The history of friendship between man and dog is more than one millennium. These four-legged animals are not as arrogant as cats. With respect to a man, dogs show love and devotion, and, if necessary, they can display unprecedented courage.
The history of this dog is both the most revealing, and the most depressing in this list. After all, Laika became not only the first animal to have been in space, but also the first victim of such flights. When preparing the experiment, dogs were chosen, and not monkeys, since they are better suited for training. A two-year-old dog Laika was chosen, which weighed 6 kilograms. Before the flight, she underwent an operation in which the sensors were installed on the ribs and near the carotid artery. The launch took place on November 3, 1957. The design of the rocket did not presuppose in principle the return to Earth. The sensors in the animal showed that she had successfully survived the procedure of launching and flying into orbit. In zero gravity, her pulse became normal. Laika was able to do 4 turns around the planet. But due to errors in the calculations, the temperature inside the satellite rose to 40 degrees, and the poor animal died from overheating. The flight Laika became a sensation in the Western press. She was admired, but at the same time she was sorry. The whole week the USSR reported on the state of health of the already dead animal, and when it was reported about the death of the animal, a flurry of criticism hit the authorities. That flight was very important. The bold animal has proved that a living creature can fly into space, and the man once again demonstrated that he will not be afraid to kill a friend in achieving his goals. Monuments and songs were written in honor of the brave Laika.
This story occurred in 1923. The collie dog itself belonged to a family who lived in Oregon. When his master traveled to Indiana, the dog was lost. Her search for success did not bring, and the family returned home. Six months later, the dog showed up in Oregon, breaking 4,500 kilometers. Bobby was very emaciated and skinny, he barely stood on his feet. The paws of a brave and faithful dog were wiped to the bone. The dog was found by the adoptive daughter of the family, Nova. She called a dirty dog similar to Bobby, and she responded to this name! No one can understand how the dog could have come this long way and how she knew where to go at all. His journey took place during the winter. The people who helped Bobby began to write to his master. The dog was able to remember the way back, appearing in those houses where the family stayed, and in the same cities. This incident made Bobby famous. About him newspapers were written, films were made, books were published. In Oregon, Bobby even built his own dream house – with small windows and curtains on them. The dog was an honorary member at the Portland exhibition – it came to watch 100 thousand people. In 3 years the dog died, it was buried with honors in a special cemetery for animals. Until now, in his hometown Bobby February 15 is celebrated the day of his memory.
During the terrorist attack on America on September 11, a special canine unit K-9 took an active part in saving people. It was Apollo who was awarded a medal for all the brave dogs who accomplished this feat. A dog of the German shepherd breed was born in 1992, having passed special courses for dogs to search and rescue people. This dog arrived at the scene of the disaster just 15 minutes after it was accomplished. The fire and falling debris nearly killed the brave rescuer. Saved his fall into the pool just before the collapse of the towers. After his master, Peter Davis, pulled the dog from there, they together continued to look for them under the rubble and save people. After that story, Appollo worked in the Dominican Republic, helping to clear up the rubble after the hurricanes. The brave dog died in 2006.
This dog helped its master to feed the sheep in Montana. In the summer of 1936 a man fell ill and went with Shep to the city.But the shepherd could not recover, he died. His body was boarded up and sent to relatives. Workers of the station paid attention to the dog when he appeared on the platform and watched the coffin, which was loaded onto the train. When the composition was gone, Shep stayed at the same place for six years. He greeted and greeted the four trains that arrived at the station daily. At the same time, the dog risked being crushed. Eventually on January 12, 1942, a tragedy occurred – a blinded and deafened dog slipped on the icy tracks and could not get away from the locomotive. A well-known dog received a detailed obituary, hundreds of people escorted her along the way and an honor guard. At the top of the hill above the station was dug a grave, and the lanterns illuminated the letters SHEP even at night. Over time, the station was abandoned, they forgot about the dog. Only in 1988 this place was again landscaped, and the bronze monument was opened to the dog himself in the city. Shep stands in the same position in which he waited for his master, not being afraid of passing trains.
This dog served in the army and underwent baptism of fire in Vietnam. And he became famous during the attack of enemies on the American base. This happened on December 5, 1966. During the mortar attack, Nemo gave a signal about the presence of scouts. During the ensuing skirmish, the dog was injured by the eyes and nose, but nevertheless remained to guard the bodies of the wounded. Nemo did not allow even a medical brigade sent by the Americans. Only the vet was able to lead the brave dog from the body of its owner. It was thanks to the dog that he remained as a result alive. When Nemo got to the veterinarians, he was in a bad condition. He was given a skin transplant on his face and removed his eye, and also made a tracheotomy to help breathe. But this only improved his hearing and sense of smell. After 8 months of treatment the brave dog was again in the ranks. After those events, the 5-year-old German Shepherd returned to retire to Texas.
