The most famous inventors

One can argue for a long time about who is the greatest inventor in the history of mankind. Many people claim this title, nothing actually invented, but only improving other people’s inventions. The inclusion of such persons on the list of the most-most would be wrong.

Let’s try to abstract from personal attachments and create a truly objective list. For those who got into it, there was no need to create a significant number of discoveries. After all, there are such inventors who possess thousands of patents, but they are all connected with minor variations of the same device or are concentrated in one narrow area.

We tried to select those representatives of science, whose inventions were the most significant, having had the maximum impact on society. At the same time, scientists often surpassed the technical possibilities of their time.

The most famous inventors

Archimedes.

Why did the ancient Greek scientist come first? First of all, because he is relying on one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, coming close to calculating the “Pi” number. Today, all students and students study and use the discoveries of this Greek daily. Archimedes also became famous for the invention of many useful machines. They include siege weapons and mirrors that set fire to sails on Roman ships by focusing the sun’s rays. Archimedes was the first theoretician of mechanics. For example, he outlined the full theory of the lever, applying it in practice. Also, the scientist developed the Archimedean screw (screw), with the help of which the water is drawn out to this day. The primacy of this inventor is well-deserved – after all, it was discovered more than two thousand years ago, when there were no computers or technologies available today for inventors. Archimedes, perhaps, studied in the libraries of Alexandria, but most of his knowledge was acquired by him independently.

The most famous inventors

Nikola Tesla.

Recently, there has been a surge in interest in this scientist, who, during his lifetime, was little known to anyone and died almost in oblivion. Serba, who was some kind of reclusive and mad scientist, can be considered today the most responsible for the emergence of commercial electricity on the planet. Although Tesla’s fame is associated with his work in the field of electromagnetism, he has patents and theoretical works that formed the basis of modern alternating current and electrical systems, including a multiphase system. It was this part of the discoveries of the scientist that ushered in the second industrial revolution. Tesla is connected with the basics of robotics, laid the foundations for remote control, radar and computer science, his works are related to ballistics, nuclear and theoretical physics. Some believe that the scientist could even open antigravity and teleportation, but this, of course, remains unproven. In any case, Tesla with its 111 patents remains one of the best and innovative minds in history, whose recognition was granted only by descendants.

The most famous inventors

Thomas Edison.

Many will be surprised that the most prolific inventor in modern history, who owns more than a thousand patents, does not take the first place. We know Edison as the inventor of an electric bulb, a phonograph, a kinetoscope (a device for demonstrating moving pictures). The inventor electrified the whole of New York, and he is not the first on our list? Talent Edison no one denies, but many of his famous discoveries were developed by other organizations or engineers working for him. As a result, Thomas was responsible for the work of the whole team of researchers, but he can not be called the main inventor. However, Edison had the unpleasant property of breaking agreements without paying employees, but could it be perfect at the time? Although the inventor was not personally responsible for everything that came out of his laboratory in Menlo Park, he was undoubtedly the master of R @ D and directed the creation and production of many of the greatest discoveries of the nineteenth century.Edison himself was distinguished by extreme efficiency and dedication, up to the very old age he worked 16-19 hours a day. The inventor himself noted that he was trying to discover only what could later be commercialized.

The most famous inventors

Alexander Graham Bell.

It would seem that the glory of this man brought only the invention of the phone. However, if you look at all the achievements of this person for 75 years of his life, his place in our list will become clear. Bell himself invented the phone as a result of his work with deaf people. However, few people know that Alexander also invented devices to identify people with poor hearing (audiometers), to find treasures (a modern metal detector), a hydrofoil boat and even one of the first airplanes. On the funds received from the creation of the telephone company, Bell created the Volta Institute, in which inventors improved telephony, phonograph and electrical communications. We can thank Mr. Bell for the fact that he created the National Geographic fund in 1888.

The most famous inventors

George Westinghouse.

Although Edison has invested most of his inventions, it is difficult to argue that Westinghouse’s monetary contributions were almost as large. George’s inventions were based on an electrical system that used an alternating current (this was the result of Nikola Tesla’s work). Ultimately, this approach prevailed over Edison’s insistence on the use of direct current and laid the foundation for the modern power system. But Westinghouse was quite multi-faceted – he was able to surpass Edison, inventing not only an AC power system, but also an air brake for the railroad. This discovery significantly improved safety in this type of transport. Like Edison, George also experimented in the field of creating a perpetual motion machine. Such work can hardly be called serious, if only because this machine would violate the laws of physics, but the inventor can not be blamed for the unsuccessful attempt. The prolific engineer eventually received 361 patents for his inventions. Jerome “Jerry” Hal Lemelson.

