Any tourist is not averse to seeing a skyscraper if he is in the city. In addition, it is often permitted to go upstairs and from there to admire the surroundings. But people do not finish building all high-rise buildings. Some buildings are empty, in a semi-finished state. And they live in homeless people or ghosts. Visiting the same places can also become an adventure, extreme, true, kind. Let’s talk about the ten most famous abandoned skyscrapers.
Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea.
Pyramid of 105 floors was to prove the ambition of this rogue country. A fashionable, but absurd building, was intended as a chic hotel. Only if he was needed in a country where his own people are starving, and there are practically no tourists? Construction began in 1987. When the Soviet Union broke up, and North Korea did not receive any support from outside, the project was abandoned in 1992 altogether. The following years the huge building was empty, the Koreans themselves tried to pretend that it was not at all. For example, on maps of Pyongyang there is no empty high-altitude at all, it is also removed from city photos. In 2008, the authorities announced their intention to complete the building. For this, a $ 400 million contract was signed with Egyptian builders. Construction is scheduled to be completed in 2012, coinciding with the opening for the centennial of Kim Il Sung.
Sathorn Unique, Bangkok, Thailand.
Thailand experienced a real boom in the 1990s. Demonstration of serious intentions of the country were skyscrapers, like mushrooms after the rain appeared in Bangkok. However, in the end, not all of them were completed. The Asian financial crisis dramatically changed the situation, the developer was with huge debts on his hands. In 1997, people left the 49-storey Sathorn Unique. Its lower floors are now occupied by rats, and on the top live crows and ghosts. I must say that all these creatures live here quite calmly. The fact is that the Thai people are avoiding the abandoned house. What will happen next with the skyscraper remains unclear. Bangkok in general is almost the world leader in the number of abandoned modern buildings. Although the country’s economy has already recovered, the city still has several ghost towers.
Tower of David, Caracas, Venezuela.
The tower of David in the height of 45 floors was to become one of the tallest buildings on the continent. In the early 1990s, businessman David Brühlembourg decided to build a new shopping center for the whole city and country. However, the death of the owner led the unfinished building, together with other assets, into the hands of the state. The economic downturn led to the fact that the tower remained unfinished. The project was frozen in 1994, which served as a reason for settling a skyscraper in a skyscraper. These people occupied the vacant premises unauthorized without obtaining any permits for this. At the same time squatters got at their disposal a whole package of amenities. The fact is that in the skyscraper originally planned not only living quarters, but a beauty salon, as well as a gallery. Only until the unauthorized invaders mastered the floors above the thirtieth. But given the anarchy in the real estate market in Venezuela, you can expect that the tower will be populated all. After all, people often do not have a choice but to settle in abandoned buildings. Do not frighten them and the lack of elevators. At the same time, the government looks at the problem of unauthorized colonization, because otherwise people need to provide a housing alternative. And the tower has no windows, and the terraces do not have fences. Nevertheless, it is sometimes more dangerous to live on the streets. The connection between the floors is provided by means of walkie-talkies, and residents have also occupied the local electric network. Water is supplied to the 28th floor, and some residents even opened their own stores.
Book Tower, Detroit, USA.
Who would have thought that abandoned skyscrapers could be found even in a prosperous America? The “tower-book” of a height of 38 floors began to be built in Detroit back in 1916.For many years, the classic and old-fashioned look of this building, as well as the unbroken copper roof, were the “highlight” of the city. But eventually, the unfinished became a sad monument to the former industrial success of Detroit. Over the past hundred years, the skyscraper has constantly changed owners, until people finally left it in 2009. At first it was supposed to be overhauled in the building, but the latest news says that the decision to abandon the reconstruction of the giant was made.
Sterick Building, Memphis, USA.
