(Republic of Seychelles) is an island nation. It is located about one thousand six hundred kilometers east of Africa – in the western part of the Indian Ocean. The number of islands and islets in the Republic is more than one hundred, of which only thirty-three are inhabited.
Mahe Island, an area of one hundred and forty two square kilometers, is the largest island. The Republic of Seychelles is four hundred and fifty-five square kilometers. On the island of Mahe is the capital of the Republic – the city of Victoria. It also houses an international airport.
The population of the state according to 2010 data is approximately eighty-eight thousand people. According to the form of government Seychelles is a republic. The president is elected for a period of five years, he heads the state and the government.
After a five-year term, re-election to the presidency of the country is permitted. The Parliament includes thirty-four deputies, nine of whom represent the parties that won elections, and twenty-five are elected by the people.
Seychelles has the following parties: the Progressive Front, the National Party and the Democratic Party. The first party currently has twenty-three seats in parliament, the second – eleven seats, and the third party is not represented in the country’s parliament.
According to estimates for July 2010, the population of the Seychelles exceeded eighty-eight thousand people, the annual increase was equal to 0.97%. The population is mainly represented by Franco-African mulattos. However, the ethnic composition is rather variegated. The territory of the islands is inhabited by Arabs, Chinese, Indians, whites, Negroes.
The population enjoys predominantly Creole language (almost ninety-two percent of the population speaks it), the other languages used are English (almost five percent of the population speaks it). According to the 2002 census, ninety-two percent of the population over the age of fifteen are literate.
Victoria is the capital of the Republic of Seychelles.
The city is on the island of Mahe. According to data for 2002, the population of Victoria was almost twenty-five thousand people. The date of foundation of Victoria is 1841, the city was created as a port. Its name was given in honor of the Queen of England. In the middle of the nineteenth century, the city was named Port Victoria. The city has a modern name since 1960. In Victoria there is a museum of natural history and a history museum, a university, a polytechnic school, and an international airport.
The capital of the Seychelles is the smallest capital in the world.
This is not true. For the first time this magazine was called “Around the World”. Victoria is not the smallest in terms of both territory and population. According to data for 2002, the population of Victoria was almost twenty-five thousand people.
Victoria is a boring city.
Not at all. Even the layout of the city itself can cause interest, because the territory of Victoria resembles a large park. Lovely tropical trees are a peculiar adornment of it. The central crossroads of the Seychelles capital will surprise passers-by with a kind of clock tower, which is considered the main urban decoration. What is special about it? The tower is a copy of Big Ben, located in London, only reduced. From the busy intersection depart the main streets of Victoria, one of them (Long Pier) follows the old port. On the Long Pier, not far from the Seychellois tower, you can see a two-story house, the first floor of which is occupied by a museum, and the second one is a library. The museum stores photographs, engravings, drawings, ancient plans that tell the story of Victoria. A large carved cube, which was installed in the territory of modern Victoria by Captain Morphy in 1756 and which is now considered one of the main monuments of the state, is also located in this museum.In the library you can read books about the archipelago, as well as look at some local archives. The presidential residence, the administrative building and government offices are located in the center of Victoria. Another important building for the Seychelles capital is the People’s House, which is the center of the cultural and political life of Victoria. Nearby you can look at the monument “Liberation”. The old part of Victoria is interesting, its central street (Market Street) is located between the Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the building of the English Cathedral of St. Paul. In the shopping areas you can visit the ranks of Chinese and Indian shops, as well as the city market. The large territory, which is located behind the shopping areas, belong to the Catholic episcopate, there are statues of Christ, bas-reliefs on church themes, flower gardens are broken. Many people come here on Christian holidays and on Sundays. Residential areas of the Seychelles capital are located to the north and west of the cathedral quarter.
The nature of the Seychelles is amazingly beautiful.
The islands are buried in tropical greenery. To their shores touch the warm ocean waters. Beaches are struck with snow-white sand and slender palms bending over them.
Seychelles is a coral by geological structure.
