Many people think that polo on horses – a sport of aristocrats, has long since become obsolete. The role of this lesson is only a rare mention in the news about the pastime of the English nobility, and the recognizable logo on the same shirts from Ralph Lauren. However, many will be surprised by the fact that this is not true, and the game, which was already part of the Olympics program at the beginning of the 20th century, is alive and developing, but only in its modern version. The polo has always tried to play not only on horses, but also on bicycles, as well as camels and elephants (just imagine the size of the stick in that case!). But today the most viable was a kind of game on the Segway – two-wheeled electric scooters. This type of transport is very popular in the United States, it is visited by one of the founders of Apple Steve Wozniak, seen in love with the Segway, and Victor Miller, the scriptwriter of the movie “Friday, 13th.” The advantage of the segways is their small size – they are twice as small as a bicycle. It is worth noting and simplicity of management – just bend over in the right direction and the scooter turns where necessary. You can ride on segway on any flat surface. As a result, this mode of transport has become very convenient for polo, replacing completely the horse. True, the rules of the game do not match the traditions of the real polo. The goal, however, remained the same. Players are divided into two teams and must in their allotted time with their hammer-hammers to score as many goals as possible in the opponents’ gate. The main pleasure from polo on the segway is that the electrical device can not accelerate faster than 20 km / h, as a result, it is impossible to get ahead of the competitor due to superiority in speed. In such a game, maneuverability, the ability to control one’s body and transport, and make semi-acrobatic stunts in the hands comes to the fore. At the same time, real players must have an excellent vestibular apparatus. In Russia, this game appeared not even yesterday, but literally today. In the country there are only a few places for renting segways, a few lovers chase the Vorobyovy Gory. The organization of polo on the Segway has never been studied by anyone.
Parkour is often referred to as the art of moving and overcoming various obstacles. The word “art” is absolutely appropriate here. Parkour can hardly be considered a sport, because there is no element of competition. However, this exercise is not just a simple exercise – it is too difficult. It is also impossible to consider the philosophy of parkour, because it is already too simple for this. The closeness to art is provided by constant improvisation and the beauty of the movement. The meaning of this lesson is to move along the obstacle course, which is not stipulated in advance. It can be stairs and walls, pillars and other elements of urban architecture. Parkour lovers, or tracers, in the course of their movement can run up a steep wall, jump from the roof of one house to another at a considerable height and even jump into the garbage containers. The best element of parkour is a blind jump, when the tracer does not see the point of his landing beforehand. It is important that the performed tricks are not done for the spectacle. The main ideologist of modern parkour, Frenchman David Belle, basically denies flips, stands on hands and other spectacular tricks from the arsenal of stuntmen, performed unnecessarily. The main principle of parkour – you can not go back. Usually parkour comes without finding a decent sport for themselves, but eventually it turns out that at the heart of jumping and jogging lies its own philosophy. It would seem that the tracer simply performs a set of elements necessary for the best passage of the route. In fact, he creates, improvising in his movement. The first amateur video parkour appeared in the 90’s, where David Belle jumped from a ten-meter height, making a soft landing due to a cushioning somersault.The Frenchman showed how you can slide on one leg on the railing and pull up on one hand. The cassettes were very popular – people did not so much look at the wonders of agility as they learned freedom. Today, parkour video has become an integral part of modern culture. The British BBC even made a documentary film “Jump London”, in which real tracers in their hands moved around the boom of a huge crane and jumped from the masts of a warship to its deck. A few years later, the cult director Luc Besson created a picture of “Yamakashi”, which greatly promoted the popularity of parkour in the world. In the film, a gang of tracers saved the boy’s life, simultaneously conquering the skyscrapers of Paris. Later there was a film “13th district”, where also much attention is paid to parkour. The importance of this sport was evident in the appearance of the legendary Sebastien Foucan in the film of the Bond movie “Casino Royale”. Such popularization inevitably entailed a worldwide distribution of parkour. Originally the most famous and skillful were the English and French teams – Parkour Generations, Urban Free Flow and Majestic Force. But today Russian, for example, ParkourSochi and RFA, are among the most influential teams. But David Belle himself opposes the excessive commercialization of his offspring and does not want to create a buzz around him. He believes that this occupation does not require an explanation, only practice is important here. That’s why Belle refused to star in the Hollywood Spiderman. Although David also dreamed of wearing a spiderman costume as a child, now he dreams of performing under his own name. Although today, parkour as a sport, and goes with the accompanying philosophy, but it’s still a great entertainment, especially for those who prefer to unload their head from complex thoughts. Tracers go out and just run, then uploading to YouTube more and more new videos about their jumps, flights and falls. Parkour is an artless occupation that does not at all pretend to become someone’s sense of life. But, nevertheless, sometimes he succeeds.