Another famous American abandoned skyscraper is Memphis. This building in 29 floors was built in the style of neo-Gothic. The skyscraper had its own bank, pharmacy, hairdresser and beauty salon. Thousands of employees worked in the building. Upstairs, people lifted 8 luxurious elevators. But in the 1980s the building fell into decay. The fact is that the rent for the land has grown significantly. At present, the entrance to the skyscraper is boarded up, and inside the destruction began. The only inhabitants of the building are the homeless, and the seekers of urban ghosts. Despite the fact that the house is included in the National Register of Historic Places, its fate remains unclear. The area of 32 thousand squares is estimated at only 420 thousand dollars.
Edificio Sao Vito, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
A building of 27 floors appeared in São Paulo in the 1950s. It was intended for the middle class and for expats. Here were built 624 apartments, upstairs there were three elevators. The top floor of 800 square meters was designed for various kinds of events. However, over time, the building began to decline. Today it is essentially one big vertical favela for the poor. New tenants brought their own orders. They began to throw garbage from the windows, paint the walls. 80% of the electricity used is obtained illegally. In the 1980s, the water supply ceased to be usable, of which only three were left of the three elevators. And even then he barely climbed to the middle of the skyscraper. In 2004, the last tenants were officially evacuated from here. And the skyscraper now belongs to the drug dealers and their abandoned customers. The city authorities plan to blow up this building, having cleared a place under new buildings.
Szkieletor, Krakow, Poland.
This unofficial name is carried by a 92-meter building in Krakow. It was supposed to be the highest in the city. Initially, it was planned that the office of the Main Technical Organization would be located in the skyscraper. Construction began in 1975, but in 1981 it was stopped. The reason was the economic difficulties in Poland and political instability. For its appearance, reminiscent of the skeleton, the building and received a nickname. In addition, in the early 80’s in the country on television was the television show of the same name. Since then, the skyscraper remains abandoned, even billboards can not cover up its ugly look. Although investors express their interest in the high-rise, they are deterred by the legal uncertainty of the land plot. Michigan Central Station, Detroit, USA.
This unique train station in Detroit has 18 floors in height. The building became a real symbol of the past era, when trains were more important than cars. The large station began operating in 1913, it was to become part of a large project – an urban transportation hub. During construction it was the largest railway station in the world. But in the middle of the last century it turned out that machines are becoming more and more widespread. The railways lost their importance. And the designers did not even foresee in the giant project a single large parking lot. The building of the station was eventually found to be inconvenient and non-functional. People finally left here in 1988. The city authorities repeatedly tried to decide the fate of the building. It was decided to demolish the station, but Detroit residents through the court upheld the right to life of the historic monument.
PacBell Building, San Francisco, USA.
In 1925, a tower with a height of 132 meters appeared in San Francisco. At that time, the 26-story building was the tallest in the city. Initially, it housed the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company. The tower is a magnificent monument of Gothic Revival, which is adorned with huge eagles. They look up from the hill to the city. In 2005, the last inhabitants left the building. In 2007, the telephone company AT @ T sold the high-rise for $ 118 million. The empty building began to be repaired. They will install a new fire, mechanical and electrical system. The historical foyer is being restored. It is hoped that in the skyscraper with time, the inhabitants will again appear. Here, guards are still on duty, and at night the skyscraper is illuminated.
Buffalo Central Terminal, Buffalo, USA.
And this station with a height of 17 floors is now abandoned. The station in Buffalo was the key from 1929 to 1979. The terminal is 4 kilometers from the city center, the complex is designed to receive 3,200 passengers per hour. The station is a real monument of the Art Deco era. After the closure of passenger traffic, the building was sold for only $ 75,000. After 1986, the railway station began to deteriorate rapidly. In addition, the owners who were on the verge of bankruptcy began to sell the building literally in parts. Local residents argue that the station has become a haven of ghosts, which seem to be waiting for their trains. Not surprisingly, it was here that in 2010 the television show “Ghostbusters” was filmed. After that the station became a place of increased attention of various fans of paranormal phenomena. Today it is easy to find a guide who organizes a tour of the abandoned building. As a result, the vandals dismantled the famous station literally in pieces. Saving the building from destruction is that the demolition will cost quite a lot – at $ 12 million.