Classification by geological structure divides the islands into coral and granite. Coral islands rise above sea level only four or eight meters and are flat atolls. Atolls are often drought, the cause of which lies in the limestone, of which the atolls are composed. The moisture brought by the monsoon is practically not retained by limestones. The average annual temperature on these islands varies from twenty-six to twenty-eight degrees. Such climatic conditions and the composition of the soil make it impossible to talk about the rich plant world of atolls. Only coconut palm grows here. The granite group consists of thirty-nine islands, among which is the island of Mahe. The total area of all the islands reaches three hundred and fifty square kilometers. It is interesting that all the islands of the granite group are not so far apart. None of them is more than seventy kilometers away from Mahe. The coasts of these islands concentrate a significant part of all settlements of the state. Granite islands have a clear leadership in the economic life of the Republic. In the backwoods of these islands forests still grow, which can be proud of rare species of tree ferns, pandanus, palms.
Endemics are common in the Seychelles.
We are talking about representatives of the animal and plant world, which are found only on the territory of these islands and nowhere else in the world. The reason for the high percentage of endemics is prolonged insular isolation. As a result, some plants, reptiles and birds can be found only on the islands of this archipelago. A striking example is the coco-de-mer palm. The fruit of this palm weighs twenty kilograms, and according to this index the palm tree is the first in the world. The population of the Seychelles believes that the fruit of the Coco de Dimy palm tree has become forbidden for Adam and Eve. Tourists can visit the wonderful park “Valle de Ma”. Here grows a grove of Seychellois palms. On the islands of the archipelago are found huge aldabra turtles. The weight of some of them reaches two hundred and fifty kilograms. And some Aldabra turtles live to one hundred and fifty years. The living nature of the Seychelles is truly unique. Nightingale Bulbul and black cockatoo – rare species of birds – live on the Palm Island. And the island of Birds serves as a nesting site for many migratory birds, which is why it got its name.
An air communication has been established between Seychelles.
Regular flights are carried out by Air Seychelles. By plane, you can get from one large island of the archipelago to another.The air service operates between the following islands. These are Coetivi, Denis, Assumption, Alphonse, Farquhar, Praslin, Maria-Louise, Deros, D ‘Arros, Astov, Frigate and Plat. To the remote islands, as well as to the tourist zones of the Silhouette and La Digue islands, you can get by using the services of another airline, “Seychelles Helicopter”. An air service with remote islands is possible by prior order, the cost of the flight is approximately four thousand rupees per one hour of flight.
The Republic of Seychelles has a well-developed public transport system.
For such a small territory, the bus network is rather well developed. On the main routes, buses run at intervals of a quarter of an hour from half-past six in the morning to seven in the evening. The bus traffic interval for other, less important, traffic routes is from half an hour to an hour. Depending on the range of the trip, the ticket price varies from three to five Seychelles Rs. Functions of “intercity buses” (carrying out communication between the Seychelles islands) are carried out by schooners and ferries. The cost of a one-way ticket is approximately seventy Seychelles rupees, it can be bought directly on board the vessel, on which the trip is planned.
In Seychelles there is no way to keep a taxi.
Taxis exist only on the largest island – on the island of Mahe. The meter installed in each car, allows you to track the number of kilometers traveled. Depending on the distance travel cost of travel will be different. Fifteen rupees is the price for the first kilometer that went by. Each subsequent kilometer of the journey will cost a passenger five Seychelles Rs. In addition, you will have to pay also for luggage at a rate of five rupees for one place. During the day, tariffs do not change. The car can be rented on the condition of having a driver’s license – national or international. There is an age limit – the driver must be at least twenty-two years old. Here the left-hand traffic is accepted, in a city it is possible to develop speed up to forty five kilometers per hour, beyond it – to sixty five kilometers per hour. At the entrances to the airport there is the possibility to go at a speed of eighty kilometers per hour on the highway. As a rule, the condition of highways is poor, while all the gasoline is expensive. There are six gas stations on the island of Mahe. The cost of one liter of gasoline is about six Seychelles rupees. The local population practically does not observe the rules of the road. In such conditions, the most comfortable mode of movement is a bicycle. On many islands of the archipelago there are offices for renting this convenient means of transport. Nuance is due to the fact that many people want to use it, and there are not enough bicycles for everyone.
