The murders of eminent personalities were mentioned in ancient writings. So, the king of the Moabites Eglon died a violent death right on his throne. This happened 1,200 years before the birth of Christ. Probably long before that, people killed their political leaders.
As a rule, this happens if they by their actions caused a threat to other people, the reason for the murder may be a contentious political position. Sometimes the rationale for such an act can be extremely simple. People take revenge for personal reasons or just want to become famous.
Human civilization is all built on the murders of people, but some of these acts have had a significant impact not only on a certain nation, but also on the course of the whole history. We will tell below about the ten most important murders in the history of mankind, which entailed the greatest consequences.
Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Although this woman ceased to head the country’s government, her influence on politics was still very significant. Pakistan is inclined to extremism, so the votes of the moderate are extremely important. The death of this brave woman in 2007 by the hands of Islamic militants has virtually destroyed one of the few chances to establish political stability in the region. Since then, there has been less and less peace in Pakistan, and more explosions and firings. So it remained unknown, it could eventually reduce the bellicose moods in the country’s society, but one thing is clear – Bhutto’s death left a void behind itself. In Pakistan, there was no opposition leader who could fill the void after she left. As a result, a country with a nuclear potential is slowly plunging into chaos, threatening even more instability in a rugged region. The politician was absent from the country for several years. Upon her return to her homeland, she was assassinated, and two months later one more. A suicide bomber shot Benazir into the chest and neck, and then exploded himself. The death of a woman shocked the whole world, because she really claimed victory in the upcoming elections, wishing to change the life in the country.
Reinhard Heydrich, statesman of Nazi Germany.
Only historians of the Second World War know about this man. Meanwhile, it was he who could lead Germany to victory. However, this was not to be realized, because Heydrich was killed in the streets of Prague in 1942. The German himself preferred to dispense with security, which eventually became the cause of his death. Behind the Czech patriots were the British special services. They sought to toughen the fascists, pushing them into punitive actions. This, in turn, should lead to increased resistance among the occupied people. At that time, Heydrich was in fact a German governor in Czechoslovakia. He began to persecute the Jews there, but at the same time improved the living conditions of the workers. Heydrich himself was as ruthless as Hitler himself, but was considered almost twice as clever as him. Reinhard could have become the Führer’s receiver if he had lived to that time. He would surely oust the airy and delirious ideas of Hitler, taking the reins of the Third Reich into his own hands. But this was extremely undesirable for the Allies. Germany, governed by Heydrich, could avoid the mistakes of the last years of the war. True, no one will say what kind of leader he would be. Perhaps Heydrich would have made his own mistakes. In any case, an alternative story could be interesting.
Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India.
His own female leader was with the Indians. The Gandhi family personified the country for several generations at a time. Indira wanted to modernize complex and archaic India, and her death caused long-lasting political instability there. In the end, this caused the death of her son and successor in political office in 1991, Rajiv Gandhi. The figure of a woman prime minister is still considered highly controversial. After all, her policy was tough and unpopular. However, one can not ignore Indira’s efforts to make India a modern power.The murder suspended this process, however, only for a short period. The cause of Gandhi’s death was her confrontation with the Sikhs. In the course of it some of the shrines of this proud and disobedient people were desecrated. The very same prime minister could not allow the independence of the Sikhs from India. As a result, in 1984, a woman was killed by her own bodyguards, who turned out to be among her opponents. John F. Kennedy, President of the United States.
Although Kennedy was only one of four American presidents who died at the hands of the murderer, the case received great repercussions. Until now, the death of a young, handsome and popular politician remains one of the greatest mysteries of the last century. The very murder of a former senator from Massachusetts had a significant impact on the psyche of many Americans. True, Kennedy’s death did not significantly affect the country’s political course. His case was continued by a successor, Lyndon Johnson. He continued Kennedy’s programs, adhering to his policies and views. Nevertheless, the nation received a dark mournful imprint, which lies on it until now. Thanks to the death of Kennedy, a whole bunch of conspiracy theories, with which paranoids live, appeared. The president managed to equalize the rights of blacks, launched the Apollo program, started the war in Vietnam and unleashed the Caribbean crisis. They killed him in 1963 in Dallas, when he was riding in his motorcade. On suspicion of murder, Lee Harvey Oswald, who was killed in police custody two days later, was quickly arrested. So it remained a mystery, was he even a murderer and acted alone, who was behind those events? Mahatma Gandhi, an Indian politician and spiritual leader.
This person is famous for his ideology of nonviolence. Thanks to Gandhi, the cruel world began to decline to peace. People realized that not always weapons can solve all their problems. When a depleted enlightened figure was shot dead in the streets of New Delhi by a student in 1948, it was a huge blow not only for India itself, but for the whole world. Dying Gandhi gestured to show that he was forgiving his murderer. The policy of the country’s leader was based on compassion for the poor and resistance, with the abandonment of violent methods. Gandhi was able to achieve peaceful changes, influencing both the Hindu and the Muslim strata of the population. Tortured by the war, India finally sighed with relief, because Gandhi became one of those who achieved the independence of the power from Britain. The lucky thing was that the killer was an Indian. If Gandhi shot a Muslim, it would drag the subcontinent into a bloody internecine war. Today memorials of the memory of Mahatma are in many cities of the world.