This sport is called paragliding. This form of flight is the simplest of all, accessible to man. After all, in this case, you just need to find a high elevation, run up and jump from it. In flight, you should control only your own body and the parachute wing. The flight due to the ascending air currents can lift the athlete to an impressive height. The world record was 4526 meters above sea level. Slipping from such streams you can go down in a free fall, enjoying the amazing view from above. For themselves, paragliders have chosen the most picturesque places, usually the mountains by the sea. That is why all the main records of this sport are set against the background of amazing natural landscapes. Thus, Naville Ulett was able to fly 502 kilometers in a straight line over the canyons, lakes and diamond mines of South Africa. Rafael Saladini could soar above the Amazon rainforest by jumping off a 500-meter waterfall. Paragliding for everything else is very accessible. All ammunition for the flight can easily fit in a small backpack, which can be placed either in the trunk of the car, or carried like hand luggage on the plane or simply hoisted on the shoulders. In addition to the above-mentioned parachute wing, it is recommended to get a helmet, you will need ropes with carbines and various instruments. Altimeter, variometer and other gadgets will be able to report the altitude of the climb, the speed of descent and other necessary data. Paragliding could easily become an excellent sport for singles, because it is here that a person can stay with him alone for a long time. However, its accessibility made entertainment an object of collective interest. Russian paragliders for their activities usually choose the Crimea. Under Koktebel there is an excellent club with its rich history. Paragliding is also practiced in the Caucasus, near Pyatigorsk. There are amateurs who train even in Krylatskoe or in Kavgolovo near St. Petersburg.
In the world of sports full of stories, as no one unknown challenger suddenly became a champion, but with a whole sport this case is rare. The history of the development and popularization of snowboarding, which happened in the second half of the 20th century, was the personification of such a history of “Cinderella”. Today, this extreme sport has become the most popular and one of the most spectacular. As with any success story, there was not a story of its own. Once an engineer from Michigan Sherman Poppen made one pair of skis, more maneuverable and stable. The wife of the skier nicknamed such a construction “snurfer”, as a derivative of “snow” and “surfer”. She probably would not be surprised to learn that such a term does not get accustomed to the masses. But the news that her husband could sell a million such boards in the next ten years would surely shock the woman. As a result, the new sport has become the most growing not only in the US, but all over the world. If in 1965 only 3 people knew about snowboarding, by the beginning of the third millennium already 7 million people had been engaged in it. According to Americans, all great minds think the same. In the case of the invention of snowboarding it happened. Ideas on the use and improvement of the new sport came simultaneously to the heads of several entrepreneurs, which gave rise to the subsequent popularity. So, the surfer Dimitry Milovich suggested to go down from the snowy hills on the board, which resembled the surf only remotely, but at the same time had a special edging. Former skier Jake Burton has developed foot fittings and a bunch of improvements. Skater Tom Sims managed to adapt some tricks for a snowboard, and the architect Mark Anolik built the world’s first halfpipe – U-shaped ramp for skiing – near Lake Tahoe. The collective efforts of several people allowed the new sport to develop rapidly. But to understand the essence of snowboarding you have to plunge into the world of confrontation ski-snowboarding. In the late 70’s snowy slopes filled young and unchained snowboarders, which led to a negative reaction to the skeletal skiers. There was even a whole aesthetic conflict, because the new athletes wore long hair, their clothes were carelessly baggy, and the ride style was quite aggressive. Such a picture did not match the image of a family or bohemian vacation in a ski resort. So it turned out that snowboarders skied together with skiers on one slope only in 1982, the prestigious American resort Aspen in general forbade athletes with boards to appear on their territories right up to 2001. But the popularity of snowboarding changed everything – in 2002 the owners of Aspen signed a seven-year contract with ESPN for hosting the Winter Extreme Games. Now the conflict has only burned out in the minds of the most conservative skiers, and Burton Snowboards, founded by Jake Burton, even offers $ 5,000 to every snowboarder in the form of entertainment, which will show videos of riding on the slopes of the most stubborn ski resorts. Although it is not easy, but the status of professional sports has come to snowboarding. After all, the amusement of Americans took root in Europe only in the 80’s, and until that moment there was no sense in holding competitions between athletes of different continents – Americans broke far ahead. But the rapid development of this sport improved the results of Europeans, as a result, in 1994, snowboarding debuted at the Winter Olympics. However, after 4 years, at the competitions in Nagano, there was hardly a step back – the Canadian Ross Rebaliatti, who won gold in slalom, was caught in the use of marijuana. Legend helped about how Ross simply inhaled a cloud of smoke at some party. However, this story still outlined the boundary between the extreme and the traditional sport. But it was only thanks to the efforts of Shaun White, the supersport and two-time Olympic champion, that the attitude to snowboarding was revised.Received the nickname “Flying Tomato”, Sean was able to make the snowboarders respect not only for their fearlessness and relaxation, but also for their exceptional performance, which distinguishes the professional from the amateur. Today, snowboarding gives more opportunities than before. After all, this way you can go through social identification, or you can pave the way for a great sport. Russia was able to successfully integrate into the world snowboarding community – we have artificial slopes, all necessary equipment is being sold. Kamchatka has become a cult place for descents, even by world standards. Embedding your own work will make it possible to realize the dream of Shaun White, becoming a real legend.
