(French tatouer – tattoo, from English tattoo, the original source – Polynesian.) – drawing on the body of drawings by injecting under the skin of colorants. It is made by piercing a wooden, bone or metal needle, which is hit with a hammer (from the peoples of Oceania, Southeast Asia, Indians of North and South America), or by stitching the skin with a needle with a colored thread, which is then removed (in the peoples of Northeast Asia).
Tattoo is associated with the oldest customs of endurance testing in the initiation of young men into adult men; served as a sign of magical protection from evil spirits. It is common among peoples with fair skin (for dark-skinned people, tattooing is replaced by scarring), especially in Polynesia, where it was performed by special masters, covering the whole body, even the language with drawings. The custom of tattooing is imported by sailors from Southeast Asia to Europe, where it is preserved as a decoration or a memorable sign.
For the removal of tattooing, mainly surgery is used, the method is the excision of the corresponding skin areas followed by suturing or skin grafting. Destruction of tattooing can also be done with a “light knife” – a focused laser beam, diathermocoagulation of foci of pigmentation, using chemicals (concentrated solutions of zinc chloride, tannin, trichloroacetic acid, etc.), causing tissue necrosis at the site of application with subsequent scar formation, or dermabrasion (grinding) of the skin with emery paper, salt crystals, etc.
You can make a temporary tattoo.
This is the most common myth about tattoos. Temporary tattoos for several months or years do not exist. And all the rumors about them are generated by the tempo – tattoos made with the help of paints for permanent make-up. Such paints contain chemically unstable pigments, which eventually become discolored. A small detail – they are discolored, as a rule, unevenly, and the pattern simply dims and loses its shape. In addition, such “temporary” tattoos can be done only a certain size: not more than 4 centimeters in diameter and with restrictions on certain colors. Due to the individual characteristics of the skin, the pigment particles can not disintegrate completely, leaving unattractive spots in place of the tattoo. In addition, it is almost impossible to apply the paint evenly to a strictly defined depth, if slightly higher, it will disappear too soon, if slightly lower, it will remain forever. Tattoos believe: if a person asks about a non-permanent tattoo, then he is not ready for a real modification of his body. Indeed, a temporary tattoo can be called a biotattoo or a henna tattoo. The art of henna mendi painting is quite widespread in the Middle East, India, Indonesia and North Africa. This is the longest of all ways of non-permanent body decoration. This pattern will last for 2-3 weeks.
Biotatuyrovka can be done independently with the help of ordinary henna for dyeing hair.
Henna for hair is not suitable, it is made from the lower leaves of Lavsonia, which grind roughly enough. For the biotactivation of henna, it is necessary to use a powder prepared from the leaves of the upper branches of the Lavonium, since their coloring properties are much stronger.
Get rid of tattoos easily.
In the environment of tattoo professionals there is even a catch phrase “Get rid of a tattoo several times more expensive and longer than doing it.” It is impossible to remove the tattoo without affecting the skin. Not to mention the surgical cutting of subcutaneous drawings with unavoidable scars and in the future, even the use of a selective laser with its only effect on the pigment still leaves a scar on the skin, although not bright.
You can not get rid of tattoos or tattooed green elements.
It is worth remembering only that you can not get rid of the “that everything was as before” effect.But a modern method – such as, for example, a neodymium laser, allows you to get rid of colored tattoos. In particular, the green color under the skin is removed with a red neodymium laser. Much greater difficulty in breeding leads to tattooed elements of yellow and orange colors. Applying a tattoo can be dangerous to your health.
The risk does exist, but only if the tattoo artist does not comply with sanitary norms. Any self-respecting tattoo artist works with gloves and uses disposable needles and consumables.
The tattoo looks perfect in a couple of days after application.
The healing process of the tattooed skin area takes on average 7 days. Therefore, within a week, the skin in place of the tattoo will look red and inflamed.
You can make a tattoo glow in the dark.
This is possible with a special, luminous paint only in the ultraviolet. However, it is worth remembering that the exact composition of the paint is usually a trade secret, and some pigments glowing in the dark can be toxic.
Some tattoo paints are life threatening.
This is not true, with proper application and observance of sanitary standards, dyes for life do not represent, but that can spoil the mood significantly. If the composition of paint for tattooing includes ethyl alcohol, listerine and purified water, then you should not worry. Glycerin and propylene glycol, also being safe, give the pigment a special durability. But the pigments based on plastic are worth worrying about – in addition to the bright color on the skin they can give the owner a serious skin irritation.
It’s impossible to get a job with a tattoo.
The share of truth is present. Some employers present to their future subordinates such a requirement, however, with the reservation “on visible parts of the body.” So, with piercings and tattoos on the body-undressed parts of the body, do not become a flight attendant or stewardess.
On the back of the tattoo do not hurt.
This is not true, a tattoo is a mechanical application to the skin of a paint with a needle, so this process can not be painless. But in addition to the fact that the perception of pain depends on the individual pain threshold, great importance is played by the place for applying the tattoo. The least painless are the hands, calves and buttocks. There is also a direct dependence of pain on the proximity of the tattooed place to the bone.
You can not do tattoos during pregnancy.
The truth is only partly. Such a categorical no one will insist, but doctors still recommend to postpone this process until the body is completely restored, which during pregnancy and so on must constantly cope with the unstable hormonal background. In addition, girls should not do tattoos on the abdomen, as the skin during pregnancy is greatly stretched and the pattern may be deformed.
Best anesthetic when dealing with a tattoo machine – alcohol.
A fairly common myth. Tattoos are strongly advised against using this method. Alcohol dilates blood vessels and increases blood pressure, which means blood will wash out the paint more quickly during the drawing process, which can lead, first, to a slower healing, and secondly, to a reduction in the brightness of the tattoo.
Over time, any tattoo becomes tarnished and spreads out.
The truth is there, but in most cases, only if the drawing on the body is made not by a professional and using materials of poor quality. In addition, individual pigmentation of the skin is of great importance for preserving the color of the tattoo. In any case, there is always an opportunity to correct the picture.