Being a director is not an easy but extremely interesting work. After all, these people are real creators. They create images, manipulate people, creating their own, sometimes very unusual worlds. And the works of the best directors are seen and discussed by millions of viewers around the world.
To succeed in such a field, one must be a real individualist, grounded in the result. The best directors are the real maniacs who want to translate their vision, step over all the laws of the genre and do what they think is necessary.
Of course, we also need talent to make films really high-quality. To achieve success, the people of this profession are ready to go – to maim people, to force to eat feces. In the history of the cinema there were a lot of really crazy directors, with a list of which we are proposing to read.
Howard Hughes (1905-1976).
Howard Hughes is difficult to classify as one of the greatest directors, but in terms of creative insanity, he could not be equal. Enough stories about the last years of life – Hughes grew his hair to the waist, lived a half-naked recluse in the penthouse, peed in bottles and lined them along the wall. True, the oilman, millionaire, aviator and cinematographer was considered a madman even before that. And it all started in 1927, when Hughes saw Wellman’s Wings. That tape received even an Oscar. But the millionaire decided with something that he could do a better film. Hughes for the crazy money created “Wings of Hell.” The main roles in the film were played by 40 aircraft from the personal millionaire’s personal park, while the tricks performed in the sky were so dangerous that during the filming three stunt men were killed. The film was an event, but it did not even pay off commercially. Soon the tycoon founded his own studio “RKO”, where all his psychoses and phobias flourished. About this tells Scorsese’s film “Aviator”. And let him nominally not Hughes was the director of all the studio’s paintings, his influence is felt on everything that was released on it in the 40-50’s. So, for example, in the tape “Jet Pilot” in 1957, the millionaire personally for seven years polished scenes in which the aircraft was engaged. Only then did he release the film in a rental, and the director’s opinion was actually of no interest to anyone. The highest stage of Hughes insanity was the pilot’s refusal to perform a dangerous aerobatics figure in the “Hell’s Angels”. Then Hughes personally sat at the helm of the plane, but he could not get out of the pike, driving the car into the ground. And although the millionaire received a lot of injuries and almost lost his eye, the next day he was already, as if nothing had happened, was present on the set.
Cecil B. Demill (1881-1959).
Often the director is represented as a tyrant of the set with a megaphone in his hands. It was this image that Cecil Blount Demillus embodied. Once he told the whole crew that its goal was to please the director himself, and everything else did not matter. Once, discussing with the boss spending on extras for the battle scene, Cecil seriously offered to charge the guns with real bullets. After all, it was possible to reduce spending! When on the set of “Samson and Delilah” actor Victor Mathura refused to fight with a toothless lion, the director called the man “a miserable coward.” Actress Paulette Goddard never again collaborated with Demille after refusing to act in a life-threatening scene with fire in the “Undefeated”. True, to the credit of the director it is worth noting that he never asked his actors to do what he himself could not do. Already at the age of 73, Demillle climbed to a height of 40 meters on the set of the “Ten Commandments” to verify the correct installation of the camera. And although the man received a heart attack from this, he, barely recovered, returned to shooting in a week. In one of his films, Demill decided to shoot the shoot as accurately as possible. And for this he decided to use real bullets. When the actors hinted about the danger, the director said: “Well, of course! But this movie, how can we deceive the audience? Everything must be real here! “. John Ford (1894-1973).
The director is proud that he did not come to one of his three Oscar awards. The first time he preferred fishing, and the third just got drunk. The colleague of Ford, John Capra, called him half holy, and half-devil. This Irishman was a tyrant, which did not stop him from remaining a genius. Ford was trusted by everyone with whom he worked, but he himself demanded increased attention. With actors, he communicated, as with his relatives. He could be loving and generous with them, and then he was a tyrant, like a drunk head of the family. John Wayne, the director, just for the sake of education, threw cuffs under the backside. And Henry Fonda he brought to tears with his curses on the set of “Fort Apache”. Maureen O’Hara at the whim of the director so beat John Wayne in a fight from the “Quiet Man” that she broke her hand. Wayne believed that all the quirks of the filmmakers aimed to exclusively enhance the skill of actors. It is no accident that ten of them, working with John Ford, received a nomination for an Oscar. True, characterizes the director and quite eloquent characteristic of Lee Van Cliff: “John Ford was a complete bastard.” A classic example of insanity was the story that happened to Henry Font on the set of “Mr. Roberts.” When she pointed to the director for the mistakes he made, he jumped from his chair and hit the actress with all his might into the jaw! Russ Meyer (1922-2004).
