Tennis

Tennis

(from fene tenez, – “hold”) – a sport in which competitors (two players in a single game or two teams of two players in a doubles game) try to throw the ball with the help of rackets to the opponent’s side so that it was impossible to reflect it. In addition, the ball should not fly off the site.

The game is divided into matches, sets and games, the victory of which provides a certain number of strokes not reflected by the opponent. Errors of players also affect the score – a point is awarded to the opponent of the tennis player who committed an oversight, and the player loses the rally.

There are usually several judges in the course of the game – the judges on the line, the referee on the tower and in some cases the chief referee. In recent years, the system of electronic refereeing has become increasingly used.

The game takes place on the court – a special area of ​​23.77×8.23 m (for a single game) and 23.77×10.97 m (for a doubles game), surrounded by lateral (longitudinal) and transverse (rear) lines. The width of the rear lines is 10 cm, all others are 5 cm.

The feeding lines are parallel to the transverse axis 6.4 m apart. The rectangular section between the transverse axis, the lateral lines and the feed line is divided by the middle line into two equal-sized feeding fields. In the middle of the back line is the middle mark, which is a segment of 10×5 cm, directed into the site and connected at right angles to the back line.

The site is surrounded on all sides by “races” – free space, behind the side lines of not less than 3.7 m and behind – at least 6.4 m. “Races”, like the platform, are divided by a transverse axis into equal parts ( side).

In the middle, the court is divided in half by a grid (small enough to exclude the possibility of flying the ball through it), stretched over a string (metal wire), whose diameter should not exceed 0.8 cm, and the ends are fixed on the tops of the poles. Their height should ensure the position of the upper edge of the string (rope) at a level of 1.7 meters.

The diameter of the columns should not be more than 15 cm, the height – 1.95 m. The central part of the grid is supported at an altitude of 0.914 with a white belt, the width of which is 5 cm.

In addition, the upper and lateral parts of the grid can be edged with white tape , the width of which can be from 5 to 6.25 cm. The court can be equipped both outdoors and indoors.

For a game of tennis, a racket is used, consisting of a round rim with stretched strings (artificial or natural) and handles, the total length of which is not more than 73.66 cm, width – not more than 31.75 cm. Initially the rackets were made exclusively of wood , in our days it was replaced by complex composites of metal, carbon fiber and ceramics.

Also for the game you need a ball – most often made of rubber, covered with felt and painted in white or yellow. Its weight should be at least 56 grams, but not more than 59.4 g. A characteristic feature of a tennis ball is a closed line of a certain shape, applied on its surface.

Games with a small ball have been known since ancient times. For example, in ancient Rome, there was a similar game – “Trigon”, which has survived to this day in some provinces of Italy. There were similar fun and in ancient Egypt.

Tennis in its modern form, according to researchers, appeared in France – it was in this country in the XI century was extremely popular “ball game palm” (“jeu de paume”) – in our days it is called “real -tennis “and is held only in closed rooms on a special type of court.

In the beginning, the ball was really beaten only with the palm of your hand, later you began to protect your hand with a special glove, then the first wooden rackets appeared, remotely resembling modern ones, but representing an integral design. Only in the XIV century there were rackets with a rim and strained horizontally and vertically strings of bull veins.

Tennis

The World Tennis Championship (the first in the history of sports in general) was held in France in 1740, but over time, interest in this sport in this country began to fade, and in the XIX center of world tennis was England. The first tennis club was created in 1872 in Leamingston, and in 1874 Major Walter Clopton Wingfield patented the game “spherical”, which in a year was renamed “lawn tennis” (from English lawn – “lawn”). The first tournament for this sport was held in 1876 in the US, and since then the popularity of lawn tennis has been growing every year.

The International Lawn Tennis Federation was founded in Paris on March 1, 1913. The founding countries were Austria, Belgium, Germany, Great Britain, Denmark, Netherlands, France, Sweden, Switzerland, Russia, Australia and New Zealand (United Federation), South Africa, and Spain (although the representative of this state did not participate in the decision, the Tennis Federation of this country approved the creation of ILTF).

