People have found a unique way to show their unity – to create living chains. Thousands of participants join hands, forming a long, uniform structure. This makes it possible to pay attention to some problem. Similar actions became popular in the 80’s – 90’s of the last century, as a political tool. Live chains are used today. People take up arms in America, and Europe, in Israel and Russia. The most famous live chains will be described below. Hands ascross America, May 25, 1986, USA.
This action involved 6.5 million people. On that day, a charity event was held in the country, which was called “Grasp Hands Across America”, or “Hands across America”. The live chain was built up for 15 minutes, and then a handful of simple and not so many people took their hands. Among the celebrities that participated, one can mention Lisa Minelli. The chain stretched from the Battery Park in New York to the pier in Long Beach, California. This live line passed through 15 states, and its length was 6.6 kilometers. The action did not protest against anything, with its help the organizers planned to collect donations for the homeless, hungry and needy. With the help of a live chain, $ 34 million was raised, and the government took a closer look at the problem, allocating another 800 million dollars later. Such a global action simply could not remain without the attention of the authorities.
“The Baltic Way”, August 23, 1989, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania.
An example of Americans inspired to create their own living chain and residents of the Baltic States. This time the motive had a political overtones – 50 years before that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact had been signed, which changed the fate of many countries. In 1989, about 2 million citizens of the three countries joined hands, forming a chain of 600 kilometers in length. It connected the Baltic capitals to each other – Riga, Vilnius and Tallinn. This manifestation in 20 years even entered the list of the program “Memory of the World”, created by UNESCO. After all, that living chain has become an example of nonviolent resistance. Although the “Baltic Way” also had a clearly anti-Soviet character, the Soviet government did not react to those events. Perhaps, this living chain was the first step towards the sovereignty of the three republics. Soon they withdrew from the USSR.
From Lviv to Kiev, on January 21, 1990, Ukraine.
“The Baltic Way” was guided by the American model, he himself became an example for a similar action in Ukraine. On this day, the anniversary of the Act of the reunification of the Ukrainian People’s Republic (UPR) with the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic (ZUNR) was celebrated. There was this memorable event for the country in 1919. After 71 years, the Ukrainians built a live chain between Kiev and Lviv. In this campaign, from 1 to 3 million people took part in various events. And later in Ukraine, similar events involving people’s chains were held repeatedly, they were simply smaller in scale. So, since 2008, in honor of the Day of Sobornost ‘in Kiev on the bridge of Paton people connected by their own hands the left and right bank of the Dnieper. This symbolizes the unity of the eastern and western parts of the country.
From the Gaza Strip to Jerusalem, July 25, 2004, Israel. When Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon decided to liquidate Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, this caused discontent in society. As a result, 130 to 200 thousand people took part in the protest. The prime minister wanted to evacuate settlers from dangerous territories and withdraw troops from there, which was the reason for creating a living chain. The manifestation lined up from the settlement of Nissanit in the north of Gaza to the Western Wall in Jerusalem. The press wrote that the first in the chain was Shamir Yitzhak, who fled the Gaza Strip in 1948 when Egypt brought in troops. And the last link in the chain was his six-year-old granddaughter, Iael Beter. His girlfriend put the palm on the sacred wall.
Chain in the day of the “Great American Boycott,” May 1, 2006, USA.
This day in America is traditionally referred to as the “Day of blessing of bicycles”. But more recently this date was called “The Great American Boycott.” On May 1, a living chain was created, based on representatives of the Latin American emigration. People holding hands, rose in Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn and the Bronx. In total, the chain was 12 thousand people. They protested against the new immigration reform announced by President George W. Bush. On that day, the Great Boycott took place in the country. 11.5 million people in the US did not go to work and did not spend a single dollar. And the live chain became the most striking event of that action. The organizers of the action tried to influence the authorities by economic means. After all, she put people without legal status outlawed. But they work in the US, pay taxes and spend their money there.
The chain against nuclear power plants, March 12, 2011, Germany.