The whole career of this strange director passed under the sign of obsession with large female breasts. He even used to say that if you do not find the right actress with such parameters, you’ll have to play cards. Perhaps, the reason for this love for the female bust is in the childhood of Rass – the mother nursed him almost to the first class. The director’s films were sharply social, had a profound philosophical overtones and revolutionized women’s sexuality. But the director remained in memory precisely because of his love for big breasts. Meyer even insisted that he write on his tombstone: “The king is nude, and I was happy to do it.” And for the first time such a strange craving for the director appeared when, in the midst of World War II, he lost his virginity with a busty prostitute.
John Waters (born 1946).
It is said that if the strangeness could be measured with an instrument, then Waters would simply be off scale. That it is only his desire to visit a woman to get an opportunity to do abortions. His first camera, John received as a gift for 16 years. On it, he took off his debut picture with the colorful title “An Old Witch in a Black Leather Jacket”. And after being expelled from the University of New York for eating herbs, Waters returned to his native Baltimore. His childhood friend, a huge transvestite Devine, became the director’s muse. Waters began writing scripts, shooting and playing roles in truly art-house, thrash, enchanting and crazy films. The director became famous for the fact that during the filming of the movie “The Pink Flamingo” he convinced his friend Devine to eat dog feces. So the scene looked more convincing. Sam Peckinpah (1925-1984).
Sam admitted that he felt like a loner and an outsider all his life. The director filmed quiet elegies about the same as himself, to people from another time. Peckinp’s life was a continuation of his films, and his films were a reflection of the world’s vision. But the director had something to tell – he saw gloomy scenes of death on the margins of the Second World War. In its tapes, this has been transformed into a peculiar ode to violence, which takes place in a slow rhythm. Sam said that for himself at such moments, time seemed to stop. The director worked tirelessly with producers, star actors and the dictates of the studios. On Charlotor Heston on the set of “Major Dundee” the director even attacked with a sword. Everyone was afraid to fall into the way of Pekingp, and after drinking it became even more unbearable. And what if the doctors threatened him with death if the director does not give up alcohol? He said that he had already made his choice in favor of wine.A classic example of insanity on the set of “Wild Gang” Peckinpah really wanted to shoot the horse, so that it would more naturally depict the one shot down under the rider. Naturally, the director was drunk at that moment. Kenneth Anger (born 1927).
The director chose a difficult pseudonym for himself, because “anger” means “anger”. They say that Kenneth decided to take that name back at the age of five. It’s hard to believe, especially as the guru of experimental short films has always liked to write stories about himself, even if it was a frank lie. How can you believe that in his childhood, when he was a child, he was offered to star in the film adaptation of the “Midsummer Night’s Dream” in 1935? Small films have become small masterpieces, they are imbued with rampant and complex homosexuality, in these short films there is an attraction to the melancholy occultism. How could you quarrel with the guitarist of the famous Led Zeppelin Jimmy Page? As a result, the soundtrack for “Lucifer’s Rise” was written by Bobby Busolel, a member of the Charlie Manson gang. And in the end, music was written in general in prison, where the musician served time for murder.
Edward Wood Jr. (1924-1978).
Wood went down in history in 1980, received the dubious title of the worst director of all time. But Edward himself, throughout his career for his own shortcomings, simply shut his eyes. And his “Plan 9 from the open space” and was the most incredible horror that ever made its way to the big screens. In this film, the director just took and replaced his deceased star on the set, actor Bela Lugosi, on the doctor of his wife. Wood thought that the audience would not replace the difference. The director himself claimed that the crowd considered those who only improves the incomprehensible majority.
