Intellectual property is particularly vulnerable to theft. After all, people without a twinge of conscience borrow discoveries, scientific ideas and simply texts. To steal began a long time ago, this process continues and will continue. At the same time, no one is fighting against plagiarists, and the current Internet is more like a stolen store.
Buying a unique idea or text, it is possible with a high probability to be sure that it already somewhere in one form or another was. And in history it happens a lot when eminent authors borrow ideas.
Everyone knows Pinocchio is a clone of Pinocchio, the idea of the square of Malevich came from Archimedes, and how much plagiarism in modern pop music! At the same time, thanks to plagiarism, the authors accumulate whole states and glory! All the same kind of thieves and do not remember. Nevertheless, the most famous cases of intellectual theft should be told. Martin Luther King.
This world-famous preacher, the fighter for the equality of people of all colors, won the Nobel Prize. But few people know that he stole about a third of the material for his doctoral dissertation on theology, dated 1955. After 9 years, the preacher borrowed his speech at the awarding of the Nobel Prize from the sermon of Hamilton’s father from Florida. Even Martin Luther King’s famous speech “I Have a Dream” is almost completely the rewriting of the work of Archibald Carey’s policy from Chicago. Nevertheless, other people’s words and thoughts allowed King to become a world celebrity. But the negroes, thanks to such plagiarism, received equality in America.
Osama bin Laden.
The most famous terrorist in the world is responsible for the events of September 11 and the collapse of the towers of the World Trade Center. Meanwhile, he was also a businessman and preacher. During his video speeches, Sheikh Usama used many words of Arab authors, giving them out for their own. So bin Laden quoted the works of the poet Yusuf Abu Hilal from his collection “Poems of the time of oppression”, published in 1998. It turned out that the fighter for world justice himself is engaged in direct theft, reciting other people’s poems.
The dishonesty of this journalist from The New York Times has become just a reference for this profession. Blair became famous for his emotional reports from the hottest points of the planet. What was the surprise of the public when it became known that the journalist did not leave the walls of his apartment to write his articles at all. As a result, more than 40 reports of Blair were recognized as dishonorable plagiarism. But the man received considerable fees for his work. Jason eventually was scandalized from work, but the journalist glorified by this incident quickly found a new occupation. Now he lectures on morality and mental health.
This politician was the 47th vice-president of the United States. But Biden was repeatedly noted by contradictory statements. Throughout his conscious life he stole other people’s texts without a twinge of conscience. Even while studying for a lawyer Biden did not hesitate to write off from his classmates. In 1972, at the age of 30, he became a senator. In 1988, Biden joined the Presidential race, but from a distance he did not scandal without a scandal. It turned out that this candidate in one of his speeches literally quoted several paragraphs from the speech of the English politician Neil Kinnock. In justification, Biden could only say that he accidentally forgot to mention the author of that quote. The American press notes that since then the forgetfulness of politics in this regard has become simply chronic. Nevertheless, the people forgive this to a popular statesman.
In plagiarism, this American president was also seen. In February 2008, a scandal erupted when everyone learned that the politician used the same words in his speech as the other black governor, Deval Patrick. But only Obama’s friend spoke two years earlier.In response to the accusations, Obama said he had obtained permission to borrow from Patrick himself. The public tried to convince that the presidential candidate decides what and how to tell him in his speech before the voters.
Four times winner of the “Oscar” for the best direction has achieved in many respects its successes precisely due to plagiarism. It turns out that the planet Pandora and the Terminator of liquid metal were invented before him. The director himself only embodied other people’s ideas. For example, the final morphing of the Terminator cost $ 6 million, requiring 8 months. And invented such an unusual character writer William Green for his little-known film “Minotaur” that was released in Australia. The author’s trouble was that he gave Cameron an unfinished script. When the big screen came out “Terminator-2” the Australian public was indignant, but who drew attention to it?
Walt Disney Company.
Dean from the cartoon heroes of this company, the fish Nemo, was invented by the French storyteller Frank de Calve. He even patented his character Piero in 1995. But before the cash-cartoon was released for another 8 years. As a result, it turned out that not only the characters turned out to be similar, but also their stories themselves. During the court hearings, Disney’s lawyers somehow managed to prove that the plagiarist is de Calvet himself. However, everyone understood what the truth really is.
The famous writer, who sang brave and brave people, left behind a rich literary heritage. But he lived, albeit roughly, only 40 years, dying from an overdose of morphine. London was the highest-paid author of his era, but not only natural talent was the cause of success, but also the ability to enchant. First of all, the writer without shame conscience practiced rewrite – his novels were based on newspaper articles or the stories were simply purchased in the form of sketches from novice authors. London itself did not hide the fact that he stole the plot of his “Call of the Ancestors” from the collector of Indian folklore by Egerton Young. And in general, his writer called the plagiarism the processing of raw material in a characteristic style. Despite all this, the reputation of a literary thief did not affect either London’s conscience or its success with readers.
Herbert George Wells.
One of the greatest science fiction writers, the creator of the invisible man, Lenin and Stalin, was an active socialist. His social and literary activities resembled an uninterrupted conveyor belt. However, the inspiration was not always enough, so Wells drew plots from other people’s texts. Sometimes he even copied them word for word. It’s good that the “War of the Worlds” and “Russia in the Shadows” were written by Wells on their own. After the writer achieved fame on the basis of literature and philosophy, he decided to study history. This was very promising for readers. Wells decided to rework the manuscript of a certain Florence Dix. This world history was told from the point of view of feminism. Foreseeing possible complications with this, Wells simply threw away the female motives, creating plagiarism called “Short Course of History”. This tinder brought him a lot of money. Miss Dix tried to sue the famous writer, demonstrating convincing evidence of her authorship. For example, the author without looking copied the date of the founding of the Holy Roman Empire, without bothering to check the error. However, in this case, the organs of English justice sided with big money. This scandal in English literature has become so loud that no one remembers the smaller cases of plagiarism in Kipling, Swift and Edgar Poe.
The world-famous company did not stay away from such a widespread and such a seductive phenomenon. The representative of Apple was able to heat up in the field of modern advertising technologies.It turned out that in their TV commercial about Intel processors for the new Macintosh computer, the story line and almost all the scenes were taken and the music video of the band Postal Service. Both sides of this misunderstanding blame their directors, who managed to remove such similar videos. Only evil tongues claim that all this is a viral advertisement of both musicians and a new line of products of the company “Apple” itself.
Which of us did not read the fairy tale about the “Wizard of the Emerald City” as a child? However, this story was invented by American writer Lyman Frank Baum, and she was called “The Wizard of Oz”. There, the main character was Dorothy, and her dog was Toto. At Volkov, the girl became Ellie, and her four-legged friend – Totoshka. Only in the first editions of the book was mentioned the author of the fairy tale. Volkov himself said that he had only translated and retold that beautiful story. But over time, these references were decided to be removed. The fact is that the attitude of the USSR and the West was minimized, so that accusations of plagiarism could not be feared. But the fans of Volkov’s fairy tales are nevertheless recommended to read the original. In addition, the Soviet writer published only six books about the magic country, and LF Baum wrote them 14.