In California, there is a district of San Francisco, whose center is the eponymous city. Its name was given in honor of the Catholic saint Francis of Assisi. The Spaniards appeared in these lands as far back as 1776. They built their fort here. The mission began to grow rapidly, thanks to the gold rush of 1848. Then the city got its present name. He survived several serious earthquakes, in 1906 San Francisco was completely destroyed.
But today the city is a recognized world tourist center. Some of its attractions are known throughout the world: Alcatraz Island, Golden Gate Bridge, Chinatown. This city is so far from us that we do not know much about it, often content with rumors and myths. We will try to debunk them.
San Francisco is a big city.
San Francisco is considered one of the most famous American cities. Therefore it seems that it occupies a large area, like other megacities. In fact, the actual size of the central body is 7 by 7 miles. The same part of Chicago occupies 234 square miles. The area of the city is often referred to as the area of its gulf. The very same inhabited territory occupies a small part.
The city has the nickname of San Fran.
Locals do not like it when their city is called that way. They themselves do not use such a reduction. A nice and common alternative is the short “SF”. San Francisco is also called the City by the Gulf, just the City. But Frisco is an obsolete nickname, also unfashionable and even offensive in some way.
Millions of people live in the city.
The city seems to be a large metropolis, in fact, it is home to even less than a million people. In 2013, San Francisco had 840 thousand inhabitants. By densely populated this city is the 14th in the country. Even in cities that are not very well known to us, like Austin, Phoenix and San Jose, more people live.
BART express metro is the main city transport.
This system serves not only the city, but also the vast territory of the San Francisco Bay. The high-speed metro connects the airports, workers and middle towns on the belt, joins the suburban railway. Directly in the city there are only eight stations. The citizens themselves rely more on trams and buses to navigate between destinations. One of the railway tracks is a terrestrial tram, historic trains run along it, and the second branch partially lies under the ground.
All townspeople get to work by cable car.
There are only three lines of the cable car. Cabs on it are very similar to a tram. That’s why San Francisco is associated with a cable car. Two routes run from north to south, and one runs from east to west. These routes are small. They do not provide a passenger flow, but on such trams it’s fun to travel to tourists.
San Francisco is always sunny and warm.
The inhabitants of California are seen surrounded by palm trees, in shorts on sand under the rays of the warm sun. The climate of the city is influenced by the ocean that surrounds San Francisco from three sides. The climate here is similar to the Mediterranean, the average temperature is 18 degrees, which is less than the neighboring continental rate by 10 degrees. The fact is that it is here that the Pacific Ocean is marked by cold currents. The highest temperature here was recorded only 39 degrees. And the average temperature in September is less even than in Moscow. But cold water and warm land create a famous local fog, which in summer envelops the city for several days.
Summer comes here not on a schedule.
This myth appeared in the phrase: “The coldest winter that I had to endure was in the summer in San Francisco.” Mistakenly believe that it was said by Mark Twain. In the summer it is really vague, but in September and November it’s quite warm. However, in the evening frost may fall out. But the townspeople spend their free time in parks and lawns.
San Francisco is constantly shaken by major earthquakes.
Large earthquakes are rare here. The most notable happened in 1906 and in 1989. At the beginning of the 20th century, a natural disaster destroyed the whole city, after a flood, fires began. 75% of the population are without shelter. Already in our century the epicenter of the earthquake was located much further. Then, mostly roads were destroyed, many even had to be demolished. In the city, small earthquakes often occur, they are noted here several hundred a year. The intensity is usually as if a loaded dump truck had passed through the window. Nevertheless, most residents have an evacuation plan in the event of a sudden cataclysm.
San Francisco is part of the Silicon Valley.
The entire San Francisco Bay area is the site of a cluster of high-tech industries. However, Silicon Valley is an area south of San Francisco. This is where the headquarters of the most high-tech companies that appeared on the wave of the boom of the 1990s are located.
In the weekend, residents of San Francisco travel to Los Angeles.
This does not happen as often as it seems. Between the two most famous cities in California are six hours away, and this is without taking into account traffic jams. This staff is still rather big.
In San Francisco, there are only gays and hippies.
The city has a wide variety of people. Do not see passers-by or gay, or hippies. But they undoubtedly made a great contribution to the formation of the image of the city and its utopian spirit. Today it is the most inhabited by sex-minority cities in the world. It is believed that every 7-10 inhabitant is gay. The liberal city attracts sex minorities from the conservative province. In addition, in the 1960s, San Francisco became the real center of the hippy revolution. Here musical directions flourished, free love prevailed, people used drugs. Since then, much has changed, in the 1990’s the city came to the dot-com company, it became much more “white-collar workers”. In general, the city is multifaceted, combining different subcultures. The housing crisis has significantly affected the demographic shape of San Francisco, today the white population is less than half.
Many townspeople refuse cars because of the hilly terrain.
This statement is only partly true. On the one hand, the congestion of cars prevents to clean streets. And cases of robberies of cars are frequent. In modern megacities, getting to the place with the help of a car will not always be faster than on public transport. And with this service in San Francisco everything is in order. True, the presence of a city car is often justified by the opportunity to leave the metropolis for the weekend.
There are many dogs in the city.
