In the world there are many mysterious objects created by ancient civilizations and people. These places are thoroughly studied by archaeologists, historians and scientists.
However, some places on the planet have been man mastered for a long time, they left something unfinished or incomprehensible. As a result, we still can not understand the purpose of some objects.
Below we will talk about these most mysterious places on the planet. They constantly generate new questions, as well as all new and new versions regarding their appointment. Were these developed ancient civilizations or were people helped by some alien creatures? We still have many secrets to learn.
Mound of Cahokia.
Under the name of Cahokia, the learned world knows an ancient Indian settlement that is located not far from the American Illinois. Archaeologists say that the city appeared in 650. The structure of buildings in it is very complex, which proves the existence of a very developed and prosperous society. At the time of its greatest prosperity, up to 40,000 Indians lived in Cahokia. Until the arrival of Europeans, this was the most populous settlement on the mainland. People left here in about 1400. But the main attraction of Cahokia is their earth burial mounds, whose height reaches 30 meters. They are located on an area of 2200 acres, and the number of embankments reaches 120. To create the barrows, the Indians moved more than 50 million cubic feet of land in baskets to the city. These facilities were created for people to live there, as well as for mass meetings, there were buried the prominent rulers. A whole network of terraces has also been created in the city. It is believed that at their very top were the most important buildings, for example, the house of the ruler. During excavations in the city, a solar calendar made of wood was also found. It’s called Woodhenge. The calendar was a very important component of that ancient society, carrying out not only a religious but also an astrological function. With it, the Indians celebrated the days of the equinox and solstice. However, scientists believe that there is some mystery hidden in the mounds of Kahokiya. The matter is that the community of the Kakhokis has not been fully studied until the end, constantly new information about it is appearing. The greatest secret is why the Indians suddenly abandoned their city? And what modern American tribe can be considered their heirs? Scientists can assume that the causes could be climate change, a terrible and forgotten cataclysm, a drought … Native Americans believe that this place is sacred. It is noted that there is a very strong source of energy.
Scientists say that this is the oldest known prehistoric structure in Ireland. Not surprisingly, it is also the most famous. It is believed that this place was erected around 3100 BC. The basis for it was sand, stone and clay. But the Egyptian pyramids will be built only after 500 years. Newgrange is a mound with a height of 13, and a diameter of 85 meters. Inside the building is a long corridor that goes to the chamber located across it. It consists of vertically placed stone monoliths, weighing 20-40 tons. Most likely it was someone’s burial. It differs from Newgrage rather accurate design. Thanks to this, the whole structure has remained completely waterproof to this day. Surprising is the fact that the entrance to the grave is located so that at the winter solstice, when the day is the shortest in a year, the rays pass through a small hole and fall into a 20-meter passage. There they illuminate the floor of the central room of the underground structure. Although archaeologists consider this place an ancient grave, it remains unclear – for whom and why this form was chosen. It is not clear how the ancient scientists were able to accurately calculate the location of the entire structure, and what place the sun was occupying in their religious life.A little to see the spectacle of penetration of rays into the inner chamber. A special lottery is held, which selects the lucky ones.
Underwater pyramids of Yonaguni.
There are many famous monuments in Japan, but not one of them is as mysterious as Yonaguni. This is a whole underwater formation, found near the island of Rjuku. In 1986, divers were watching sharks, when suddenly found underwater pyramids. This discovery immediately caused lively debate throughout the Japanese scientific world. It turned out that at a depth of 5 to 40 meters lie carved rock formations in the form of massive platforms and high pillars. The highest pyramid is 180 meters wide and about 30 meters high. The most popular formation is called turtle, due to its unusual shape. Although there are very dangerous underwater currents, the Yonaguni monument still remains a favorite place for divers throughout the country. The reason for the disputes of scientists is the main question – is the monument of Yonaguni natural or artificial? Some believe that on the ocean floor such formations have appeared due to millennial strong currents and erosion, and the monument itself is part of a single underwater monolith. Others say that there are too many straight edges, square corners and different forms of stones. This is a direct proof of human activity. If these supporters are really right, then a new, even more interesting question arises: who built Yonaguni and why? Geologists suggest that the ancient complex could be built 5 thousand years ago, being flooded during the earthquake 2 thousand years ago. But the Japanese government did not recognize the monument as a cultural object.
