How to identify the most courageous person? Is it not necessary to consider such an Austrian extreme Felix Baumgartner. After all, he already earned himself the reputation of a fearless athlete. And recently, Felix said that he was going to break the record for skydiving. To this end, the athlete, with the help of a Mongol helmet with liquid helium, will rise to a height of 39 kilometers, and from there, literally dive down. Having overcome all barriers, Felix plans to successfully touch the ground.
15.10.2012, in Roswell, New Mexico, the Austrian Felix Baumgartner officially became the first man in the world, whose speed in free fall exceeded the speed of sound. In the course of the jump, 43-year-old Baumgartner set two world records – in height (39.45 km), with which the jump was made, as well as on the speed of free fall, which amounted to 1,342 km / h, which is 1.24 times the speed of sound .
Immediate preparation for this jump, along with a rise to a given altitude, took more than 2.5 hours, and in free fall Felix spent 4 minutes 20 seconds, after which he opened the parachute, and he landed successfully. As Felix Baumgartner himself told journalists, during the jump he did not think about reaching the records: “I wanted to return to Earth, to see the girl, my parents.” “Sometimes you need to climb very high to realize how small you are,” he added.
Most of all Felix Baumgartner worried when he left the capsule: “When you leave, you do not feel the air, you do not understand what is happening, and you have to adjust the pressure, otherwise you will die,” he said. “It’s terribly unpleasant.” By his brave deeds, a man shows that there are no limits to human possibilities, as there are no borders and his courage. Therefore, we will tell about the most daring representatives of mankind who have crossed themselves and their fears.
At one time, the US Air Force had a special program that prepared superspiones for the transfer from space directly to the top of the Ivan the Great Cathedral in Moscow. That project was named Excelsior, and it was headed by Mr. Kittinger. When testing new models of stratospheric parachutes, this officer carried out several unusual jumps.
So, in August 1960, Joseph was able to descend to earth from a height of 30 kilometers. When the daredevil overcame the mark of 13300 meters, his glove burst on his right arm. Because of this, under the conditions of rarefied air, the brush swelled, like a glove on a bottle with wandering wine. But Joseph did not report the incident to the authorities, especially as his hand again became normal upon landing.
After learning that Vietnam had started a war, Colonel Kittinger went there as a volunteer. There Joseph was wounded and taken prisoner. About a year he stayed in the camp for the prisoners “Hanoi Hilton”. There the brave officer fought with fate – he tried to stir up a riot and organize an escape. But the Vietnamese caught him, beat him, and then also subjected him to terrible Asian tortures.
In 1973, Kittinger returned to his homeland from captivity. There he continued to work on aerostats. One of them, unmanned, was able to reach a mark of 3221 kilometers above the planet. In 2012, the brave Colonel advises the same Baumgartner. Wanting to be among the bravest, who else has to take advice, no matter how legendary the officer?
This person is considered the most famous climber in the world. Today the Italian Messner is already storming the political peaks in the European Parliament. He was glorified by the fact that he became the first in the world who could conquer all 14 eight-thousanders.
In 1978, Messner made a fearless act – he went to storm Mount Everest without oxygen equipment. Many considered him a suicide, but he managed to conceived. But two years later this feat was repeated. This time the highest mountain of the world was conquered from the opposite side.
In mountaineering, Messner proved everything to himself. The next target of the daredevil was desert.And interest in it was caused not only by the hot, but also by the Arctic. The Italian was able to cross Antarctica and Greenland, the Gobi and Takla-Makan. This man walked on foot to the South and North Pole. About his exploits and love of mountaineering Messner told in 70 books.
This man recently crossed the 30-year boundary, but already managed to become the strongest in the world in the field of immersion without scuba. His lungs have a volume of 8.1 liters. This allows the diver for 7.5 minutes under water to do without air. Trubridge, a resident of New Zealand, uses only air reserves in his chest and a rope thrown into the water. Brave man can dive to a depth of 121 meters.
All his equipment is made up of gloves and fins. If you refuse them, then William can reach a mark of one hundred meters. A brave conqueror of the depths without special equipment today is engaged in conducting courses on freediving. 4 days of the seminar bring him about 600 dollars. And along with him, Sarah Campbell, the champion of the UK on scuba diving without scuba training, is training new brave souls.
This American Air Force officer was also a doctor of medicine. He was born in 1910 and lived a long life, dying in 1989. The whole life of this daredevil was held under the noble motto “Nothing to be sorry for.” It is not surprising that he voluntarily put his life at risk for dozens of times. It was John Stapp who became the first people who seriously engaged in studying the effect of congestion on the human body. He himself became a test. For working at high speeds, Stapp was even nicknamed “the fastest person on Earth.”
In 1947, Stapp decided to refute the mythical conviction of the pilots that at an acceleration exceeding 18g, a person can not survive. But the brave man was able to overcome this barrier, and then even experienced a record overload of 46g. But in fact it is 10 times larger than that experienced by astronauts, returning to Earth in a manned “Salute”.