Tourism is the basis of the economy of the Republic of Seychelles.
Tourist services provide more than seventy percent of foreign exchange earnings. A third of the working population of the country is employed in the tourism industry. The economy of the Republic is also based on fishing. The main commodity exported to the Seychelles is fish. Seychelles is an ideal place for snorkeling and, of course, diving, because the underwater world here is really amazing. For those who are engaged in diving, be sure to go on an excursion to the National Marine Park, without getting to know the diving program in the Seychelles will not be done. Beautiful shells and corals, turtles, rays, a wide variety of fish will pleasantly surprise those immersed in these waters. The peculiarity of the National Marine Park is that the fish are absolutely not afraid of people – the territory of the park is separated from the rest of the ocean waters by a special net, and the fish inhabiting here are fed. Thus, the inhabitants of the ocean will be very close to the person wearing a mask and equipped with a tube. Another amusement on the sea theme is a boat trip on a boat or a yacht to the nearby islands.The tourist will be amazed by the amazing seychelles sunsets. More and more people are choosing fishing as an active holiday. This is not surprising, because an excellent catch is guaranteed to the fisherman. For these purposes in Seychelles you can rent a boat. Directly on its way and then you can fish. If you take a boat with a trained crew, then, in addition to fishing, the tourist is also waiting for a dinner of fish caught right among the ocean waters. Windsurfing and water skiing are also traditional water entertainment. In addition, a guest can do paragliding and hang gliding, as they say, there would be a desire.
In the Seychelles, agriculture is developed.
Very weak. As the export goods on the territory of the islands, vanilla, cinnamon and coconuts are grown. Poultry is also bred on the islands.
The island of La Digue is one of the largest islands in the archipelago.
In size, it ranks fourth among all the Seychelles. It is home to about two thousand people. From the island of Mahe it is separated three hours drive, and by helicopter and even faster – the island can be reached in just twenty minutes. Recognized here means of internal movement is a cart drawn by oxen. And the whole rhythm of the life of the local population is characterized by slowness. Bicycles are very popular, while a car is not that common. The bike can be rented either at La Passe wharf directly upon arrival to the island, or at Reunion Cove. La Passe is the place where most of the island’s population is concentrated. In La Passe there is an art gallery, a tourism office, a post office, a hospital, a police station, a court, and a bank branch. There is something to admire. Firstly, real pleasure will bring immersion in the underwater world, it is very beautiful. Secondly, for many, many years the sea on a pair with the wind created wonderful granite sculptures. Thirdly, it is the mountain Ny D ‘Egl. Its name translates as Eagle’s Nest. It rises at a height of three hundred meters above sea level. This mountain occupies a significant part of the entire island. Although La Digue belongs to the fourth place among the other islands of the archipelago, in fact, it is very small. Its length is five kilometers, and the width is three kilometers. At any point La Diga can be reached, as a maximum, per hour. And any road is bordered by lush vegetation. On the island there is a “Paradise flycatcher”. Representatives of this species are found nowhere else, except for the island of La Digue. This rare species symbolizes the island, individuals of this species are protected by the state. For the “Paradise Flycatchers” a reserve has been created.
Mahe is the largest of the Seychelles.
Its size does not allow you to give vent to the feeling of detachment from civilization. Although the civilization on the island is represented by several traffic lights, small helicopters and aircraft, as well as yachts and hotels. However, the island gives a full sense of the atmosphere of the tropics, it is very exotic. The island is the capital of the state (the city of Victoria) and the international airport. Victoria is surrounded by cinnamon plantations and immersed in the greenery of coconut trees. Even during the landing of the aircraft on arrival in Victoria, a tourist can enjoy the beauty of the surrounding landscape.
Praslin Island is the most picturesque of the Seychelles.
