is a strong alcoholic beverage made in Mexico from fermented blue agave juice. The main raw material for the production of tequila is blue agave, Agave (azul) tequilana Weber, family of agave (Agavaceae).
This is a large plant with a short thick stalk and a rosette of thick fleshy leaves. Before flowering, when the plant accumulates the largest amount of sugars and starch (in the 8th to 12th year of life after flowering it dies), the leaves are cut from the agave and the stem is extracted – the pinot (pino “cone”) weighing 30-90 kg and more. It is subjected to heat treatment, crushed and pressed.
некоторые Some producers add about 12% of sugar to the juice obtained (other ratios are possible), and the juice is fermented for 2-12, more often 4 days. After a double distillation, an alcohol with a strength of 50-55% by volume is obtained. For the production of tequila, the middle fraction of the distillate is used. It is diluted with spring or distilled water to 38-40% by volume and directed to bottling or soaking. Usually the strength of export tequila is 38-40% vol., For domestic consumption – up to 46% vol.
Producers often dilute the distillate with spirits of a different origin, however, according to the law, tequila can be called a drink, for which no less than 51% of agave distillate was used, or even better, 100%. In the latter case, the label contains the inscription “100%” or “100% Blue Agave”.
The term of exposure of tequila:
– silver, or white tequila. It is poured into bottles immediately after distillation; colorless.
Joven – a young tequila that has not been aged, is usually flavored or tinted with color.
– the golden tequila. A variety of young tequila, tinted with color or infusion of oak shavings.
– rested tequila. It lasts 3-12 months in oak barrels and acquires a golden hue.
is an old, or seasoned tequila. The aging time is 3-10 years, usually no more than 7.
The longer the tequila in the barrels can not stand, because the drink acquires a steady bitterness. Tequila is made from cacti.
Wrong opinion. Tequila is made from a perennial plant of the lily family – agave. It should be noted that of the 300 species of this plant, only blue agave (Agave Azul Tequilana Weber) is suitable for the production of tequila.
Tequila can be made by yourself.
This is possible only if you live in Mexico (preferably in Jalisco), you are the lucky owner of a large agave plantation, the cultivation of which was spent at least eight years, and, in addition, have the knowledge, time and effort for such a labor-intensive and a serious process. Otherwise, you will get a completely different drink (if at all, something will work out).
There is only silver and gold tequila.
It should be remembered that these are only the simplest species. In addition, tequila differs also in the proportion of the content of agave, in terms of aging, to taste. After all, the recipe for cooking each kind of this drink is unique.
If this is a real tequila, there will always be a caterpillar in the bottle.
Wrong opinion. Mexicans caterpillars do not put bottles with tequila. In some varieties poured into the United States, caterpillars are indeed added for advertising purposes, but this does not correspond to Mexican traditions.
You do not face a hangover from tequila.
Everything depends on the amount drunk and on the ability of your body to withstand the effects of alcohol. It should be remembered that the content of fusel oils in tequila is not regulated, a light taste of herbs successfully masks, therefore it intoxicates this drink very quickly. But if you manage to drink a large amount of tequila – the next morning you will suffer an ordinary hangover.
All the tequila – “one face”, only the bottles are different.
No, this drink has a lot of flavors, it varies in terms of aging time, and in many other parameters, well known to connoisseurs of this drink.For example, Tequila Blanco \ Silver – a young tequila, does not stand up perfectly – bottles directly after cooking. Tequila Joven \ Gold differs from Tequila Blanco only in that it contains an additive – caramel. The drink has a mild taste, it is easier to drink. Girls from him just delighted! Tequila Reposado, Anejo have a more vivid taste, are maintained for a certain time (Reposado is aged from 2 to 11 months, and Anejo from 12 months to 10 years). In total, about 500 kinds of tequila are known in the world. By the way, this drink has different tastes for different manufacturers, and Tequila Sauza is considered one of the most popular and oldest tequila production in Mexico.
Tequila and mescal are synonyms.
This is not quite true. After all, tequila is produced only from blue agave, five varieties of this plant (both cultivated and wild) are suitable for making mescal. Tequila is double (or even triple!) Distillation, mescal is the same – most often one (except for the highest grade, passing double distillation). Both the way and the place of production of these drinks are different (for example, the heart of agave for mescal baked in pits-furnaces, for tequila – in ground furnaces or autoclaves). And, finally, it is to the bottle of mescal that “worm salt” is attached, to tequila, such an additive is not provided.
The more expensive the tequila, the better.
This is not a correct opinion. The price of tequila can vary depending on the attractiveness of the packaging, the type of bottles (often handmade), the “promotion” of the brand. Yes, and different types of tequila have a different price. For example, in Mexico there is a wide selection of excellent types of tequila at a price of $ 30- $ 60, and a good choice in the price range from $ 60 to $ 100 depending on the type of drink.
The best tequila is in the domestic market of Mexico.
This opinion is valid only if, apart from the strength of the drink, you are not very interested. Indeed, the export is less strong tequila, but, firstly, the difference is not very significant, and secondly, this fact is not at all evidence that the local market has a better product. In addition, it should be noted that cheap (less than $ 30) tequila is mixed (i.e., does not consist of 100% of agave). And premium products are not even sold in Mexico, as they are manufactured exclusively for export. Tequila can cause hallucinations.
This opinion, apparently, has spread due to people who have mixed mezcal with mescaline (a drug-hallucinogen). But the opinion is completely mistaken – no tequila contains any narcotic substances. After all, in the agave, from which the tequila is made, there are no psychotropic components.