ILTF activities, suspended due to the outbreak of World War I, resumed in 1919, and three years later a Council for Rules was established to develop a unified tennis rule. The first set of rules for this game was adopted on March 16, 1923, and in 1924 ILTF was officially recognized by the IOC as the leading tennis organization.

And this organization was positioned as amateur – the professionalization of this sport began only in the 50s of last century. In 1977, ILTF was renamed the International Tennis Federation (English International Tennis Federation, ITF). Today, the ITF includes 205 tennis organizations, of which 145 are full members, 60 are associated.

Tennis was included in the program of the first Olympics (1896, Athens (Greece)) – competitions for this sport were first conducted only for male athletes, women also entered the fight for Olympic medals in 1900. After the IOC eliminated tennis from the Olympic program in 1928 due to the lack of clear distinctions in the sport between amateurs and professionals, tennis players did not appear on the Olympic arena until 1968, when the indicative tournament took place at the XIX Olympiad (Mexico).

And even after the IOC recognized tennis in 1977 as a kind of sport that would meet the Olympic Charter, tennis competitions were not included in the Olympics program. In 1984 (the XXIII Olympiad, Los Angeles (USA)) again were held indicative competitions of tennis players.

And only at the following summer XXIV Olympic Games in 1988 (Seoul (Korea)) tennis was officially included in the program of the Olympics. Today there is even a Club of Olympic medalists, created by the ITF for the popularization of Olympic tennis.

The largest tennis tournaments and cups:

ATP tour:

1. Grand Slam tournaments are the most prestigious competitions of professional tennis players. For the entire time of the competition for one season to win the “Grand Slam” was very few people. For example, only two athletes achieved success in singles: Donald Badge (1938) and Rod Laver (1962 and 1969) and 3 female athletes: Maureen Connolly (1953), Margaret Smith Court (1970) and Steffi Graf (1988) In addition, she won the Olympic tournament, for which she was awarded the Golden Grand Slam. And in the men’s doubles Grand Slam won only 1 team – Frank Sedgman and Ken McGregor (1951). The components of this competition are 4 tournaments that are held annually:
• The Australian Open is held annually in January in Melbourne, Melbourne Park, whose tennis complex consists of 3 exhibition and 3 central courts (each of them holds about 10 000 – 15 000 spectators). On all courts – a solid coating Plexicushion.For the first time the tournament was held in 1905 under the name “The Australasian Championships”. In 1927, the competition was renamed the “Australian Championships”. Since 1969, the tournament has been open to professionals, and has since been referred to as the “Australian Open”;
• The French Open Championship (French Internationaux de France de Roland Garros) is held annually in Paris (France) in late May – early June (2 weeks). Was held for the first time in 1891 on the courts of the Parisian club Stade Francais (Stade Francais club) as a one-day national championship for French tennis players or members of tennis clubs in France. Not very popular until 1925, when the championship received international status. Today, the championship takes place on the tennis arena of Roland Garros, whose courts can hold from 3,700 (Court No. 1) to 15,000 (Court Philippe Chatrier) viewers;
• Wimbledon Championships – every year in Wimbledon (one of the districts of London (England)) at the end of June – early July (2 weeks) on grass-covered courts. For the first time the tournament was held on the grounds near Worple Road (Worple Road) in 1877 on the initiative of the All-England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club. From 1922 until now, it is held on the tennis arenas near Church Road;
• The US Open (English U.S. Open) takes place annually in August-September, since 1978 the USTA National Tennis Center, located in Flushing Meadows Park, Queens, New York (USA), has become the venue for the tournament. This contest was first held in Newport in August 1881 and was called the “National Men’s Singles Championship”. This competition was open only for athletes who are members of the clubs that make up the National Association of Lawn Tennis in the United States. The “National Women’s National Championship” was held several years later – in 1887. Two years later, the US National Women’s Cup (U.S. Women’s National Doubles Championship) and the US National Mixed Doubles Championship (U.S. Mixed Doubles Championship) took place. The “National Men’s Doubles Championship” was held in 1900. All the above-mentioned championships were combined in 1968 – at that time the tournament, open to professional tennis players around the world, was called the US Open (U.S. Open). Initially, the competitions were held at the West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, and in 1978 the competition was decided to be held in Flushing Meadows, all courts have a hard DecoTurf coating and are located in the open air;
• “The Masters” – a series of ATP-tour, which unites 9 tournaments, among which 8 winners are the Masters Cup at the end of the year. For the first time the tournament was held in 1970 in Tokyo. This competition has no permanent venue. The analogue of “Masters” for female tennis players is the annual final championship “Chase”, which is held since 1972.