Traditional ice hockey is a very serious game. Let it all the same show, but real men come to the playground, so there’s simply no place for humor. But there were lovers to turn and such a full testosterone game in the circus. We just need to remove from hockey players their uniform and transplant them to unicycle. In this version of hockey, there are absolutely no skips and offsides, power tricks are forbidden here, as are fights. However, he does not lose at all in entertainment, because it is so interesting to watch how players can deal with a wheel equipped with only a saddle and two pedals. As a result, such movements become so interesting that even the sense of watching the ball disappears. In hockey on the wheel, it’s even more important to be able to do with the vehicle, rather than to stick a stick on the parquet floor. And a skillful turn will cause applause not less than a successful throw. As a result, one-wheeled hockey wins and in effectiveness, even on the court and not 5, but only 4 field players. After all, the goalkeeper is not given the usual heavy ammunition – he, like everyone else, rides on the wheel, but only along the goal line. In his hands he has an ordinary stick, without a trap, which increases the chances of players to score. There can be no talk of any kind of tactful tactics. After all, the main role is played by the ability to stand on the wheel, which is impossible at one particular place. The game loses all linearity of development, but it acquires a considerable positive. Hockey has never been more cheerful. Feel this is very easy – you need to buy or rent a unicycle, find a forgotten one was a stick and buy a tennis ball.
Of all the sports that have emerged at the junction of water and air, this is perhaps the most difficult. To do it they need a kite, a surfer board, wind and waves. But only here in the air is a more professional device, called kite. As a result of its movement, the kitesurfer can not only slide along the waves, but also fly up into the sky. It is not only the beauty of the stunt shown, but also the range of the jump from the wave. Kitesurfing seems quite modern extreme entertainment, because kites were habitually used for a different purpose. However, in fact, something similar was practiced in China in the distant XIII century. There the boats slid along the waves thanks to the sails tied to them by the ropes – essentially the same kites. Today, a bunch of “snake board” has undergone certain technical changes. The real breakthrough for kitesurfing was the arrival of advertisers who liked the idea of placing their advertising slogans on kites. Over the past 20-30 years, the number of boldly young people, ready to challenge the wind and waves, has increased twenty-fold. Today, kitesurfers can be seen not only in the warm waters of Hawaii, Florida and California, but throughout the world, including the Gulf of Finland. Part of the tricks that athletes demonstrate here came from skateboarding (spinning, grabbing and others). Nothing prevents them from mastering them on land. Truth on the water, the trick is noticeably more complicated, because the base will be quite unsteady, and the snake will pull the board with strong jerks. As a result, even an ordinary jump with a landing may seem like a difficult test.However, the basics of kitesurfing can be learned quite quickly, in 2-3 weeks. After that, it remains only to rush to meet the records. For example, to make a French ride 200 kilometers long along the Cote d’Azur with an average speed of 38 km / h. The absolute speed record in this sport is about 90 km / h, this line kitesurfers are especially proud of – previously only the boats and windsurfers were able to move so fast. In Russia, even the National Championship is held for this sport. Its stages are held in Rostov-on-Don, Petersburg and the Black Sea coast. There are visiting sessions in Egypt and Turkey. Usually it is on vacation and there is an introduction to kitesurfing. But it may be that the first experience is so prolonged that one vacation a year will be offensive to a little.
A person has long tried to feel the feeling of flight, with the greatest possible impunity. In the end, there was a bungee jumping, which is a jump from a height on an elastic cable. Now, for a unique sensation of seconds of free fall, rocks, towers and bridges can be used – all those objects that previously served only as survey points. Today, such a prospect attracts to them no less than just a beautiful view. It all began in the late 80’s. when several brave Englishmen began to tie themselves up with elastic and reliable harnesses to various heights and jump down. For them suited as balloons and cranes, not to mention bridges. Only 2-3 seconds of adrenaline pleasure lasted from the feeling of free fall, then the rope pulled the athlete up, releasing then back. The police immediately found such an occupation unsafe, arresting its organizers. However, soon on the screens there was an American show “It’s impossible”, where it was shown how three people jumped down from a height of 200 meters from the Golden Gate Bridge. Naturally, they were tied with ropes, but the bungee jumping itself was then recognized as legal entertainment. Yes, and for what was it forbidden? After all, for a safe jump from any height it took a little. It was necessary to calculate the force of the overload with amortization and check the reliability of the fastenings of the rope. Today anyone who does not even undergo serious training of an astronaut can get up to 6 seconds of free fall, having developed a speed of up to 100 km / h and gradually slowing down. With the relative safety of such sports, the main interest for the amateur will be the search for the most picturesque site in order to soon dive from there upside down. The most common is to jump from bridges. The fact is that the water below scares not so much as just stones or earth. And on low towers in general, you can arrange a partial dipping in the pond, which will add more extreme. Everyone chooses the difficulty of the jump. It can be ultra-extreme, as from the cable bridge Nyuk in the Alps, located at an altitude of 193 meters, or maybe quite intrepid, even for a beginner, as from a Moscow viaduct near Yaroslavl highway or near the ski resort of Volen near Moscow. In general, there are no barriers for jumpers in making jumps. It can be ski jumps and medieval castles, rocky cliffs and towers, high bridges and even waterfalls. The most courageous bungee jumping is considered to be the Australian in Australia by Hey Jay Hackett. A well-known activist of this sport jumped from the Macau TV tower from a height of 233 meters. Also, you can effectively jump off the Swiss dam Verstaska, a height of 220 meters. This trick even got into the Bond series, when the super spy jumped from the dam, according to the script, the truth is located in Russia. But the most spectacular jumps are carried out by the bungee innovator. Frenchman Thierry Devo, who perfected the harness fasteners so that in flight also perform stunts – salto, deflections and turns. Devo became famous for his series of six jumps from the Eiffel Tower, one of which was made in pink tights.Thierry also built a personal bridge for his hobbies. However, the tradition of building a personal structure for jumping is not new, it all started with the same AJ Hackett, who built himself a whole bungee tower in Australia, and then equipped him for the same kind of fans on the beautiful Kawarau Bridge in New Zealand. Today, such places arise everywhere, so to accomplish a bold jump upside down does not need to fly to the other end of the world.
