(from French parkour, distorted parcours, parcours du combattant) is a term used at first only in equestrian sport for naming a special kind of track that is full of various complex obstacles. The same word was used in the 90’s. the last century the French David Belle and Sebastian Fouquet for the name of a new extreme sport, in fact, is the art of the most rational overcoming obstacles and passing the distance with the fastest possible speed.

We can say that the main technical goal of this discipline was to acquire the ability to move as fast and efficiently as possible in any conditions. In the process of training, tracers (from the tracer – “paving the way” – as they call themselves people involved in parkour) strive to increase strength, agility, endurance, coordination, balance – the main components of this discipline. In addition, various methods of developing not only the body but also the spirit are taught in training.

In a broader sense, parkour is a lifestyle, the essence of which is to move forward and overcome any emerging obstacles and life situations in the most rational way. The main idea of ​​parkour – there are no borders, there are only obstacles, and any obstacle can be overcome. Changing the worldview and consciousness, fans of this sport discipline depart from the standards of thinking of ordinary people, bound by a multitude of rules and prohibitions. This allows tracers to make their way not in the places where they are accepted, but where they like best – for the shortest and most rational, though sometimes more complex route.

In our time, parkour is practiced in many countries of the world. This discipline involves individual improvement, because when performing tricks, no one from outside can help the tracer or hedge it. However, the parkour teams still exist. The most famous, collected by the “father” of parkour is Bellem – “Yamakashi” (“Ya makasi” in the translation from the language of the lingala – “strong in body and spirit” or “strong body, strong spirit, strong character”). This team took part in the filming of the film Luc Besson “Yamakashi” – after this film parkour got worldwide fame, and the team was split, as David Belle and Sebastian Fouquet did not want to participate in the shooting and left the team (although they continued to pursue Parkour). Every year on July 20 in Lisse (a small town near Paris) there are days of parkour, during which teams of tracers from many countries can demonstrate their skills.

Parkour was invented and developed by David Belle.

Indeed, David Belle is considered the founder of parkour. However, in fact, this discipline was developed by a naval officer, George Hebert. May 8, 1902 on the “island of flowers” (St. Pierre, the Caribbean Sea), the volcano Mont-Pere woke up – the streams of lava and the clouds of ashes threatened to kill all life. George Hebert supervised the evacuation of residents – thanks to his efforts, more than 700 people were saved. It was this event that inspired Hebert to create a new discipline designed to train the body and strengthen the spirit. Returning to France, George Gebert developed his own method of training “La methode naturelle” (“Natural method”), the basic principles of which are in the phrase “Etre fort pour etre utile” (“Be strong to be useful”). Exercises that were given in training can be divided into 10 basic groups: walking, running, jumping, moving on four limbs, climbing, balancing, overcoming obstacle course, throwing and lifting heavy objects, swimming and self-defense methods.
The “natural method” (or “hebertism”) was used during the First and Second World War to train soldiers in the French army, and also had a significant impact on the development of some sports in other countries. It was during this period that Raymond Belle (father of David Böll) was born, who was distinguished by his agility and flexibility from childhood.He received an incomplete military education, but he did not wish to continue the service, preferring his military career to the profession of a firefighter. Over time, he joined the elite team of fire-fighters in Paris, took part in the most risky and complex salvage operations, and was nicknamed “the power of nature”, as he possessed strength, agility and unmatched speed of reaction. For his son Raymond has always been an example to follow. It was from his father that David learned about the “Natural Method”, on the basis of which Parkour was subsequently created. By the way, the name of the new discipline was also invented not by David himself, but by one of his close friends.

Acrobatics is the main component of parkour.

This is not quite true. Many elements of acrobatics (as well as gymnastics and track and field athletics) are really unlearned in training. If acrobatic stunts are practiced on the street, such exercises are called acrostreet (Acrostreet). However, the goal of studying these elements is not at all to achieve gracefulness and perfection of movements. The main task of training is to increase the flexibility, coordination, strength and dexterity of the tracer.

To overcome obstacles, tracers sometimes use special tools.

