Based on the results of various sociological surveys and studies conducted by specialists in the field of watchmaking and service, many false stereotypes about the fantastic technical characteristics of Swiss watches are still thriving.
Many Swiss watches have a lifetime warranty.
To date, no lifetime warranty for any wristwatch – both quartz and mechanical, does not yet exist. Absolutely all Swiss brands define the warranty period from 2 to 5 years, this information is usually indicated in the warranty obligation. The technical documentation attached to the watch also contains information about what the warranty does not cover: usually these are factors caused not by the fault of the manufacturer, but by careless exploitation of the watch.
All Swiss watches are made by hand.
As a rule, most of the manufacture of watch parts is made in Switzerland with the help of automated equipment and modern CNC machine tools. Only a few manufacturers, creating products worth tens of thousands of dollars or more, allow themselves to manually assemble the mechanisms, and even more so – to refine and polish each part of the clock manually.
Swiss watches will never require repair.
For normal trouble-free operation, once in 3-4 years, both mechanical and quartz Swiss watches will necessarily require prevention – cleaning, lubrication and adjustment of the mechanism. The belief that behind the high cost of the most prestigious wristwatches there are some supernatural possibilities (“such watches are eternal”, “they have perfect accuracy of motion”, “such a mechanism does not need lubrication”) is mistaken. The harder it is (and, correspondingly, the more expensive) the watch, the more careful they will be for themselves.
In a Swiss watch, the battery is at least 5 years old.
In fact: firstly, when buying Swiss quartz watches, you should keep in mind that the battery warranty is very rare: it is test, and is intended to show the work of the watch to a potential buyer. Secondly, the replacement of the battery element of any quartz mechanisms should be done approximately every 2 years (with the exception of lithium batteries, mainly used in clocks with digital indication and low power consumption, their lifespan is up to 10 years).
The shockproof Swiss watches resist the blows.
Swiss mechanical watches with anti-shock function are equipped with a special protective device that mitigates the possible impact, the so-called shock absorber. It prevents breakage or deformation of the balance axle pins alone – the most sensitive part of the movement, largely responsible for the reliability and accuracy of the stroke. Mechanisms with this device passed a test check on a special bench simulating a shock when a clock falls from a height of 1 m onto a wooden base. Such a system gives some guarantee against bumps and damages, however it is not worthwhile to check the Swiss shockproof watch for durability, throwing them on the floor or in the walls. Here, one should also worry about the safety of the glass, hull, hands, dial and other details.
Sapphire crystal in a Swiss watch does not break.
Despite the fact that organic and mineral glass hardness, and therefore – resistance to scratches and chips are much inferior to sapphire crystals, the latter are also a fragile material and can be broken. The same applies to watch cases and bracelets from scratch-resistant ceramics.
Swiss clock with tourbillon eliminates the influence of gravity.
Elimination of the influence of gravity means in essence creation of weightlessness. The tourbillon, or “vortex regulator”, is a device designed to compensate for the negative impact of gravity on the clockwork.Inventing his tourbillon in 1795, the great watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet sought to ensure the precise operation of the watch in case of a change in their position (this meant a pocket watch that was placed in a special pocket of a waistcoat, and whose mechanism worked mainly in a vertical position). But the practical utility of the tourbillon in modern wristwatches is a constant subject of controversy: no doubt, this mechanism increases the accuracy of the clock; At the same time, it was proved that if at night the clock lies horizontally, and in the day are in the same vertical position, then it is impossible to significantly improve their course with the help of a tourbillon. In addition, the “vortex regulator” takes over part of the energy of the mechanism, thereby reducing the power reserve of the watch. However, despite all the technical contradictions, the tourbillon has remained one of the most aesthetically attractive and spectacular watch complications for the past 200 years – largely due to this fact it is used today by Swiss manufacturers in most models of prestigious watches.
Calendars of Swiss watches do not need an adjustment.