David Cronenberg (born 1943).
The director said that you should not look for morality in his ribbons, because he is Canadian. In Cronenberg’s films one can see human biomachines, mutant flies and sex parasites. The director’s main obsessions are death, sex and high technology. It is said that after the films “Madness” and “Seizures” Martin Scorsese himself wanted to meet with their creator to participate in several joint projects. It’s interesting that outwardly Cronenberg looks pretty pretty and nice man, very smart. But he is able to shed light on everything that is happening in the darkest corners of the human mind with the help of cinema. Madness is already in itself a contrast – a well-bred and eloquent director removes tapes, full of unhealthy violence. At the time, Cronenberg refused to shoot “Top Gan”, maybe this is for the better, otherwise we could see very different main characters.
Michel Gondry (born 1963).
Michelle saw strange dreams. Once he decided that you can make money on this. In Gondry’s films, there are many romantic fantasies that are based on the theme of dreams and memories. The French director wrote down his dreams for many years, trying to compare his vivid but fragmentary images with reality. It is possible that he simply screens his night vision. In the films, the director uses self-made effects, showing with their help the logical bridges between the anxieties and hopes of his unusual heroes. Gondry says that in matters of human relations, much remains unsaid. However, this does not mean that emotions remain aloof. In his films Gondry tries to show what people are like when they fall in love. Madness for the director can be considered a necklace from the nails of the deceased beloved, made by him for memory. David O. Rassell (born 1958).
According to colleagues David Russell – just a psycho-egoist. In his film “Three Kings” he simply mocked the future star George Clooney. And when filming the comedy “Burglars of Hearts” the director in general seemed to go crazy. He bared straight on the platform, rubbing against men and women and loudly demanded to change the lines right during the takes.Bezbashennost director was reflected in the video on YouTube, where he vigorously scolds mat actress Lily Tomlin. And once Russell even grabbed Christopher Nolan’s breasts, who wanted to lure Juda Low from the “Burglars of Hearts” for his “Prestige.”
Terry Gilliam (born 1940).
Gilliam is skeptical about the modern film business, openly despising the generally accepted system in Hollywood. For a long time the director struggled with the studio Universal for the right of his final editing of the film “Brazil”. “Rescue” tape from the bosses, he compared with the murder and attempts to cut his child’s arm or leg. As a result, then the director won. But with the “Adventures of Baron Munchausen” he was less fortunate. Sly Gilliam fell into the hands of even more cunning producers, the brothers Weinstein. So the picture came out rather strange. The crazy act of Gilliam can be considered the order of the advertisement strip in the magazine Variety, where in big letters the producer was asked: “Dear Sid Sheinberg, when will you publish my film” Brazil “? Roman Polanski (born 1933).
It is strange that the most famous refugee of world cinema in general has preserved at least external signs of prudence. But Roman lost his mother in the concentration camp, and his pregnant wife was killed by the maniac Charlie Manson. Now the director motivates only his salary. Love for work goes to him in the first place, overtaking even the passion for sex. He even spoiled Polanski’s reputation. In 1977 he was accused of raping a 13-year-old girl, but after the sentencing the Polish director fled from America to Europe. Permission to enter the US, he never received. Of the mad actions of the director on the court, we can recall the case when he shot an extra hair out of Fen Dunaway’s head on the set of the “Chinatown”. However, the actress later repaid Polanski in full, launching a mug in it with urine. David Lynch (born 1946).
