Height – 3,1-3,9 cm, weight – 5-9 gr.
By the end of this week the child will be called no longer an embryo, but a fruit. This is a definite turning point, meaning that all the main parts of the body and organs are already laid and are in their places. In the future they will only grow and prepare for extrauterine life.
The critical stage is over – at the embryonic stage of development the child is too susceptible to external factors, which in some cases leads to the development of congenital malformations. The fruit of this danger is protected: most developmental defects could only be formed before the 10th week. In the future, drugs and starvation of the mother remain negative factors.
And while the baby is in the mother’s belly, he tries to get comfortable. And in this he is very helped by the placenta. The placenta is an amazing organ that is for the kid and the kitchen, and the bathroom, and the air conditioner at the same time. From the 12th week of pregnancy, the placenta will be finally formed and will fully assume the provision of the child with everything necessary.
The baby grows inside a fetal bladder, in which there is a clear amniotic fluid of about 20 ml. The baby is connected to the placenta by the umbilical cord, through which nutrients are supplied to it.
Kidneys take their place in his body and begin to gradually filter out the blood unnecessary substances to the body of the child and remove them. Finally removes these products of the placenta, working together with the kidneys of the mother. Therefore, Mom now needs to closely monitor his urogenital system and at the first signs of a malfunction in the kidneys (swelling, pain, discomfort when visiting the toilet) immediately consult a doctor.
The child’s head is straightening up more and more. She already has a completely human face with correctly planted eyes, formed by ears, nose and mouth. The brain develops with a huge speed: every minute there are 250 thousand new neurons, and the volume of the bone marrow grows to 16 ml.
The first cells responsible for immunity, the so-called lymphocytes, already function in the blood. The skeleton of the child is already quite human in form and clearly defined. The kid can even connect the handles to each other.
The respiratory system is so developed that it is already ready for the first entrance. True time for him will not come soon. At 10 weeks, with a strong desire and good technique, you can examine the genitals and find out who is born: a boy or a girl. But the probability of error is still very high. If you have a boy, then right now he begins to develop a male hormone testosterone.
It is interesting that the baby begins to react to what is happening around, for example, on the movement of the umbilical cord, the fluctuations of the amniotic fluid, the movement of their own hands and feet. The child marks all events with primitive facial expressions.
Your weight gradually increases with an average speed of 250 grams per week. By the 12th week, an increase of 2 kg is considered ideal. However, there are no clear rules, according to which weight should increase. This mainly depends on the constitution of the woman. Some people recruit at once and a lot, some gain very little, and some even lose weight.
There were examples where women with impaired metabolism and excessive fullness during pregnancy were suddenly cured and returned to ideal weight. Therefore, we can conclude that the female body knows when, where and how much to add, so that the child develops optimally. Of course, if he does not interfere with malnutrition and diets.
On average, during pregnancy, a woman recovers by 12-16 kg. In a modern society, focused on an uncompromising struggle with every additional gram, the figure of a half dozen kilograms looks horrendous. But do not be scared. In fact, you will lose more than half during childbirth, and the rest will almost completely disappear from you within the first two months after the hospital (unless, of course, you stick to the sweet).
приба In the first trimester the increase is 1-2 kg. In the second trimester – 6-7 kg. In the third trimester, 4-5 kg. The growth rate is from 200 to 500 g per week.
The acquired weight at the time of delivery is distributed in the body approximately as follows:
Child – 3,0-3,5 kg.
Adipose tissue and nutrients – 3.5 kg.
Cellular liquid – 1,5-1,8 kg.
Increased blood volume of the uterus – 1.2 kg.
Enlargement of the uterus – 0,9-1,0 kg.
Amniotic fluid – 0.9 kg.
Placenta – 0.7 kg.
Breast and mammary glands – 0,5-0,9 kg.
Your heart is working in a strong mode. The frequency of contractions can go up to 100. These are permissible values, but if your pulse is too fast, you need to visit a cardiologist. Now a big load falls on your heart – it pumps the blood immediately for two, by the time of delivery it will pump 6 liters of blood per minute!
In addition, your blood is undergoing changes. In it there is an active formation of plasma and red blood cells. Usually the formation of plasma is faster. Therefore, many may encounter a problem such as anemia. If in your blood test the hemoglobin level falls well below 100, measures should be taken to restore it (vitamins (zinc, iron, folic acid), special food (pomegranate juice, spinach, liver, meat)), and if the fall reaches 37 , then we can talk about anemia and require special treatment.
You need to take this seriously, because it is the red blood cells that provide you and your child with oxygen. Anemia is one of the most common causes of death in women and children. It should be remembered that during labor, you can lose from 450 to 900 liters of blood in the most favorable current. And with any complication, blood loss increases, which in case of anemia is fraught with serious consequences, up to emergency resuscitation and blood transfusions.
Among other unpleasant problems of this period are constipation, hemorrhoids and irritation of the sciatic nerve. Constipation leads to excessive tension of the lower abdominal muscles, and in addition, contribute to the formation of hemorrhoids.
For prevention, you should lead a more lively lifestyle (relevant for those who work in the office), drink more and more water, there are special natural laxatives (prunes, dried apricots, wheat bran). Other methods of treatment are strictly negotiated with the doctor, so as not to provoke miscarriage.
Irritation of the sciatic nerve is very unpleasant: a woman experiences pain in the back, buttocks, hips, legs. The pain is caused by an expanding uterus, which presses on the nerve, which passes just behind her in the legs. For relief, lie a little on the opposite side of the place where the pain is felt, the side.
If it does not help, you can use different ointments, such as “Voltaren emulgel”, but you should definitely see a neurologist. First, the pain may indicate more serious inflammation than just irritation of the nerve, secondly, we need to develop a treatment, in the third, we need to observe before delivery to develop the right strategy for anesthesia.
9 week – 10 week – 11 week