The history of scouts and spies always attracted people. After all, it seems that this work is full of adventures and dangers. But history has confirmed that espionage is not exclusively a male occupation. Did women do it? Why is their role concealed, and in general there were few of them?
It was believed that a weaker sex can easily break up during interrogations. But they have other trump cards, purely feminine. Often the way to the source of information lay through the bed.
Among the names of spies, Mata Hari stands out, the recent scandal with Anna Chapman has again revived interest in the representatives of this secret profession. Let’s talk about the most famous women spies in history.
The most famous spy of all time is Mata Hari (1876-1917). Her real name is Margarita Gertrude Celle. As a child, she managed to get a good education, because her father was rich. 7 years the girl lived in an unhappy marriage on the island of Java with a drinking and dissolute husband. Returning to Europe, the couple divorced. To earn a livelihood, Margarita begins her career first as a circus rider, and then as an oriental dance dancer. Interest in the East, ballet and eroticism was so great that Mata Hari became one of the celebrities in Paris. The dancer was recruited by German intelligence before the war, during which time she began to cooperate with the French. The woman needed money to cover her card debts. It is still not known for sure what high-ranking fans told her, and that Mata Hari transferred as an agent. However, in 1917, she was captured by the French military, who quickly sentenced her to death. On October 15, the verdict was executed. The true cause of the death of the actress, perhaps, were her numerous connections with high-ranking French politicians, which could affect their reputation. Most likely, the role of Mata Hari, as a spy exaggerated, but the dramatic story of a seductive agent entailed the interest of the cinema. Bell Boyd
(1844-1900) is more known by the nickname La Belle Rebel. During the Civil War in America, she was a spy in the southern states. All the information received by the woman passed to General Shtonevall Jackson. No one could have guessed of spying in innocent questions about the soldiers of the army of the Northern States. It is known that on May 23, 1862, in Boyd, it was Boyd who crossed the front line in front of the northerners to report on the impending offensive. In a spy shot from guns and guns. However, a woman dressed in a blue dress and cap was not frightened. When the woman was seized for the first time, she was only 18 years old. However, thanks to the exchange of prisoners, Boyd was at large. But a year later she was again arrested. This time a link was waiting for her. In her diaries, the spy wrote that she was guided by the motto: “Serve my country until my last breath.”
(1833-1893). And the northerners had their own spies. Pauline Kushman was an American actress, during the war she also did not remain indifferent. And she was finally caught, sentenced to death. However, later the woman was pardoned. With the end of the war, she began to travel around the country, talking about her activities and exploits.
(1907-1948). Yoshiko was a hereditary princess, a member of the royal family of Japan. The girl so got used to someone else’s role, that she liked to change into men’s clothes and had a mistress. As a member of the imperial family, she had direct access to a representative of the royal Chinese dynasty, Pu I. In the thirties, he was about to become the ruler of the province of Manchuria, a new state under Japanese control. In fact, Pu Yi would become a puppet in the hands of the sly Kawashima. At the last moment the monarch decided to give up this honorary title. After all, it was she who in fact would have ruled the entire province, listening to Tokyo’s orders.But the girl was smarter – she put venomous snakes and bombs in the king’s bed to convince Pu and I was in danger. He eventually succumbed to the persuasion of Yoshiko and in 1934 became Emperor of Manchuria. Amy Elizabeth Thorpe
(1910-1963). This woman was engaged in Washington not only in diplomatic activities. The career of the scout began with her marriage to the second secretary of the American embassy. He was older than Amy for 20 years, she traveled with him around the world, not hiding her numerous novels. The husband was not against, because he was an agent of British intelligence, the entertainment of the wife helped to extract information. After the unexpected death of her husband, the agent “Cynthia” is sent to Washington, where she continues to help the country with cheap temptation and bribery. The Englishwoman, with the help of her bed, obtained valuable information from French and Italian officers and officers. The most famous of her spy escapade was the opening of the safe of the French ambassador. By skillful actions, she was able to do this and copy the sea code, which then helped the Allied forces to land in North Africa in 1942.
(born in 1943). This woman studied politics in a good school, but, after visiting the GDR in 1968, she was recruited there by scouts. The woman fell in love with the beautiful blonde Schneider, who turned out to be an agent of the Stasi. The woman in 1973 managed to obtain a position in the Federal Intelligence Service of Germany in Pullah. In fact, she was a spy of the GDR, for 20 years passing there the secrets of the Western part of Germany. The connection with Schneider continued all this time. Gabriela had the pseudonym “Leinfelder”, during the service she managed to climb the career ladder to the highest state official. Unmasked the agent only in 1990. The following year she was sentenced to 6 years and 9 months in prison. Coming to freedom in 1998, Gast now works in the usual Munich engineering bureau.
(1907-2000). German communist Ursula Kuchinski already in youth actively participated in political activities. However, after marrying the architect, she was forced in 1930 to move to Shanghai. Then it was recruited by the Soviet secret services, giving the pseudonym “Sonya”. Ruth collected information in China for the USSR, cooperating with Richard Sorge. Her husband did not even suspect what his wife was actually doing. In 1933, a woman took a special course in intelligence school in Moscow, then returned to China, she continued to collect valuable data. Then there was Poland, Switzerland, England … Informers Sony served even in the intelligence of the US and Europe. So, with its help, priceless information was received about the creation of an atomic bomb in the USA directly from the engineers of the project! Since 1950, Werner lived in the GDR, writing there several books, including the autobiographical “Sonia reports”. It is curious that Ruth twice went on assignments with other scouts, who only on faultless documents were listed as her husbands. However, over time, they really became so, for love.