2. “Challenger Tournaments, Futures Tournaments” – competitions for beginning tennis players.

3. “Satellite Tournaments” – qualifying competitions.

4. Wheelchair Tennis Tour (“Tour of the game of tennis on wheelchairs”).

5. ITF Seniors Events (“Tournament of Veterans”) and Tour of Champions (“Tour of Champions”) – competitions in which the most famous sportsmen who have achieved high results in tennis participate in the past.

In addition, there are so-called annual exhibition tournaments held from November to January and serving to enable athletes to maintain the appropriate physical form:
• AAMI Classic – held in January, starting in 1988, in Kuyong (a suburb Melbourne, Australia);
• Hopman Cup – team competition for mixed pairs;
• JB Group Classic – held in Hong Kong (China);
• Capitala World Tennis Championship – runs from January 1-3 in Abu Dhabi (UAE), starting in 2009;
• Masters France – is held in December, starting in 2008, in Toulouse (France).

Cups:

1. Davis Cup (English Davis Cup) – the largest annual international team competition among male tennis players. It was founded in 1899 by students of Harvard University, one of whom – Dwight Davis, suggested the scheme of the tournament and personally acquired a silver cup, which became a prize for the winner. Its current name competition was received only in 1945, after the death of D. Davis. Teams participating in the competition are divided into levels and groups. Victory (defeat) leads to the fact that participants move to a level higher (lower) than previously occupied (the exception is the Fourth Group, below which outsiders do not descend).

2. Federation Cup (English Fed Cup, until 1995 – Federation Cup) – the largest international team competitions among women tennis players. To hold a competition of this kind was offered in 1919 by Mrs. Hazel Hochkis Whitman, but her idea was not implemented. In 1923 Miss Whitman gave the prize – a silver cup – for the tournament of tennis players of the United States and Great Britain. This prize was called the Whitman Cup and was played for 40 years, until in 1960 the idea of ​​holding international competitions for women tennis players was supported by Mrs. Nell Hopman, the wife of the legendary Davis Harry Hopman. And in 1963 in the Royal Club of London (Queen’s Club) in honor of the fiftieth anniversary of the International Tennis Federation was held open to athletes of all countries tournament, called the Federation Cup. After 1995, the teams were given the opportunity to hold matches for their country at home. In 2005, two world groups were formed from the strongest tennis nations, each of which included 8 countries. Between them, and struggling for the possession of the Cup. Teams of other countries are divided into zones. According to the results of the competitions, the transition from zonal groups to the World and vice versa is carried out.

3. The Kremlin Cup is a men’s international professional tournament that takes place in the autumn at the Olimpiysky sports complex in Moscow (Russia). It was founded in 1990 by businessman Sasson Kakshuri (Switzerland). There is also the Kremlin Cup for women tennis players (until 1996, called “Moscow Ladies Open”). Since 2000, the male and female parts of the tournament are held simultaneously – for one week.

4. World Team Cup – a match for athletes from 8 countries, whose representatives, according to the APR rating, achieved the highest results in the sport in the previous year.

In real tennis tournaments are also held – British Open, French Open, Australian Open, US Open. However, these competitions are not very popular these days.

For a pair and a single game of tennis, separate areas are needed.

This is not true. As the parameters of the grounds are basically the same (except for the width, which is 2 meters more for a doubles game than for a single game), most often the doubles matchground is used for single matches.

There are standards for covering tennis courts strictly observed during professional tournaments.

