(Serpentes, or Ophclassia), a group of reptiles. The body is elongated, there are no limbs. The eyes of snakes are devoid of age, they have a solid transparent shell outside, which separates during molting along with the entire old layer of skin covering the head. The eardrum and middle ear are absent.
The right and left branches of the lower jaw are connected by an extensible ligament. The whole body of the snake is covered with scales, the color of which often harmonizes with the environment; so, the snakes living among sand, usually sand colored, woody – green.
People have always been prejudiced against snakes: deified them and at the same time feared, or avoided meetings, or deliberately killed. This unaccountable fear has survived to this day, but it arises from a lack of understanding, ignorance of the habits and character of the animal and elementary illiteracy. We ourselves make fables and believe in them!
All snakes are dangerous!
This is the first misconception about snakes. If it is not a ten-meter python who has chosen an accidental traveler to sacrifice himself, the snake is much inferior to man in size, and, as a result, will not hunt and bite on him unnecessarily. The snake’s bite is its only possible self-defense, and it is not humane to kill an animal just because it has crossed your path.
All snakes are poisonous.
In fact, out of more than 2500 species living on the earth, only 500 are poisonous, 50 of them live in tropical seas. In addition, the bite of more than half of poisonous snakes does not pose a serious danger to humans, causing only weak signs of poisoning.
The snake stings the victim with its forked tongue.
This ancient belief in reality has nothing to do with it. All snakes bite! To do this, they have teeth, and the tongue is the organ of smell, touch and taste.
Snakes are absolutely deaf.
This statement is not entirely true. Not having external ears and eardrums, snakes hear a special, inner ear, catching a swing, spreading over the ground or water. In addition, they have an excellent sense of smell, and they are sensitive to heat. So the replacement of ordinary ears from snakes is impressive, and snakes hear, but only not like us.
Snakes hypnotize their victims.
Obviously, this prejudice arose from the fact that their eyes are always open – snakes do not have closed eyelids and never blink. But all the magical properties attributed to them are deceptive.
Snakes love milk.
The myth that snakes do their best to find and reach milk: they climb at night into cowsheds and drink it directly from the cow’s udder, has no soil under it. The serpents are looking for the rodents in the stable, hiding in the hay, and they can not suck the milk from the udder on their own, because the tongue and the shape of the jaws are not suitable for this.
Snakes do not tolerate milk and they will not drink for anything.
This is another interpretation of the relationship of snakes to milk. And the truth is in fact somewhere in the middle: in nature snakes never drink milk – they just do not digest them, causing allergic and gastric diseases – but in extremely rare cases, when there is no water nearby, they can agree to milk.
If you scare the snake, she will crawl away.
A trapped snake, frightened by inadequate actions on your part can be very dangerous! Provoked by aggressive attacks to her side, she often rushes into the attack, so when meeting with the snake you need to remain calm and slowly leave.
You should make an incision on the wound so that the poison can flow more quickly.
If you do not have time to cut the wound immediately after the bite, such an action will be useless. Moreover, the resulting cuts will heal for a long time and can cause infection in the wound.
On the wound, a tourniquet should be applied that will stop the spread of the poison throughout the body.
Since snake venom spreads through the lymphatic vessels, the tourniquet does not stop its penetration into the blood.To slow the resorption of poison, it is necessary to fix the bitten limb in a stationary position and provide the victim complete rest.
Alcohol or moxibustion can help sanitize the wound.
It is better to use a solution of hydrogen peroxide or manganese. Alcohol only stimulates blood flow, which in this case is not desirable. And from burns, there is more harm than good.
Dead snakes are not dangerous.
Be careful with the slaughtered snake! Cut off her head for a while can bite, preserving toxicity of poison and muscle mobility.