Errors are tolerated by everyone. Scientists make wrong conclusions, financiers invest in risky projects. Immunity from this is not in geniuses, nor in ordinary mortals. Ordinary people are even pleased to see how the great masters are mistaken.
And if scientists have the opportunity to correct their shortcomings, then art people leave their creations to their descendants. As a result, mistakes are captured by the history itself. We will tell below about the most surprising misses of the great creators of the past.
The great Romanesque crucifixion of San Damiano.
This creation was made in the 7th century by an unknown master. It became famous because it was just before this crucifixion that St. Francis of Assisi prayed before God gave him the idea of the Reformation of the Roman Catholic Church. However, the ancient creation was very ambiguous. For a long time this crucifixion was the actual standard for the subsequent Christian icons. So it was for hundreds of years. This continued until a copy of the canonical work adorned the walls of the Church of Worr Akres in Oklahoma. Believing people suddenly saw that the form of the press of Jesus is depicted in the form of a phallus! Either the artist misunderstood the image, or he decided to play a trick and bring some erotica to the church. Perhaps the master believed that in fact the press should look like this, in the form of a phallus. As a result, the American artist was forced to remake the copy so that it did not embarrass more parishioners.
A man with three legs by Norman Rockwell.
Art critics can admire the general idea of a picture, but ordinary people who do not understand anything in high art can find very strange things there. So it happened with one picture of Norman Rockwell. From the eyes of numerous experts and connoisseurs for a long time eluded one interesting detail. The artist himself produced works like a conveyor. Over his life, Rockwell created about 4000 works. Almost all of them are devoted to ordinary Americans, who are engaged in their daily affairs. Apparent simplicity of the paintings is deceptive, the artist has many admirers. Some connoisseurs even believe that Rockwell is the greatest artist of the XIX century. Glorified his work, published on the spread of the newspaper “The Saturday Evening Post.” They were a vivid example of a man who glorified American culture. New covers came out of Rockwell’s hands every two weeks. All of them were imbued with love for the country and its ordinary people. The whole world could witness the real American dream. The artist managed not just to embellish really, but to inspire citizens of other countries that America lives some kind of its own, fantastic life. And the idea of the American dream became popular among the masses. One of the classic works of Rockwell is called “People who read stock market summaries.” There are four people who study the stock prices posted on the poster. This picture was placed on the front page of the newspaper. But the master seems so tired that he made one imperceptible, but significant mistake. Funny Europeans could only interpret this in one way: mutants live in America! The fact is that a young man in a red sweater leans on his third leg! Two of his limbs are brought together and straightened, but under the apron the third leg is visible. She is bent at the knee and at her boyfriend and leans her hand. Soon the artist realized that he was doing something wrong. He was shocked by his own inattention. When Richard Halpern wrote a biography of an outstanding artist, he noted there that Norman Rockwell was extremely reluctant to talk about his work. And the unidentified third limb was called to them only as an unidentified phallic symbol. Really, artists are so worried about this topic, that she constantly meets in their works? Husband-like women of Michelangelo.
In many pictures of a great artist, athletic and pumped people are not male athletes, but the most that neither is women.If a modern man begins to study the work of an Italian closely, his weakness for unnaturally pumped ladies will quickly be revealed. But in the 16th century the bodybuilder did not yet exist in nature. Perhaps the master simply had a weakness for transvestites with athletic appearance? Everyone knows that Michelangelo was a genius, but that’s what pushed him to portray a woman who is so similar to a bodybuilder? We would have forgiven the artist this weakness, but one day he decided to go further – draw Hercules with a woman’s breast naked. Meanwhile, historians offer a simple clue. There is little doubt that Michelangelo was a homosexual. However, in order that his work did not directly point to this, he diluted the naked figures of men with female bodies. And the models for them were all the same athletes who posed for the artist. That is why those representatives of the weaker sex, who are portrayed as a master, are hard to call weak. In favor of this version speak and the shape of the breasts of women, which look on such bodies is extremely unnatural. The breasts look like they are sewn by a plastic surgeon. Naturally, this could not have been the case in the sixteenth century. A striking example of such strange forms is the “The Last Judgment” fresco decorating the Sistine Chapel. One of the women’s breast is glued.
Horns of Moses.
