Height – 29-31 cm, weight – 600-700 grams.
The baby is already comparable in size with a small doll. It is still red and pink and covered with a delicate fuzz of “lanugo”, which by the end of 6 months begins to darken. But on the head of the baby there are first real hair, as well as cilia and eyebrows.
The features of his face acquire an individuality – he is now almost the same as you will see him after giving birth. He knows how to show a primary facial expression: frown, rotate mouth, wrinkle lips.
By the end of 24 weeks, it will take up almost the entire space of the uterus, but for now it has enough space to move. The kid enjoys this with might and main, moves to his pleasure.
Scientists have determined that a child can sleep and even dream. From an hour he sleeps 50 minutes, 10 minutes moves and has fun (he plays with pens, legs, umbilical cord, he listens to what happens to his mother).
The baby builds up hypodermic fat and very soon his quantity will allow the child to keep the temperature balance of the body outside the womb. If the child is born at this time, he will not yet be able to provide himself with sufficient thermal protection on his own.
The development of internal organs continues. The most important of them is the appearance in the baby’s lungs of a special film, which prevents the lungs from sticking together when inhaled-exhaling. This allows the child to survive if it is born prematurely.
The brain mass increases at a cosmic pace: from 24 g at 5 months to 100 g at the sixth!
The pancreas actively produces insulin. This hormone is necessary to maintain the child’s active growth. And the mother and the baby produce their insulin, and they do not exchange this hormone with each other. So if a pregnant woman has diabetes mellitus, then she does not tolerate it more easily than non-pregnant.
The baby’s hearing is so developed that it hears quite well everything that happens around the mother and moreover: receiving the mother hormones, he physically feels any mom’s emotion. So try to control yourself and get rid of as many stressors as possible.
Your psychological state can now be unstable, so we recommend that you use the services of a psychologist to prepare for childbirth and the postpartum period.
Average weight gain by the end of 6 months is 7 kilograms. Further the weight will be typed promptly, therefore do not be frightened and do not worry, without it you can not do it – the baby grows.
Many women at this time feel a brutal appetite and this is understandable. And some are ready to eat very strange things: earth, leaves, raw steaks. This is called “perverted appetite”. Do not be afraid, it will soon pass. If you gain too much weight, then with the permission of the doctor you can spend unloading days (kefir + apples).
Give up fatty foods, strong coffee, sandwiches and fast food. It is better not to eat after 20.00, and after meals leave at least half an hour outside. Do not forget about products containing calcium (for example, cottage cheese or milk).
At 6 month mom can feel not only the child’s movements, but also the so-called Braxton-Hicks contractions. This is just an imitation of real bouts, so the queen prepares herself for childbirth. “Braxtons” differs from real bouts of their irregularity and relative rarity: not more than 2 times per hour and 5 attacks per day.
During the visit to the doctor, you should take the usual tests: a clinical blood test, blood biochemistry, a general urine test. During the blood test, you should check your hemoglobin level to exclude the possibility of anemia (lack of oxygen in the blood).
The main problem of this month is swelling. It is necessary to check your body for puffiness daily. If the edema is only on the legs – this is normal, you should not worry. You should start worrying if you find swelling on the thighs, knees, abdomen.
Try to eat less salt, which holds water in our body. It is strictly forbidden to use diuretics and kidney teas.
The next danger is varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. For prevention, you can use special pantyhose, and try not to sit on your leg, often change your posture.
From the end of the 6th month, possible births are no longer considered miscarriages, but are premature births. They carry a danger for both mother and baby. Their signs:
– regular bouts more often 5 times per hour;
– blood scarlet discharge;
– acute or traumatic pain in the lower abdomen and lower back;
– there may be a flow of water.
If any of these symptoms occur, call your doctor immediately. Do not forget that now you need to visit the doctor at least once every two weeks.
5 month – 6 month – 7 month