Originally, the island was called “Palm Island”. It is located thirty-six kilometers from Victoria, its area is twenty-six square kilometers. In size, Praslin Island ranks second after the island of Mahe. The length of the island of Praslin reaches eleven kilometers, and the width is four kilometers. The population of this island is about five thousand people. Boat can be delivered from the island of Mahe for two and a half hours to visit the island of Praslin. On the plane this way can be overcome in a quarter of an hour.Since Praslin, indeed, is recognized as the most beautiful of the Seychelles, it is often called “Paradise Garden”, there is a grove of “sea coconut”. Praslin is surrounded by a coral reef. The island has a national park. Its name translates as “May Valley”. Here live the black parrot and grow more than seven thousand unique palms. The island is inhabited by a balbal and blue pigeon – very rare species of birds. On the island of Praslin, the words “beauty” and “serenity” are absolutely inseparable from each other. There is an excellent beach on the west coast, but it is practically unsuitable for swimming. The reason is in the corals and in the shallow depths of the water above them. But nature is beautiful. Most tourists go to the southern coast of Praslin. The main settlement of the island is the village of Grand Ance, in which there are district administration building, post office, two schools, three banks, two churches, a football field and a variety of shops, are “universal” – they sell everything that a tourist may need. A great opportunity to better know the island is to make a pedestrian survey. To cross Praslin in width does not take much time – the journey will take about an hour. If there is a desire to drive a car, you need to think in advance about her rent (you can order from either the hotel or directly from the airport), the number of cars is limited. In addition, along the island there is traffic of buses in the period from half-past six in the morning to seven in the evening. And of course, you can rent a bicycle.
Silhouette Island is an acutely untouched civilization.
Here, indeed, there are no cars and roads, but there is an opportunity for hikers to make an exciting route. The aroma of sandalwood, the richest nature, huge rocks – is it not a pleasure for the eyes of a person who loves the picturesque nature. Silhouette Island is proud of the beautiful equatorial forest. Such a beauty of a miracle of nature is unlikely to boast of any other island of the Indian Ocean.
The island of Frigate is a small island.
Its area is only two square kilometers. However, this island has something to be proud of. It is a unique plant and animal world, bright suns and crystal ocean water, seven stunning beaches, and sixteen excellent villas that complement the natural landscape of the Frigate.
Seychelles dominated the Seychelles.
The responsibility of women is to manage the household. They also represent the interests of children and are engaged in running costs. In everyday life, the paramount role belongs entirely to women, and the male population “specializes” in earnings.
A large number of tourists visit the Seychelles every year.
On the contrary, there are not so many of them. However, the Government of the Republic is not particularly distressed about this, since the primary task is to preserve the unique nature of the islands. The local population, like the government, closely follows the ecology of the islands.
The locals of the Seychelles are very pleasant in communication.
They have no propensity for begging (as, for example, in Africans). The staff of hotel complexes always tries to please their visitors and is distinguished for their courtesy. True, the level of service may well not be quite ideal, but this circumstance, most likely, will not affect the overall impression of staying in Seychelles.
Festivals are a common occurrence for the Seychelles.
There are a lot of them during the year. The week of Creole (the end of October) is the most colorful one.
Seychelles cuisine was influenced by various nationalities.
Creole cuisine for several centuries was formed under the influence of Indian, African and French traditions. The menu of restaurants is full of dishes prepared from vegetables, fruits, fish and spices.The basis of a large number of Creole dishes are meat of a carnivorous bat, pork, and also meat of an octopus. For the adherents of the same traditional European culinary traditions on the island, the corresponding restaurants provide their services. Fish with rice is the most popular dish in the Seychelles. Other very common savory meat are boiled cassava, Shatin from shark from zhiramona puree, stew bat stewed breadfruit, octopus soup tekteka stewed banana Saint-Jacques, banana katkat, candied averrhoa bilimbi, coconut nougat and, of course, cooked in all kinds of fish. Traditional drinks in the Seychelles are, firstly, a strong enough drink of a bacon, fermented coconut milk, beer kalu (local). Bacca is nothing more than a fermented sugar cane juice. In the Seychelles, fruits grow in abundance. For example, only bananas here are grown more than fifteen varieties. You can find out fruits in two ways. The first is to go to the market early in the morning. The second is to try them at restaurants at any time of the day.