is a profession and position in the system of primary and secondary general education, which arose from the allocation of the latter to a special social function, which consists in teaching students. Individual teachers (with some exceptions in elementary school and individual cases) teach different subjects.


Such as: Russian (as a state language throughout the Russian Federation) and literature, native language, mathematics (in middle and high schools including algebra and geometry), a foreign language (there may be several of them), computer science , information technologies, history, social science (civics), economics, the surrounding world, geography, biology, ecology, chemistry, physics, material technologies, drawing, fine arts, music, world art culture (MHC) Nost (life safety), physical culture, regional studies (in Moscow, for example: Moskvovedenie) and other miscellaneous items (rhetoric, history of religions, philosophy, choreography, etc.). It is also the teacher’s responsibility to maintain the discipline and organization of students.

Teacher is “God in the class.”

Very often pupils, especially in junior classes, are personified by teachers with a certain divine being. Allegedly, he is not an ordinary person, but from another planet. And it feeds not on mundane food, but on holy spirit, only knowledge. In fact, the teacher is just as simple a person as everyone. He is far from perfect – there are shortcomings and dignities. It’s just that he plays the teacher’s role in the lesson.

Teacher thoroughly understands his subject, he knows everything.

The 19th century marked the beginning of this myth. The nobiliary tutors attributed the role of omniscience. Perhaps, then it was really so. In Soviet schools, also practiced the status of a teacher deeply versed in his subject. At the moment there is so much information in every discipline that no one can know everything. Teacher is no exception. The teacher is also a man, he can make mistakes in some way, lose some detail from the view. In addition, teachers are different – someone has studied badly at a teacher’s college, so he does not know much about his subject.

Teacher is a female profession.

There is a widespread rumor among the population of the country that the teacher is a typical female specialty. Nothing like this! Let the school teaches more women. But here’s the technical disciplines: mathematics, physics, physical education and work – the best teachers of men. And cope with difficult students and impose discipline in the classroom will only be a teacher, not a teacher.

Teacher refers to socially unsecured class.

This myth was invented by journalists and distributed on television, radio and in the media. Teachers receive not very large salaries, but at the middle class level. And, of course, more than the subsistence level established in the regions. In addition to all have a lot of benefits – leave 56 working days, a sanatorium, trips to the camp for their children.

Teacher knows best.

This opinion has been confirmed since Soviet times. With a teacher it’s not good to argue, he knows better, because he’s a professional. No one can know everything. Therefore, in case of firm conviction in its opinion, it must be proved and clearly argued. Even the teacher can be mistaken. If compared with the schools of the West, then the student can boldly express his point of view. This is not considered a bad manner. For today in our schools the pupil also began to defend his opinion at the lesson.

Teacher is a dictator, likes to point. Having become accustomed to commanding students, he endures this manner of communication in the family and the collective.

There are individual representatives from the teaching contingent who like to command both in school and at home. Nevertheless, this is not a universal tendency of the domestic schools, but a specific feature of an individual who can be both a teacher and a representative of other professions.

Teacher from year to year teaches the same thing, because the curriculum does not change.

The curriculum is currently undergoing significant changes. From year to year the recommendatory programs of the Ministry of Education are republished. This is especially related to humanitarian disciplines – literature, rhetoric, social studies. Even with different programs in classes from one parallel, the teacher has to tell differently in the lessons.

A teacher can make disciples learn the subject only by monitoring the performance of their homework.

This method is not universal. In addition, it is disastrous in all respects – students can write off homework from friends, which fosters in them the ability to lie and does not contribute to the acquisition of knowledge. Basically, teachers are trying to get them to teach their subject, provoking interest among the students. For example, showing experiences, making lyrical digressions, conducting quizzes.

The teacher always evaluates the student subjectively.

So say the students, offended by the teacher, thinking that they unfairly underestimated the assessment. And yet, the teacher in any case evaluates the knowledge that the student showed in the control work. If the teacher sees that the student is trying and teaches his subject, then as a bonus, in advance it is possible to overestimate his assessment.

The teacher holds a parent meeting, only to collect money from parents for the needs of the school.

Parent meetings discuss issues related to children – academic performance, behavior, activities that will take place in the classroom. The question of collecting money for school needs is also raised. Although it is not the root cause of the parent meeting.

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