Winter skiing for a long time there was an inoffensive alternative – roller skates. With the development of extreme sports, videos have become a real tool for making crazy stunts that are not inferior to BMX or skateboarding techniques. The current aggressive skating has received the name of rollerblading. People behind such an occupation can be found on the street or in a modern roller park. It is there that there is a special ramp – halfpipe, which looks like a cut half of the tube. In this device, the rollers train their spins, jumps and grips – backs, flips and horns. The same elements are present in skateboarding, and in snowboarding. In this sport, skiing in general is completely based on acrobatics, taking into account the knowledge of the principles of mechanics. This is necessary, for example, to make a Wall-Flip, a complex and beautiful jump with repulsion from the wall and further rotation by 360 degrees. Today roller parks are built everywhere, and it’s easy to get there. Only now will have to withstand competition with skaters, who also want to use the design for their training. Street skiing is generally more inclined to improvisation. Here, acrobatic elements are largely performed under arbitrary conditions. On the rails is made slip, through the road fence you can perform a flip with the grab, and after accelerating try to jump on the ramp along the sidewalk. A special luck for the stratroller will be getting into an empty car park, where there will be a lot of curbs, handrails and stairs. Although it is believed that this roller should be able to turn into a test site for yourself in general, any part of the city.
When football starts to play without rules, it only adds to it the entertainment. The most ancient varieties of this game are exactly the same. Calcio Fiorentino, or Florentine football, is saturated with adrenaline, then, with tears and even blood. Some even believe that this is the most men’s game in the world, because in its background both rugby and hockey look rather reserved and prone to rules. However, there are some rules. Since the XVI century on the square of Santa Croce in the center of Florence form a rectangle measuring 100 to 50 meters, it is covered with sand and there are admitted two teams of 7 people. Men by that time are stripped to the waist and quite enraged. To beat each other with their feet on the head is forbidden, as are vile tricks. In the crowd throw a soccer ball and see if it will be interesting to anyone in the course of 50 minutes of playing time. Although the name of such fun is connected with football, it is here that it is extremely small. Much more mixed in one bunch of martial arts. Yes, and the ball should be thrown into a basket in a meter above the ground, which, naturally, is most convenient to do with your hands. The account usually opens only towards the end of the match, until that time the rivals are engaged in finding out who is stronger. The teams converge literally the wall to the wall, without restraining themselves until they do not finish each other properly. The spectacle is so popular that the entire city comes to see it. To participate in such a game in theory, anyone can, even those who are not allowed to do so are torn. So, a few centuries ago, according to rumors, the Pope took part in the fun. Historically, four teams – red, white, blue and green. They represented 4 historic city quarters.There was a period when the game exceeded the norms of cruelty, the teams began to recruit boxers and wrestlers, and there were enough former criminals. As a result, the game became much more bloodthirsty – there were numerous fractures of limbs, and loss of consciousness. All this simply frightened off the audience. So in the Florentine football came the only change in the rules in the history of the game, stopped the beatings. From sports violence for violence has left, and for matches to look like a proper entourage, a grand parade is held before them. Every third week of June, participants wear their traditional costumes, passing in front of townspeople and tourists. Although it is almost impossible to take part in the game directly, it’s quite possible to become a close eyewitness of the whole ceremony and the subsequent match.
Racing against the horse.
Once in Wales, local farmer Gordon Green in the pub heard an interesting story about how one person talked about his abilities to outrun a horse when running for a long distance. At this point, Green has already become interested in non-traditional sports. So, it was he who became the organizers of swim in the swamp in flippers and with a pipe. The organization of the competition between man and horse was only a matter of time. In 1980, the first marathon took place. Man and animal had to overcome 35 kilometers in a hilly area. Then the horse won with a big advantage, but for England it was not surprising to turn single-time fun into a tradition and even a sport. People were against the total physical superiority of the horse and began to invent for themselves different tricks. So, in 1985, bicyclists took part in the competition, one of which lost to the animal just a little bit. After four years, the adaptations with the wheels still managed to outrun the horses. However, the initial design of the race has not gone away, and with every year the prize fund for the winner-runner grew and grew. In 2001, the first person at the finish was a man, but it was a member of the relay team of three people, and the prize remained unreleased. But the historical event did happen, even after a quarter of a century of unsuccessful attempts. In 2005, a lean marathoner Kyu Lobb managed to outrun the horse for two and a half minutes. The reward to the brave runner was 31 thousand pounds. Two years later the result was repeated by the German Florian Holzinger. Do you think that the victory of a man over a horse is impossible in principle? We make a number of reservations about the rules of competition. The marathon is attended by 40 people and only 10 horses. It is clear that animals interfere with each other more than humans. In addition, a person can apply a collective strategy. Horses are released 15 minutes after the start of the people, in addition, animals are often stopped by veterinary checks, which takes them another 5-6 minutes. As a result, there are small chances for taking the main prize from professional marathon runners who are able to maintain a high running pace for a long distance. The prize fund is formed from impressive contributions of riders and much lower for runners. Thus, almost anyone can take part in the race, though with a high probability the contribution still remains in the piggy bank, increasing the jackpot and waiting for a hardy winner.
