The struggle of mankind with death is the oldest and most implacable. Scientists have long been looking for how to delay the arrival of an old woman with a scythe or to breathe life back into a dead body. On the other hand, philosophers have tried to convince people that mortality is irreversible. And religious figures entice followers, promising a life after death in another world or settling into another body.
Resurrection even today, in the age of the technological revolution, is something fantastic. But scientists believe that sooner or later people will still unravel the secrets of immortality and learn how to bring the dead back to life. It is with technology that the hopes of humanity and optimistic forecasts on this matter are connected. But the ethical side of the question remains.
It is not yet known what exactly will be born as a result of manipulation. The most famous resurrection is the story of Jesus Christ. Science today offers several ways of “immortality”, allowing people to continue their existence in a slightly different form.
This idea was offered by students of the Royal College of Art in London. Georg Tremmel and Sikho Fukuhara decided instead of installing the usual gravestones to plant trees in which the DNA of deceased people will be introduced. The experiment can involve trees of any breed. But young scientists themselves say that the apple tree is the best for this role, which is a symbol of fertility. It is possible that the DNA inserted into the tree will later prove to be suitable for human cloning. The project called “bio-presence” has become a real sensation. A well-known sponsor of innovative projects in the field of technology, science and art, NESTA, has allocated about 50 thousand dollars for realization of the idea. However, it soon turned out that this would clearly not be enough. Environmentalists said that every tree grown on the new technology will require a long and expensive verification. After all, a representative of the “green” will have to make sure that the plants will be as safe as possible for the surrounding nature. Another complexity of the project is that more than 50 thousand dollars are needed to create one such tree. The whole procedure will take about six months. This money and time will be needed to take a scraping from the inside of the person’s cheek, then select a DNA sample there, to plant it in the apple seed. It is planted and grown in the laboratory. And only then the sapling takes root to the real soil. An interesting project so far has not attracted many well-off customers. The financial direction was covered up, but scientific developments in the part of bio-replication are continuing.
Robert Ettinger became the first person who voiced the idea of freezing a person. This American mathematician and physicist was very fond of science fiction. In 1962, the scientist published the book Perspectives of Immortality, which then became the foundation for man’s plans to live forever. Yes, and the creator of labor gave himself to his idea – July 23, 2011 Ettinger’s body was subjected to cryopreservation. The main purpose of this method is to keep the human body untouched until science can restore all the functions of the body. People believe that medicine will sooner or later learn to conquer diseases that are deadly today. Nanotechnology is developing, so there is a light at the end of the tunnel. Today it is already possible to keep the body for a long time. This is due to ultra-low temperatures, which stop the natural chemical processes in the body. This also affects the destructive process of decomposition. Today in America there are just two large non-profit organizations that are engaged in research in the field of cryonics. This is about Alcor (Arizona) and the Cryonics Institute in Michigan. Both there and there is its own cryo-storage, where dozens of people wait for the moment of resurrection. Frozen body costs from 50 to 250 thousand dollars. In this case, the option is proposed, according to which only the brain will be preserved.There is a similar organization in Russia. Firm “Cirius” for its services requests a more modest amount – from 10 to 30 thousand dollars.
Creating a superman.
What a person will be in the new millennium, takes many. In Russia appeared the social movement “Russia-2045”, which came up with a strategic initiative to organize a plan for the evolution of individuals. The participants in this movement are much more brave than Darwinists for development. They believe that by 2045 people will already become immortal. It is necessary only to adhere to a strict development plan. According to him, as early as 2015, the first robot avatar should appear, which will be controlled by signals sent by the brain and the nervous system. In 5 years, the first successful operation to transplant the human brain into an artificial body should be performed, and the artificial brain must be created by 2030. If these rates are met, then by 2045 consciousness can be moved to a virtual body-hologram. An updated superman will have a number of unusual abilities. For example, he will not be harmed by radiation and high temperatures. This community is quite authoritative, it even includes doctors of physical and mathematical and biological sciences. They confirm that their forecasts are very bold. But there are prerequisites for project implementation. It is only necessary to change the global tasks of scientific research. Today, science is aimed at satisfying the needs of society, but it is necessary to redirect it to the solution of the great task of creating a superman. Actor Stephen Sigal, who agreed to represent him in the United States, entered the “Russia-2045” movement.