(1921-1945). This Frenchwoman was already a widow at 23 years old, she decided to join the ranks of British intelligence. In 1944, a woman was sent to occupied France with a secret mission. She landed on a parachute. At the destination Violetta not only transmitted to the headquarters data on the strength and location of enemy forces, but also carried out a number of diversionary actions. The April part of the assignments was completed, the woman returned to London, where her little daughter was waiting. In June, Jabo again in France, but now the mission ends in failure – her car is delayed, the cartridges for the shootout end … However, the girl was seized and sent to the concentration camp “Ravensbrück”, which became famous for its brutal torture and medical experiments on prisoners. Passing through a series of tortures, Violet was executed in February 1945, not until just a few months before the Victory.As a result, she became only the second woman in history who was posthumously awarded the St. George Cross (1946). Later, the scout was awarded the “Military Cross” and the medal “For resistance.”
From left to right: Regina Renchon (“Tizhi”), wife of Georges Simenon, Simenon himself, Josephine Baker and her first husband, Count Pepito Abbitano. Who is the fifth at the table, it is unknown. And there’s probably a waiter, always ready to pour some champagne.
(1906-1975). The real name of this American was Frida Josephine McDonald. Her parents were a Jewish musician and a laundress-negress. She herself because of her origin suffered a lot of suffering – already at 11 years old she learned what a pogrom in the ghetto. In America, Baker was not loved because of the color of her skin, but in Europe her fame came, during the Paris tour “Revue Negre” in 1925. An unusual woman was walking through Paris with a panther on a leash, she was nicknamed “Black Venus”. Josephine married an Italian adventurer, due to which she acquired a count’s title. However, the place of her activity was Moulin Rouge, she also starred in erotic films. As a result, the woman made a great contribution to the development and promotion of all types of Negro culture. In 1937, Baker easily abandoned American citizenship in favor of the French, but then the war began. Josephine actively joined the action, becoming a spy of the French resistance. She often went to the front and even learned to fly, got the rank of lieutenant. She also financially supported the underground. After the war, she continued to dance and sing, taking off in passing in the television series. The last 30 years of her life Baker devoted to raising children, which she adopted in different countries of the world. As a result, in her French castle lived a whole family-rainbow of 12 kids – Japanese, Finnish, Korean, Colombian, Arab, Venezuelan, Moroccan, Canadian and three French and Oceanian. It was a kind of protest against the policy of racism in the United States. For her services to her second homeland, the woman was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor and the Military Cross. At her funeral, official military honors were given on behalf of the country – she was conducted by 21 rifle salvoes. In the history of France, this was the first woman of foreign origin, whose memory was honored in this way. Nancy Wake (Grace Augusta Wake)
(born in 1912). The woman was born in New Zealand, suddenly having received a rich inheritance, she moved first to New York, and then to Europe. In the 30’s, she worked as a correspondent in Paris, branding spreading Nazism. With the invasion of France by the Germans, the girl joined her husband with her husband, becoming an active member of the Resistance. Nancy had the following nicknames and pseudonyms: “White Mouse”, “Witch”, “Madame Andre”. With her husband, she helped to move from the country to Jewish refugees and Allied soldiers. Afraid of being caught, Nancy herself left the country, finding herself in 1943 in London. There she was trained as a professional scout and returned to France in April 1944. In the area of Overan, the scout was involved in the organization of arms deliveries, as well as the recruitment of new members of the Resistance. Nancy soon found out that her husband was shot by the Nazis, who demanded that he indicate the location of the woman. For her head the Gestapo promised 5 million francs. As a result, Nancy returns to London. In the postwar period, she was awarded the Order of Australia and the George medal. Wake in 1985 published an autobiography “White Mouse”.
(born in 1943). The former British model by the will of fate turned out to be a “girl on call.” In the sixties, it was she who provoked a political scandal in England, called the “Affairs of Profumo.” Christine herself acquired the nickname Mata Hari of the 60’s. Working in topless cabarets, she joined simultaneously with the British military minister John Profumo and the naval attache of the USSR, Evgeny Ivanov.However, one of the passionate admirers of the beauty so persistently pursued her, that this matter became interested in the police, and later the journalists. It turned out that Kristin snatched secrets from the minister, selling them to another lover. In the course of the outrageous scandal, Profumo himself resigned, soon the Prime Minister, and then the conservatives lost the election. The minister, who was left without work, was forced to get a dishwasher, and Christine earned herself more money, because a beautiful spy was so popular with journalists and photographers. Anna Chapman (Kushchenko)
(born in 1982). This story became public only recently. The girl moved to England in 2003, and from 2006 in the US led her own company to find real estate. June 27, 2010, she was arrested by the FBI and on July 8 she admitted that she was carrying out reconnaissance. The girl tried to get data on the nuclear weapons of the United States, politics in the East, influential people. The press was interested in beauty with the appearance of the model. It turned out that Anna carried out her actions while still in London. She was in connection with a certain peer from the House of Lords and even went to the princes. Funds for a luxurious life brought her business, who knows who sponsored. As a result, Anna was deported to Russia.