It is usually considered that a home aquarium should have a volume of 50-60 liters. Only some fans manage to accommodate a capacity of 1,000 liters or more. But in order to see the artificial underwater world in its full beauty, you should visit special institutions. Because there among the glass walls are entire lakes, in which live large creatures – sharks and even whales. Visiting such aquariums can be an unforgettable adventure. People create aquariums more and more, not just chasing the records, but also diversifying the underwater world offered to guests. The biggest aquariums in the world will be discussed below.
Aquarium of Western Australia, 3 million liters.
The name of this underwater world abbreviated as AQWA. The building is located on the shore of the bay in Perth, Western Australia. This is the largest aquarium in the world. Its history began in 1991. Then Maurice Kahn bought an aquarium attraction “Underwater World” and began its reconstruction. Entrepreneurs set a goal to acquaint people with the underwater world, and to do this as safely as possible for the visitors themselves and for living beings. The project was held, and in the aquarium even learned how to grow corals, so favorable conditions were inside. On January 1, 2001, the natural park received its present name. The main tank is 40 meters long and 20 meters wide. The excursion to AQWA is a real walk on the ocean floor, only there is no need for diving and scuba gear. After all, you can observe the beauty of the underwater world by walking along a 98-meter underwater tunnel. Guests of the aquarium can visit five expositions, which represent local inhabitants of the sea depths. And for additional payment you can even swim with scuba diving among animals. Usually people come to the “Aquarium of Western Australia” by families and for the whole day.
Genoa Aquarium, 3.78 million liters.
This institution is the largest of its kind in Italy and the second largest in Europe. The area of the aquarium is 3100 m², about 1.2 million people come here each year. And we built an aquarium here for the exhibition Genoa Expo 1992, dedicated to the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America by the local native Christopher Columbus. Architect Renzo Piano designed a building that looks like a ship that is about to be launched. In 1998, the aquarium was expanded – a 100-meter vessel was attached to it, which was connected to the main structure by a bridge. Initially, the aquarium had to demonstrate the underwater features of the Ligurian Sea, the northern Atlantic and the Caribbean reefs. It was along this path that Columbus once sailed. The aquarium consists of 70 tanks, the total volume of 6 million liters. Here live more than 5 thousand species of living creatures, including sharks, seals, penguins and dolphins. Next to the aquarium is a glass bowl 20 meters in diameter – “Biosphere”. There is a piece of Amazonian forest. Adult ticket to the Genoa aquarium costs 16 euros.
Shanghai Oceanarium, 3.8 million liters.
It is one of the largest aquariums in Asia, its area is 20.5 thousand m². It is located near the famous television tower, in the Pudong district. The oceanarium is divided into 9 thematic zones representing the different corners of the ocean – the Polar Waters, Africa, Australia, China and others. In total, there are 10,000 living creatures in the aquarium, representing 450 species. But the most interesting here are four submarine tunnels, with a total length of 168 meters. This is a world record. An inspection begins from the Chinese zone, a further journey through other continents and regions will give a complete picture of the diversity of the animal world presented here. So, in the Asian zone you can see a unique Chinese sturgeon and a huge salamander, a length of two meters.Representatives of the Amazon are represented in the South American zone, including a three-meter arapayma fish with 6-cm scales, an electric eel. The collection of the oceanarium is very diverse, there are skates, sharks, penguins, turtles. But good photos are difficult to make to the guests – poor lighting and many tourists interfere. By appointment, you can even swim next to the sharks. Tickets to the aquarium are quite expensive, starting at $ 25.
Sea World Ushaka, 3.8 million liters.
This oceanarium is considered one of the best in the Southern Hemisphere. It is located in South Africa, in the city of Durban. Theme park area is 16 hectares, and it was opened in 2004 after 3 years of work. The complex is divided into four parts, and it is located on a strip of land between the beach and the harbor. The sea world is the largest aquarium in Africa with 32 reservoirs. Its peculiarity is also that there is a restaurant with glass walls, which is located right inside the tank with sharks. So you can watch dangerous predators right at the table. A spectacle of feeding sharks on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays is of particular interest to the guests. Also, the exhibition complex contains turtles, rays, tropical fish – the underwater world of Africa is especially bright and diverse. In the Sea World there is also a dolphinarium, where there are also penguins with seals. It is worth noting that in addition to entertainment complex is engaged in scientific research. In addition to the Sea World, the complex has a water park, a beach and an African village.
Aquarium of the Monterey Bay, 4.5 million liters.
The aquarium is considered one of the best research centers in the world. It is located in Monterey, California, on the territory of the former factory for the production of canned fish. In addition to the immediate huge reservoir of 4.5 million liters, there is another huge capacity of 1.2 million liters. A huge aquarium, as it becomes clear from the name, aims to show the rich animal and plant world of the Monterey Bay, the largest in the country. The first section is given to “Algae Forest”, where goldfish, anchovies and orange Garibaldi swim between plants. Aquarium “Depth” is dedicated to those creatures that live at a depth of 30 to 100 meters. It is impossible to see them in a natural environment to an ordinary person. Other expositions will tell you about the sea sandy day, about the shale reefs and the rocky shore. Although there are no dolphins, whales and fur seals in the aquarium, you can observe the various marine mammals traveling through the bay from the open area. Of special interest is the “Open Sea” section. It is here that the two largest reservoirs are located. Here lives a lot of amazing creatures, there are rare jellyfish, reaching 75 cm in diameter.