This infatuation is more known to us as a game with a flying saucer. This is a primitive and simple occupation, nevertheless, almost a century was invented on the way to the present species. For exercise in shooting, a special disk was used in the 19th century, and the patent for a flying sports object was registered only in the middle of the 20th century by American Walter Morrison. According to the legend, the idea of a flying saucer came to a man in the head when he at the end of the 30s on the Californian beach threw himself with his fiancée Lou whether it was a baking dish or a jar of popcorn. The flying thing so liked neighbors that he was offered for 25 cents and Fred realized that on the distribution of such things you can do business.During the war, Morrison controlled the aircraft, which allowed him to study aerodynamics well. Upon returning home, the investor was quickly found, and in 1948 the first model of a “flying saucer”, created from plastic, was born. The subject received its name because of craze and interest in UFOs. As befits the invention with a frivolous appearance, the first experiment was unsuccessful. The disk was of interest, but it was not enough to bring tangible profits. Fortunately for the Frisbee, its creator was a real enthusiast, realizing that this is the whole thing of his life. For several years, Morrison spent on bringing his invention to a better look. In 1957, he sold the rights to his invention to Wham-O, which gave the discs the name “Frisbee”. So the students nicknamed the plates, keen on new fun. They in turn gave this name, as a similar lift was demonstrated by tin trays for pies from Frisbie Pie Company. A surge of interest in Frisbee made Morrison a millionaire. He started the promotion of fun with the head of Wham-O marketing, Ed Hedrick. Thanks to him “flying saucers” got that attractive design and aerodynamic characteristics, which we see today. So beach fun gradually became a shell-participant of a whole placer of games. Hedrick managed to even found the International Frisbee Association, and after Ed’s death, his ashes were scattered on several memorable discs and passed on to relatives and friends. Today the Frisbee family includes more than a dozen independent games in which the flying disk is the main character. At the same time, there was a healthy and fascinating alternative to the traditional use, according to which the plate is simply thrown from hand to hand. So, you can play a disc-golf. The keys are replaced with hands, and the places of the holes are occupied by baskets, instead of balls, plates are used. Very popular dog-frisbee, in which the game connects and four-legged pets – dogs. Designers specially designed models, glowing in the dark. In addition, there is a lot of fun with frisbee, which are associated with the phonetic similarity of the particles “fri” and “free” (free) – freeski, freestyle, frequet. But the most perfect variety of games with a flying saucer is the altimat of frisbee. This dynamic and spectacular team game has existed for more than 30 years, it even drew the attention of the IOC. There are also world championships in this sport. In altimate, which is unusual, there are no judges at all. After all, violations of the rules, including in favor of the opponent, are recorded by the players themselves. The fundamental principle of this occupation is the famous game spirit, and in this case it is not an abstraction at all. In Russia, the popularity of Frisbee is still small, it boils down to open beaches for dogs, and musical open-air. However, at the world championship on the ultimate, Russians made their debuts more than 10 years ago, and local tournaments are held not only in Moscow, but also in St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod. Especially you can play all the year round. Domestic enthusiasts really did not agree among themselves, how to correctly write this term – through “z” or “c”. So you can meet both, and another spelling, but is it so important?
After a long occupation of a sport, a sense of control over the situation begins. But there are situations when it is almost impossible to adapt to the surrounding conditions. This happens, for example, when you climb down a mountain slope inside a huge transparent ball. Such entertainment, zorb, as if specially designed to ensure that extreme impressions always remain so. The zorb was developed in the late 90’s by two young New Zealander. Then the means were developed for moving on the ocean, the idea of a large plastic ball appeared, inside of which there was another with a passenger inside. This idea was a reflection of people’s interest in walking on the surface of the water.The inner sphere enabled a person to maintain a balance inside the zorob, and the outer shell protected from direct contact with the surface. The material for the balls was PVC, the seams were connected by means of special electric welding. It turned out that Zorb is an excellent means for descending or rolling down from the hills, including snow, so you can also do something like swimming. Usually the movement inside the zorba is compared to being inside the washing machine, the passenger can feel on himself that he could feel the laundry in the spinning drum. Since the inner shell does not rotate as fast as the outer shell, then a full turn inside the ball is carried out by a person for 9 meters of the path. Speed zorba directly depends on the movements of the passenger, and on the slope and even on the method of attachment. But anyway, the ball will not be able to accelerate faster than 50 km / h, which is comparable to a bicycle trip down the mountain. Only the risk in this case is much less.
Ball games are characterized by an exciting dynamic. However, only in this kind of sport players can safely move in three dimensions. Underwater rugby is ultimately highly organized, but a crush in the pool with the ball. Inside the ball is salt water, a strong throw sends it only 3 meters and according to the rules it can not appear on the surface. Players are dressed in fins with a mask or glasses, their goal is to throw the ball into a hole diameter of 40 centimeters. The author of underwater entertainment was the most, perhaps, healthy nation of Europe – the Germans. The first version of the game resembled volleyball, inside the pool was a grid. But then the players were finally determined under the water. In this sport for successful performance, players have to develop several skills at once. We must be able to move quickly and maneuver under the water, to fight for the ball to be strong and be able to hold your breath for a long time. Also it is necessary to accustom yourself to a complicated tactic, which besides the usual forward-backward, right-to-left assumes also a movement up and down. In submarine rugby, as well as the usual, players clearly share their roles. In this variety, roles in the team can be shared between men and women. If some force the opponent with brute force and make breakthroughs at depth, then others engage in blocking and fight closer to the surface. It should be noted that this kind of sport is rather tiresome and exhausting, that’s why besides 6 players of the base there are as many spare ones. Although it is not easy to organize underwater rugby, it’s easy to start playing with the necessary equipment. Especially since each of us in our youth tried to take the ball in the water from a friend, while using some wrestling method.
