bone formation providing mechanical processing of food. The adult has 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 small molars and 12 large molars. The tooth is fixed in the jaw and consists of a dental crown, cervix and roots. Inside the tooth is a connective tissue, permeated with nerves and blood vessels (pulp). Distinguished milk and permanent teeth.


Fashionable now the procedure for cleaning teeth, offered by dental clinics, harms the enamel. Dental deposits can be removed by yourself if you clean teeth with a whitening paste for a long time.

It all depends on the type of dental deposits. Soft coating can be removed with a brush with a good paste. You can not remove tartar in this way. The so-called professional, or hardware, cleaning is necessary (not to be confused with bleaching!). The toothstone eventually forms at all and provokes various diseases – inflammation of the gums, caries, periodontitis, up to loosening and loss of teeth. Therefore, it is recommended to perform this procedure regularly, as the “pollution” (every six months, a year). There are no contraindications for her. A soft coating is removed as follows. A thin stream of water, air, soda particles and citric acid is fed to the surface of the tooth under pressure. Crystals of soda, striking with great force on the surface of the tooth, clean it. The result is that teeth acquire a healthy natural color. Enamel is not damaged, soft tissues are not injured. All manipulations take place quickly and painlessly.

Wisdom teeth, as a rule, are uncomfortably located. Getting to them with a brush is difficult, there are accumulated microbes and food remnants. It is not advisable to treat them. To prevent caries and its complications, it is better to remove immediately.

An indication of the removal of a wisdom tooth is an abnormal arrangement. If the tooth is tilted toward the cheek or tongue, it traumatizes the mucosa while biting. In other cases, it is desirable to save “wise teeth” – they can be useful in old age for prosthetics. Wisdom teeth bring a lot of trouble. Erecting, they shift the jaw, as a result, the occlusion, i. closing of teeth. In other words, the upper teeth do not fall into dimples on the lower, but on the tubercles, teeth begin to beat against each other. When the occlusion is broken, it is necessary to selectively grind your teeth so that they fit into place. If this is not done, periodontitis may develop. And the “eternal” seal will not last for several days – it will fall out.

There will not be caries if you brush your teeth regularly.

Not only. You need to learn how to use flosses – dental floss. Caries is formed in three places: on a smooth surface, chewing and contact, between the teeth. On a smooth surface, tooth decay may not occur if the teeth are brushed regularly. On the masticatory surface, it may also not be if the teeth are sealed in time. For example, in Finland, this is done to all children from the age of 6, and up to 15 years they do not have caries. We also began to conduct similar procedures. On the contact surface of caries can be avoided only if carefully to handle interdental spaces flosses. And it is necessary to cover them with a special fluorine-containing lacquer. It forms a film on the teeth, strengthens the enamel and prevents the formation of caries. For the sake of this procedure it is advisable to visit the dentist at least once every six months.

Teeth should be cleaned twice a day: after breakfast and before bedtime.

It is believed that this is correct. Although in the West it is customary to do this after every meal. Many brush their teeth once a day in the morning, before breakfast. Meaningless occupation! Both plaque and microbes remain in their places. The consequences are the formation of tartar, inflammation of the mucous membrane. It is important not only the quantity, but also the quality. The task is to remove plaque. It is necessary not just to brush your teeth, but to clean them for at least 2-3 minutes, try to ensure that the bristles of the toothbrush handle the tooth on all surfaces.By the way, to check if you have brushed your teeth well, if there is any plaque left on them, you can use special coloring tablets.

In order not to spoil your teeth, you need to eat less sweet.

Indeed, bacteria living in dental plaque feed on sugars, releasing acid at the same time. It dissolves enamel, caries develops. The more bacteria of “carbohydrate food”, the greater the waste of life, i.e. acid. But the theory of total refusal of sweets is now being revised. The main thing is that the teeth for a long time do not remain sticky pieces of flour products, candy, etc. And raisins, cookies and even white bread for teeth are more dangerous than chocolate and caramel. The latter contain soluble sugars, which are quickly washed out with saliva. A cookie or a “dissolve and rinse” bun is harder, they stay on their teeth longer. There’s nothing to worry about when you’re eating a chocolate bar or drinking a glass of sweet soda. But do not forget to brush your teeth. You can allow the child to eat at once a lot of sweets (and then make sure that he brushed his teeth), but do not drag one after another.

Chewing gums are useful: they reduce the concentration of acid in the oral cavity and prevent the development of caries.

Chewing gums actually have a preventive effect. Scientists of the Finnish Dental Institute have found that in children under 12 years old, chewing gum with xylitol, caries decreases. Its physiological effect is that the chewing gum stimulates the salivary glands, and the saliva, in turn, neutralizes the acid released by the bacteria. In addition, with increased salivation, the oral cavity is refreshed more quickly, cleared of food debris, plaque. But do not replace any other means of hygiene with elastic bands. In the fight against microbial plaque on the teeth, they are powerless.

To prevent diseases of the teeth and gums, it is necessary to use tooth elixirs.

Rinse the mouth with liquid means (anticaries, antiplaque, etc.) after each meal will not hurt anyone. But for hygiene is quite enough and the usual cleaning. And do not forget that with the onset of the inflammatory process, no elixirs, rinses and sprays will help. It is necessary to treat the disease.

After removing the nerve, the tooth becomes “dead” and darkens.

The tooth will not darken if it was properly treated: the surface was well polished, the root canals were sealed. But if the doctor in the old manner removes the nerve with a needle, and then winds the cotton wool on the needle and cleans the canals, the remains of the pulp, the bacteria inevitably remain, and the tooth becomes dark as a result.

Bleaching pastes are harmful, because they spoil the tooth enamel.

Actually, whitening pastes are harmless. But they are meant for adults. It is better for children to buy special children’s products. In general, if you doubt something, it is better to consult a dentist.

A broken aspirin tablet or cotton wool with alcohol placed on a sick tooth instantly relieve pain.

This is not just a myth, it is a dangerous delusion. The described chemical substances, after falling on the mucosa, will simply burn it exactly to the extent that their effect will last. Moreover, the toothache remains with you, but it will also add pain from the burn.

Cleaning teeth with soda is an excellent tool for whitening them.

Teeth whitening is a special medical procedure. Cleaning soda – it’s like cleaning the carpentry. Soda is a hard abrasive that will just dent the tooth enamel and send you to the dentist before it’s put.

Did you know that …

… In ancient times, the theory of “dental worm” that penetrates the cavity of the tooth and causes caries is common. A sharpening of the toothache was explained by vigorous movements of the “worm”. Accordingly, the methods of treatment were aimed at expelling him. With the aggravation of toothache, the ancient healers applied preparations prepared from a mixture of worms, larvae of flies, caterpillars and the like.”To kill the larvae of the toothworm,” the diseased tooth was fumigated with burning bleached seeds mixed with lamb fat. The patient knelt in front of the brazier, and the smoke sucked in toward the aching tooth.

… Roman physician K. Galen (II century AD) believed that it was necessary to scrape black points on the teeth with a file and fill the cleaned cavities with lead. From the Latin word “plumpum” (lead) and the term “seal” has occurred.

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