Julius Caesar, Roman dictator.
Many mistakenly call Caesar the emperor, but he never became one. The story of the death of one of the most prominent Romans is more like a melodrama plot than a bloody murder. Caesar was not only a brilliant military leader who conquered Gaul, France and Britain. He was a prominent politician and writer. Caesar won in a series of civil wars and became the sole ruler of Rome. Society and the state began to change, becoming the basis for the emergence of the future empire. The country’s governance became centralized. But this was not to please some senators. As a result of the conspiracy, Caesar would be killed in 44 BC. right at a meeting of the Senate. Seeing among his enemies and Brutus, his close friend, the dictator bitterly exclaimed the famous: “And you, Brutus!”. Caesar realized that resistance was futile and covered himself with the fact that he was not seen at the moment of death. The conspirators acted chaotically and did not really know what to do next. Rome received a new civil war, and then was divided into two parts. On the other hand, Caesar’s death was the impetus for a whole series of interesting events. Among them – the appearance of the first Roman emperor Octavian, the love drama of Cleopatra and Mark Antony. Martin Luther King, human rights activist.
In the late 60’s and early 70’s of the last century the history of the black population of America could have developed differently. After all, in 1968, Martin Luther King, the chief representative and inspirer of the colored minority, was killed. This was a significant blow to the movement for the observance of civil rights of all residents of the country. King led a protest march in Memphis, aiming to support the striking workers. But the leader of the demonstration was mortally wounded on the balcony by a sniper, James Earl Ray. It is logical to assume that the death of a very moderate leader gave a green light to more militant representatives of the black population. The community has become more aggressive. Riot and riots broke out across the country, dozens of people were killed. The death of a Baptist priest showed America that the problem really exists, and it requires a solution. If King did not die 60th-70th would be much less warlike. This story also remains very mysterious – the results of the ballistic examination were unconvincing, and Ray himself confessed to the act under court pressure. Later, he refused his testimony. So it remained a mystery who exactly killed Martin Luther King and what kind of weapon. Alexander II, the king of Russia.
Outside of our country, Alexander knows fewer people. Meanwhile, his death at the hands of anarchists in March 1881 significantly changed the course of the great country. The tsar himself was an enlightened monarch and reformer, at the time of his death he was on the verge of creating a parliament in the country. This could significantly democratize public life in Russia, as happened in England and other European countries. Alexander was nicknamed the Liberator, because he abolished the ancient and shameful for Russia serfdom. The successors of the tsar have chosen a much more rigid and authoritarian approach to governing the country. The next 30 years of repression and corruption in the leadership sowed the seeds of the 1917 revolution. So the first communist country appeared, and the consequences of those events affected each of us. Narodovoltsy threw under the feet of Alexander two bombs. Themselves, his heirs suddenly realized that romance and idealism were lost with him, and there can not be any more confidence in the people who killed their king. Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States.
The death of the sixteenth US president in 1865 had a great influence on America. He was killed in the theater at a play, a supporter of Southerners John Booth. However, Lincoln’s death was a great tragedy for the South. After all, the activities of the president at the end of the Civil War was aimed at the development of this region. While his successor, Andrew Johnson and subsequent administrations moved away from this course. Lincoln created a new banking system, paved the railway across the continent, raised the economy of the depleted country after the Civil War. The president became a symbol of the liberation of black slaves. But the betrayal of Bout essentially prolonged the Civil War for another decade, giving a new impetus to the oppression of the Negroes. Thus, the murder of Lincoln led to exactly the opposite consequences, rather than it was planned initially.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
The events of 1914 largely changed the whole world. During the visit of the heir to Sarajevo, he was assassinated by a group of six Serbs. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated with his wife at close range. The death of the heir was an excellent occasion for Austria-Hungary to declare an ultimatum to Serbia, and then declare war. The government of this small country was in fact an accomplice in a terrible terrorist attack. But Serbia was supported by Russia. Austria-Hungary had its own strong ally in Germany. So there was a whole chain of events, which literally within a few weeks unleashed the First World War. It covered the whole continent without bringing any benefit to anyone. The victims of the conflict were 15 million people.And after all, Franz Ferdinand himself was nurturing the idea of transforming the Austro-Hungarian Empire, giving more rights to the Slavs. This would significantly reduce the tension in the country, changing its vector. Archduke did not like Russians, but he did not want to fight with them either. Reformer plans of the heir did not suit the Serbs, who organized the attempt. Although other famous people also died at the hands of the killers, nothing can compare with the shots in Sarajevo, cruel, ruthless and meaningless.