Absolutely mistaken opinion. In Parkour, neither means nor devices are used – to overcome any obstacles, only one’s own body is used, armed with knowledge, skills, and skills. The speed of the reaction, the ability to assess the situation and own abilities, coordination, strength, agility, endurance are factors that help tracers to easily cope not only with any barriers to the “urban jungle” (trees, walls, parapets, rails and roofs), but also to overcome any life’s hardships.

To engage in parkour, it is enough to attend regular training sessions and develop physical strength and dexterity.

Undoubtedly, strength, dexterity, speed of reaction are the main and most important components of this sports discipline. However, for successful development of parkour, a person must also know himself, correctly assessing his capabilities, noticing shortcomings (in fact only in this case they can be successfully eradicated), fighting fears, striving to achieve harmony between body and spirit. In this tracer can help oriental martial arts, which bring up morale and teach the desire for victory. And you can improve the skills of moving, doing acrobatics and gymnastics, rock climbing, track and field athletics.

You can achieve perfection in parkour very quickly.

Any kind of sport requires regular training for a neophyte for a fairly long period of time. Parkour is no exception. Only after many years of training, the tracer achieves full control over his body, acquires the ability to really assess his capabilities and use the acquired skills without risking life and health. A person engaged in parkour less than 5 years is considered a beginner. Only after the expiration of the above-mentioned period can we talk about real achievements.

Parkour is pretty monotonous.

Indeed, at first glance it might seem that tracers use jumps to overcome obstacles. However, on closer examination, you can see that the jumps themselves are quite diverse (there are more than 10 species), and besides jumping tracers perform flips, rolls, coups, stands on hands, repulsions with legs and hands from various objects, etc. After all, parkour combines several sports, therefore, it is characterized by elements of gymnastics, athletics, martial arts, acrobatics.

Any sufficiently adroit teenager can jump over various obstacles, sometimes in dangerous or forbidden places – which means, to engage in parkour.

Tracers claim that they differ radically from adolescents, simply knowing the limits of their abilities, putting themselves above the law and not thinking about the consequences of their actions.Inexperienced teenagers often just do not think about what harm can do to themselves or other people. Unlike them, tracers set themselves a very definite task – to develop a route for moving from one point of space to another with minimal risk to themselves and others, spending a minimum of effort and time for this. To do this, they work out each movement for a long time, so that in this or that situation the skill acquired works at the level of the reflex. In addition, tracers do not put themselves above the law and do not do things that could damage them or their loved ones, destroy their business, etc.

Parkour is best dealt with from childhood.

This is not true. Up to 17 years is not recommended to master this discipline, because only after reaching this age the skeleton is finally formed. After all, parkour provides quite a lot of stress on the musculoskeletal system, especially on the joints, so it is desirable that all the processes of body formation have already been completed.

Injuries are only among those who want to assert themselves at the expense of parkour.

People who deal with it seriously do not get injuries. Unfortunately, it is not. Injuries, at least small, at first come from everyone who works in parkour. Another thing is that those who aspire to the most rapid results and universal recognition, injuries are much greater and the severity of the damage is higher. In addition, it should be borne in mind that parkour has a strong effect on the joints and skeleton in general, even with properly constructed exercises, these problems can not be avoided. Therefore, people suffering from diseases of the musculoskeletal system should give up the idea of ​​mastering this discipline.

During the annual “parkour days”, tracer teams compete among themselves.

This is not quite true. Traceers do get together in teams, but not in order to prepare for rallies or competitions, but in order to train together with like-minded people and get qualified advice about staging one or another trick. Competitions and championships on parkour are not held at the moment, as the criteria for evaluating the mastery of tracers have not been developed. The teams are really going to meet every year on July 20 in the French town of Liss, but not for competitions, but rather for demonstration performances. Tracers have the opportunity to demonstrate their own achievements in mastering this complex discipline and admire the achievements of other parkour lovers.

The diet of the tracer does not matter – mastering this discipline, you can eat as you like.