Only so-called perpetual calendars programmed for leap years and used in the most complex and expensive Swiss watch models do not need correction. All other calendars – date, day of week and month indicators, necessarily require intervention: at the beginning of the calendar month, you must set the current date manually (the mechanism of the eternal calendar does this automatically).
Mechanisms of gold Swiss watches are made of gold.
Only in a few cases can the mechanism of the watch, consisting of tens or even hundreds of parts, contain several gold components (such as bridges, platinum, wheels or springs), but in general, as a rule, an expensive Swiss watch with a transparent case is applied with gold (rhodium, nickel, etc.) coating, which is applied to parts made of brass, or parts are made of steel and nickel silver. Hourly axes and tribes (well, of course, stones) are never made of gold, it is not suitable for this in its technical characteristics.
The accuracy of the movement of Swiss wrist mechanical watches is much higher than the accuracy of inexpensive quartz watches made in China.
Even the most expensive wrist mechanical watches are inferior in accuracy to any quartz watch. International standards for the accuracy of the stroke for mechanical and quartz mechanisms vary considerably. For mechanical, the permissible error is from minus 20 to plus 40 seconds per day. Particularly accurate mechanical watches, called chronometers, are distinguished by high accuracy of the stroke, in which the error is only a few seconds per day (in order for the clock to be called a chronometer so that they are given such status, their mechanism must successfully pass a series of tests and get an official certificate Swiss Chronometry Institute, COSC – Controle Officiel Suisse de Chronometres). For quartz mechanisms, a discrepancy of only 15 seconds per month is normal. That is why Swiss watch manufacturers strongly recommend quartz movements as particularly accurate. By the way, during operation, the accuracy of the mechanical clock will seriously depend on many factors, such as ambient temperature, the position of the watch, the wear of parts, etc. Quartz watches are unpretentious, reliable and durable in this comparison – this is due to the lack of fragile parts that are constantly in tension, as well as complex mechanical components, so virtually all quartz watches are not afraid of small shocks and shocks (the main condition for their uninterrupted operation is a high-quality battery ).
In any waterproof Swiss watch, you can dive.
There are different types of waterproof Swiss watches.Typically, the degree of water resistance of each particular model of the clock in feet, bars, atmospheres or meters (1 atmosphere is equal to the water column pressure of 10 meters, while the value in meters is not the depth that can be immersed in these hours) is indicated on the back cover. Protection against splashes and rain is provided by water resistant models with a marking of less than 30 m (3 atm), swimming and diving can be done in hours with a designation of 50 m (5 atm), but deep water sports can be practiced only in waterproof watches with a marking of at least 200 m (20 atm). It should also be borne in mind that none of the waterproof Swiss watches are intended for bath or sauna visits. High temperatures contribute not only to the deformation of rubber gaskets designed to protect the watch mechanism from moisture, but also to instant thickening and drying of the mechanism lubricant, increasing friction, wear of parts and, as a consequence, stopping the clock. Functions of water resistance and dust protection are not eternal, they retain their purpose only until the integrity of the housing is broken, for example, due to microcracks in the glass or the gradual shrinking of the gaskets after a certain time. Therefore, at least once every 2 years (for quartz clocks – and every time after replacing the battery), it is necessary to monitor the condition of the rubber seals ensuring the tightness of the watch case.
In the factory assembly of the waterproof watch case in Switzerland, air is evacuated, a vacuum is created inside the watch cases.
In the manufacture of waterproof watches, Swiss manufacturers very reliably close the enclosures, using for this purpose a number of gasket seals made of rubber or acrylic plastics, which ensure complete tightness, i.e. prevent the inside of the watch from getting dust and moisture. The air from the Swiss mechanisms (even the watches intended for measuring atmospheric pressure or for scuba diving with a depth gauge) is never pumped out, and if necessary, the case is not necessary to place the watch in a mythical pressure chamber. This version is used by so-called casual watchmakers who avoid responsibility for repairing expensive watches – the real reason is that under normal conditions it is impossible to properly close the case, restoring its original 100% leak tightness by completely replacing special gaskets and then checking the watch for water resistance, like it is done by professionals in well-equipped service centers.