How, have you ever heard of such a person? But it was one of the most prolific inventors in history, collecting as many as 605 patents. What did he invent? Lemelson is credited with the creation of automated warehouses, industrial robots, cordless telephones, fax machines, video cameras, VCRs, magnetic tape cassettes, similar to those used in the Sony Walkman. But Jerome’s invention also applies to medical instrument making, cancer detection and treatment, diamond coating technology, consumer electronics and television. Lemelson became the most famous in his time, but he was an active champion of the rights of independent inventors. This made his figure controversial, disliked by large companies and patent offices, but Jerome was a true champion among a community of as independent craftsmen as himself.

The most famous inventors

Heron of Alexandria.

If this person would understand that he invented, and moreover had the opportunity to produce the appropriate tools and materials, then the industrial revolution could begin not in 1750, but in the 50th! Alas, Geron thought that he invented another toy, and was it necessary to use steam engines in those times, if there was no shortage of slaves around? Heron is considered one of the best minds in the Roman Empire, he is credited with creating such useful things as a pump, a first syringe, a fountain that can work with hydrostatic energy, a wind-operated organ and even the first coin-operated machine. Heron developed a device for measuring the length of roads (the first taximeter), automatic doors and the first programmable devices. At the same time, his discoveries were created in the pre-industrial era, he eventually became someone like Thomas Edison of antiquity.It’s a pity that Geron, like Leonardo da Vinci, could not develop his inventions more seriously and develop their ideas further. Then we could have lived in a completely different world.

The most famous inventors

Benjamin Franklin.

“Seriously?” – many will ask. Yes, absolutely so! Few people know that among the diverse skills of Franklin (and he was an erudite, author and writer, satirist, political scientist, scientist, civic activist, diplomat and statesman) there is also a passion for inventions. Among the numerous discoveries of Benjamin, one can distinguish a lightning rod that saved countless houses and lives from lightning and subsequent fires, a glass harmonic (not to be confused with a metal one), Franklin’s furnace, bifocals and even a flexible urinary catheter. The scientist himself has never patented any of his discoveries, so his inventions have many similarities with others, which led to a reduction in Franklin’s creative abilities. In his autobiography, he wrote: “Just as we enjoy the benefits granted by the inventions of others, we should rejoice in the opportunity to serve others the same.” Any of our invention must be open and free of charge. ” Such a noble approach makes Franklin a worthy representative of our ten.

The most famous inventors

Edwin Land.

The physicist and inventor of Connecticut, Edwin Land, is not the inventor of photography, but it was he who invented and perfected almost everything else that had something to do with it. Already in his first year at Harvard in 1926, a young man developed a new kind of polarizer, combining crystals into a plastic sheet, calling it Polaroid. Later, joining other young scientists, he developed the polarization principle of optical filters, optical devices and video capture processes, based on his discoveries, the company Polaroid. Edwin holds at least 535 patents in the US, it is believed that Land is known for his invention of a fully autonomous camera. This allowed you to watch the footage on the spot, rather than wait for the film to develop for a long time. Leonardo da Vinci.

The most famous inventors

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It will seem strange to many that one of the greatest minds of the Renaissance in our rating took only the tenth place. However, the reason is not in himself, but in the time in which he lived. Technologies of the era of Leonardo simply could not realize most of his ideas, so, technically, he invented little at all. The scientist was more a futurist, who invented different innovations faster than the mechanics of that time could realize it. Yes, and the interests of Da Vinci were so wide that he usually did not go into any one of his ideas, leaving only a general description, and several sketches. Although the Italian anticipated the appearance of such things as gliders, tanks, submarines, he did not envisage the appearance of such future great inventions as electricity, telephone, photography. Among the creations of the scientist are called a catapult, a robot, a searchlight and a parachute. Leonardo da Vinci was undoubtedly a great mind. If he could concentrate on any one idea long enough to bring it to real realization, we would undoubtedly be called his greatest inventor in history.

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