In the dry Peruvian desert of Nazca, there are a number of pictograms and lines. They stretch along an area of 50 miles. Scientists suggest that these lines were created by the Nazca Indians between 200 BC. and 700 AD. The lines were found in 1927, at first the scientists did not even give it special attention, focusing on other interesting discoveries in the country. The arid climate of this locality has allowed the lines to remain intact for hundreds of years. Rain and wind are extremely rare here. Some of the lines have a length of 200 meters. Their width is 135 centimeters, and the depth is up to half a meter. They depict various objects – from simple geometric forms to insects and animals. Although scientists know who made these lines and how, their purpose remains unclear. The most popular hypothesis is that the lines were part of the religious beliefs of the Indians. In this way they “communicated” with their gods, who could see their subjects and their creations from heaven. There is a version that the lines are the remains of using some massive looms, perhaps it is a peculiar form of the calendar. There is even an absurd version that this is part of the ancient airfields used by the once ancient, technologically advanced society. Perhaps, we should not even talk about the Gods, but about the aliens to whom the information was sent. These patterns in a strange way confirm the existence in Peru of the oldest culture.
This place is one of the most mysterious in Germany. The Gozek circle is a historical monument created from the earth, gravel using wooden palisades. This is one of the most primitive and early solar observatories created by human civilization. Ditches, surrounded by walls of the palisade, form a circle of diameters of 75 meters. Although it took a long time to restore its shape. The height of the palisade is 2.5 meters, and you can enter through one of the three gates. They, by the way, show the direction of sunrise and sunset on the days of the winter solstice. Scientists suggest that this ancient monument was built about 7 thousand years ago by the Neolithic peoples.This date was determined with the help of fragments of ceramics found here. The mystery is how ancient people could build this object so accurately and qualitatively. It is believed that the circle could be the simplest solar or lunar calendar, but this is just a version. There is evidence that the solar cult was widespread on the territory of Ancient Europe. This is the basis for a different theory. According to her, some rituals were performed in the Circle, perhaps even with the sacrifice of people. In support of this, archaeologists have discovered human bones inside the Gozekian circle, including a headless skeleton. It is possible that the ancient observatory served as the basis for the construction of subsequent structures of this kind throughout Europe. Emerging in two thousand years in England, Stonehenge became the last in this chain.
Not far from the famous city of Machu Picchu is another interesting object. Saksayuaman is a strange stone fortress. Its length is about 450 meters, and its width is 15 meters. Its walls are made up of massive stone and limestone blocks weighing 200 tons. They are located zigzag along the slope. In the center is a stone structure, which is the solar calendar of the Incas. In the ruins there is also a pool for storing water, barrels for supplies, underground chambers. The discovered underground passages most likely led to other objects of the city of Cusco, the capital of the Incas. For its age, the fortress is quite well preserved, besides there are often enough earthquakes. It is considered that Saksayuaman served as a fortress. But even in this assumption there are many controversial points. The walls have a rather unusual shape. Perhaps the fortress at the same time served as a temple dedicated to lightning. It is worth noting that the place has increased magnetism – the arrow of the compass is literally going crazy. But the main mystery of the fortress is how the Indians were able to deliver such heavy stone blocks here. Even today, not every machine can lift them. What technologies did the Incas use during construction? After all, they brought the blocks to the very top of the mountain, moreover, they built three walls out of them. It should be noted that similar to other structures of this people in Sacsayhuamane, stone blocks are very closely adjacent to each other. Perhaps, the fortress was built not by the Incas, but by some mysterious advanced civilization?
This island near the Chilean coast is famous for its Moai monuments. This is a whole group of stone statues, made in the form of a man. It is believed that they were carved between 1250 and 1500 AD already by the first and earliest inhabitants of the island, belonging to the Rapa Nui civilization. Scientists believe that huge figures depict the ancestors of people, as well as local gods. The island contains a lot of volcanic rock, tuff. It was from him that people carved and cut out huge figures. It is estimated that originally the statues were 887 pieces. But then on the island there was a war between the clans. As a result, most idols were destroyed. To date, there are 394 standing upright statues. The largest of them reaches a height of 9 meters, and weighs 70 tons. Scientists in principle came to unanimity in the matter of the reasons for installing such stone figures. But the mechanisms of their creation are still a mystery. After all, the average figure weighs several tons. They were created in Rano Raraku, and then somehow transported to different parts of the island. The most popular theory today is the one that explains the movement of giant Moai statues with the help of sledges and bars. At the same time it explains how the once green island practically lost its vegetation. Another mystery of the island is where people came from here. Some believe that it was the residents of South America who moved here. Others say that the island was inhabited by the tribes of other islands of the Pacific Ocean.And the fact that the Basque genes are found in the blood of the modern inhabitants of Easter, suggests that there was once a Spanish ship wrecked. His team and settled the island.
