(rally rally – “rally”, “collection”) – one of the types of competition in motor sports, taking place both on open and on closed routes. Most routes are laid on public roads and provide for the mandatory passage of control points and the exact adherence to the specified traffic schedule.
The crew of a rally car can consist of one person (if the competition is one-day) and two or three (if a multi-day match is supposed). The rally car itself is usually either a modified vehicle or a vehicle specially designed for cross-country races with a reserve of strength, maneuverability, and also capable of developing a rather high speed if necessary.
The term “rally” was used for the first time in January 1907 on the Monte Carlo Rally, but was widely used only in the 1920s when many so-called Alpine rallies (Alpenfahrt in Austria, Coppa delle Alpi in Italy, Coupe Internationale des Alpes – was organized jointly by Italy, Germany and Austria). The intense struggle for the Glacier Cup in the individual standings and the Alpine Cup in the team competition attracted close attention of the public.
Since 1931, the rally Liège-Rome-Liège has been held in Belgium, Ulster Motor Rally has been held in Ireland, and since 1932 competitions have been held in France called Rallye des Alpes Françaises (renamed after the war in Rallye International des Alpes (or Coupe des Alpes )), and in England – RAC Rally. The last pre-war major rally competition in Europe was the Belgian rally of 1939, and outside of Europe – the Gran Premio del Norte (Lima-Buenos Aires-Lima) race of 1940. Then followed a long break – a war broke out, destroying plans and hopes of athletes.
In the post-war years, it took a lot of time and effort to revive the rally. Only in the fifties of the last century, competitions for this sport began to be held again, and many new ones were added to the previously known ones: in 1947 – the rally Lisbon (Portugal), in 1949 – the Tulip Rally (Netherlands), in 1951 – rally Mclassnight Sunnie – rally Sweden / (Sweden) and rally 1000 lakes rally Finland / (Finland), in 1956 – rally Acropolis (Greece).
New rally routes were also actively developed on the expanses of Asia, Africa and America. In 1947, the Gran Premio del Norte was again held, in 1948, the Gran Premio de la América del Sur (Buenos Aires – Caracas) rally. In 1950, the Carrera Panamericana rally appeared (3075 km long, from the border of Guatemala to the US border) and Méditerranée-le Cap (16,000 km from the Mediterranean to South Africa). Since 1953, RedeX Round has been held in Australia, and Coronation Safari (now the Safari Rally) in East Africa, as well as the Rally of Morocco and the Rally Côte d’Ivoire. Since the 60s of the last century in North America, the Shell 4000 rally is taking place – the only one approved by the FIA in this part of the world. In our time, rally is an international sport, but besides sports there are also amateur competitions, everyone can participate in it.
Types of rallies:
compact competitions (short distance), which include rally sprints, climbing a hill, etc.
– competition at a distance, which usually ranges from 1 to 10 km, passing through all kinds of pavements on closed sections of the route;
educational competitions, UTR (training rally), URR (educational mini rally)
– competitions that are designed to teach athletes the rules of working with documentation (drawing up applications for participation, studying the rules of working with route documents and referee brigades); the ability to read a legend and compare your own actions with the parameters specified in it, etc .;
rally of the third category (Rally Holidays, Rally Hope, etc.).)
– the main objective of this competition, most often passing on public roads – the correct choice of speed and rhythm of movement, the closest to the one indicated in the legend. In such rallies the mastery of the navigator is especially significant;
– competitions where in the “Standard” class everyone can participate in cars with minimal structural changes equipped with tires intended for ordinary roads. The victory in this kind of competition gives the participant a chance to get to professional and international competitions in this sport, for participation in which a specially equipped safety car and sports tires will be required;
– the length of the route passing through the territory of one or several states – from 1200 km to 6500 km, the duration of the competition – not more than 10 days;
– runs most often on roads that are open to general use. Preliminary acquaintance with the route is prohibited – the crew moves along the route, guided only by the legend.
Rally can be held at any time of the year, accordingly, the riders should be prepared for the most different weather conditions and road conditions, both asphalted and unpaved. In such conditions, it is sometimes very difficult to cope with the management, therefore, going out of bounds with rallists happens much more often than pilots participating in ring races. Since the course is full of unexpected turns, descents and ascents, and when passing through different sections, one should follow a certain speed, a driver or a navigator before the arrival is given a legend – a detailed description of the route with the indication of turns, jumps, speed regime, etc. In some cases, for example, at the World Rally Championship, the driver has the right to preview the route in advance. In the process of reconnaissance, the pilot informs the navigator about the features of the route, and he enters information into the legend – this allows the driver to better prepare for the race and more quickly and safely pass the DOPs (additional intermediate races). However, due to lack of time and money, many modern rallies forbid preliminary familiarization with the route – navigators receive a legend compiled in accordance with a certain format, just before the start, and the route itself is also often not reported until the beginning of the race.
