The Nobel Peace Prize is the most honorable prize of the world. It is received by scientists and writers, politicians and economists. The ceremony itself causes a lot of discussions, because there are so many candidates, and there are so few premiums. In addition, the committee that identifies winners is often subject to outside influence.
In this case, the solution does not always come out objective. And the nominees themselves, like their actions, are rather controversial. Time Magazine told everyone about the 10 most controversial Nobel laureates in the history of this prestigious, as well as quite a monetary, prize.
The world’s first black president in the history of the United States came to power in a wave of general euphoria. The motto of his election company was “Yes, we can!”. Thanks to the general enthusiasm and faith in the swift changes, Obama left behind other candidates. The Nobel Peace Prize went to him for “extraordinary efforts aimed at strengthening international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”. Only that confused the fact that the awarding of the president a prize took place only 12 days after his assumption of office. Even the American newspaper The New York Times called it a stunning surprise. Other observers were not so restrained in their assessments and directly accused the Nobel Committee of pursuing their own political interests. The laureate of the Peace Prize in the following years continued to conduct military campaigns of his country in the territory of other independent states.
This person is the most controversial and controversial candidate, than anyone else on this list. The award was presented to Cordell Hall in 1945 for his active role in the creation of the UN. And it really happened, which was worthy of recognition. However, the actions of Hull just six years before this caused a shock around the world. He was the secretary of state under Roosevelt, when a ship with 950 Jewish refugees arrived from Germany. They asked for political asylum, running away from the persecution of the fascists. Even the President was ready to accept the unfortunate, but Cordell, along with his allies, the southern democrats, took a principled position. The Secretary of State was able to convince Roosevelt, threatening that he would not support him in future elections. That ship returned to Hamburg. Subsequently, about a quarter of its passengers died in the course of the Holocaust. But soon this story was forgotten and Hull still received his prize.
Although for some people this politician was an uncompromising fighter for the freedom of his people, for many, he is only an accomplice of terrorists. Nevertheless, this polarity of views did not prevent Yasir Arafat from awarding the Nobel Prize. Together with him, it was received by the Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin, as well as by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of that country, Shimon Peres. The committee said that the prize was awarded for efforts to develop brotherhood in the Middle East. However, the uneasy relations of the Israeli authorities with Hamas, the accusations of Arafat himself in corruption and the inability to make any concessions soon brought all those developments to naught. The Middle East has remained an explosive zone, where it is fired, blown up and killed.
This woman became the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. It was awarded her for the activities of Maathai to improve the rights of rural women in Kenya. Local residents fought against deforestation. All would be fine, but only the laureate in the press stated that HIV was specially invented and launched by Western scientists with the aim of reducing the population of Africa. Although Maathai later officially denied her authorship of these statements, but in her interview with Time Magazine, she stated that she knew where the HIV came from. In her opinion, this clearly did not involve nature and monkeys. Vaangari also noted her involvement in several conservation projects, for some time she even held the post of Minister of Ecology in Kenya.
John Forbes Nesh.
This scientist perfectly embodied on the screen Russell Crowe in the movie “Mind Games”. Already in his youth, Nech showed his genius. And he received the Nobel Prize in economics only in 1994, although his work was written 40 years ago, when he was only being released from Princeton. Nesh really had a big impact on the economy, he caused respect for his struggle with schizophrenia. Only here the reputation of the laureate was marred by rumors about his anti-Semitic views and statements. As a result, the Nobel Committee was forced to reconsider the procedure for electing nominees, and to limit the skok of staying in office of the members of the commission to 3 years. Karl von Osetsky.
This writer was an ardent supporter of the world, he publicly opposed Hitler. In 1936, Osetsky received the Nobel Peace Prize. After all, he denounced Germany and Hitler personally with his articles in violation of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. But this agreement established order in Europe after the First World War. The work of the writer was not left without attention of the Gestapo – he spent three years in concentration camps, where he earned himself a bunch of illnesses. When Osetsky was awarded his prize, he was lying in a hospital with tuberculosis, under the supervision of the authorities. The Gestapo strongly recommended that the writer give up this honor, but he courageously decided to get his prize. This behavior extremely enraged Hitler himself. He simply did not allow Karl von Osetsky to attend the solemn ceremony in Oslo. In addition, an order was issued, according to which the Germans simply did not have the right to accept the Nobel Prize. And with the entry of German troops into the territory of Norway, all members of the Nobel Committee were arrested. We can say that because of Osnetsky’s principled principles, the existence of the prize itself was in general threatened.
There is no doubt that penicillin has become one of the most important inventions of the last century. It is believed that the main role in this discovery belongs to Alexander Fleming, who received the Nobel Prize for this in 1945. However, the importance of the work of Fleming himself is being questioned. After all, in the 1870s, studies were carried out on the same mold Penicillium notatum. The works indicated its useful properties for the destruction of harmful bacteria. Yes, and Fleming himself said that his discovery was an accident, and not the result of systematic and long work. However, it should be noted that it was thanks to the scientist that the properties of penicillin were fully revealed, and mass production began. As a result, Fleming’s discovery saved millions of lives.
Harold zur Hozen.
This medical researcher in 2008 bathed in the rays of glory. After all, Zur Hozen received the Nobel Prize in medicine. The scientist was able to detect the cause of cervical cancer, he became the HPV virus. However, soon the triumph was overshadowed by the scandal. The Swedish police found that the pharmaceutical company of the winner, AstraZeneca, had an impact on the election of the winner. But she is also developing vaccines against HPV. However, officially stated there was nothing to not inflate the scandal. Soon, the case became even more suspicious, because AstraZeneca began sponsoring the site of the Nobel Committee.
When the prize was announced to this person, it caused a storm of discussion. The decision itself remains one of the most controversial in the history of the Nobel Prize. And critics have something to argue. The American politician remembered Operation Condor, bombing in Cambodia. In addition, the Vietnamese Le Dook Tu, who shared the prize with Kissinger, decided not to receive his award. His moral principles prevented him from sharing glory with the cunning sneaker of big politics.
This is the second after Marie Curie, a scientist who was nominated for the Nobel Prize several times and in different fields. You can recall the saying that any poacher can become a hunter.The case of Linus Paulig is just this. A brilliant chemist began his path to fame with creating weapons for the US government. The first prize was awarded to Paulig in the field of chemistry. But soon the new atomic age forced him to reconsider his views on life. In addition, the wife of the scientist, Ava, was the ideological fighter for peace. As a result, Paulig turned into a pacifist, joining the ranks of other scientists (including Albert Einstein) and calling for a halt to nuclear testing. The scientist did much to make the world a nuclear-free world. For this and was awarded to him in 1962 the Nobel Prize. But the pages of his biography, in which Paulig participated in the development of weapons, will not disappear anywhere.