18 months, eventually acquitting him. Despite the protests of the California Governor Ronald Reagan, the activist began teaching at several universities. She continued her work in the Communist Party of the United States and even ran for the post of vice president of the country in 1984. Today Angela Davis is a professor of philosophy at the University of California, actively fighting for the rights of women and prisoners, opposing the death penalty and homophobia.
Golda Meir, Israel.
David Ben-Gurion, who called her “the only man in his office”, left the best characterization for this woman. Famous for Golda Meir came in 1973, it was she who was the prime minister of the country during the Yom Kippur War. Also, the woman left her imprint during the Zionist revolutionary movements during the formation of the country. After the arrest of the main leaders, Meir became the main negotiator between the Jews and Great Britain. The activist was in close contact with the armed forces of the Jewish resistance. When in 1947 the Arabs rejected the UN recommendations on partition of Palestine, Golda Meir stated that in the forthcoming war young Jewish settlements will remain undefeated. In 1948, the woman traveled to America, from where she brought $ 50 million from the Jewish diaspora. Ben-Gurion highly appreciated the contribution of Meir, in fact, largely thanks to this money and the birth of the State of Israel. Golda Meir became one of those 25 people who signed the Declaration of Independence of Israel.
Wilma Espin, Cuba.
Many of the leaders of the Cuban revolution were part of the professional elite. In other words, they were wealthy men. So, Fidel Castro was a lawyer, and Ernesto Che Guevara studied medicine. However, the spirit of the revolution was best conveyed not by them, but by the “First Lady” of the communist revolution – Vilma Espin. Her father was a lawyer for Bacardi, the woman herself was trained as a chemist after spending a year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In the late 1950’s, Espin with weapons in their hands opposed the regime of Batista.The image of a bold revolutionary in military uniform and her public appearances finally dispelled the myth of an obedient Caribbean woman.
Janet Jagan, Guyana.
A woman born in Chicago believed that workers needed to fight better for their rights. Acquainted with Cheddi Jagan, a dentist from Guyana, Janet found in him not only a future husband, but also a like-minded person. Actively studying the works of Lenin, in 1946 the pair founded in Guyana the People’s Progressive Party. This movement not only followed the ideals of Marxism, but also fought for decolonization from Britain. Jagan organized a series of strikes in the then British Guyana, for which the angry Premier of England, Winston Churchill, even hid the activist in jail. After leaving there, the woman was able to remain in politics, despite attempts to remove her from leadership positions. After the failure of the left, the government in the 1960s Janet withdrew to the second role, becoming the editor of the opposition newspaper Zerkalo. And in 1997, Jagan became president of the country, which by that time got rid of British rule and nationalized most of its economy.
Jiang Qing, China.
You can safely say that this woman lived two different lives. In the first she learned extreme poverty. I tried myself in the field of the actress and several times I was unsuccessfully married. In the second, the Chinese woman became an active member of the Communist Party, making a significant contribution to the events of the Cultural Revolution. Despite the duality of fate, Chiang Ching remained in history as one of the most cruel, ruthless and uncompromising revolutionaries in history. In 1938, the woman became the wife of the chairman of the party, Mao Zedong, which helped her use the status to satisfy the thirst for power. “Madame” quickly climbed the party ladder, eventually becoming the leader of the infamous “gang of four.” This group of Chinese politicians is responsible for the events of 1966-1069. Historians have calculated that during this time the authorities’ actions led to the death of at least 500 thousand people, many cultural objects, ancient books, paintings, buildings were destroyed. Although it was Jiang who took an active part in everything, she shifted the responsibility to Mao. According to the activist, she “was just a dog, Mao, who was told who to bite.” Against Jiang Qing, criminal charges were brought, she herself refused to repent. As a result, after 10 years in prison, the woman committed suicide in 1991.
Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russia.
In this woman from the very childhood there was a rebellious spirit. Even as a girl, she played snowballs with children outside the factory, where her father worked, setting ambushes on the managers. Krupskaya received her education in a liberal school, and then began to teach in the evening school for workers. In 1889, in underground circles, the girl learned about Marxism. Together with Lenin, Krupskaya in 1895 participated in the creation of the Union for the liberation of the working class. After the arrest and exile to Siberia, the couple got married. After gaining freedom in 1901, Krupskaya followed Lenin everywhere. Revolutionaries in Munich, Geneva, London visited, trying to publish the Marxist newspaper Iskra. In 1917, Krupskaya and Lenin returned to Russia. Vladimir Ilyich became a key figure for the Bolshevik Party, taking part in the October Revolution in 1917. In the 1920s and 1930s, Krupskaya became one of the founders of the Soviet system of public education.
Susan B. Anthony, USA.