This director was able to show that a beautiful place – the human mind, at times can turn into a black hole. Outwardly, Lynch is rather cheerful, friendly though eccentric. He has the hands of a jazz musician and a strange habit of wearing a pair of ties at once. But Lynch’s films reveal him as a mentally unstable somnambulistic fetishist. Although the director practices transcendental meditation, in his films he digs into the very depths of human consciousness, exploring the various forms of fear and desire. Maybe it’s not so bad that Lynch’s “Dune” turned out to be so gray that it scared him off the mainstream. The director has his own absurd theory, the “eye of a duck”. He claims that while working on the film, the trunk, legs and beak can be removed millions of times, but the eyes are a problem. To understand this plainly, as well as the best Lynch films are difficult, but in my head the questions remain. Lynch’s insatiable desire to push Oscar to Laura Dern led to the appearance of a banner on the cow: “If it were not for cheese, there was no” Inner Empire “(the name of the film). Ken Russell (1927-2011).
Over time, the director came to the conclusion that reality was simply boring him. Russell is called the director-king. He suppressed all his talent, forcing everyone to obey his heavy temper. As a result, the actors felt the desire to throw everything right on the first day of filming, because their self-esteem changed drastically. Russell was not afraid to leave the stars naked in the cold mud (“Lovers of Women”) or to set a herd of evil rhinoceroses (“Other Hypostases”) on them. Actors shaved their heads and drank absinthe before hallucinations appeared. His religious film “The Devils” Russell so scared the bosses Warner Brothers, that this movie still refuses to publish. And in his insane short film “Kitten for Hitler” the director showed how the boy who sent the Führer a Christmas gift turned into a lampshade.
Tim Burton (born 1958).
The famous director was always attracted to those cultures where the cult of death is more important than life.Burton is famous for its Gothic strange style. In fact, it’s not just a desire to work in this direction. The director, it seems, just does not know how to make simple films. When he tried to work in the mainstream, he almost drowned with an uncomplicated remake of “Planet of the Apes”. It’s better to create Burton, embodying his animated vision of reality – for good reason he worked as an animator at the Disney studio. Now the director creates unusual surreal worlds. Burton constantly turns traditional genres upside down, then taking off the parody (“Mars attacks!” And “The Great Adventure of Pee-Vee”), then gloomily stylizing horrors (“Sleepy Hollow”, “Sweeney Todd”). However, the best part of Burton’s film is the first part of the tetralogy about Batman. In it, the director was able to put together the theatricality of the 60’s and the sinister psychology of the original comics. In the end, it turned out a rather unconventional and significant movie about superheroes, which Hollywood has not seen. The peak of madness for Burton was the unification with Johnny Depp for the filming of an incomprehensibly-saccharine remake of “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory”. In it, Willy Wonky turned into some kind of acidic freak.
Francis Ford Coppola (born 1939).
The great maestro said that it is impossible to create works of art without risking it. It’s like trying to have children without sex. Coppola on the one hand is an exemplary family man, on the other – a narcissistic genius-psycho. About his madness the director gladly announced after 16 months of filming “Apocalypse Now.” In the jungle, the large team had enough money and everything else, as a result, all of it began to slowly go crazy. And before the shooting of this Vietnamese saga Coppola created in San Francisco own company American Zoetrope. With her help, he broke through the studio wall, giving way to young geeks of the 70’s. In the 80’s Coppola departed from the mainstream, beginning to experiment with stylizations (“With all my heart” and “The Bullfinch”). However, the public did not understand such attempts. So for the money Coppola took the miserable “Jack.” And to write off the director from the accounts early – in 2007 he returned with the film “Youth without Youth.” However, over the years Coppola does not get better. The director’s madness can be considered as a completely romantic musical “From the Heart”. So Coppola tried to minimize costs. But the budget still somehow grew from two to 25 million, which made the director bankrupt. William Friedkin (born 1935).
