(from the Greek “splitting the mind”) – a mental disorder that is accompanied by deviations in the perception of reality. The patient can experience hallucinations, carry delirium, suffer disruptions in speech and thinking. Usually symptoms are manifested in adulthood, the risk of the disease is about 0.5%.
In patients with schizophrenia, the risk of addiction and alcoholism is up to 40%, it is not surprising that the average life expectancy of such patients is less for 10-12 years. Diagnosis is carried out mainly on the analysis of patient complaints, the analysis of his behavior.
Schizophrenia can rapidly destroy the life of a person and his loved ones. This is what triggered a wave of rumors around this mysterious disease that strikes the mind.
The cause of schizophrenia is the poor treatment of a person in childhood.
As scientists have found, such factors as religion, upbringing, family status or socio-economic reasons are not important for the emergence of this disease. Schizophrenia is the result of a violation of the metabolism of certain substances in the brain, no circumstances of the child’s life can change this situation in the future. However, one should know that unfavorable conditions of existence can aggravate or provoke weighting of the disease.
Schizophrenia is contagious.
In fact, mental illness is not contagious at all. It is impossible to get schizophrenia with the help of the usual air-drip way or in any other way, just by closely communicating with the patient.
The disease is hereditary.
The fact that in a family someone earlier already has more schizophrenia does not allow with 100% probability to assert that the disease will be inherited. Even a mentally ill woman is fully capable of bearing and giving birth to a full-fledged child. The heredity factor in the case of schizophrenia is similar to diabetes mellitus or cancers – if both parents are sick, the probability of a child’s illness is 50%, and if only one – then 25%.
It is easy to completely recover from schizophrenia.
The methods that medicine nowadays can not cure a completely sick person. True, modern drugs can significantly reduce the manifestations of schizophrenia, thereby improving the quality of life of both the patient and his loved ones.
People with schizophrenia are very aggressive.
This is not true, patients with schizophrenia usually do not experience aggression. Usually such people behave detached and quiet. Statistics say that the number of cases of aggressive behavior among such patients does not exceed the usual values.
Schizophrenia results from bad deeds.
If a person is sick with such a mental illness, then this does not at all indicate that he has once achieved unfavorable actions. There is no reason to be ashamed of schizophrenia and its manifestation in the family. After all, this disease – the most common, like an ulcer, diabetes or something else chronic.
Schizophrenia is a sign of moral weakness.
Mentally ill people can not eliminate the symptoms of an illness with just one effort of their own will. After all, we can not, by strong desire, strengthen our eyesight or hearing.
Schizophrenia is an indispensable “companion” of genius.
Indeed, mentally unhealthy people have non-standard thinking, their ideas can be original. Only now not all patients with schizophrenia are genius.
If a person is sick with schizophrenia, then he can not work anymore.
The employer should know that the diagnosis of “schizophrenia” can not be an excuse for removing a person from work. A person can quite fulfill his direct duties and in this condition. It is only necessary to remember that it must be morally supported, so that getting rid of the attack passed as quickly as possible. After leaving the hospital, the staff member will be able to start working again. This will allow a person to gain self-esteem, prove the need for society in him.
Patients with schizophrenia should be in prison.
Sometimes insane people sometimes go to prison. At the time of an attack of the disease or its aggravation, there may be disruptions in the social framework of people – vagrancy, drug addiction and substance abuse, minor offenses. All this entails complications with the law. Society often views the prison as a means of fighting patients with schizophrenia, their isolation. But in the prison hospital, hardly any unhealthy people will be provided with the necessary treatment, their condition will only worsen. And other prisoners often behave cruelly to the sick, only aggravating the punishment. As a result – the final social loss and growing isolation.
People with this diagnosis in principle are not able to think about their treatment.
The overwhelming majority of schizophrenic patients realize that they are unwell and seek to overcome their ailment. Only at the first stages it is difficult to convince a person to fight, he still needs to accept the fact of his disease. If family members are interested in a positive result, helping, approving and supporting the steps aimed at treatment, then the patient himself starts making decisions about fighting for his health much easier.
Severe mental illness can be cured by a number of methods.
There are no methods that would cure a patient of severe manic-depressive psychosis or continuously ongoing schizophrenia. Although some psychiatrists claim their ability to treat such patients, such methods, reproduced by other specialists on randomly constituted groups of patients, simply did not work. Really it is only possible to weaken the symptoms, which will improve the quality of life of both patients and their relatives. We must also remember that there are different types of schizophrenia. It can follow attacks, even if severe, but do not lead to significant life disruptions. Such episodes can be replaced by remissions of the well-being of the patient practically at the level of full recovery.
Schizophrenia means the separation of personality.
Schizophrenia does not imply the existence of a split personality. After all, this effect is associated with a unique mental state, which is referred to in the language of specialists as a multiple dissociative personality disorder. Just it and can cause frequent mental trauma in childhood. People with such disorders are characterized by transitions from one personal state to the completely opposite one. For example, a seductive adventurer from the night life can suddenly turn into a shy and awkward modesty. It is interesting that people can call themselves different names under different conditions. In general, this disorder is extremely rare. In his diagnosis well-succeeded psychoanalytically oriented American experts. Such a disease is well represented in the movie “Color of the Night” with Bruce Willis. To schizophrenia, the split personality has no relation.
Schizophrenia is a very rare disease.
About 1% of all people living on the planet have symptoms of this disease. Although in some countries, these figures are much smaller, and in some – more, scientists are so completely unable to find out the reasons for the prevalence of the disease. There are also interesting statistics of morbidity for different social groups.