A man with horns is not at all a devil or other creature of Hell. This is Moses, who was so depicted in the ten canonical commandments. According to biblical history, these 10 basic life laws were granted to the Jewish prophet by the Lord Himself. In support of this unusual appearance of the legendary character there are many paintings, sculptures and other art works. On all of them Moses is invariably portrayed with satanic horns on his head. But what are they doing there with the holy character? If God really exists, then the written work, known today as the Bible, has a very weak relation to it. After all, the scriptures have been rewritten many times throughout the history of mankind. There were new rules and doctrines that the churchmen skillfully imposed on believers. Another obstacle to correctly distributing the Bible has become language. The fact is that a sentence in Hebrew can get quite a different meaning in other cultures. The confusion with the presence of untranslatable words in the source gave rise to confusion. After all, they simply did not have synonyms in another language. It is also worth considering the mentality of different peoples, who interpreted the phrases in their own way. There is a high probability that the satanic horns of Moses appeared due to the works of the famous saint Jerome. At one time he translated the Bible from Hebrew into Latin, this work turned out to be very awkward. But this version of the Holy Scripture became very popular and was called the Vulgate, which means “publicly available.” The translator decided that the horn-shaped rays that illuminated the prophet would be incomprehensible to believers and replaced them with diabolical horns. So the images of Moses appeared in this form. The creative tradition exists in art for about a thousand years. Her most famous implementation was the marble sculpture of Michelangelo “Moses”. It occupies the main place in the sculptural composition on the tomb of Pope Julius II in the Roman basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli. When the creator created his work, he learned about the erroneous translation, but decided not to argue with the canonical versions and left the prophet his horns. Thus, involuntarily Michelangelo became one of the first in a whole galaxy of talented masters, who with his creativity only strengthened such an image of Moses – with horns on his head.
William Penn’s unbecoming gesture.
This person is considered one of the founding fathers of the modern American state. At one time he founded a whole colony for Europeans who do not want to obey the colonial authorities. This place was named by him in honor of himself, Pennsylvania. In 1894 in Philadelphia was erected a monument of this historical personality.Bronze William Penn appeared at the top of the tower with a clock from the local City Hall. The figure was rather big – as much as 11.28 meters. This is the highest sculpture, set to the top of the building. However, many find that Penn is patronizing the inhabitants of the city with their sex organs. To see this, it’s enough to visit Philadelphia. There any local resident, especially a male, will tell and show details of this indecent story. If from a distance to look at the bronze giant, it turns out that Penn is waving his big-shouldered member. Only coming closer, it turns out that this is the fruit of an unhealthy imagination. In fact, one of the founders of the US waving his hand. Just under a certain foreshortening the figure looks indecently strange. The author of this monument was Alexander Miln Kalder. He probably believed that city residents would look at his work from the bottom up, looking at Penn from the square under the tower. But over time it turned out that the best statue is visible from the street First Pen Square. And pedestrians can not get rid of the thought that they are watching the penis of a respectable citizen. From the side of the JFK square, the spectacle remains as unsightly. Today we can only guess whether this became a concern of the concerned author or the whole fault of modern society. After sexual promiscuity led to the fact that people began to catch a hint of phallus in any objects of similar shape.
Secret passions of Rembrandt.
It seems fashionable to suspect classical artists of the past in homosexual inclinations. Historians and culturologists are constantly looking for new evidence in biographies and pictures of the great. This trend did not pass by Rembrandt either. As proof of his love for men, the famous painting “Night Watch”, written in 1642, is cited. On it the famous artist depicted the soldiers preparing for the performance. Only here is the shadow from the hand of Captain France Kok, who gives the order, awkwardly lay on the groin area of Lieutenant Willem van Ruutenberg. Although it seems absurd in some way to convict Rembrandt on the basis of this fact, such a ridiculous theory made a scandal, it began to fan further. Fans of historical conspiracies and secrets came to the conclusion that in this way Rembrandt decided to ridicule the customers of his painting. The fact is that the artist did not like the military and could not deny himself the pleasure of laughing quietly over them. This story adds scandals and the girl standing in the background. In fact, there is a dead cock on her belt, which is also a direct hint at the non-standard sexual orientation of brave musketeers. Rembrandt apparently decided to play a trick on the captain Kok. After all, he with a smart look in his right hand in the glove holds another glove. And also right! Recently, the researchers produced a radiograph of the picture. It turned out that in the process of creating the picture, the inguinal part of Ruytenburg was subjected to the greatest number of changes.
Memorial of the Raging Horse.
This sculpture was created by Korczak Zyulkovsky. She depicts a famous episode from the history of the Indians. One white man asked the warrior, Ogla Lakota, the Raging Horse: “And where are your lands now?”. The Indian pointed to the distance and responded to the invader: “My lands are where my grave is.” The sculptor’s mistake is that he underestimated the importance of gestures. What is considered friendly in Russia in Africa may well be a deadly insult. In this case, Zyulkovsky depicted an Indian with his hand extended and his index finger pointing out. But among Indians, this gesture is traditionally considered rude and aggressive, it is a sign of hatred and contempt. Europeans can be considered to be an analogue of the thumb raised upward, meaning “Fuck you”. As a result, the phrase got a different meaning. The indigenous inhabitants of the earth interpret the sculpture now differently. It seems that the warrior replied: “My land is where your graves are.” Thus, instead of symbolic obedience to fate, a picture of readiness for struggle emerged.