Tablets of Georgia.
Most places have received their mysterious status for thousands of years. But this – it was originally strange. This monument represents four monolithic granite slabs, on top of which is located the fifth. This monument was created by RS. Christian in 1979 in the US Georgia. He orientated his monument to the ends of the world. The total height of the monument is 6.1 meters, and the total weight of the plates is 100 tons. In some parts of the monument are made holes, which indicate the Sun and the North Star. But the most interesting are inscriptions on plates in the main world languages. These are guidelines for future generations that have survived a global cataclysm. At the same time, the letters have a rather controversial character, which gave rise to a wave of discussion of the monument, disturbances and even its desecrations. In particular, it is recommended to save the population of the planet at the rate of 500 million people, to preserve nature, to avoid litigation and create a single new language. In addition to the controversy surrounding the monument, the identity of its creator is somehow bypassed. It is unclear why he even created such a monument. Christian himself says that he represents some kind of independent organization, which stopped contacting him immediately after the construction of the tablets. Since the monument was built in the midst of the Cold War, perhaps there were those who were already prepared to rebuild society after a nuclear catastrophe.
The Great Sphinx in Giza.
Egyptian pyramids are not only one of the wonders of the world, but also one of the greatest mysteries of our civilization. A figure of the Sphinx is an indispensable companion of the pyramids. It seems incredible how ancient people were able to carve this statue from a monolithic part of the rock. As a result, the Sphinx turned out as much as 70 meters in length, 6 meters in width and 20 meters in height. There are many such monuments on Earth, but this is the largest of them. Historians say that the Sphinx served as a peculiar symbol. Their statues were traditionally placed next to important structures – temples, pyramids, burials. Located in Giza, the Great Sphinx is adjacent to the pyramid of Pharaoh Khafra, many researchers believe that the animal’s face is from this ruler. Although the Sphinx remains one of the most famous world monuments of antiquity, there are still many mysteries around it. Although opinions about the need to place the Sphinx there, but Egyptologists still can not say exactly when, who and how he created this figure. If the speech is about the time of the reign of Pharaoh Hafra, then the statue refers to 2500 BC. However, there are scientific grounds for assuming that the Sphinx is much older. Water erosion of the monument says that it was created long before the ancient Egyptians. Although his face is considerably damaged today, 7 more centuries ago travelers claimed that the Sphinx is beautiful.
You can safely say that it is this monument of the past that is wrapped in mystery more than the others. About Stonehenge, scientists, historians and other researchers have argued for more than one hundred years. This stone megalithic structure is located near London. From the capital to the mysterious place only 130 kilometers to the southwest. The complex consists of two rings, which are composed of 80 huge stone blocks. It is believed that they came here from South Wales. But there are 320 kilometers from there to Stonehenge. Legends say that the stones were brought here by the legendary wizard Merlin himself. Along the outer shaft in a circle there are 56 small funerary holes. They are called the Aubry holes in honor of the person who first described them. But this was the XVII century. To the north-east of the entrance to the stone ring was a huge Heel Stone. Its height was 7 meters. Stonehenge still looks pretty impressive.However, it is believed that this option is just a modern version of a more grandiose monument, gradually disappeared from the face of the Earth due to the destructive effect of time. The fame of the monument was the fact that even the most brilliant scientists fought against his riddle unsuccessfully. During the Neolithic period, when Stonehenge was being built, there was no written language. So scientists have to study only the current structure of the complex and analyze it, trying to catch common features. One of the popular assumptions is that the monument was built not by native inhabitants, but either by aliens, or by another highly developed technological civilization of people. There is also a very simple explanation – Stonehenge is nothing more than an ordinary monument near the cemetery. To prove this, several hundred burial mounds near the complex serve. There are thoughts that religious rituals were held on this site, and people were spiritually healed there. It is not clear even when this monument appeared exactly. Now accept the view that it all originated in three stages between 2300 and 1900 BC. Although it is said that Stonehenge was created 140 thousand years ago. Astronomers say that the ancient monolith could be a solar and lunar calendar, and also represent an exact model of the solar system.