Even before the release of the film “Whore”, in his best years Fridkin was famous as a difficult child of New Hollywood. He wanted to spit at the studio and on criticism. Removing the “Exorcist”, Frýdkin literally took the soul out of his actresses Linda Blair and Ellen Burstin. And Reverend O’Malley generally got into the jaw, in order to depict the reaction needed in the given shot. For the director all sorts of special effects were unnecessary, he froze the bedroom in the film so that all the shooting crew steam fell from his mouth. But thanks to such effective methods the film turned out to be really disturbing. An example of insanity was a shot in the air on the set, which also helped Jason Miller get a frightened expression on his face. Shooting with the same Fridkin chase was a real nightmare! For the “French Connected” he with the help of a trivial bribe obtained the right to shoot a car-railroad chase. As a result, almost the whole scene was taken from the car, which carried at a speed of 130 km / h as many as 26 blocks. Next time on the set “Live and Die in Los Angeles” the director spent a month and a half removing the maneuvering pursuit on the oncoming lane in the city traffic. Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999).
Kubrick became famous as an ardent perfectionist. He admired the play of the actors, forcing them to make more and more duplicates. On the set of “Shining”, Skatman Kverts prayed, having received Jack Nicholson once 40 with an ax in his chest. The actors sighed that such a long work on the scenes without any progress is simply demoralizing.It is no accident that Tom Cruise on the set “With wide eyes” even opened an ulcer. Kubrick himself had the right to fly the plane, but was afraid to fly, as he once overheard conversations air traffic controllers. The director did not travel faster than 60 km / h, and when transporting film with the film, he even sat down behind the montage and covered himself with it. During the promotional company “Space Odyssey 2001” in America, not a single frame from the film was used – Kubrick doubted that the black and white printing will be able to convey the shades of color to the desired extent. The director has concluded a profitable deal with Warner Brothers, resulting in 40% of all profits and an unprecedented power to build huge pavilions or to prohibit the rental of their films in some countries. Although the actors complained about Kubrick, the end justified the means. The films of the great director became a complete reflection of his inner world, and others received invaluable experience. Malcolm McDowell recalled that he was beaten on the shoots of “Clockwork Orange” on the ribs, and was almost drowned in a cold soup. I remember a famous scene in which the actor was forced not to blink, pinching his eyelashes with terrible mechanical constructions. As a result, McDowell received a scratched cornea and a spot under the eye, and the director asked to remove several more takes, “allowing” the use of another eye.
Werner Herzog (1942).
This director calls himself a movie soldier. After 45 years of his career, he traveled to various parts of the world, in the jungle, on a volcano, glaciers. In search of his truth, Herzog embarked on such extremes as no one else. In “Aguirre, the wrath of God” he placed the boat on a tree, in Fitzcarraldo he was already dragging the ship through the mountains. It seemed that the more difficult the task, the more interesting it was to the director. In his films, he seeks the truth, neglecting the bare facts and descending into unreal worlds. Herzog became the leader of the new German cinema of the 70s. He traveled a lot, and at 32 he even walked from Munich to Paris to visit his sick friend. Herzog is distinguished by indifference to danger. When he was shot in Los Angeles, he calmly stated that this bullet does not mean anything. And when Herzog heard of a peasant refusing to leave the slope of an awakening volcano, the director immediately went to make a movie about it. It’s good that there was no culmination, otherwise the entire shooting crew could have died in the name of art. The director even visited the South Pole, having removed the documentary film not about penguins, but about insanity and betrayal. And the actors crazy director chose himself. The best “enemy” was Klaus Kinsky. He perfectly succeeded in the role of narcissistic maniacs, always muttering something. And what if the director and the actor constantly threatened to kill each other? During the filming of “Aguirre” Klaus Kinski decided to leave the set, but the director snatched the gun and promised to release 8 bullets into the actor, and the latter into himself. And then Kinsky realized that Herzog was not joking. He later added that the film was much more important than a couple of human lives. Herzog says that it’s easy for him with gifted people, but most of the stars with him would not work. Who would agree to shooting in a low-budget tape, and even with a risk to life? But Christian Bale agreed to lose weight as a skeleton for the “Machinist”, and for “The Saving Dawn” he was even ready to eat a living snake. All ended with a serious struggle and an actor’s bite in the shoulder. Bale himself says that Herzog can take him to hell and return it back. It’s amazing that the director tries to support his actors in this “journey”. Bale lost 25 kilograms, and Herzog out of solidarity at 13!