Standards do exist, but even the most prestigious competitions for this sport can take place on courts with different coatings.For example, Grand Slam tournaments are held in France on a clay surface, in Wimbledon – on grass, in Australia and the USA – on acrylic (hard). The type of coverage affects both the rebound of the ball and the speed of movement of players: the ground provides a very high and unpredictable bounce of the ball, long draws, besides, the ball, covered with dust on the court, is heavier, which certainly affects its game properties; on the grass cover, the ball bounce is extremely fast and low. For this reason, the tactics and strategy of the game on different courts are often very different.

Tennis

Women came to tennis much later than men.

This is not true. This game and its prototypes (for example, the French “jeu de paume”) equally attracted both men and women. Preserved information that in 1427 in Paris was extremely successful tennis player named Margo, inferior in the skill of only a few male tennis players.

Tennis tournaments are male and female.

Indeed, most often competitions are held between players of the same sex, or teams consisting only of men or exclusively from female athletes. However, there are mixed doubles competitions – in this case the team is completed from players of both sexes. Accordingly, competitions are held within the framework of the ATP-tour (for men) and WTA-tour (for women). In addition, there are tennis tournaments for this or that age group (tournaments of veterans, youth, children’s), as well as contests for the disabled.

The Tennis Association represents the interests of all those who professionally engage in tennis.

This is not quite true. Established in 1972, the Association of Tennis Professionals (English Association of Tennis Professionals, ATP) defends the rights and represents the interests of only male athletes. For the protection and representation of professional tennis players, there is the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA), also known as the WTA Tour, established on September 23, 1970. In 2005 the association was renamed, and now is called The Sony Ericsson WTA Tour.

If, in the tennis player’s opinion, the referee made a mistake – the athlete has the right to challenge his decision.

Yes, the athlete has such a right, but to challenge the decision of the referee in this sport is not accepted. In order to minimize the percentage of erroneous verdicts by a judge, since 2006, at major tournaments, the electronic referee system has been officially used, which makes it possible to determine as precisely as possible the place where the ball falls.

The Grand Slam tournament got its name in honor of the card game.

Indeed, according to one version, the term was borrowed from a bridge card game in 1933, when Jack Crawford, having won 3 tournaments, reached the final of the US Open in New York. It was during the 4 matches with the athlete that one of the sports commentators of The New York Times, John Kieran, made an analogy between the possible victory of Crawford and the “Big Slam” (all 13 bribes) in the bridge. There is also a version that the same analogy was made in 1938 by writer Ellison Danzig (America), describing the victory of his compatriot Donald Badge in 4 tennis tournaments for 1 year as “compilation of the Grand Slam.”

Feed is the most significant attacking element.

These days it really is. However, several centuries ago, players did not even make this blow on their own – there were special servants for this, because it was impossible to earn a point from the point. It is from the word “servant” (serviteur, English servitor) that the modern name of the serve (fr., Servi, English service hit), used during tennis tournaments, occurred.

Receiving a feed is just a hit with a rebound.

No, the reception reception is characterized by a very short swing, meeting the ball in front of the body, with a strong brush. From all of the above, we can conclude that this technique is technically closer to the blows from the summer.

The flow direction is rather difficult to predict.

This is not quite true. Experienced tennis players determine the place of the ball rebound, carefully watching the actions of the opponent, namely, for tossing. If the ball flies somewhat to the right and slightly ahead of the supporting leg – most likely, the pitch will be flat, but if you throw an even more obvious shift to the right and even less forward – wait for the cut feed. The topline, which is made to the left and slightly behind the body, usually produces a twisted feed (bounce-to the right-up). If the player throws the ball directly in front of him – most likely, the feed is directed to the grid. In addition, one should take into account the physiological characteristics of the opponent. For example, high-growth tennis players are the easiest to perform an oblique flat serve, capable of knocking out of the court, while the lowest athletes are best able to cut a slash feed.

Feed can be made from any area.

Wrong opinion. There is a certain order of feeds – to draw the first point, it must be conducted in the first field of supply from the first zone, the second – in the second field from the second zone, the third – in the first field from the first zone, etc. in order of priority. After the filing, which is not done from the right area, the appropriate order of the order is immediately restored (the points earned by the athletes before that are counted).