Racing 24 hours Le Mans.
This car race is not only the most popular and prestigious on the planet among endurance competitions, it is also the oldest. Start and finish are divided exactly for 24 hours, while the word survival to Le Mans is absolutely applicable here – the famous route has already become the site of the death of 21 riders. However, such extreme conditions do not scare away many who wish to participate in the race for 90 years already. There is even an opinion that Formula-1 is a face of motorsport, but “24 hours of Le Mans” is the heart of this sport. Originally this race was specially designed for the leading manufacturers of the annual event. If in other types of motor racing the speed was appreciated, then in Le Mans the ability to distribute this parameter evenly, as well as one’s own forces for the whole day, comes to the fore. Here the favorites were traditionally not the fastest cars, but the most reliable (with the optimal fuel consumption at the same time). Accordingly, the successes in this race significantly influenced the interest in successful car brands on the part of the townsfolk. The Le Mans de la Sart route also includes public roads in addition to specially constructed sites. The first start took place in 1923, then the length of the circle in the race was more than 17 kilometers.A number of improvements, undertaken primarily for safety, reduced the circle to the current 13.63 km. The most famous section of the route is the long straight Mulsanne, in the 80’s individual cars were dispersed here to 400 km / h. However, in the next decade, additional turns were made here to cool the fervor of the fastest. Security problems are much more acute for the organizers of the race than for others. Moreover, it was here that the biggest catastrophe in the history of motorsport happened. In 1955, the Mercedes of the Frenchman Pierre Levege rode into the rostrum. Burning fragments made a fire there, as a result, not only the racer died, but also 82 spectators. This resulted in a ban on motorsport in Switzerland, and the Mercedes for long 30 years left the race. Levege has already become famous before. After he fell asleep by the 23rd hour of the race two years earlier, a rule appeared according to which the car could declare two pilots. In the late 80’s their number increased to 3 people, and the time of continuous driving by one rider was reduced to 4 hours. Today the race “24 hours of Le Mans” is the most complicated event, which corresponds to numerous rules and laws of both the state and the race. Pilots are forced here to take into account the changes in the weather, as well as the presence on the road of cars of various classes and categories (now there are four of them) that differ in speed and style of driving. The best compliance with all the nuances of the race is traditionally given to the Germans. The greatest number of victories – 16, at “Porsche”, and last 10 years have passed under a sign of total superiority “Audi”. The maximum distance in 5335 km was passed here by the Porsche pilots in 1971, with an average speed of 222.2 km / h. It should be noted that overcoming the mark of 200 km / h is common here, despite the two dozen pit stops required to replace drivers, refueling, minor repairs and tire replacement. For all the time of the race, which prevented only World War II, “24 Hours of Le Mans” have acquired many traditions. The main thing – a shower of champagne over the winner, went far beyond the limits of this competition. On this race films were shot, in the most famous starred Steve McQueen, compiled video games and comics were drawn. In 2010, the most stellar race in history was to take place, but the joint application of the legend of Formula 1 Jean Alesi and the motorcycle king Valentino Rossi did not pass, and the former Formula One champion Nigel Mansell was at the very start of the accident. The debut of the Russians here was held in 2004. Then, Alexei Vasiliev, Nikolai Fomenko and the Englishman Robert Nirn took part in the YUKOS-Freisinger team. The team stayed on the track for only five hours, at the time of the drive, it turned out that, remarkably, the foreign subject Nirn. But failure did not break the athletes. Musician and showman Nikolai Fomenko admitted that with the participation in the race the dream of his life came true. Interest in Le Mans is not quenched, and the heart of motorsport continues to vigorously fight and live.
The old-fashioned, as it seems now, passion for skiing gave impetus to another extreme sport. Wakeboarders, in contrast to ordinary skiers, ride on the water surface behind the boat. In passing, athletes perform a number of acrobatic stunts, which came here from surfing and snowboarding. The fundamental difference between wakeboarding is the fact that here a person is attracted by force, which is beyond his control. Therefore, it would be foolish not to use it in full. The prototype of the wakeboard was the skerfer, similarly, and the prototype of the snowboard was the snelfer. The devices for water skiing are two skis connected in one. Improvement of the wakeboard has led to the appearance of a more flexible and light board, which makes it possible to accelerate to 30-40 km / h and soar up to a height of 6 meters, pushing away from the water surface. To create more powerful and high waves professionals to the board attach additional cargo – ballast.Also in the water often have a kicker – a mini-tramline, which allows to increase the amplitude of the jump and to accomplish thereby in flight more tricks. Like in other similar sports, the most popular are jaws and regular jumps. But in wakeboarding there is a wide variety of techniques. So, on snowboarding or skateboarding, it is impossible to perform a jump of tantrum, perpendicular to the direction of motion. This is possible only on the water. Also of additional interest is the possibility of capturing the handle of the cable that goes from the boat. This gives you about a dozen extra elements for any trick. Besides everything else, wakeboarding is quite harmonious in terms of fitness. Thanks to this sport almost all muscle groups develop evenly. Not surprisingly, in the United States about a quarter of wakeboarders are women. Their active participation in this sport entailed the expansion of the product line and the development of numerous accessories. All this is confirmed by wakeboarding in the role of one of the fastest growing extreme sports.
