Who is the most iconic figure in the detective genre? There is nothing to wonder at here – Sherlock Holmes. And let the character is considered fictional, but his house on Baker Street became the object of pilgrimage of tourists. Most people on the planet are sure that Sherlock was the greatest detective of all time.
A lot of films have been shot about him, there is even a whole community of Baker Street Militia, which is busy writing new stories about the adventures of the untiring Holmes and creating a reconstruction of the events described. Such popularity leads to the idealization of the hero, the emergence of a number of myths about him, cultivated in particular, and cinema.
After climbing and reading, as in fact, the hero himself in the book behaved much harder than seeing the picture on the screen. As a result, in time, myths replace facts. We know Sherlock Holmes is not at all what he really was. What are these mistakes? Sherlock Holmes tried not to involve innocent people in his investigations.
Do not consider Sherlock Holmes such a White Knight of the detective world. It is not true that he uses only his mind to solve crimes, and innocent people do not suffer from this. Let Sherlock and was the greatest detective, he and his dark side. And it’s not just about strange habits and drug use. In order to uncover another crime, the detective easily manipulated the destinies of people, sometimes even just for the sake of interest. So, in the story “The End of Charles Augustus Milverton” Holmes even got engaged with the maid in order to get closer to the suspect. And after the investigation ends, the detective just throws a woman, for her it was clearly not the most pleasant memory. Sherlock did not even try to explain anything to the unfortunate, her name is not found in books anymore. The detective did not disdain to hire a group of street boys who performed any dirty work for him. This detachment called the detective “Baker Street Militia.” Hired boys are mentioned in several short stories: “Hunchback”, “Study in Scarlet Tones”, “Sign of Four”.
Sherlock Holmes had very progressive social views.
On the contrary, in the story “Incident in the Villa” Three Skates “, the detective conducts rude and even racist conversations with the Negroes. Sherlock calls the black boxer blunt only for the color of his skin, mocking the size of his lips. Holmes told the boxer that he uses his head least. And after the negro left, Watson heard: “Fortunately, you did not have to test his not too reasonable head, Watson. I did not escape your maneuvers with a poker. But in reality, Dixie is a pretty harmless guy. Just a tremendous strength is a mindless boastful child. Have you noticed how easily it was possible to pacify it? “. Racist statements in relation to the Negro Sherlock allows himself to be released in the future. True, it should be noted that at the time of writing these works, this attitude towards blacks was considered natural. Of course, racism can not be justified, but to say that Holmes somehow stood out in this plan from the general number, will not work either. Curiously, many researchers believe that the story “The incident at the villa” Three Skates “, in which racist statements sound, is a fake and does not belong to Conan Doyle. This, by the way, is not surprising, because fanfics on the adventures of Sherlock Holmes have appeared for quite some time.
Sherlock Holmes hides evidence from the police.
Even in a number of movies, you can see scenes when, from the crime scene, they take the evidence, hiding them from the police. This approach allows the detective to constantly outstrip the authorities by several steps, digging first to the truth. However, in the books the hero acted quite differently. Sherlock, on the contrary, left additional clues for the police, so that they understood the facts that the detective had already thought of. In particular, this is mentioned in the story “The Devil’s Foot”. Conan Doyle wrote that Sherlock often shared information with the police if he found out that she had taken the wrong trail.This happened in the story “In the lilac shed.” The detective’s advantage lay not in concealing evidence, but in better brain work, the use of deduction methods. So those scenes in which Sherlock specifically hides the evidence, only harm the image of the detective. After all, he never did anything like that.
Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes’ best friend.
It seems that there is only one person whom the detective can trust – Dr. Watson. This person really became an assistant to Holmes and his biographer, being next to him in the most difficult situations. The friendship of men persisted for most of the described life. Holmes himself claimed to be lost without his Boswell (meaning an analogy with the famous biographer Samuel Johnson). Only in reality the detective valued the medical talents of his assistant and the willingness to always render service, completely never trusting him. For example, in “The Hound of the Baskervilles”, Holmes asks Watson to observe what is happening in the estate, and in the meantime he goes to the swamps. About the plans, the detective prefers not to tell the “friend”, reporting on the events that have already occurred. In the story “Sherlock Holmes at death,” the hero imitates a deadly disease, not even devoting his friend to a clever plan. Holmes decided that Watson could not keep his secret. Let Sherlock and claims that he respects his friend from a professional point of view, he never believed that he could play along. About complete trust and full friendship, therefore, there can be no question.
Holmes was always an eccentric, it manifested itself in his eccentric attire.
This myth is cultivated in many adaptations. One of the last, with Robert Downey, Jr. in the title role, demonstrates the delusion to the full. Sherlock in this movie is too eccentric attire, which simply do not fit him in size. All this leads to the idea that the detective is simply not at odds with banal hygiene. In fact, in the same “Hound of the Baskervilles,” Holmes is described as a meticulous person, watching his purity no worse than a cat. The detective wears traditionally conservative, which was natural for that time. The author generally describes his character as an extremely clean person. In the same story, it is said that although Sherlock lived in an old hut in a swamp, he always looked neat and clean during the investigation. The detective even arranged with the servant that fresh linen and change of clothes should be brought to his shelter at all times.