Bank of DNA.
Although cloning processes go on and on, there is not a single case of recreating a person. Many factors prevent this. First of all, it is technically not so easy to do. And moral and ethical aspects play not the last role. In many countries, human cloning is generally prohibited by the state. This is not only a reproductive procedure, when the new individual has the same rights and responsibilities as the progenitor, but even the therapeutic one. In this case, we are talking about taking a stem cell from a cloned embryo. In Russia, such a law has been in force since 2002. In 2010, his action was extended. However, there are countries where the issues of human cloning are dealt with fairly tightly. Sometimes this is done officially, sometimes illegally. Perhaps one day there will come a day when the prohibitions will be completely removed. But in order to use this opportunity, we must leave samples of our DNA in a special storage. At the same time, current DNA banks disagree in every way from their participation in future cloning programs. The reasons are the same – public opinion, politics and scientific disputes. To place your DNA in a special Swiss bank you will have to pay 400 dollars. This will give the right to eternal storage of particles of his personality in a special refuge. The client also receives the right to leave there a gigabyte of any information about himself. It can be photos, scans of documents, video. Additional two gigabytes will cost another $ 200, and four – $ 300.
Transfer of consciousness.
The project “Blue Mind” started in the summer of 2005 in Switzerland. Specialists of the University of Lausanne together with IBM employees decided to create a virtual human brain. For this, the newest supercomputer was to be used. The first stage of the project is devoted to the reproduction of the structure of the intellectual body, and in fact this in itself is a rather complex and long task. Empowering the brain with consciousness will happen later. Virtual creation in the future should be the foundation for transferring the person’s identity there. His consciousness by scanning and mapping all areas of the brain will be transferred to the computer. The problem of the transfer of consciousness is the science of the Settlement (the word “settler” in English means “immigrant”). Before it there are two important tasks.First you need to understand how to read information, and then – how to transfer it to the carrier. Scientists suggest the following pattern of transferring the mind. Over the years, natural neurons will die in the human brain, they will be replaced by backup copies. They will be combined into a special neuroprosthesis and controlled by a neurocomputer. At the time of the death of the main carrier, almost all of its functions will already be duplicated in the backup copy. The main obstacle on the path of researchers remains extremely difficult to device our brain. After all, there are a few billion neurons in it.
Among all other ways of resurrection, this is one of the most simple and relevant. It was voiced by Pierce Blodin, author of the site Weekly World News. He proposed to combine the technology of artificial intelligence and the effects of fashion on the Internet. It was suggested to create a program that would collect all the information about the deceased person – his activities in social networks, forums and blogs. At the heart of it is possible and the use of those algorithms that hackers use to gain access to sensitive information. Electronic agents will scan the entire network to find out everything about a person. The resulting picture will then be delivered to a centralized repository. There they will create an intellectual porter of the personality of the deceased person. And in the future, artificial intelligence can be given features of a certain personality. However, in solving the task of drawing up a portrait, the frankness of the deceased himself plays a large role. But someone tells the Internet all the details of their lives, but there are those who prefer silence, anonymity or even constantly lie.
This project was also created by the Russians. It was invented by the members of the transhumanist movement. They believe that modern man is just the first stage of development of homo sapiens. With the help of a sensory costume, you can learn how to record and store all the information that our senses receive throughout the day. The conscious reaction of the person will also be fixed. The resulting infotech, which is an array of data, will then be written to digital media, which will give eternal life data. The next step will be to create a neurocomputer that can reproduce the information received by a person and the response to it. This will in fact be a reconstruction of the personality. The resulting resulting from these operations, the chip will carry in itself all the feelings and reactions of the person. The device will remain in the artificial body, which will be the next carrier of human consciousness. Such a suit would be useful for recovering memory after cryopreservation and improving memorization processes. Participants have already moved to practical steps – several testers conduct continuous audio recording of what is happening with them using digital devices.