For each won ball, one point is counted for the tennis player.

This state of affairs takes place only when the game is played through the tie-brek system. For each ball, the player receives 1 point and the first player who accumulates 7 points is considered the winner in the game and set, provided that the opponent does not have more than 5 points. If the difference in the score is 1 point – the game will continue until one of the tennis players reaches an advantage of 2 points. The winner in the set is the athlete, who won the first 6 games, while his opponent won only 4 times. If the account in the set on the above system 6: 6 – the game will be played until one of the competitors will not win 2 games in a row – in this case he will be declared the winner of the set. When calculating points on the advantages system, for the first ball won the player receives 15 points, for 2 – 30, for 3 – 40 (according to the researchers, this reference system is associated with the value of coins that had circulation during the rules of scoring in tennis). A tennis player who wins 4 times is considered the winner in the game, provided that his opponent has won no more than 2 goals. When the score is 3: 3, the score is “evenly”, the next point gives the player the advantage in the account (the advantage of the server is “more”, the receiver is “less”). If the player wins 2 times in a row – he is considered the winner in the game, if success is achieved by his opponent – the account is “evenly” announced again. The game continues until one of the competing will win twice in a row – in this case, he is considered the winner of the set. If the set score is 5: 5 – the game is played until one of the athletes will not win 2 games in a row. To win the match, you should win in 2 of 3 or in 3 of 5 sets.

No one should be prompted during the match.

This is not quite true. In team competitions during the change of parties after the end of the game (if no change is made in the tie-break system), the player has the right to receive a clue from the captain on the court. In other matches, hints are strictly forbidden, a player who violates this rule may be disqualified or penalties may be imposed on him.

The best stand – sideways to the grid.

Not always. The lateral counter, called closed, is not suitable, for example, for playing on the back line. Therefore, it is better for beginning players to master a semi-open or open rack from the very beginning – this particular position of the body ensures the performance of more powerful, albeit fairly complex, blows (especially one-handed backhand attacks (left ball hits)).

A good kick starts with putting the racket back.

In fact, the movement begins with a complete rotation of the body or part of it (legs, trunk), but not with the movement of the hands. A swing is just a continuation of the movement of the hull.

The bigger the loop when swinging, the better.

The size of the loop is not that great. Professionals use a loopback to tie two elements: the turn of the shoulders and the position of the percussion arm (the elbow is open, the wrist is directed back – the position of the “powerful palm”). Lovers and juniors most often just copy the trajectory of the swing, not paying proper attention to the correctness of the above elements, which can really provide a good kick to the ball. Therefore, in the initial stages it is better to pay attention to a direct swing, and begin to learn the loopback later.

The best strings for tennis rackets are natural.

Indeed, earlier it was thought that the best playing qualities are possessed by strings made of bull veins. However, recently there have appeared artificial strings (from Kevlar, nylon, polyester), which by characteristics are no worse than natural ones. In addition, synthetic strings are more durable, moisture resistant and cheap, and do not require special care.

The tension of the horizontal and vertical strings on the tennis racket is the same.

This is not true. Stretching of horizontal strings is 2 kg less than vertical strings. The standard stretch of the tennis racket is 26×24 kg, but in some cases, for example, when the strings are thin, the tension force is somewhat weaker.

The stronger the stretch of the racket – the greater the impact force.

Wrong opinion. With a strong stretch, a high level of control of the ball, but the impact force is not so great. Weaker stretch allows you to better disperse the ball, but to control it becomes much more difficult.

Beginning tennis players are best suited rackets of composite materials.

This is indeed so. However, it should be noted that, depending on the various additives, the racket acquires certain properties. For example, the cheapest and sturdy racquets – made of aluminum, ceramic ones are very hard with a lot of weight and brittleness. Used in the manufacture of rackets, fiberglass will add extra flexibility to the rim, carbon fiber – lightness and strength of the entire structure. The best choice for beginners and professionals will be racquets, made of graphite or from a mixture of graphite and titanium – the construction is strong, light and relatively inexpensive.