This extreme sport is already about fifty years old and its entire history corresponds to its spirit. Skateboarding experienced ups and downs, but still remained the main, perhaps, card of extreme sports. Despite all the metamorphoses of society and this sport – social, economic and technical, skateboarding is still a young passion for young people. Let the main stars are far beyond 40, but 85% of athletes have not yet reached and 18. We know that skateboarding originated in California. There he was allegedly invented by local surfers in one of his off-season, when boredom over the crests of the wave became particularly unbearable. It is hardly possible to reproach skaters or surfers in dislike for the annals, so that the first pages of history are full of gaps. Precisely recorded only the date of the appearance of the first board with wheels in the official retail – it happened in 1959. This novelty immediately appealed to American teenagers, who with the help of skateboards replaced the bored school buses. The first professional skate appeared on the market in 1963. Furor then did not follow, but the reaction of society can be called a mini-boom. Manufacturers of boards began immediately to collect their own teams and organize competitions. The most important of them were even broadcast on television. A simple opportunity to ride on your hands and jump from the curb was so fascinating to many that even a profile magazine about this sport arose. Only the company Makaha for three years sold more than 50 million skateboards. But behind the wave inevitably followed and a weighty decline. Out of the shadow, skateboarding came out only in the mid-70s, when manufacturers made some technical improvements and the first skateparks were opened. Year after year, new fields were developed, even abandoned basins due to the economic crisis. Thanks to the new skate models, it became easier to perform some tricks. And then there was a key moment in the history of skateboarding – the invention of the Ollie. This basic trick, in which the jump can be carried out without hands, was first performed in 1979 by Alan “Ollie” Gelfand. Immediately, the jump was adapted to the flat surface of Rodney Mullen, who came up with the idea to bend the ends of the deck. Rodney in general is a living legend of skateboarding, invented many more tricks, in particular kickflip, which became the progenitor of all other flips. During this jump the board rotated 360 degrees. It was Malln who led the skaters from civilian radii to the street, giving them much more freedom. In the late 80’s, another revival of skateboarding took place, as the largest clothing manufacturers showed interest in it. In addition, the sport has already significantly diversified with the help of Mullen and his followers, who introduced numerous flipy and ally. Today skateboarding is a true street sport that has immortalized TV shows, games and movies.This sport has given rise to a new youth trend, a musical style, even on the calendar there was a holiday. Yes, and it is not dangerous to consider it extremely dangerous, experienced skateboarders unanimously believe that with sufficient experience and self-confidence, there is not more risk in working with the board than on football or basketball. This sport is popular in Russia. The main metropolitan spots are traditionally considered Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill and Novy Arbat, and in St. Petersburg it is the area near the Moskovskaya metro station. Although the national skateboarders do not have enough experience, they certainly deserve respect. After all, our guys ride in the winter, which the Californians with their warm climate simply can not understand.
As a matter of fact, river rafting on an inflatable ship without a skeleton can have only one real goal – getting those very extreme sensations that are possible only here. Can this be compared to a many-day kayak trip along the calm water? The possibilities of rafting are great – even unprepared people can be loaded into a boat and sent to the assault rapids and rapids. At the same time one can be sure that people will be satisfied. Organizing the descent on the raft, you must clearly define the category of complexity of the planned path. The river of the first category is considered to be the easiest, almost a child can float on it. Such an aquatic environment is just a flow fast enough to move along it. Stones, rapids and rapids appear already in the second and third categories, to bypass the obstacles here one can not do without certain skills of owning oars. In the fourth and fifth categories, obstacles become much more dangerous, and the sixth category simply is not suitable for rafting. When practicing rafting, progress consists not only in moving from simpler categories to more complex ones, but also in other guidelines. The most interesting occupation during rafting is raft management. So, if, during passage of the whirlpool, passengers all together make a strong paddle with oars, they can fly over the funnels and avoid the effect of centrifugal force. On some sections of the road, sometimes you have to tilt the sideways raft to pass sideways sideways or in general to put your ship almost vertically. A special pleasure here can be obtained by accelerating from a small threshold or even a small waterfall to splash down on a smooth section of water. Rafters learn not only to maneuver, in case of a revolution of their raft, they learn and ways to quickly restore the former position. Here, either a rope stretched along the rafter or a counterweight counterweight can help. If the route has a low category of complexity, then coups can deliver pleasures no less than the passage of obstacles themselves. Naturally, in no case should you forget to put on a protective helmet.