Usually the competition consists of several special stages (DOPs), the length of which is about 50 kilometers, and the “stages” – longer segments of the route between the DOPs. In some races, it is envisaged the passage of super-stages, very short – they usually fit within the football field and most often pass through the stadiums (for the convenience of riders and spectators). These stages, during which the cars move along parallel tracks and the spectators have the opportunity to watch exciting scenes of the struggle of racers, are gaining popularity. The main task of the rider is to show the least total time on the super-stages and SS, and the “stages” to pass at a given speed for the time specified in the legend (both for being late and ahead of schedule, penalty points are charged).
Until 1907, rallies were not conducted.
Wrong opinion. Although the term “rally” was really used for the first time in 1907, similar competitions were held earlier. For the first time this kind of competition was held in 1894 (the race between Paris and Rouen). This competition, illuminated and patronized by Le Petit Journal, was extremely interesting for both the public and the leading manufacturers and gave impetus to the whole period of road races held between the cities of various European countries. And the observers, on the basis of whose reports the prizes were awarded, did not contemplate the race from outside, but were in each of the cars.The largest of these competitions was the rally of 1895 (Paris – Bordeaux – Paris, 1178 km). The average speed of the car in this race was 24 km / h, but already in 1903 the cars moved at a speed of 105 km / h. This situation was a significant danger for the participants of the movement and the spectators and caused the ban of the rally. Because now the race in Europe are held on specially equipped closed race tracks. For a long time, Italy was an exception to this rule, in which the trial race was held in 1895, and the first real rally in 1897. Races on public roads were held in this country until 1957, but after the accident at the rally of Millet Milla were banned. However, despite the bans, some races outside closed trails in Europe were sometimes held. For example, in April-May 1900 by the Automobile Club of Great Britain, the Thousand Miles Arrivals were organized, and the speed of cars outside the special stages should not exceed 19 km / h. And in 1905 in Germany was held competition Herkomer Trophy Trial. In the same year in France passed the rally Coupe de l’Auto.
Initially, the rally routes were laid only within Europe.
This is not true. In 1907, a race was held on the route Beijing – Paris, and in 1908 – New York – Paris (and the route passed through Siberia and Japan).
The athletes cross the entire rally route at the maximum speed.
This is not true. The maximum speed athletes develop only on specially equipped sections of the route, often referred to as ADR (additional intermediate arrivals) and regulated by special rules. The most popular such Dopy are:
– SU – high-speed sections, which should be completed with a minimum of time, since every second of the location on this site is counted as a penalty;
– RD – movement from the starting point with the specified (or regulated road signs) speed to the finish, the location of which is not reported;
– RG – a section between two pre-specified points, on which you should move with a speed not less than the one specified by the organizers of races. The advancing of opponents is allowed;
– slalom – movement along a marked track with a complex route full of steep turns, zigzags, etc .;
– sprint – race from the place, whose goal is to quickly overcome a short section of the route;
– climbing the hill.
Outside the special stages, the movement of athletes is regulated by generally accepted traffic rules and meets strictly defined time limits.
всегда Special cars have always been used for racing.
No, it was not always so. Until 1940, rallies were conducted on standard cars or on cars modified in the part of control, suspension and braking. Of course, even in those times there were exceptions, for example, a Ford V8 car specially created for the Monte Carlo Rally by a rider from Romania. Only in the 60s of the last century, when public interest in this sport has increased enormously, car manufacturers began to create special models for the rally.
Participant of the rally in case of victory receives a large sum of money and compensation of expenses.
This is true, but this state of affairs has been taking place only since the 1960s. Until then, the vast majority of pilots were just amateurs, most often paying for participation in races from their own pockets. The prize fund, usually, was enough only to reimburse the costs. There was no question of superprofits.
You can participate in the rally only by car.
Indeed, most often rally drivers compete in cars, but in some cases it is permissible to use other vehicles. In the Dakar Rally, the winners of rally raids are identified in the competition of participants in cars, as well as in competitions among drivers of motorcycles, ATVs and trucks.
Rallies take place exclusively on land vehicles.