Pick up the racket “on the arm” is quite difficult – because there is no single rule for determining the appropriate size of this sports equipment for a tennis player.

Yes, picking a racket without an experienced consultant is quite difficult, but there are ways. You should grab the handle of the racket with your right hand, and place the index finger of your left hand between the fingertips and the palm of your hand that holds the racket. If you can freely perform the above maneuver – the racket suits you. If the gap is too small or too large – you need to look for inventory of a different size. Of considerable importance is the size of the “head” of the racket. For example, “Mid Plus” is the most versatile, allows you to control the ball well and to reflect strong strikes opponent. If the tennis player prefers to play a rally, he should choose his racket with the “head” of “Mid Size”, and the lover of the game on the back line – give preference to “Oversize” and “Super Oversize”. The choice of the thickness of the rim depends on the speed of the blows – the faster and more sweeping your movements, the thinner the rim of the racket you choose should be. It is quite easy to determine the balance of the racket – for this you need to put it on the index finger (rod, tube) so that it is exactly in the middle of the product. If the racket does not deviate, it is balanced. If the racket is deflected in one direction or another – the balance is shifted.Rackets, the balance of which is shifted to the side of the “head”, provide a strong blow, although they are felt as heavier, and rackets with a balance in the handle are ideal for players with a variety of techniques of strikes.

Tennis

The lighter the racket – the better.

Nowadays, manufacturers try to minimize the weight of tennis rackets. After all, an easier racket is easier to implement swing. However, it should be taken into account that such racquets do not provide adequate power to the blow, because it turned out to be strong enough – it will have to significantly accelerate both the swings and the blow itself. Manufacturers compensate for this deficiency by increasing the thickness of the rim and shifting the balance towards the “head” of the racket. In addition, it should be noted that heavier racquets better quench vibrations, have greater torsion stability, and are usually equipped with a “head” of a larger size, which implies the presence of a larger “shock spot”.

Previously, tennis was played with a ball.

Yes, and, according to the decree of King Louis II of France (1461-1483), the stuffing should be produced exclusively with wool and high quality leather. Use for this purpose sawdust, chalk, moss, sand, ash, metal or wood shavings or earth is strictly forbidden.

All tennis balls are the same.

This is not quite true. A mandatory for all tennis balls is only the color (yellow or white), a flat surface of the fabric shell, weight (from 56 to 59.4 gr.) And a rebound. Falling from a height of 254 cm to a hard surface (for example, concrete) the ball should bounce to a height of at least 134.62 cm and not more than 147.32 cm. But the level of deformation under the influence of the load depends on the type of ball. There are 3 types of tennis balls: “fast”, “medium” and “slow”. At “fast” (type 1) at a load of 8,165 kg the direct deformation is from 0,5 cm to 0,6 cm, the inverse – from 0,75 cm to 0,97 cm. Deformation of “medium” (type 2) and “slow “(type 3) balls with the same load is from 0.56 cm to 0.74 cm (straight) and from 0.8 cm to 1.08 cm (reverse).

The choice of the balls for the tournament depends largely on what kind of coverage the competition will be held on.

For example, for playing on courts with hard surfaces, balls are used, the shell of which consists mostly of nylon. For competitions on the soft surface, balls with a minimum proportion of synthetic fibers used in making the shell will be suitable. In addition, when choosing a ball, the height at which the court is located is taken into account. If the game is played at an altitude of more than 1219 meters above sea level, it is likely that the type 2 balls will be used with excessive pressure (ie, the internal pressure is greater than the outside pressure). This effect is achieved by pumping air and pumping special gas into the ball during production. And this ball should be stored in a special plastic or metal can, the pressure in which is equal to the pressure inside the ball. At this height, balls of type 2 or 3 with zero pressure (internal pressure equal to external pressure) can also be used.

Balls without pressure were not spread due to lack of elasticity.

Such balls, which are quite common in Scandinavia for a while, are not only not elastic enough and are more difficult – using them leads to frequent injuries to the hands. This is what has become the main reason for refusing balls of this kind at major tennis tournaments.

