(from Arabic mass or masch – “gently touch, press”, Greek masso – “hand squeezing” or Latin massa – “what sticks to the fingers”) – reflex and mechanical effect on the organs and tissues of the body man, carried out by hands or by using a special apparatus.
The art of massage originated in ancient times, and was widespread in many countries of the East (Assyria, Persia, Egypt, China, Japan, etc.). In Europe, massage appeared only in the Renaissance, and quickly gained wide popularity. Modern specialists distinguish such types of massage: hygienic, therapeutic, sports and cosmetic.
Sports massage, combined with constant training, was most widely used in ancient Greece and Rome. It was believed that this combination will lead the athlete to victory in the competition. Nowadays, sports masseurs widely use various types of massage to relieve pain and neuromuscular tension, and also to improve the performance of athletes during the competition.
Only a man can become a good sports masseur.
As a matter of fact it is not so – from the floor of the masseur does not depend on his professionalism. However, in practice it often turns out that male masseurs choose work in sports teams, associated with frequent and sometimes quite long business trips. Women prefer to work with a more precise schedule (for example, in fitness centers, beauty salons, etc.).
Sports masseur must be strong physically, therefore, must devote himself to working on himself in the gym at least an hour or two a day.
Not necessary. In any kind of massage (both sports and wellness), the sensitivity of the expert’s hands and the level of mastering the technique of performing a particular kind of massage are placed first. This requires the masseur not so much strength as a good coordination of movements and virtuosic possession of his own body. A regular exercise in bodybuilding or weightlifting can adversely affect the above qualities required by a specialist. Therefore professional sports masseurs prefer such sports as gymnastics, yoga or martial arts (judo, karate, aikido).
Sports masseurs are required to perform a deep and strong massage of the entire body of athletes.
Not always. According to experts, only some athletic muscles need a strong and deep impact, the load on the remaining muscle groups should be strictly dose.
The sports massage therapist necessarily brings his own massage table.
This is not true. Of course, the table for a specialist is very important, but this kind of equipment is not carried by sports masseurs. And ensuring the availability of good massage tables is the responsibility of the organizers of the competition.
A professional masseur can determine by touch to whom he is working with the players of the team.
Yes, it is possible, but insignificant. The main thing is to correctly determine the condition of the muscular apparatus (muscles are overtrained, relaxed, clogged, etc.) and make efforts to improve it.
Sports masseurs work with athletes a few hours before the competition and some time after the competition.
This is not quite true. A few hours before the competition, the sports masseurs really work with the team members by conducting a so-called training massage, the main task of which is to maintain the muscles in the tone, improve the ligaments and help increase the amplitude of the movements. But, in addition, there is a preliminary massage that promotes the development of muscles and joints. It ends a few minutes before the start of the competition. A restorative massage that relieves stress and affects the muscles that have been subjected to the most severe stress is carried out 10-15 minutes after the competition.The best effect of a restoring massage is achieved if the athlete first takes a warm shower.
An inadequately trained sports masseur can harm the health of team members.
Unfortunately, it really is. An unskilled massage therapist, especially athletic, can have an incorrect effect on one or another group of muscles, especially meaningful for the athlete. As a result, bruising, bruising and pain in the muscles can occur, which can prevent a member of the team from showing their abilities in training and competitions. Moreover, an improper massage can adversely affect the overall well-being of the athlete.
The main task of a sports masseur is to prepare athletes for competitions, so he can not study any other types of massage, except for sports massage.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. It is in sports that all kinds of injuries and bruises, cramps, etc. are common. Therefore, a sports masseur should be able not only to make a deep sports (and for each sport – his own – aimed at different muscle groups) and restoring relaxing massage, but also to master the technique of analgesic and health effects on the musculoskeletal system, stress removal, e.
Everything that the player tells a sports masseur, the coach will definitely know.
Wrong opinion. Some personal secrets entrusted by athletes, massage therapists do not tell anyone.
All sports massage should be performed only by a specialist.
If it is a deep sport massage, this is true. However, hygienic sports massage is performed by the athlete himself, combining it with the mandatory morning warm-up.