Today tourists began to drive not only to museums, but also to cemeteries. These open-air places are full of their sights. There they go, as in an ordinary park, because there are a lot of sculptures. Quiet cemeteries were chosen by the locals, curious tourists come here too.
Because burying their loved ones, a person often tries to decorate the place of the last rest. So there are monuments that are not ashamed to be called masterpieces of art. And necropolises become real museums. The most beautiful cemeteries will be discussed below. Grand Jas, Cannes, France.
Cannes is famous not only for its film festival, but also for its cemetery. It is located in the north-west of the city, considered one of the most beautiful in the world. The design of the churchyard itself is unusual here. The burial places are terraces on the hillside. As a result, the cemetery is valued not only as a sculpture museum, but also as a monument of landscape design. Many famous personalities rest here, it is worth mentioning the names of the writer Prosper Merimee, the pilot Nikolai Popov, the ballerina Olga Khokhlova (the first wife of Pablo Picasso) and the jeweler Carl Faberge.
Kensal Green, London, UK.
This cemetery appeared on maps of the city in the 30s of the XIX century. It was considered advanced at that time. After all, people in London used to bury people in small cemeteries, which became crowded as a result. But in the new cemetery the relatives of the deceased were offered to rest the body to the ground, in catacombs or in family crypts. The new necropolis quickly gained popularity. They began to bury in the long run and people from the most notable families. Even the 12 members of the royal family are buried in the Kensal Green Cemetery. Among other famous people who have found eternal peace here, it is worth mentioning Freddie Mercury, William Thackeray, the writer Mine Reed and the protoire of Yakov Smirnov. The cultural significance of the cemetery is indicated, at least, by the fact that excursions are constantly conducted in its catacombs.
Monumental, Milan, Italy.
In this Italian city there are two huge cemeteries. The largest of them, Maggiore, has relatively modest tombs. Another thing – the monumental. Here, most of the tombstones are decorated with sculptures and even whole compositions with their participation. The cemetery has a large number of rich and even pompous crypts, which seem to compete among themselves in beauty, luxury and originality. It is quite clear that the monumental cemetery has been a place of rest for the most famous musicians, artists and writers for a century and a half already. It was here that the first lady of Argentina, Eva Duarte de Peron, pianist Vladimir Horowitz, writer Alessandro Manzoni and other famous characters were buried.
Staleno, Genoa, Italy.
On the slope of the hill in Genoa is a beautiful cemetery. It is known even not so much because of the funeral celebrities there, but thanks to stylish sculptural tombstones. Work on them was conducted by many famous masters, you can recall Eduardo Alfieri or Giulio Montverde. And there was a necropolis in the beginning of the XIX century. Captured Italy Emperor Napoleon issued a decree according to which people in the church were banned from now on. Especially for these purposes in Genoa, and a new large cemetery was designed. Cemetery of St. Mark, Vienna, Austria.
The cemetery, opened in 1784, functioned only 90 years. Originally, this place was located beyond the city limits. The poor people were buried there, dumping them in common graves for 5 people. Together with the beggars, the famous composer Mozart was buried, and the exact place of his repose remained unknown. But Vienna quickly expanded, the graveyard was in the city. In the cemetery of St. Mark began to bury people of even more notable estates. Today, the ancient necropolis does not look like a cemetery in the traditional sense. This is more of an old shady garden in which gravestones are overgrown with moss.At St. Mark’s cemetery, it is recommended that you go for a summer day and coolly think about the eternal. Yes, and the Central Cemetery in Vienna is also considered an excellent place for such walks.
Fluntern, Zurich, Switzerland.
The prestigious Fluntern cemetery is located on a high mountain above Zurich. There are lots of unusual and expensive tombstones here. Under one of them lies chemist Leopold Ruzhechka, under the other – the President of Switzerland, Albert Meyer. Several Nobel laureates have also been buried here. But tourists are most interested in the grave of the Irish writer James Joyce. He spent much of his life in Switzerland, where he created his main work – the novel “Ulysses”.
Mirogoy, Zagreb, Croatia.
All Croatian celebrities, regardless of their religion, whether they were Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, Orthodox, atheists or Jews during their lifetime, are buried here. Cemetery Mirogoi is considered the most beautiful in the country, and it was opened in 1876. For him, the Austrian architect Herman Bole decided to make a neo-renaissance necropolis. In the cemetery, several shady avenues were broken, and the park of memory was also decorated with two long and ivy-twisted arcades. Today, Mirogoy is a landmark of Zagreb. Every year thousands of visitors come to look at this cemetery.
Baykovo cemetery, Kiev, Ukraine.
This cemetery is the most beautiful in the capital of Ukraine. Originally it was created specifically for the burial of Lutherans and Catholics, but over time there was a place for the Orthodox. And after the Great Patriotic War, Baykovo cemetery became a kind of necropolis for the outstanding inhabitants of Kiev. Here are buried the poetess Lesya Ukrainka, aircraft designer Oleg Antonov, cardiac surgeon Nikolai Amosov and singer Boris Gmyrya. Remained at the churchyard and about 20 crypts still pre-revolutionary buildings. Only they are all looted, becoming a haven for the homeless. Volkovsky Cemetery, St. Petersburg, Russia.
In the northern capital of Russia, about two hundred and fifty years ago, the Volkov cemetery was created. In the middle of the nineteenth century, prominent scientists, writers, artists and musicians began to bury there. In the cemetery are buried such famous personalities as writers Ivan Goncharov and Ivan Turgenev, Nikolai Leskov and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin Nikolai Dobrolyubov and Vissarion Belinsky, scientists Dmitry Mendeleev and Ivan Pavlov. I must say that the pogost still works. At the same time modern tombstones amaze with their luxury and imagination of sculptors. Lately it has been rumored that it is at this cemetery that Lenin’s body should be buried. This is explained simply – the necropolis was the last house for his mother and sister.
Mtatsminda, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Among Tbilisi’s city sights, it’s hard not to pay attention to this memorial cemetery. The most famous burial place here, as well as the most famous, is the grave of Alexander Griboyedov. He was killed in Iran, but was buried in Tbilisi. Next to him rests and beloved wife Nina Chavchadze, survived her husband for several decades. Especially for the centenary of the great Russian writer and diplomat in 1929 on the slope of Mtatsminda Mountain around the Church of St. David the memorable pantheon was opened. There were buried famous Georgian writers, scientists and artists.
Lychakiv cemetery, Lviv, Ukraine.
It is one of the oldest cemeteries in the country, since 1991 it has received the status of a museum-reserve. Founded it in the XVI century, and the oldest surviving tombstone is dated 1786 year. Necropolis has about three thousand monuments, tombstones and crypts. Architects and sculptors created real masterpieces of sorrow. Among the famous personalities buried here, it should be noted Ivan Franko, Salome Krushelnytsky, Stanislav Lyudkevich. It is noteworthy that the cemetery, which for a long time, together with the city was part of the territory of Catholic Poland, became the last house for many Poles.Until now, they come here to their relatives.