For the manufacture of cloth, which covers a tennis ball, any natural wool will do.

If the ball is used for amateur tennis matches, it really does not really matter what it’s made of. However, to create quality balls for professional tournaments, only special tennis cloth consisting of cotton and wool is used (the most valuable is the wool of Australian and New Zealand sheep that grazed in meadows with a certain composition of grasses) with the addition of some synthetic materials.

Outfit for tennis is extremely expensive.

No, the embezzlement is not that great. The only thing you should not save is good running shoes (about $ 25) and a tennis racket (from $ 20 to $ 200). The form of clothes at the initial stages will suit any, but it is better to give preference to the classical tennis costume made of natural cloth ($ 50- $ 100). Add to this about $ 3 a month for stretching strings – and you get an approximate idea of ​​the cost of equipment for this sport.

The Grand Slam is always won only by professional tennis players.

As a rule, it is, but there were exceptions. For example, Rod Leaver, the only holder of two Grand Slams in the world, received the first award, being still an amateur athlete, and the second – speaking in the status of a professional.

The Australian Open is always held in Melbourne.

Indeed, since 1972, this tennis tournament is held in Melbourne. Until 1988, the competitions were held on the courts of the Kooyong Tennis Club (Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club), later the tournament was moved to a specially constructed for this purpose tennis complex of the complex Melbourne Park (former Flinders Park, Flinders Park). However, in the period from 1905 to 1973 the venue of the championship was changed 7 times. The competitions were held 46 times in Melbourne, 17 times in Sydney, 14 times in Adelaide, 8 times in Brisbane, 3 times in Perth and twice in New Zealand.

The Australian Open is always held in January once a year.

This is not quite true. In 1977, two such tournaments were held (in January and December), since after the championship held in January, it was decided to postpone the competition for December. For 10 years, the Australian Open was held in December, but in 1987 it was decided to postpone the tournament for January. As a consequence, in 1986 this championship was not held at all.

The first winner in the French national championship was the Frenchman.

Wrong opinion. Despite the fact that before 1925 this competition, now called the French Open, had national status, the first winner of the tournament was the Englishman H. Briggs.

Most often in the Wimbledon tournament defeated the British.

This statement is true only for the period from 1877 to 1936 – English tennis players won 36 times. However, after the brilliant performance of Fred Perry in 1926, athletes from England won the Wimbledon courts only once (Andy Murray won Wimbledon in 2013). Female tennis players from Great Britain won the competition 34 times, the last time the tournament was won by Virginia Wade in 1977.

The most serious hindrance at the Wimbledon tournament is the changeable weather.

Yes, it is not easy to predict the British weather, therefore a central roof has been erected over the Central Court, which can protect players from a sudden downpour. A significant obstacle for tennis players is made up of pigeons, so to destroy these birds 2 weeks before the start of the tournament, the organizers invite Wimbledon owners of hawks with their feathered pets.

The money reward for both men and women winning the Grand Slam tournaments is the same.

Only remuneration at the US Open and the Australian Open was always one amount for both athletes and athletes who won. But the winners of the French Open and the Wimbledon tournament received a somewhat smaller amount for a long time than the winners, until 2007, when after sharp criticism from the public this custom at the Wimbledon tournament was abolished.

Competitions for amateurs and professionals are held separately.

Indeed, there are professional and amateur tournaments, but according to the decision of the General Assembly of the ITF, adopted in 1968, amateur athletes have the right to compete with professional tennis players in the same competitions.

Inscriptions that are placed behind the court (advertising, information, etc.) can be painted with any color.

This is not true. Since marking on the court, according to the rules, should be only white, inscriptions or signs of the same color outside the court can prevent the players. Therefore, the advertising brochures placed behind the court or on the backs of the judges’ chairs on the line must not be white or yellow. And it is forbidden to put any inscriptions on the supports, the net, the braid or the strap.

The best results are achieved by athletes aged 25 to 35 years.

Most often this is true, but there are exceptions. For example, Jennifer Capriati (America) became the Olympic tennis champion at age 16, and George Hillard (Great Britain) won Olympic gold at the age of 45.

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