Turkuaz Aquarium, 4.9 million liters.
This aquarium in Istanbul is the largest in Turkey. Let it not impress with its area (8 thousand m²), but it’s cozy here. This place is divided into many thematic zones, here live about 10 thousand sea creatures, including tiger sharks, piranhas and huge stingrays. But the main pride of the aquarium is the 80-meter underwater tunnel, which runs straight through the underwater world. The angle here is 270 degrees. In 43 reservoirs live both freshwater and marine inhabitants. On the site of the institution you can find out about the time of feeding sharks to get on exactly this fascinating sight. Serves the aquarium team of 50 people, among them engineers, divers, biologists and managers. Divers alone have seven people, they feed the inhabitants and clean the aquarium. Turkuaz is a dynamic and interactive family entertainment center. The whole complex was built in just six months by the New Zealand company, the whole project cost 17 million euros and the aquarium opened in 2009. Aquarium L’Oceanografic, Valencia, 7 million liters.
This aquarium is located in the eastern part of the Spanish city, being part of the famous complex City of Arts and Sciences. The sea house was designed by the architect Felix Kandela. The oceanographic institution is the largest in Europe, with a total area of 111 thousand m², the total volume of water here is 42 million liters. Such a volume would be enough to fill 15 Olympic pools. The complex has 45 thousand living beings, representing 500 different species. It is not only fish, but also birds, mammals, reptiles, invertebrates. Nine overwater floors were inhabited by sharks, penguins, dolphins, sea lions, walruses and many others. The whole park is divided into nine zones. The marine areas are represented by the Mediterranean, the polar oceans by Arctic inhabitants, and the tropical seas by the inhabitants of the Red Sea. It is worth paying attention to the pavilion with exotic seabirds, as well as the dolphinarium. Sea water in the aquarium is pumped directly from the beach, passing several degrees of purification. And in this case, guests are invited to walk through the tunnel through the water column. In the “Oceanographic” is also an underwater restaurant, where you can continue to monitor the marine life.
Aquarium Okinawa Turaumi, 7.49 million liters.
This aquarium is located in Kayohaku Park, which appeared in honor of the International Exhibition of the Seas and Oceans. It was conducted on the Motobu Peninsula in the north-west of Okinawa. Opened the “Okinawa Tyuraumi” in 2002. In the depths of the park, 5 minutes from the main entrance is the oceanarium. He took the slope of the hill, thanks to which the floors are located here a step, creating the effect of a gradual descent down. The oceanarium is designed to show the marine life of the Japanese island as fully as possible. Given the features of Okinawa, the aquarium was divided into three zones: coral reefs and shallow waters, warm waters of the Kuroshio Current, deep water. As a result, the organisms living in these zones are quite different from each other. Entering the aquarium, guests are on the third floor. Then descent starts down, which is a kind of immersion in the depths of the ocean. People go from the world of shallow water, corals and tropical fish, to the layer of the warm current of Kuroshio and to dark mysterious deep-water places. The person and the water column in the aquarium shares as much as 60 centimeters of glass. Dubai Aquarium, 10 million liters.
This aquarium is located in the largest shopping and entertainment center in the Middle East – The Dubai Mall. It is located in the prestigious district of the city, surrounding Burj Khalifa. The aquarium is home to 33,000 marine life, including 400 shark. Here is the world’s largest glass exterior panel for watching the living world. Its size is 8.3 by 32.88 meters with a thickness of 75 centimeters. The total size of the aquarium is 51 by 20 by 11 meters. Thanks to this, the Dubai aquarium even got into the Guinness Book of Records. In February 2010, the glass began to leak, which caused the evacuation of all spectators. Fortunately, the problem was quickly resolved. It is better to consider the underwater inhabitants by going through an underwater tunnel with a viewing angle of 270 degrees. Particularly striking is the proximity to the slopes and tiger sharks. Thanks to a special lighting system, the aquarium then sinks into the night, then it lives a bright day. And the bravest can do right here diving for a fee.
Georgia Aquarium, 23.8 million liters.
It’s time to tell about the world’s largest aquarium. Here, in Atlanta, in an artificial environment, there are about 100,000 living beings. The aquarium opened in November 2005, it became the only outside of Asia where whale sharks live. In its form, this place resembles a huge cruise liner, divided into 60 separate chambers. Three quarters of the total is occupied by the largest pool, where the largest fish of the ocean live – the same whale sharks. There are four of them – two males and females. And the sea giants were brought here from Taiwan by special aircraft.Originally, this place was planned exclusively as an entertainment one. But now there also carry out oceanographic research. Experts believe that in the year the aquarium in Georgia is visited by up to 2 million people. The construction of the aquarium began in 2001 on the initiative of the billionaire Bernard Marcus and thanks to his investments. He himself stated that fish live better in an aquarium than in a natural environment. Also, Marcus adores the huge fish, which led to the scale of the project. The construction was delayed for 27 months and cost $ 200 million. However, the authorities of Atlanta hope for the payback of the project, because the aquarium has become the largest in the world. It is located on an area of 81 thousand m² in the center of the city. And together with the center of research and the conference hall the complex in general occupies an area of 120 thousand m².