Growth – from 1 to 1.5 cm, weight – about 0.8 grams.
Your baby is finally developing embryo-placental blood circulation and hemochorionic type of embryo nutrition. This means that the chorion (envelope of the embryo) contacts directly with the blood of the mother. The placenta thickens, the umbilical cord is attached to the wall of the uterus. The umbilical cord is clearly marked.
The heart rate reaches 140-150 beats per minute, almost twice as much as that of the mother. It is interesting that the embryo already has its own blood group.
The central nervous system of the baby is almost formed. The main thing this week – the beginning of intensive education of the skeleton. The body of the embryo is divided into arms and legs. The foot separates from the rudiment of the foot. Gradually, the fingers are separated from each other. Next week, the hands and feet will be well formed. Hands are elongated, an elbow joint appears.
The head of the unborn child is disproportionately large, compared to the rest of the body. She is leaning forward. On the face it is possible to distinguish an eye on which the eyelids are already beginning to form, there is a lens, a pupil, a cornea and an iris. The tip of the curious nose is allocated and the ears are gradually separated. In the mouth begin to form the beginnings of future teeth.
The muscles gradually develop, the future child can even move, but the mother still does not feel his movements. The digestive tract begins to form: the esophagus, the anterior wall of the stomach, the small intestine, the rectum is already present. The sternum develops.
The respiratory system also develops in the embryo: the trachea extends downwards, forming horns – these are the rudiments of future bronchi.
There is a small tubercle between the legs – then the external genitalia will develop from it. But it is still impossible to determine whether this is a boy or a girl, although the future child already definitely has his sex from the moment of conception.
This week, the kid usually disappears gill slits and the right umbilical vein (there is only one left). But the child’s tail is even more elongated and bent – it will finally disappear only after a couple of weeks.
So, you were convinced that the monthly ones did not come. If you have not done the test yet, it’s time to do it, and also make an appointment with a doctor in a women’s consultation.
In the womb of the future mother, in the meantime, a slimy cork is created that fences the future child from the outside world. This cork will be in your body until the very birth and will come out no earlier than a few days before them (usually in a few hours). It is a rather large lump of mucus, mixed with blood.
In connection with the change in the hormonal background, your skin may deteriorate, pimples, spots or excessive dryness may appear. It is necessary to keep the skin clean, it is possible to use powder and tonal cream more moderately, and also to buy special therapeutic lotions and soap.
The greatest danger of this period is the possibility of miscarriage. The main signs of miscarriage are similar to those of an ectopic pregnancy (see 4 weeks):
1) bleeding with bright red or brown blood.
2) sharp cramping or pulling pains in the abdomen, similar to pain in menstruation, as well as back pain.
The allocation of a certain amount of blood from the vagina in the early stages of pregnancy is common. Do not worry if you saw only a small drop or a minor smear if it is not accompanied by pain in the uterus. However, even in this case it is necessary to give your body an emergency respite and lie down, lifting your legs up.
But if there are two signs at once or only pain, without bloody discharge, you should call the doctor and lie down on the bed. If you already had cases of abortion, a frozen pregnancy, or medical abortion, you should call a doctor immediately.
Why does miscarriage occur in the early stages? Scientists believe that this phenomenon is quite frequent, it’s just not every woman with a delay of the monthly immediately makes a pregnancy test. By the time of the miscarriage she simply does not know that she is pregnant, and considers bleeding another menstruation.
Sometimes the delay does not even have time to come, and your monthly can be, in fact, unnoticed miscarriage. According to scientists, about 10% of confirmed pregnancies end with miscarriage, scientists are ready to expand this threshold to 20%.
In most cases, a woman is not able to prevent miscarriage, as rejection of the fetus is due to serious defects in the chromosomes of the embryo, hormonal deficiency, previously transmitted by the mother of infections, an unfavorable ecological situation in the region.
But one should avoid actions that can provoke miscarriage, namely:
– Do not raise the severity of children.
– Do not do homework that involves significant physical stress, for example, manually washing floors, hanging curtains, general cleaning, repair.
– Try to do everything not to fall or otherwise damage your body.
– Get rid of stress and stressful situations.
– Do not take excessively hot baths, avoid new unfamiliar medicines and exotic foods.
– It is necessary to be cautious about having sex, especially if there have already been miscarriages in the past.
Sometimes it’s even better to refrain from sex for some time, because during an orgasm the woman’s uterus is greatly reduced, which can provoke miscarriage.
But in the overwhelming majority of cases, sexual relations do not harm pregnancy, and doctors recommend refraining only before the very birth.
If you still have a miscarriage, the doctor after the examination usually appoints a scraping. But remember that in order to confirm the diagnosis, it is required to perform preliminary tests and perform an ultrasound scan, since bleeding may not be associated with fetal development problems. In addition, if the fetus is still alive, there are preparations that will help it to gain a foothold in the uterus and continue its development.
Other problems of pregnant women at this time are toxicosis and heartburn. How to cope with toxemia, you can read in the recommendations for 6 weeks of pregnancy. Now we will talk about the second scourge of expectant mothers – about heartburn.
If the toxicosis usually passes from the 12th week of pregnancy, then the heartburn only increases to a later date. The appearance of unpleasant annoying sensations in the esophagus is due to all the same hormones of pregnant women – progesterone and estrogen.
These hormones help to relax the smooth muscles of the esophagus. As a result, food is slower, remains in the esophagus and causes frustration. Heartburn occurs when the muscle that separates the esophagus from the stomach is shortened and acute gastric juice and food residues enter the esophagus. All this irritates the mucous, causing unpleasant sensations. In later terms, the problem worsens, as the enlarged uterus begins to press on the stomach further.
1. Do not eat much, do not load the stomach.
2. Do not wear tight things that tighten your stomach and waist.
3. Eat slowly and chew well.
4. Eliminate from the menu sharp, hot or fatty dishes, canned food and meat products such as sausage, bacon, hot dogs, as well as chocolate, coffee. Drink more often milk, but in small doses.
5. Do not smoke.
6. Do not bend sharply, it’s better to crouch.
7. Sleep on a high pillow so that the head is raised about 20 cm.
8. Take special preparations such as Maalox, Gaviscon and others. Please note: they must necessarily be marked that the drug is suitable for the treatment of heartburn pregnant.
9. In case of emergency, a teaspoonful of soda can help, which must be swallowed and watered.The procedure is not pleasant, so many pre-dissolve the soda in a glass of water, but for some reason the second option usually acts worse.
6 week – 7 week – 8 week