Such experiments inevitably brought bold testers strong body injuries. Stapp’s limbs were fractured, the retina exfoliated, and the usual specks of dust left deep marks on his skin. But the officer recovered, because all the damage was uncritical. You can imagine what the man looked like after flying on an experimental rocket at a speed of 850 km / h and without a spacesuit.
But Stapp decided to take his experiences beyond isolated cabs. One day he decided to check whether the pilot of a jet plane could survive if the cabin disappeared. Interesting were the sensations of the person at the same time. Stapp could prove that at a speed of 917 km / h, the interaction with cold rarefied air is not at all fatal to humans.
John Stapp’s research served not only the military, but the whole of modern mankind. After all, it was this tester who proved the importance of using seat belts in cars for traffic safety. Thanks to Stapp since 1966, the machines have got at their disposal the very improvements to ensure safety. Let the motorists do not like them, but they really save lives.
In 2009, Oscar won the documentary “Man on the Wire.” It was filmed only one actor – the brave and brave French rope walker Philippe Petit. The tape told about his trick, committed back in 1974. He, not advertising his act, walked without insurance on a 61-meter rope weighing 200 kilograms. But he was pulled between the towers of the WTC in New York, destroyed by terrorists in 2011. Petit walked along the thin path, danced back and forth.
All this presentation took place at an altitude of 450 meters and took 45 minutes. After that, the Frenchman was arrested by the police for illegally entering the closed territory. However, the brave man refused to pay a fine or sit in jail. In return, he suggested that the police for their release arrange a free show in Central Park in New York.
When the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution was celebrated in 1989, Petya struck everyone with his 700-meter wire journey. She was at an angle stretched from the ground to the second floor of the Eiffel Tower. Today, this is a memorial tablet. Well, the fact that the brave tightrope walker repeatedly passed over the Niagara Falls, no one is surprised.
American teenager Jordan Romero has not reached the age of 20, and has already done so much that he became a celebrity. He appeared in the world in Big Bir Lake, California. Who would have guessed that this foolish schoolboy would be born for feats. But he has already managed to conquer all the highest peaks on all the continents of the planet to his young years.
Jordan visited the mountains of Aconcagua and McKinley, Kilimanjaro and Punchak Jaya, and he climbed the Vinson Massif. The teenager met his 14th birthday on the summit of Mount Everest. As a result, it brought him the glory of the youngest in the history of the conqueror of the “roof of the world”. This record will be very difficult to beat. Unless some young Nepali boy wants to get his share of glory.
The fact is that permission to storm Mount Everest is issued by the authorities. After the exploits of the Californian boy, a decree was issued, according to which people who reached the age of 18 are allowed to climb to the top.
Today, Romero Roma is well provided for – he has his own brand in the field of climbing equipment and clothing. The brave young man plans to continue his exploits at the end of the school. And he managed to conquer many girl’s hearts.
This Slovenian swimmer has become a legend, thanks to his swim in ultra long distances. The name of Martin Strela is found in the Guinness Book of Records 4 times. This man could swim through the four greatest rivers of the world, from their source, and ending with the mouth. The list of conquered waterways inspires respect – the Amazon, the Danube, the Yangtze and the Mississippi. But the conquest of the Nile Slovenian postponed indefinitely. He believes that this African great river does not correspond to its level.
The bravest person was the hardest in the Amazon. After all, according to the schedule he had to swim about 50 miles a day. But in this river man is attacked by dangerous catfish kandir, wading through us through the urethra and anus. At the same time, the sun burned mercilessly, and tropical fever raged around.
Several times Martin had to save from the attacks of evil piranhas. As a result, the swimmer’s support group poured several buckets of blood nearby. This helped to distract the attention of predator fish. Crocodile and anaconda Arrow was not frightened at all, just smiling at such a danger.
To relieve stress from such a dangerous adventure, the Arrow each night drank two bottles of wine. The whole tour of the Amazon took about 66 days. About the same number spent and our next hero, conquering the Atlantic.
This great French doctor was also engaged in politics. What pushes people to adventure? A successful man in 1952 took, but out of simple curiosity decided to independently cross the Atlantic. And the vessel was chosen for this rather unusual – a rubber boat with the screaming name “Heretic”.
A brave and risky man took with him on a trip a sextant, a pair of oars and a sail. To make it boring on the road, Bombar took with him the books of Montaigne and Shakespeare. The experiment was to show what the potential victims of the shipwreck are prepared in terms of psychological and physical capabilities. The trip lasted 65 days. That’s what Bombar needed so much to overcome the 4400 kilometers separating Las Palmas and Barbados.
In his long voyage, the Frenchman lived exclusively on that living creature, which he could catch in his net or spry the self-made spear. The basis of the diet for the time of travel was fish and plankton. From the carcasses of fish caught the doctor squeezed fresh water, sometimes diluting it with ocean water.Bombar told me that this cocktail was more delicious than the French mineral water.
When the traveler reached Barbados, it turned out that on the way he lost 26 kilograms. Such an adventure markedly undermined the health of the daredevil. Nevertheless, he recovered, and eventually got 4 children. Bombar lived a long life, dying in Toulon in 2005 at the age of 80 years.