A schoolteacher once told a young Susan that “a girl should only know how to read the Bible and how to count the change.” This phrase so offended her that predetermined the fate. In 1846, a 26-year-old teacher began the company for equal pay for female teachers and men. Five years later she found an accomplice – attorney Elizabeth Stanton, who defended the rights of women. The duo traveled the country agitating for giving women equal suffrage.In 1868, these ideas were published in the newspaper “Revolution”, and a year later Susan Anthony founded the National Women’s Association of Electoral Law. Needless to say, men constantly tried to stop it? In 1872 the marshals arrested a brave woman for illegally voting in the presidential election. The court fined Anthony for $ 100, to which she stated that she would not pay a dollar for such an unjust fine. The activist died in 1906, and after 14 years the 19th amendment was adopted, which gave women the right to vote.
Emmeline Pankhurst, Great Britain.
This person perfectly confirmed the view that decently behaving women rarely change history. Pankhurst was the leader of the women’s movement for electoral rights, but she was also a supporter of the social uprising. Inspired by the girl to her active actions is still the father. At the age of 20 Emmeline married the lawyer Richard Pankhurst, who shared the views of the wife and encouraged her efforts in the League for Women’s Rights. After the death of her husband in 1898 Emmeline plunged into her work, forming a women’s social and political union under the motto “Cause, not words.” Together with his eldest daughter, Christabel Pankhurst held public demonstrations, not disdaining and violent measures – arson, vandalism and hunger strikes. Not surprisingly, the activist was often arrested. Only in 1912 it happened 12 times, but the woman never gave up her ideas of equality. At the trial, Emmeline said: “We are not here because we are violators, but because we want to become legislators.” Although tough activist methods are condemned, there is no doubt that she played an important role in obtaining British women’s rights. In 1928, the authorities finally adopted a law that gave women the right to vote. In the same year, Pankhurst also died, having fulfilled his mission. Harriet Tubman, USA.
This woman was born in slavery. Explaining his decision to fight him, Harriet quoted the famous phrase: “There are two things that I have the right to – freedom or death. If I can not get the first, then I will have to choose the second. ” After choosing freedom, Tubman fled from her native state of Maryland. A year later the brave woman returned to help her family leave the owner. This was the first of her 19 hikes for slaves. With the help of the underground railway, Harriet Tabmen saved more than 300 slaves. The laws of 1850 demanded that the state return fugitive slaves to its masters, then Tubman helped the unfortunate to move further north to Canada. During the Civil War, the woman even led a military expedition, freeing in South Carolina 700 slaves. In addition to the struggle for the liberation of women from slavery, Tabmen led an active activity for their electoral rights.
Mary Wollstonecraft, United Kingdom.
British men of the 18th century were ruled by men. Mary Wollstonecraft publicly put forward a bold statement that women are more than property. In her struggle, the activist collaborated with Edmund Burke, a prominent political thinker of the time. The most famous works of Mary were her “Protection of Human Rights” (1790) and “Protection of Women’s Rights” (1791). In them the author demonstrated her firm political views about gender equality. According to Mary, girls are brought up as empty-headed toys, which leads to bankruptcy and loss of public management. It is these views on life that make up the true face of a woman, one of the earliest and most influential rebels.
Joan of Arc, France.
The story of this girl shows how rebellious nature can change the course of history. Jeanne was an ordinary French peasant woman, but she began to pursue dreams and visions. The voices of the saints told the girl that only she could resist the English invaders who had seized most of northern France.Incredibly, the maiden was able to convince the Dauphin to give her troops and in 1429 removed the siege from the strategic point, the city of Orleans. This played a decisive role in the Hundred Years’ War. A couple of years, Jeanne fell into the hands of the British and was burned on charges of witchcraft. The French did not even try to save their heroine. In 1920, Joan of Arc was canonized by the Vatican, today it is considered one of the patrons of France. Boudica, Britain.
The Great Roman Empire in the I century AD experienced a shock. In a remote corner, in Britain, the local tribes raised an uprising. The rebels were led by a woman named Boudika, Queen of the Icenes. It was a peaceful people who recognized the power of the Romans. But after the death of her husband, Boudica, the empire decided to add these lands to herself, she herself was publicly carved, and her daughters were raped. When the military left for Wales, Boudica raised an uprising, leading a coalition of tribes. The rebels destroyed several cities, including ancient London, many British sympathizers were killed. This uprising even forced the authorities to consider the withdrawal from the island’s problematic areas. Nevertheless, the trained and equipped Romans won the rebels as a result. According to some reports, Boudica preferred suicide to a shameful captivity. This uprising was the first step towards the liberation of England from the yoke of the Roman Empire. In the XIX century, the name of Boudica became popular in the UK, Queen Victoria called her a symbol of her superpower, although in fact the rebel against the empire was just fighting.