Wrong opinion. After all, it depends on the nutrition in which form the tracer will be located, and hence how successful the training or the application of the acquired knowledge and skills will be in practice. A person who engages in parkour, nothing should be distracting, hence, any discomfort in the physical body is a hindrance to pursuing. The diet of the tracer is designed to provide a low fat content in the body and maintain a constant (and, rather, small) body weight, and also to allow the combination of a not very large volume of muscles with flexibility, flexibility and mobility. Also used foods should help strengthen the bones of the skeleton and the high functionality of the joints. Proceeding from this, a special diet was developed for those engaged in parkour, which ensures the intake of protein (mainly of animal origin), 20-40 g of fat and 700-750 grams of carbohydrates for calories of 3500-4800 kilocalories for young people people and 3000-4000 kilocalories for girls. To avoid the main mistakes in the choice of food when doing parkour, tracers should respect the aforementioned ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, be sure to introduce in the menu vegetables, fruits, seafood, herbs (parsley, dill, basil, etc.), try not to exceed caloric value diet, take food regularly and in no case in a hurry. Also have to give up various kinds of fast food.

Dresser can be dressed as you like, the best form is a jacket, a T-shirt and jeans.

Indeed, in this sport there is no specific form for employment. However, when choosing clothes for parkour, it is necessary to take into account some recommendations. First, any jackets for this discipline are not suitable – some of them restrict mobility, others are excessively bulky. In addition, there is a great risk of breaking this type of clothing during a sudden movement. Jeans also are not suitable for training, since the fabric from which they are made, for all its strength, is not sufficiently heat resistant and does not possess the necessary degree of elasticity.

There are many deaths in parkour.

No, there are not so many fatalities, and they did not happen to professionals, but to inexperienced teenagers, just trying to imitate tracers. Most often, such cases were associated with a fall from a great height – when a person tried to overcome a relatively small distance between the roofs of neighboring buildings or to jump over the elevator shaft. Professional tracers are injured, incompatible with life, extremely rare. Especially rare are such cases in the territory of the post-Soviet states, as the building standards are so far apart from each other that it never occurs to anyone to jump between them.

Today, mastering complex elements of parkour is faster, thanks to the experience of previous generation tracers.

This is really so – young tracers are in a hurry to master complex tricks, and they succeed. However, this situation is fraught with a great danger to the health of athletes. Indeed, in order to master the most complex elements without harm to the body, it takes several years to practice simpler movements in order to hone them up to automaticity and to accustom the body to increasing loads. Otherwise, the unprepared musculoskeletal system can seriously suffer, and even if the tracer can avoid dislocations and fractures, after a while he may begin to feel a constant pain in the joints (especially in the knees) – a sign of their wear and chronic diseases. As a result, some tracers can get injured not even during training and parkour, but in ordinary life.

Those who engage in parkour injure their legs and knees most often.

This is true, but, unfortunately, the list of injuries is not limited to this. Since this discipline is aimed at revealing the capabilities of the whole body, almost any part of it can be traumatized. And since parkour combines the features of athletics, gymnastics, martial arts and acrobatics, during the lessons it can show traumas that are typical for any of the listed sports. Indeed, Parkour often injures knee joints and limbs, but there are other injuries, for example, a fracture of the collarbone (with a fall on the right arm / elbow or an unsuccessful rollback), fracture of the radius, injury of the wrist (when falling or leaning on the arm ), traumas of muscles and ligaments of the thigh (some may appear only the next day), shin and foot injuries (typical for those who train on concrete or asphalt surfaces and in bad shoes), beaten heels.

Girls do not engage in parkour.

Wrong opinion. Girls also master parkour, but tracers among them are much less than among the stronger sex. This state of affairs is explained by the specifics of this discipline, which requires a developed musculature of arms and shoulder girdle, which the ladies can not always boast of.

In everyday life, parkour is completely useless, especially for girls.

Wrong opinion. Parkour allows you to move extremely quickly in a large city, for example, during peak hours. Also, this discipline will allow the tracer if the attack of hooligans is not repelled, then at least with ease leave the pursuers behind.Especially this skill is important for girls who by nature do not have the skills to fight. In addition, parkour – a great way to maintain the shape and tone of the muscles.

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