It turns out that in 2012 dogs in San Francisco were really a lot – 120 thousand. This is even more than children under the age of 18. They are about 105 thousand in San Francisco. So it was not always, just the city turned out to be expensive and inhospitable for many families who did not decide to have children here.
During the earthquake in 1906, martial law was declared.
They say that because of the marauders, the authorities declared martial law, ordering soldiers to ruthlessly shoot looters. Then, allegedly, hundreds of robbers were killed. In fact, immediately after the disaster, the mayor issued a proclamation in which, in large letters, it was written about the execution of marauders in place. And the police and the army really got the right to do so. However, there were few reports of such murders, mostly the evidence was indirect. Only five were accused of murders, but they were acquitted.
During the earthquake of 1906, many people died.
Because of fires and destruction, according to police reports, 478 people died. That’s how many bodies were found in the ruins. But speculation after a few years “rounded” this number to three thousand.
жители The Golden Gate Bridge residents immediately fell in love.
The bridge first aroused hostility among the residents of San Francisco. Then it seemed to them that the structure hopelessly disfigured the view of the strait. But life showed the fallacy of this view.Now the Golden Gate Bridge has become a true symbol of San Francisco.
The tower of Koit was built especially for tourists.
This high building is one of the symbols of the city. The tower is located in the Park of Pioneers at the very top of the Telegraph Hill. It really has an excellent view of San Francisco. That’s why the tower of Koit is a favorite place for tourists. But they did not initially build it for them. Initiated the project Lilly Hitchcock Koit in 1933. The eccentric lady acted as a voluntary assistant to the fire department. She had some kind of crazy craving for men in red uniforms. She went with them to the fire, treated them as a nurse, paid tribute to the dead. According to his will, she left a large sum for the construction of the tower in the form of the tip of a fire hose.
The waters of the San Francisco Bay are teeming with sharks.
It is believed that the shark floating around the island of Alcatraz stops the prisoners from escaping. In fact, the bay is home to 11 known species of sharks. But they are small and do not pose a particular danger to people. Nevertheless, large white sharks appear in the Gulf. Researchers tracking the path of 179 such predatory fish from 2000 to 2008 found that five of them deviated from their normal route and passed through the Golden Gate Strait. How long they stayed in the bay is unknown. But these are isolated cases, which should not be feared.
The Golden Gate Bridge is painted every year.
This bridge attracts a lot of attention. Some think that it is painted every year, and others – that every seven years. In fact, since the construction in 1937, the bridge was painted only two times, in both cases, adhering to non-cosmetic purposes. Just during the planned repair, the bridge was painted at the same time. As necessary, some “bald spots” are periodically retouched.
In San Francisco, a professional is difficult to find a job.
This city is one of the best for work. But there are not many qualified personnel here. It is worth remembering that the city is one of the centers of high technology. As a result, jobs are even more than qualified employees. In the labor market, there is a vacuum. Companies in recruitment use literally the same guerrilla methods. In an effort to attract the best are given high cash bonuses.
In San Francisco bars work all night.
They do not walk round the clock here, the fun ends at 2 nights. The license to sellers of alcohol just before this time allows you to trade. In fact, visitors are denied service even earlier.
In San Francisco you can swim in the ocean.
The usual water temperature for the city in the ocean is 12-14 degrees. That’s why if they bathe, then only in a swimming suit. To San Francisco comes the cold current from Alaska. In the local waters of the Pacific Ocean it is cold to swim even in summer. Next to the ocean is good to walk, but you can not forget about a warm sweater.
All citizens have progressive thinking.
A lot of African-Americans moved to the city from Auckland. Today, even in the heart of San Francisco, you can meet homeless people. They became a real problem in the 1980s. A lot of programs were undertaken, but finally the problem was not solved. So there live not only educated “white collars”.
To live in San Francisco, you need to lead an alternative way of life.
In San Francisco, there are many things that ordinary people are annoying. But lately, lovers of an alternative way of life have moved to the north or east of the Gulf. Anyone can find himself in the city, no matter what religion, artistic style, sexual orientation, he did not adhere to.
Only wealthy people can afford to stay in San Francisco.
Housing here is not cheap, but affordable and easy for people with good work.The average rental rate for a one-bedroom apartment is $ 1,885, and for two bedrooms – $ 2358.
It’s hard to make new friends in San Francisco.
They say that a person here is forced to constantly be in a large group of people close to the status. But to get acquainted with someone new here is much easier than anywhere in California. The city provides many opportunities for self-fulfillment. Why not visit an art exhibition or take part in a marathon? There certainly you can meet with extraordinary personalities.
The city lives at the expense of high technology.
The basis of the budget of San Francisco is tourism. The city is often shown in films, it is mentioned in music and pop culture. So the guests come here to touch the legendary places. Among all American cities in San Francisco – the fifth in attendance. Annually about 15 million tourists come here, who leave here 7.5 billion dollars.
There are many large enterprises in the city.
85% of all companies in the city have a staff of no more than 10 people. Since 1977, the number of giants with a thousand or more employees has halved. There is also no big supermarket – the city gives a chance to show itself to small businesses, which gives the treasury most of the income. The mayor’s office even imposed a restriction on the construction of supermarkets in certain areas, and residents supported this decision.