Such an impressive bicycle is not able to overcome the Tour de France and even on a country road it will be difficult to ride it. After all, mountain bike requires serious obstacles, rugged terrain with a lot of winding paths, mud and steep turns. Riding a bicycle requires a solid character from the owner, as well as some insanity in his head. The head of the bicyclist is covered with a helmet, his hands are clad in gloves and firmly cling to the steering wheel, the feet are densely joined with spikes on the pedals. Mountain bike has a special, reinforced design. The frame here has a characteristic trapezoid shape. Both suspension, front and rear, are equipped with shock absorbers. The clearance is also increased, for improved patency. The tires have an impressive thickness, besides they have a rough protector. Mountain biking has similarities with cars – there is also a speed selector and disc brakes, although there are models with conventional rims. After repeatedly moving the bike on yourself, you can not even go to the gym – in fact a frame with accompanying ammunition weighs about 20 kg.In general, the occupation of mountain biking is not cheap. The prices for bicycles start from 300 euros, and the top ceiling – 15000 euros. Professional athletes are rarely alone in this sport – behind them are either sponsors or financially successful structures. There are few skills of the athlete, his qualities and abilities. In many respects the success in mountain biking depends on the quality bike and all its attributes. Bays differ in materials and production technologies. The role and discipline played by the athlete also plays a role. After all, mountain biking is a lot of different kinds. Here there are jumping-tricks from the springboards (frets), free race (freeride), downhill (downhill), as well as parallel slalom cross-country (cross-country) and other racing. So, for a cross-country bike should have a low weight, but in downhill, strength is an important aspect. To engage in mountain biking in our country, you need to have courage, find a park area and invest enough money for equipment.
Mountaineering for Russia is a popular and popular activity. The natural peaks have long been accepted by amateurs and professionals alike. But classes with insurance, which give adrenaline in the urban environment – it’s new. Climbers-professionals created a new hobby – climbing walls. Initially, these structures were used only for training. Those lovers who could not go to nature, passed the time in conquering the plywood heights. The main task of the climbing wall was the imitation of a natural rock. To do this, the playground is created in a whimsical shape, and there are many hooks on it. Those who literally “climbed the wall” began to create their own climbing walls, using for this purpose pieces of metal, reinforcement and plywood. Someone managed to do a serious business on this. Nowadays there are two types of climbing walls – inclined and vertical, but if desired they are also combined. Today, in the construction of climbing walls used beech plywood, and the site is not only a place for training, but also used for commercial purposes. To engage in climbing, you only need to get a dose of adrenaline and a lack of fear of height. Often the latter leads people to this hobby. To succeed, you must successfully catch the center of gravity and fix the safety system well. When the climber climbs up from the bottom, he is insured by an experienced instructor. The first rise to a height of 6-7 meters and touching the carbine there by hand already cause a desire for many to go to conquer many thousands of peaks. Over time, the enthusiasm of small enthusiasts grew into a rapidly growing business in Russia. Skalodromes can now be found in shopping centers, and the climbing federation keeps a detailed record of all such sites throughout the country.
In this sport, basketball and streetball, rugby, hockey and trampoline have teamed up. Could he have turned out to be unseeing? After all, athletes flying up above the platform at an altitude of 5 meters and snuggling the ball in the basket, attract attention even if they are successfully fighting the Earth’s gravity. Since slambol is young enough, it is constantly being improved and developing, and its rules are still subject to modifications. The basic rules here – the presence in each team of 4 people and eight anti-gravity trampolines near the rings. There is a slamdank here, all conditions are created for him – for the touch of the ring, the greatest number of points is awarded here. The attack takes a little time – only 20 seconds, but this is enough to use force or to imprint the enemy on the board. The attack from behind is forbidden, here you can not also attack the player when he does not knock the ball on the floor. Places prone to injury are protected. From the outside it looks as if eight adult men are going to go rollerblading or arrange a bike run.Initially, in general, slambolists in the development of a new game wore almost a motorcycle helmet. Here there is an interesting innovation – a bullet for violating the rules. The victim does not even come out, and flies to the ring in proud solitude, but he is confronted by only one defender. The name of the positions on the court is also curious here. So, the organization of attacks deals with “tamer”, in football such a player is called a playmaker. Scoring balls in the basket entrusted to the “Gunners”, and the selection of the ball and rare connections to attack – the lot of “stoppers”. The creator of the sport on trampolines, Mason Gordon dreamed that his characters could equalize in opportunities with the heroes of computer games. Here, any guy who does not get close to the NBA, can jump higher than the stars – Kobe Bryant and LeBron James. The project carries not only charitable purposes, it is interesting from the point of view of conjugation of incompatible, it would seem, kinds of sports. Although initially based on the principle of the show, literally holy for Americans. It’s no accident that Gordon was helped in the development of a new sport by Mike Tolin, a television producer-professional. The first site originated in an abandoned warehouse. She was brought to mind with the help of the first five enthusiast players. After trial games of two teams, the whole draft was held, in which sixty best candidates were selected from six hundred applicants. They became the elite of modern slamball, organizing six teams: “Rambl”, “Mob”, “Diablos”, “Slashers”, “Steel” and “Bouncers”. Only appeared, the game immediately attracted the attention of television, the teams were offered a solid contract with cable TV. However, after two full seasons in 2002 and 2003, the league did not play for 5 whole years, taking a break. However, the return of the spectacular game with the flights still took place! And in Australia it even began to broadcast in HD. In Russia, this game also became popular, a national slambo- ly union was established with its website and relevant documentation. Of course, it is not necessary to count on the support of the state in the development of this sport, that’s what the game is doing only by enthusiasts. They are actively looking for both players and coaches. Interested people can even get acquainted with the American version right on the spot, watching the matches live, the union also helps to find the necessary for the slamball site on the cities.