This is not so – there are also sailing rallies in which participants on ships equipped with a sail pass a distance along a predetermined route to the finish site.
Most professional sportsmen take part in the rally.
It all depends on which rally is involved. In some competitions (for example, in the World Rally Championships), only professional athletes can participate in specially equipped vehicles. And, for example, everyone can participate in amateur or club rallies. In some races (for example, in the Dakar Rally) both professional athletes (factory teams) and amateurs take part, and they constitute the overwhelming majority of participants – about 80%.
Women do not participate in the rally.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. Representatives of the fair sex not only participate in this type of competition, but also win. For the first time victory in one of the stages of the World Rally Championship woman – Michel Muton (Audi team) – won in 1981. And since 1990, in the Moroccan desert, under the auspices of His Majesty the King of Morocco Mohammed VI, competitions “Rallye Aicha des Gazelles” (“Rally Gazelles”), sometimes called “Women’s Dakar”, are held. Compete in this rally on quad bikes, off-road cars, cars and trucks exclusively ladies of different nationalities aged 18 to 65 years. In 2009, 238 riders participated in the Rally of Gazelles, which comprised 119 teams. In addition, women’s rallies, although much less extensive, have been held since 2006 in many post-Soviet countries.
Rally and car rally are one and the same.
Wrong opinion. Auto race is a championship that takes place on a route slightly longer than the rally routes, which is also, more often than not, only part of the world championship.
Formula 1 is a rally.
No, these are different race classes. Formula 1 refers to the class of ring racing, this type of competition is conducted on specially created cars – bolides – the main task of which is to develop the maximum possible speed. However, such machines are completely unsuitable for movement outside the tracks of the stadium, for example, on highways or dirt roads.
Rally – a kind of competition, suggesting the movement of the car on non-closed routes, and sometimes off-road. Because in this class of racing cars are used with other technical characteristics, in many respects different from the properties of the Formula-1 cars.
To watch the struggle of the riders is best, being near the track.
Certainly, being near the track you can see many interesting moments and details of the race. However, it should be remembered that this sport is quite dangerous not only for riders, but also for the spectators – after all, sometimes the driver, especially at high speed, is able to make a mistake or not manage the control, as a result of which the car can get off the track. Therefore, to watch the race is best from a high point – the details are smaller, but it’s safe.
In the rally, the most important thing is speed.
This statement is true only in relation to some SS, the passage of which really implies the movement with maximum speed. On the remaining sections of the road cars must move, observing a certain speed regime. Particularly relevant is the Oldtimer rally rule on racing cars. The main thing in this kind of rally is not speed, but exact (sometimes to tenths and even hundredths of a second) observance of a certain schedule when driving along the route, which the rider will find out about half an hour before the start. Participants are required to comply with traffic rules and speed limits established for all modes of transport on a particular segment of the route. If the car is late or ahead of schedule, at the control points the crew receives penalty minutes.In addition, the judicial points located in the most unexpected places on the route carry out “sudden control of time”.
The Paris-Dakar rally is a sporting contest, positively received by the public around the world.
This is not quite true. Organized in 1978 on the initiative of the Frenchman Thierry Sabinon, this rally was initially positioned not as a sporting event, but as an opportunity to get a thrill and experience unforgettable adventures. Every year there are more and more people wishing to participate in the race, but the opinion of the public about this rally-marathon is far from clear – many believe that the funds allocated for these competitions could well be spent on other, more important goals. In France alone, against the holding of the Dakar rally, there were about 200 public organizations that compiled Pa’Dak (from the French pas d’accord – “we disagree”).
The Paris-Dakar rally always starts in the capital of France, and finishes in the capital of Senegal.
Wrong opinion. The rally started in Paris only from 1979 to 1994, and also in 1998 and 2001. And starting from 1995, the starting point for the start of the race were the following cities: Granada (1995-96, 1999), Dakar (1997, 2000), Arras (2002), Marcel (2003) , Clermont-Ferrand (2004), Barcelona (2005), Lisbon (2006-2007), Buenos Aires (2009). In accordance with the change in the route, the place of the finish also changed at times. Most often it was really Dakar, however, for example, in 1992 the final point of the route of the rally was Cape Town, in 2000 – Cairo, in 2003 – Sharm el-Sheikh, in 2009 – Buenos Aires.
The Dakar Rally Cup is most often given to the Japanese.
This is true when it comes to rally cars, motorcycles and quad bikes. However, the best truck has received the greatest number of awards from Russian designers.