Marilyn Monroe had many famous pictures, which became the basis of the legend about the sex symbol of the 20th century. But the very frame of the movie star was able to make a photographer Sam Shaw in 1955. Actress at that time was shot in the movie “Itching Seventh Year.” The photographer suggested to director Billy Wilder to create a scene that became a classic. Monroe stood on the ventilation grille of the subway, and from below a wave of warm air lifted her dress. Filming was conducted on Lexington Avenue in New York. Then a large crowd gathered to see this process, and it even had to be interrupted. According to the script, the main character and heroine Marilyn leave the cinema and walk along the street. The girl sees the grilles and gets on them to catch a cool breeze from the trains going downstairs. Each new whiff lifts her skirt, and Marilyn screams with pleasure. The studio previously disclosed information about provocative filming and that on the star there will be a dress that can stop traffic. With each double the number of outsiders increased, and the audience whistled and screamed at each take-off of the skirt. Unfortunately, this episode proved fatal for Monroe herself – the actress’s husband, Joe DiMaggio did not endure such a spectacle, having rolled her a scandal. Then followed a series of quarrels and a divorce. As a result, the scene itself was not included in the film – the noise of the crowd made it unfit. Even an attempt to retake the action in the pavilion was not useful – the famous scene was almost completely cut from the film by censors because of excessive provocations. But we still have legendary photos of the star in this image. The show was filmed by Monroe later throughout his professional career, and the cooperation of the photographer and the star began at the very beginning of Marilyn’s career.
In the memory of millions of fans, Audrey Hepburn will remain exactly that. And the photo was taken in 1961 with the filming of the famous film “Breakfast at Tiffany.” The author of the well-known frame was the Hollywood photographer John Kobal. In his collection there are also photos of Grace Kelly, Marlon Brando, Marlene Dietrich, Marilyn Monroe (who also claimed the title role in this film). The film itself tells of a frivolous girl who is looking for a rich gentleman. The painting became the starry hour of Audrey herself. In the photo itself, it is depicted in a black dress, gloves along the elbow, a mouthpiece and a diadem in her hair. This image gave birth to a whole series of photos with the actress, but this one was the most famous. The image of Audrey Hepburn still inspires fashion creators, and she herself is a universally recognized icon of style for all time.
Ernesto Che Guevara.
Ernesto Che Guevara’s youth are back in fashion today. His portrait “The Heroic Partisan”, made on March 5, 1960, is widely used and is being replicated. The author of the legendary picture is Alberto Díaz Gutierrez, also known by the alias Alberto Korda. The Cuban photographer was able to catch the expression on the face of the leader of the revolution on the days when an explosion took place in Havana on the French ship La Coubre, carrying weapons to the rebels. Che is depicted in military uniform, but without weapons, in a black beret with a star. The leader’s eyes are fixed on the horizon. Originally planned to place a picture in the newspaper “Revolucion”, where he worked as a reporter for Korda. However, the events resulted in the death of hundreds of people, so it was decided not to publish the photo. The picture was taken in the cemetery during the funeral of the victims of the explosion. The picture lay for 7 whole years in the unknown, having received its recognition only in 1967, when Che Guevara himself was no longer alive. Italian publisher Feltrinelli searched for his autobiographical book “Bolivian Diaries” a photograph of a revolutionary. Korda donated it to the author. The Italian had to work hard on the final image of the photo – the picture was enlarged and trimmed. Che Guevara’s ally was removed from the frame, as was the palm tree in the background.First, the book broke out first, and then posters with the popular image of a proud rebel. As a result, the portrait itself became a symbol of freedom and revolution. No matter how insulting, the author of the photo, Alberto Corda, did not receive any royalties from his creation, as Cuba refused to recognize the Berne Convention on copyright protection.
The identity of the author who made this legendary portrait is interesting in itself. Yusuf Karsh was a Canadian photographer, but he had Armenian roots, born in Turkey in 1908. The master was known as one of the classics of a portrait photo. Yusuf took a lot of celebrities. It turned out that of the 100 most famous people of the XX century, according to the version of International Who is Who from 2000, Karsh photographed 51 people! At one time, Yusuf’s parents fled from Armenian pogroms and together with him in 1927 moved to Syria. The same young man in 2 years was sent to study in Canada to his uncle. Soon Yusuf moved to Boston, where he found his teacher – portrait photographer John Garo. In 4 years the young photographer returned to Canada, where he opened his own studio. In 1958, Karsh took this picture of a famous writer. On it, Hemingway looks serious, wearing a sweater with a collar under his throat. Expressive in the photographs are the distinctive features of the writer – a stately gray beard and deep wrinkles near the eyes. At the same time, Karsh himself did not use decorative methods of drapery bends, and the variegated backdrops were not used as background. The photographer skilfully created the necessary background with the help of light, establishing its correlation with the clothes of the person being photographed.