Sherlock Holmes always wore a cap and smoked a pipe.
Thanks to the TV shows, Holmes was formed, who wore a hunter’s hat for deer and smoked a pipe. These accessories have already become an integral part of the image of the detective. In fact, all this is fiction. The combination of a tube and a cap appeared already in theatrical productions. In books, Sherlock never used them. Reliable it is known that the Kalabash, a smoking pipe from the gorelanki, first appeared due to the actor in one of the first plays of the play about Sherlock. This item was chosen due to the fact that it is easy to hold on your chest during conversations. In the books, the tube of Holmes was completely different. Although this seems to be a nit-pick for trifles, but it’s worth debunking this myth. After all, the Kalabash and the hunter’s hat for deer are a strong myth about the image of the famous detective.
The age of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson is mature and about the same.
In most modern interpretations, the detective and his partner appear to be quite mature middle-aged men. This is understandable, because Watson already had time to visit the war, gaining a solid experience. And Sherlock needed time to win his brilliant reputation. In fact, both heroes were quite young, in most of the stories they were just over 25 years old. Indeed, Watson and Holmes were approximately equal in age. It is believed that the detective was born in 1854, and met his friend in 1881.Most of their adventures happened in the first years after they became friends. This suggests that at the time of those events the heroes were no more than 30 years old. The explanation of how such young people could reach such heights is simple – they were outstanding young people. And let Dr. Watson constantly be in the shadow of his more famous friend, he remained a professional, possessed a brilliant mind, which helped him to prove himself in the course of military operations.
The main enemy of Sherlock Holmes was Professor Moriarty.
If there is a protagonist, then there must be a major villain. TV shows and films confirmed Moriarty’s reputation. In fact, the professor was not at all the sworn enemy of the detective. Moreover, Moriarty from Conan Doyle generally appears in just one story – “The last Holmes affair.” A passer-by about the evil genius is mentioned in the story “Valley of Horror”. It says that Moriarty advised for the money of other criminals. The battle scene at the Reichenbach Falls is generally the only one that tells about the fierce opposition of the heroes. Just by the time the writer was tired of his character, Conan Doyle decided to do other projects. That’s why the plot of the conflict between Holmes and Moriarty appeared. The purpose of the story was simple – to kill Sherlock. However, this ending just outraged the readers, as a result, the author had to reluctantly, but resurrect the detective. When there was such a popular character that people even put black armbands on their sleeves, mourning his death?
Sherlock Holmes loved Irene Adler.
Such a line appears in many movies. Script writers can be understood to make it more interesting for the audience to watch the film, romantic relations will not interfere. A dramatic example of such a treatment of history can be found in the film with Robert Downey, Jr.. The actor played a bisexual eccentric playboy, in love not only with the enchanting Irene Adler, but also with his friend Dr. Watson. It would seem that it can be more harmonious than the love story of the detective to a beautiful woman? However, there was simply no ideal love. Irene Adler himself from Konan Doyle is mentioned only in one story – “The Scandal in Bohemia.” She generally told the detective only one phrase, passing him: “Good night, Mr. Sherlock Holmes.” Later, the detective described Adler as “A woman with a capital letter”. Such an assessment did not come from a romantic story, but because she was the only woman who somehow surpassed the master of investigation. Holmes respected Irene Adler for her intellect, but absolutely did not show her physical attraction. As a result, this character did not appear more in the works of Conan Doyle. And the author himself describes Sherlock Holmes rather meaningfully: “inhuman, as an analytical machine of Babbage.” In the opinion of the creator of the character, the detective love absolutely did not interest. Sherlock Holmes quickly revealed all his affairs.
It may appear that the detective opened all the cases literally for a couple of months, having completed his career relatively young. There is a grain of truth here – Sherlock actually uncovered the crimes tremendously fast. He really wanted to get out of business still young. As a result, Holmes came out “retired”, began to study bees and even published a book about his observations of these hard-working insects. The detective himself called this work “a great work”. Only now the government had a problem – there was a leak of information, agents began to disappear one by one. The authorities were lost in conjecture, who could stand behind this. As a result, several high-ranking officials turned to Holmes for help. Sherlock was forced to agree, the investigation of the case is described in the story “His farewell”. The detective discovered a German secret agent, which was the source of trouble. The final act was also invited by Dr. Watson.Sherlock told him that the plan to seize the spy was so complex that the detective had to enter the secret Irish community in America even for two years. And all this for the sake of investigating one confusing business. So Holmes’s work was rather incredibly thorough than quick. When circumstances demanded it, he did not hurry anywhere.