This dog went down in history as an irreconcilable critic of Nazism. At the same time these actions were of an absolutely open nature. A Dalmatian named Jackie belonged to Toru Borgu, a businessman from the Finnish Tampere. The man himself had a good sense of humor – he taught his dog to raise his paw up, reacting to the word “Hitler” and parodying the greeting of the fascists. The Borg in the beginning of 1941 was summoned to the German embassy, where they questioned about the unusual abilities of his dog. The Finn himself said that he does not call the dog Hitler, but so often his wife calls him. The Borg assured the German diplomats that he had never sought to offend the Third Reich. About this case even Berlin learned. The brave dog was interested in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the office of Hitler himself and even the Ministry of Economics. The Borg decided to work financially – the wholesale trade with him through the impact on suppliers was terminated. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was looking for an opportunity to sue the Borg and his dog. But the case was closed, since there were simply no witnesses ready to confirm their charges. Fascists could not stop this mockery. Borg himself lived to be 60 years old, dying in 1969, and Jackie died a natural death.
This dog went down in history as an old rebel. In the modern history of Greece, there was a mass riots connected with the financial crisis in the country. The onion became a cult figure of those events, without it there was not a single demonstration. The dog distinguished itself by biting at the heels of OMON officers, barking along with slogans and urinating against representatives of the order. The dog’s name translates as “sausage”, she managed to become a real symbol of resistance. The red dog, who has become familiar in the chronicles of journalists, has even dedicated a group to Facebook, where they publish the latest news from the life of a brave revolutionary. About the dog told all the Greek newspapers, he wagged his tail on many television channels in the world. The owner of Sausage is not, she walks around Athens by herself.But only in the city there begins somewhere a demonstration and a clash with the authorities, like a dog here as here. He always stands on the side of the protesters, deftly dodging the flying stones. Like other stray dogs in Athens, the sausage has a tag with a number on its neck. We can say that the dog fights for his life too – after all, cuts in the budget may entail a reduction in the program for protecting homeless animals.
This newfound dog originally had the name Pal. With a big and kind dog, children loved to play. But Gander accidentally scratched his face with a paw. Concerned about possible problems, the owners gave their dog to serve in the Canadian army. There, the soldiers renamed their four-legged friend Gander, giving him the post of sergeant. The dog performed its feat in Hong Kong in December 1941. During the fierce battles of Canadians with the Japanese, Gander twice stopped enemy attacks. When the enemy threw a grenade, the brave dog immediately picked it up and fled in the direction of the Japanese. Gander died as a result of the explosion, but managed to save the lives of several wounded soldiers. His dog received the award posthumously and only 50 years after his feat. And the name of the brave dog was included in the list of veterans of that battle at the memorial plaque in Ottawa.
This St. Bernard went down in history as one of the most successful rescuers in history. Since the XVIII century monks living in the Alps, decided to keep the dogs with them, so that they participated in rescue operations on snow-covered expanses. Barry was born in 1800 and served with the monastery of St. Bernard. It is located near the Great St. Bernard Pass. There was once a road connecting Italy with Europe. The path was difficult, because often a storm began. The monks brought out a special breed – St. Bernard, who, thanks to their little strength, helped to find lost people. Barry himself was less than the current St. Bernards. He weighed only 40-45 kilograms. During his life, a brave dog could save at least 40 people. The most famous case was the rescue of a little boy who froze in an ice cave, hiding there from the avalanche. The dog warmed him, licking it, and then dragged him on the ground and even on his back. According to legend, Barry’s death came from a knife of a Swiss soldier. The dog dug that in the snow, but the man took St. Bernard for the wolf and began to defend himself. In fact, after 12 years of service, Barry retired to the monastery of Bern, where he lived for 2 more years. In honor of this dog in the monastery of St. Bernard there is still at least one dog with that name. In 2004, the Barry Foundation was established, which is breeding dogs of this breed.
This dog has repeatedly proved that his courage knows no bounds. Chips is considered the most deserved and the most brave dog of the Second World War. The dog was a cross between a German shepherd, a collie and an Siberian husky and looked rather innocuous. Donated his dog to the needs of the army Edward Rehn from the city of Pleasantville. The dog passed a training course for the guard service and was assigned to the Third Infantry Division. During the services Chips visited Africa, Sicily, Italy, Germany and France. His most famous exploit the dog carried out on June 10, 1943. During the landing on Sicily, the American soldiers were forced to stop – the machine-gun nest was pouring fire all around. Then Chips rushed into the bunker and forced the Germans to surrender, despite several bullet wounds. A brave dog was introduced to General Dwight Eisenhower, commander of the Allied forces. Chips was even rewarded with a Purple Heart Silver Star, but later the awards were withdrawn, so as not to offend the soldiers. In December 1945, the dog was commissioned from the army and returned to the family of his master. In 1990, Disney even made a film about those events.