The next photo also belongs to Yusuf Karsh. Once he learned that soon the country itself will visit Winston Churchill. Preparations began a few days before the arrival of the politician. In the evening of December 30, 1941, Churchill made a speech in the House of Commons, while the photographer patiently waited for him in the room for the speakers. When the British Prime Minister went there with his Canadian counterpart, he suddenly saw the equipment and snapped: “What’s going on here?”. The surrounding fell into a stupor, only Karsha had the courage to reply: “Sir, I hope you will allow me to take a picture of you at this historic moment?”. However, Churchill continued to resent: “Why did not they warn me ?!”. When one of the assistants grinned, the photographer suddenly realized that now they were simply thrown out of the room. However, Churchill suddenly changed his mind, apparently deciding not to aggravate the situation in a friendly country: “Okay, you have two minutes to take one picture.” The prime minister sat down in a chair, lighting a cigar. Karsh looked at his “model” with an appraising look. Everything was perfect, but the cigar seemed out of place. Yusuf waited a minute, then moved the policy of the ashtray. He did not understand the hints, continuing to smoke and twirling in his thoughts, paying no attention to the photographer. Karsh approached the premiere and with the words: “Excuse me, sir” snatched a cigar from the man directly from his lips. Yusuf recalled that in those seconds, Churchill looked extremely aggressive and bellicose, as if wanting to devour an arrogant photographer. At that moment a legendary shot was made. This photo became the pearl of the collection of Yusuf Karsh. Soon the picture was published in the magazine “Life”, which paid for it only $ 100. Subsequently, this image was used on numerous posters and even postage stamps.
For many, Albert Einstein will remain in memory just like this – a frivolous man with his tongue hanging out. The photo was taken on the birthday of the physicist, he just turned 72 years old. March 14, 1951 in Princeton University held solemn events. They photographer Arthur Sass asked a great scientist to portray the thought process, and then smile at the camera. To which Einstein showed the language. How could a physicist believe that his photo would become a true icon of contemporary pop culture.After all, it depicts both a genius and a cheerful person at the same time. The picture was not published for a long time, I walked around the arms. Then the photo still got into the newspaper, where it was overtaken by popularity. Today this picture of Einstein in various variations can be found on posters, posters and T-shirts.
The author of this historical photo, alas, remained unknown. It is only known that the photograph was taken on Earth. The press learned of the launch of the first cosmonaut only a few minutes after a successful start. By the time the rocket was fired from Gagarin into orbit, the image already existed and it was quickly spread by news agencies. The shooting, of course, was staged. It was held in a specially created pavilion. The author’s name has not been clarified. There is a double negative. It is said that it was made by a certain Sokolov, who brought it to the news agency. It is unclear where the “independent photographer” came from, until this moment the photos of Yuri Gagarin did not spread.
This photo belongs to the category of drawings. In 1952, the famous photographer Robert Duano took a picture, which was called “Bread Picasso.” The famous artist placed on his table instead of his own hands … four-toed big-toed bread! Picasso said to his friend Duano: “Look at this bread, only four fingers!”. As a result, the picture seems to embody someone’s old joke about the artist’s hands being fed. Robert himself was a French master, who is considered a follower of the school of humanistic French photography. Duano never adhered to the exact style, nor did he create his own creative school. But he tried himself in many directions of photography, without fearing even such photo-draws.
And this photo turned into a coloring, becoming an object of mass replication. So a successful snapshot can become an entire ideological tool. In 1952, the Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin made “Portrait of IV Stalin”. Subsequently, the photograph was painted by the artist V. Semenov. It is this image of the Soviet leader that has become famous all over the world, only in our country having sold millions of copies. Although everywhere it was mentioned that this is a photograph, traces of the artist’s work were evident. Semenov smoothed the pockmarks on Stalin’s face, gave his face a healthy blush and a golden skin tint, like that of a sacred deity. Such a perfect image aroused the confidence of the audience, because they thought it was a photograph. Its foundation became the basis of faith in the truthfulness of the image.
Neil Aldrin Armstrong.
The first steps in space immediately made the person who made them a legend, and the pictures – historical. July 21, 1969, American astronauts made their first steps on the moon. The first of these was Neil Aldren Armstrong, who was the author of a number of lunar photographs. One of them became “Edwin Aldrin on the Moon”. Armstrong, the captain of Apollo 11, received a 70-millimeter camera from Hasselblad, specially created for surveying the surface of the satellite. Today, many dispute the fact of landing on the moon, asking questions – who and where shot astronauts, whether it was on Earth or still on the moon?
Lee Harvey Oswald.
The murder of Robert Kennedy remains wrapped in numerous secrets. But the death of the murderer, Lee Harvey Oswald, is no less a matter of questions. It is the photo of this moment that completes our list. On November 24, 1963, Oswald, accused of killing the president, was shot in the garage of the pre-trial detention facility in Dallas, just two days after his famous gunshots. The murder of Oswald was made by Jack Ruby, the manager of the night club. These actions were broadcast on television, millions of spectators could see revenge. For a long time it was believed that photography is only part of the TV report, reseated from the screen.Indeed, the moment when the criminal was removed from the building tried to shoot dozens of film and photo-operators, and a direct television report was broadcast. However, it turned out that this is not so. The author of the snapshot, an American, Bob Jackson even received the Pulitzer Prize for his historic photo. Just a second before Jackson managed to press the descent of his camera photographer Jack Beers. His picture was not so dramatic, and the fee for numerous publications was several times less than that of a famous colleague. Jackson’s name was not mentioned anywhere else, apparently he was an ordinary reporter, having gone down in history with just one famous photo.