It is said that a person can endlessly look at three things. One of them is how the water flows. And the sight of her fall from the height attracts even more. In this article we will talk about waterfalls – one of the wonders of nature.
Waterfalls are the falls of water in a river from a certain ledge located on the path of the riverbed. This term is suitable for falling from a height of more than a meter of water. Waterfalls always attract the attention of tourists, because this is an impressive sight.
The most famous waterfall in the world is Niagara, meanwhile it is far from the highest and not the widest in the world. The water here drops down from just 50 meters, but that’s enough to impress numerous tourists. But not much is known about the highest waterfalls, meanwhile these objects are quite interesting in themselves. Many of them are located in hard-to-reach places and were discovered relatively recently.
Angel, 979 meters.
This waterfall is in Venezuela. Here the water of the Churun River falls from the top of Auyantepuy, the “Devil’s Mountains”. Local Indians call the waterfall “Waterfall of the deepest place.” Water falls down from such a huge height that it turns into fog and dust, never reaching the ground. Civilization learned about Angel in the beginning of the last century. However, the waterfall was talked about only after the flight of American pilot James Einjel in 1933 over him. It was in his honor that the waterfall was later named. They say that he was looking for diamonds in these places, which the aborigines told him. In fact, the plateau of the waterfall is strewn with quartz. Angel and his partners made an emergency landing on the plateau, returning to people only after 11 days. The pilot described the amazing waterfall discovered during the trip. In 1994, UNESCO contributed the entire Canaima National Park along with Angel to the World Heritage List. Surprisingly, in 2009, the Venezuelan authorities, fighting imperialism, took, and renamed Angel in his original name Kepepakupai-measure. Today tourists from all over the world go to see the highest waterfall in the world. However, it is located in a relatively inaccessible area, so you can get here either by river or by plane. The cost of the tour starts from 250 dollars.
Tugela, 948 meters.
The second highest waterfall is in South Africa on a river with the same name. In fact, it consists of five cascades, the height of the largest of which is 411 meters. Every second from here about 400 cubic meters of water fall down. The river Tugela flows along the Drakensberg Mountains in the Natal National Park. It is best to watch the waterfall after heavy rain or when the sun sets. Then its rays make the water drop from the height shine. The river Tugela originates only a few kilometers from the ledge. The water in it is so clean that it is considered suitable for drinking. In winter, the waterfall often freezes, becoming covered with ice and snow, and everything turns into a fairy wonderland. You can get to the foot of the Tugela waterfall with the help of mountain hiking trails and hanging bridges. During the day you can cross the entire route and get to the very top of the mountain. There is an observation deck – Amphitheater, from which you can see numerous cliffs, covered with greenery, and falling down the water, and the entire national park.
Three sisters, 914 meters.
This waterfall is in South America. In Peru, there is the region of Ayacucho, quite remote from civilization. The world has learned about the waterfall just recently. A group of photographers went on an expedition to shoot another waterfall – Katarata, 267 meters high. But unexpectedly for themselves travelers discovered another miracle of nature, even more spectacular. The name of the waterfall is due to the structure. It consists of three tiers separated from each other. From the air you can see only two of them, but the third is a huge pool, where the water eventually falls. The waterfall is surrounded on all sides by tall trees reaching 30 meters. It was they who guarded for a long time this miracle of nature from curious human eyes.
, 900 meters.
This Niagara, even in America, is by no means the highest. But getting here is not easy. And Oloupen is not at all on the mainland. The waterfall is in Hawaii, its home is the island of Molokai. The fact that there are waterfalls on these remote islands, and even one of the highest in the world is not known to all. Most of the same photographs of this object are obtained with the help of aerial photography. The waterfall is surrounded on two sides by mountains of volcanic origin. It itself is rather thin and differs by numerous transitions down from one level to another. The water does not fall down, it slides along a practically vertical rock, falling straight into the ocean. The waterfall cut deep into the rocks, so it could not be photographed and found for a long time. It is best to watch it from the sea, many travel companies in Hawaii offer tours to it. Flights to the waterfall by helicopter will require good weather conditions.
Umbilla, 895 meters.
This waterfall is in Peru and was also discovered relatively recently. It is located in the Amazon basin, and scientists are still arguing about its height. The figure is also called 895.4 meters, and at 870 meters. Umbilla itself is a system with numerous levels, with four steep slopes. The opening of Umbilla was very pleased by the Ministry of Tourism of Peru, which was engaged in the development of a two-day tour of its largest waterfalls. The very same object, although high, but very thin. It is visible only about 600 meters from all way of falling of water, thus it is erupted absolutely downwards. To get here, you need to hire a local guide, because there are no identification signs here. Because of the distance of the waterfall, there are very few of his photographs.
, 860 meters.
The highest waterfall in Europe is in Norway. It feeds the river Winnu, and it falls from the mountain Vinnufjellet and flows into the river Driva. Water appears at the top of the mountain from the glacier, melted by the warm sun it turns into a stream. The waterfall is cascaded, while the height of the highest step is 420 meters. In the vicinity of the European record holder, there are several other tourist attractions. So, from here only 39 kilometers to the National Park Dovrefjell.
Balayfossen, 850 meters.
This waterfall has much in common with the previous one. He is also in Norway and looks more full-spring in the spring. The source of the waterfall, 6 meters wide, is the Bala stream, which flows out of the mountain lake. And in this case, water falls down three steps, falling soon into a nearby sea. The longest of them is 452 meters. For tourists, the waterfall is not particularly attractive, since it periodically dries up completely, and the volume of falling water here is low.
Puukaoku, 840 meters.
The Hawaiian island of Molokai has at once two of the ten highest waterfalls. Puukaoku has a height of 80 meters. Most of all it has water during the rainy season, lasting from November to March. And in this case, the waterfall flows directly into the ocean, from where it can be well considered. And in this case, water does not fall, but flows down the basalt cliff. James Bruce, 840 meters.
The name of this Canadian waterfall immediately makes it clear that it is named after a man, a great traveler. It was the Scot Bruce who found the origins of the Blue Nile. This natural object is located in British Columbia, in the marine provincial park named after Princess Louise. The width of the waterfall is only 5 meters, and it generates two parallel streams created by glaciers. One stream is permanent, while the other one dries up in the summer. Thus, the most full-flowing waterfall looks like a rainy winter or autumn.
Brown, 836 meters.
In New Zealand’s Fjordland National Park, on the South Island, this waterfall is located. Its width is 12 meters.It is interesting that between the beginning of the fall and the end, the horizontal distance is 1130 meters. As a result, water does not fall at all, but at an angle of 42 degrees. There is only one cascade, and the length of the highest drop is 244 meters. Brown Falls is located in the heart of the rainforest, typical of these islands. Water for him comes from the high-mountainous Lake Brown. The waterfall through the cascades flows down to the fjord, which is in the Gulf of Arm.