When in 2011 there was an accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant “Fukushima”, this caused a lively response in Europe. After all, this kind of energy is very common. As a result, the next day after the disaster, 60 thousand people created a living chain with a length of 45 kilometers. It began near the nuclear station “Nekarvestheim-2”, and the end of it reached the doors of the government of the state of Baden-Württemberg that Stuttgart. At the same time, the object for the chain was chosen not accidentally. After all, the station was built in 1988, and since then, constantly around it there have been reports of problems, problems and extraordinary situations. Participants in the demonstration as a whole fought with the plans of the government to continue to operate nuclear facilities, while the operating life of the existing stations remained the same. Members of the living chain have not been able to change the economic course of the country, however the chancellor instructed its experts to check the condition of the German nuclear power plants.
Chain around the Cairo Museum, January 29, 2011, Egypt.
Although in our list this living chain is not the longest and most populous, it can be considered the most effective one. During the revolution in this country on the Tahrir Square the supporters of still functioning President Hosni Mubarak and the rebels came together. Taking advantage of the confusion in the country, unknown robbers made a raid on the famous Cairo Museum. The guards were unarmed and could only turn off the lights in the entire building, that the bandits who broke through the fence could not bear the most valuable exhibits. Volunteers came to help the guards in the preservation of national values. Several hundred people first drove the thieves out of the museum, and then lined up in a living chain. She stood around the building, guarding the valuables, until regular troops came to the rescue.
Chain in defense of Yunus, March 8, 2011, Bangladesh.
When the message about the resignation of the general director of the Grameen Bank, Muhammad Yunus, sounded, it produced a thundering effect from the blue. After all, this man received the Nobel Peace Prize, he created the concept of microcredit. It so happened that one of the shareholders of the Grameen bank created by Yunus was the Central Bank of the country. He also protested the decision to reassign the economist to his former post. Yunus lost several ships, which confirmed the planned departure from his post. But supporters of the banker believed that this decision was biased. The fact is that Yunus decided to go into politics. Shortly after his announcement of the creation of his own party and held a loud resignation. In support of the economist in Dhaka, several thousand people lined the living chain. She first stretched out near the bank building, and then spread to the neighboring streets. People demanded that the politician-banker, popular in the country, be returned to his former place of work. Ready for Work, October 11, 2011, United Kingdom.
Recently, England has become accustomed to long lines near offices of employment. However, that day the chain of people became much more ordinary.On October 11, several thousand young people gathered. All of them had identical portfolios with the inscription “Ready to work”. People united in a living chain, which passed through offices for the registration of the unemployed. Thus, the government was made to understand that there is a serious problem in the society regarding the job search. Today, more than a million young Englishmen under the age of 24 do not have the opportunity to work. A month later, Prime Minister Neil Clegg reacted to this action. He noted that it is no longer possible to ignore the unemployment rate among young people. In the opinion of the politician, England will be able to overcome the consequences of the world economic crisis only if it solves this vital problem. Congratulation of Unity, May 28, 2005, Armenia.
This human chain stretched around the foot of the highest mountain in Armenia – Aragats. And the event was timed to the “Day of the First Republic”. The chain stretched for 163 kilometers, it involved 170 thousand people. They represented Aragatsotn and Shirak regions of Armenia. Participants were located about a meter apart, and at the end of the action many trees of love for the fatherland were planted in its place. “Each member of the Round Dance of Unity on his head wore an apricot-colored cap, which symbolizes one of the colors of the country’s flag, and the sunset on Araghats Mountains, the charity association “Nig-Aparan” acted as the organizer of the action.The ring-dance was transformed into a national holiday, with a concert, a walk, bonfires.
Live chain, September 1, 2008, Georgia
In Georgia that day peopleThey joined hands to demonstrate their unity and protest against Russia’s military actions against a small proud republic.The length of the live chain was 35 kilometers, and it began in Tbilisi, similar events took place in Rustavi and other district centers. Russian checkpoints, tourists, foreign citizens took part in this peaceful action.In total, about 1.5 million people took part in Georgia’s hands that day. Among those who stood in line with everyone else, it is worth mentioning President Mikhail Saakashvili, Speaker of Parliament David Bakradze. With ordinary people side by side stood deputies, oppositionists and clergy. The authorities stressed that the living chain showed the world that Georgia is a free country, where there is no place for a split when it comes to the country’s independence. September 1 is the Day of Unity.